E.g., 07/26/2021
E.g., 07/26/2021
State Demographics Data - WA
 

Washington

Demographics & Social
2019
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 1,132,834
% Foreign Born 14.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 84.4%
% change: 1990-2000 90.7%
Race (%)  
One race 97.3%
White
34.4%
Black or African American
7.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.5%
Asian
40.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
1.3%
Other race
13.9%
Two or more races 2.7%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 315,245
% Latino 27.8%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.8%
5-17 5.5%
18-64 80.0%
65 and older 13.7%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

42.3
Gender (% female) 51.5%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 22.3%
Married 62.9%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.8%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 6,482,059
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 22.8%
% change: 1990-2000 16.2%
Race (%)  
One race 93.5%
White 81.2%
Black or African American 3.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native 1.5%
Asian 3.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.5%
Other race 3.2%
Two or more races 6.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 676,478
% Latino 10.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.9%
5-17 17.7%
18-64 59.2%
65 and older 16.2%
Median Age 36.6
Gender (% female) 49.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 33.5%
Married 47.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.7%
Foreign Born
Number 614,457
% Foreign Born 10.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 5,279,664
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 322,144
% Foreign Born 6.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 4,544,548
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

1,132,834
Born in Africa 78,669
Born in Asia 499,677
Born in Europe 151,286
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 331,111
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 50,254
Born in Oceania 21,837
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

1,132,834
Europe 151,286
Northern Europe 32,942
United Kingdom
22,715
Ireland
2,829
Other Northern Europe
7,398
Western Europe 28,519
France
3,969
Germany
17,736
Other Western Europe
6,814
Southern Europe 4,697
Italy
1,985
Portugal
679
Other Southern Europe
2,033
Eastern Europe 85,128
Poland
4,862
Russia
20,047
Other Eastern Europe
60,219
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 499,677
Eastern Asia 179,618
China
110,095

China, excluding Taiwan

92,874

Taiwan

17,221
Japan
18,321
Korea
50,544
Other Eastern Asia
658
South Central Asia 127,077
India
89,665
Iran
9,497
Other South Central Asia
27,915
Southeastern Asia 171,372
Philippines
75,087
Vietnam
57,220
Other Southeastern Asia
39,065
Western Asia 20,646
Israel
3,025
Lebanon
1,627
Other Western Asia
15,994
Other Asia (no country specified) 964
Africa 78,669
Eastern Africa 54,391
Northern Africa
6,522
Western Africa
12,227
Middle and Southern Africa
4,895
Other Africa (no country specified)
634
Oceania 21,837
Australia and New Zealand subregion 7,097
Oceania (no country specified) 14,740
Americas 381,365
Latin America 331,111
Caribbean
13,376

