E.g., 02/24/2018
E.g., 02/24/2018

State Demographics Data - WA

Washington

Demographics & Social
2016
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 1,020,394
% Foreign Born 14.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2016 66.1%
% change: 1990-2000 90.7%
Race (%)  
One race 97.4%
White
35.4%
Black or African American
6.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.3%
Asian
38.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
1.1%
Other race
15.9%
Two or more races 2.6%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 298,259
% Latino 29.2%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.7%
5-17 5.9%
18-64 79.9%
65 and older 13.5%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

42
Gender (% female) 52.4%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 23.7%
Married 61.3%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 6,267,606
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 18.7%
% change: 1990-2000 16.2%
Race (%)  
One race 93.8%
White 82.3%
Black or African American 3.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native 1.5%
Asian 3.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.6%
Other race 3.0%
Two or more races 6.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 608,192
% Latino 9.7%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.1%
5-17 17.8%
18-64 60.1%
65 and older 15.0%
Median Age 36.4
Gender (% female) 49.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 32.9%
Married 48.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.9%
Foreign Born
Number 614,457
% Foreign Born 10.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 5,279,664
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 322,144
% Foreign Born 6.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 4,544,548
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

1,020,359
Born in Africa 63,552
Born in Asia 433,341
Born in Europe 146,890
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 307,924
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 47,210
Born in Oceania 21,442
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 Vietnam
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

1,020,359
Europe 146,890
Northern Europe 32,192
United Kingdom
23,677
Ireland
2,245
Other Northern Europe
6,270
Western Europe 28,355
France
2,987
Germany
18,472
Other Western Europe
6,896
Southern Europe 4,898
Italy
1,944
Portugal
433
Other Southern Europe
2,521
Eastern Europe 80,368
Poland
3,923
Russia
16,180
Other Eastern Europe
60,265
Other Europe (no country specified) 1,077
Asia 433,341
Eastern Asia 151,923
China
85,319

China, excluding Taiwan

73,217

Taiwan

12,102
Japan
19,018
Korea
46,652
Other Eastern Asia
934
South Central Asia 96,394
India
68,235
Iran
6,687
Other South Central Asia
21,472
Southeastern Asia 160,456
Philippines
69,558
Vietnam
55,405
Other Southeastern Asia
35,493
Western Asia 24,425
Israel
2,542
Lebanon
2,037
Other Western Asia
19,846
Other Asia (no country specified) 143
Africa 63,552
Eastern Africa 40,533
Northern Africa
5,055
Western Africa
10,220
Middle and Southern Africa
6,547
Other Africa (no country specified)
1,197
Oceania 21,442
Australia and New Zealand subregion 6,051
Oceania (no country specified) 15,391
Americas 355,134
Latin America 307,924
Caribbean
5,973