Cuba

3,321

Jamaica

2,553

Other Caribbean

7,502
Central America
291,816

Mexico

257,275

El Salvador

10,247

Other Central America

24,294
South America
25,919

Brazil

6,148

Colombia

5,557

Other South America

14,214
Northern America 50,254
Canada
49,689
Other Northern America
565
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 264,619
1990-1999 237,504
2000-2009 291,185
Since 2010 339,526
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 6.9%
Born in Asia 44.1%
Born in Europe 13.4%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 29.2%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4.4%
Born in Oceania 1.9%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 13.4%
Northern Europe 2.9%
United Kingdom 2.0%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.7%
Western Europe 2.5%
France 0.4%
Germany 1.6%
Other Western Europe 0.6%
Southern Europe 0.4%
Italy 0.2%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 0.2%
Eastern Europe 7.5%
Poland 0.4%
Russia 1.8%
Other Eastern Europe 5.3%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 44.1%
Eastern Asia 15.9%
China 9.7%
China, excluding Taiwan 8.2%
Taiwan 1.5%
Japan 1.6%
Korea 4.5%
Other Eastern Asia 0.1%
South Central Asia 11.2%
India 7.9%
Iran 0.8%
Other South Central Asia 2.5%
Southeastern Asia 15.1%
Philippines 6.6%
Vietnam 5.1%
Other Southeastern Asia 3.4%
Western Asia 1.8%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 1.4%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 6.9%
Eastern Africa 4.8%
Northern Africa 0.6%
Western Africa 1.1%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.4%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.1%
Oceania 1.9%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.6%
Oceania (no country specified) 1.3%
Americas 33.7%
Latin America 29.2%
Caribbean 1.2%
Cuba 0.3%
Jamaica 0.2%
Other Caribbean 0.7%
Central America 25.8%
Mexico 22.7%
El Salvador 0.9%
Other Central America 2.1%
South America 2.3%
Brazil 0.5%
Colombia 0.5%
Other South America 1.3%
Northern America 4.4%
Canada 4.4%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 23.4%
1980-1989 21.0%
1990-1999 25.7%
Since 2000 30.0%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 614,457
Born in Africa 18,775
Born in Asia 239,748
Born in Europe 126,270
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 173,870
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 47,687
Cat28 8,064
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.1%
Born in Asia 39.0%
Born in Europe 20.5%
Born in Latin America 28.3%
Born in Northern America 7.8%
Born in Oceania 1.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 312,701
Born in Africa 4,366
Born in Asia 126,076
Born in Europe 76,021
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 57,824
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 44,376
Cat21 4,038
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.4%
Born in Asia 40.3%
Born in Europe 24.3%
Born in Latin America 18.5%
Born in Northern America 14.2%
Born in Oceania 1.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,132,834
Naturalized citizens 533,236
Noncitizens 599,598
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 533,236
Before 1990 108,149
1990-1999 101,998
2000-2009 145,883
2010-2014 80,675
Since 2015 96,531
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 47.1%
Noncitizens 52.9%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 20.3%
1980-1989 19.1%
1990-1999 27.4%
2000-2009 15.1%
Since 2010 18.1%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 614,457
Naturalized citizens 257,648
Noncitizens 356,809
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 41.9%
Noncitizens 58.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 322,144
Naturalized citizens 149,256
Noncitizens 172,888
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.3%
Noncitizens 53.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 349,821
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 25,050
% married among women who gave birth
87.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
12.6%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,453,496
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 73,055
% married among women who gave birth 71.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 28.5%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.09
Average family size 3.56
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.44
Average family size 2.98
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,584,396
Only native parent(s)
1,107,006
One or more foreign-born parents
477,390

Child is native

413,989

Child is foreign born

63,401
Children under age 6 with 526,276
Only native parent(s)
369,514
One or more foreign-born parents
156,762

Child is native

143,978

Child is foreign born

12,784
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,058,120
Only native parent(s)
737,492
One or more foreign-born parents
320,628

Child is native

270,011

Child is foreign born

50,617
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

474,281
Only native parents 295,764
One or more foreign-born parents 178,517
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 69.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.1%
Child is native 26.1%
Child is foreign born 4.0%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 70.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.8%
Child is native 27.4%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 69.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.3%
Child is native 25.5%
Child is foreign born 4.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 62.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 37.6%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,452,674
Only native parent(s) 1,180,229
One or more foreign-born parents 272,445
Child is native 208,179
Child is foreign born 64,266
Children under age 6 with 460,921
Only native parent(s) 365,381
One or more foreign-born parents 95,540
Child is native 85,431
Child is foreign born 10,109
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 991,753
Only native parent(s) 814,848
One or more foreign-born parents 176,905
Child is native 122,748
Child is foreign born 54,157
Children in Low-Income Families* 471,491
Only native parents 341,612
One or more foreign-born parents 129,879
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 81.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.8%
Child is native 14.3%
Child is foreign born 4.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 79.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.7%
Child is native 18.5%
Child is foreign born 2.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 82.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 17.8%
Child is native 12.4%
Child is foreign born 5.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 72.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,212,507
Only native parent(s) 1,076,463
One or more foreign-born parents 136,044
Child is native 107,229
Child is foreign born 28,815
Children under age 6 with 430,722
Only native parent(s) 381,720
One or more foreign-born parents 49,002
Child is native 44,010
Child is foreign born 4,992
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 781,785
Only native parent(s) 694,743
One or more foreign-born parents 87,042
Child is native 63,219
Child is foreign born 23,823
Children in Low-Income Families* 418,011
Only native parents 355,044
One or more foreign-born parents 62,967
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.2%
Child is native 8.8%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.4%
Child is native 10.2%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.1%
Child is native 8.1%
Child is foreign born 3.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 84.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.1%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.