Cuba

1,814

Jamaica

881

Other Caribbean

3,278
Central America
282,201

Mexico

252,749

El Salvador

10,322

Other Central America

19,130
South America
19,750

Brazil

4,333

Colombia

2,991

Other South America

12,426
Northern America 47,210
Canada
47,098
Other Northern America
112
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 275,209
1990-1999 240,294
2000-2009 291,883
Since 2010 213,008
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 6.2%
Born in Asia 42.5%
Born in Europe 14.4%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 30.2%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4.6%
Born in Oceania 2.1%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 25.60
Country #2 7.40%
Country #3 6.00
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 14.4%
Northern Europe 3.2%
United Kingdom 2.3%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.6%
Western Europe 2.8%
France 0.3%
Germany 1.8%
Other Western Europe 0.7%
Southern Europe 0.5%
Italy 0.2%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.2%
Eastern Europe 7.9%
Poland 0.4%
Russia 1.6%
Other Eastern Europe 5.9%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.1%
Asia 42.5%
Eastern Asia 14.9%
China 8.4%
China, excluding Taiwan 7.2%
Taiwan 1.2%
Japan 1.9%
Korea 4.6%
Other Eastern Asia 0.1%
South Central Asia 9.4%
India 6.7%
Iran 0.7%
Other South Central Asia 2.1%
Southeastern Asia 15.7%
Philippines 6.8%
Vietnam 5.4%
Other Southeastern Asia 3.5%
Western Asia 2.4%
Israel 0.2%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 1.9%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.0%
Africa 6.2%
Eastern Africa 4.0%
Northern Africa 0.5%
Western Africa 1.0%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.6%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.1%
Oceania 2.1%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.6%
Oceania (no country specified) 1.5%
Americas 34.8%
Latin America 30.2%
Caribbean 0.6%
Cuba 0.2%
Jamaica 0.1%
Other Caribbean 0.3%
Central America 27.7%
Mexico 24.8%
El Salvador 1.0%
Other Central America 1.9%
South America 1.9%
Brazil 0.4%
Colombia 0.3%
Other South America 1.2%
Northern America 4.6%
Canada 4.6%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 27.0%
1980-1989 23.5%
1990-1999 28.6%
Since 2000 20.9%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 614,457
Born in Africa 18,775
Born in Asia 239,748
Born in Europe 126,270
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 173,870
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 47,687
Cat28 8,064
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Canada
Country #3 Philippines
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.1%
Born in Asia 39.0%
Born in Europe 20.5%
Born in Latin America 28.3%
Born in Northern America 7.8%
Born in Oceania 1.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 24.10
Country #2 7.70%
Country #3 7.60
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 312,701
Born in Africa 4,366
Born in Asia 126,076
Born in Europe 76,021
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 57,824
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 44,376
Cat21 4,038
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Canada
Country #3 Philippines
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.4%
Born in Asia 40.3%
Born in Europe 24.3%
Born in Latin America 18.5%
Born in Northern America 14.2%
Born in Oceania 1.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 14.30
Country #2 13.70
Country #3 8.50%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,020,394
Naturalized citizens 482,135
Noncitizens 538,259
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 482,135
Before 1980 55,385
1980-1989 53,930
1990-1999 97,651
2000-2009 154,227
Since 2010 120,942
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 47.2%
Noncitizens 52.8%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 11.5%
1980-1989 11.2%
1990-1999 20.3%
2000-2009 32.0%
Since 2010 25.1%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 614,457
Naturalized citizens 257,648
Noncitizens 356,809
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 41.9%
Noncitizens 58.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 322,144
Naturalized citizens 149,256
Noncitizens 172,888
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.3%
Noncitizens 53.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 325,212
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 22,110
% married among women who gave birth
82.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
17.4%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,395,624
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 68,040
% married among women who gave birth 70.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 29.1%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.18
Average family size 3.67
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.47
Average family size 3.03
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,558,716
Only native parent(s)
1,102,107
One or more foreign-born parents
456,609

Child is native

399,023

Child is foreign born

57,586
Children under age 6 with 518,853
Only native parent(s)
366,821
One or more foreign-born parents
152,032

Child is native

142,401

Child is foreign born

9,631
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,039,863
Only native parent(s)
735,286
One or more foreign-born parents
304,577

Child is native

256,622

Child is foreign born

47,955
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

523,531
Only native parents 324,266
One or more foreign-born parents 199,265
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 70.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.3%
Child is native 25.6%
Child is foreign born 3.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 70.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.3%
Child is native 27.4%
Child is foreign born 1.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 70.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.3%
Child is native 24.7%
Child is foreign born 4.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 61.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,452,674
Only native parent(s) 1,180,229
One or more foreign-born parents 272,445
Child is native 208,179
Child is foreign born 64,266
Children under age 6 with 460,921
Only native parent(s) 365,381
One or more foreign-born parents 95,540
Child is native 85,431
Child is foreign born 10,109
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 991,753
Only native parent(s) 814,848
One or more foreign-born parents 176,905
Child is native 122,748
Child is foreign born 54,157
Children in Low-Income Families* 471,491
Only native parents 341,612
One or more foreign-born parents 129,879
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 81.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.8%
Child is native 14.3%
Child is foreign born 4.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 79.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.7%
Child is native 18.5%
Child is foreign born 2.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 82.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 17.8%
Child is native 12.4%
Child is foreign born 5.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 72.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,212,507
Only native parent(s) 1,076,463
One or more foreign-born parents 136,044
Child is native 107,229
Child is foreign born 28,815
Children under age 6 with 430,722
Only native parent(s) 381,720
One or more foreign-born parents 49,002
Child is native 44,010
Child is foreign born 4,992
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 781,785
Only native parent(s) 694,743
One or more foreign-born parents 87,042
Child is native 63,219
Child is foreign born 23,823
Children in Low-Income Families* 418,011
Only native parents 355,044
One or more foreign-born parents 62,967
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.2%
Child is native 8.8%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.4%
Child is native 10.2%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.1%
Child is native 8.1%
Child is foreign born 3.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 84.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.1%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2016 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.