E.g., 08/02/2021
E.g., 08/02/2021
State Demographics Data - VT
 

Vermont

Demographics & Social
2019
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 29,374
% Foreign Born 4.7%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 26.4%
% change: 1990-2000 32.5%
Race (%)  
One race 92.1%
White
54.4%
Black or African American
14.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
21.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
1.5%
Two or more races 7.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 1,975
% Latino 6.7%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.6%
5-17 7.1%
18-64 69.4%
65 and older 21.9%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

44.9
Gender (% female) 53.2%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 25.2%
Married 58.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.6%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 594,615
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 1.5%
% change: 1990-2000 7.4%
Race (%)  
One race 97.7%
White 95.7%
Black or African American 0.9%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.5%
Asian 0.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.3%
Two or more races 2.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 10,433
% Latino 1.8%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 4.8%
5-17 13.9%
18-64 61.4%
65 and older 20.0%
Median Age 42.7
Gender (% female) 50.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 32.7%
Married 47.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.5%
Foreign Born
Number 23,245
% Foreign Born 3.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 585,582
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 17,544
% Foreign Born 3.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 545,214
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

29,374
Born in Africa 3,530
Born in Asia 9,156
Born in Europe 8,245
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 2,588
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 5,790
Born in Oceania 65
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

29,374
Europe 8,245
Northern Europe 2,283
United Kingdom
1,815
Ireland
170
Other Northern Europe
298
Western Europe 1,702
France
237
Germany
1,008
Other Western Europe
457
Southern Europe 421
Italy
203
Portugal
119
Other Southern Europe
99
Eastern Europe 3,839
Poland
391
Russia
467
Other Eastern Europe
2,981
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 9,156
Eastern Asia 2,442
China
2,023

China, excluding Taiwan

1,566

Taiwan

457
Japan
156
Korea
263
Other Eastern Asia
N
South Central Asia 4,093
India
1,217
Iran
87
Other South Central Asia
2,789
Southeastern Asia 2,095
Philippines
763
Vietnam
219
Other Southeastern Asia
1,113
Western Asia 526
Israel
139
Lebanon
25
Other Western Asia
362
Other Asia (no country specified) N
Africa 3,530
Eastern Africa 1,447
Northern Africa
669
Western Africa
936
Middle and Southern Africa
324
Other Africa (no country specified)
154
Oceania 65
Australia and New Zealand subregion 65
Oceania (no country specified) N
Americas 8,378
Latin America 2,588
Caribbean
942

Cuba

100

Jamaica

164

Other Caribbean

678
Central America
1,113

Mexico

1,036

El Salvador

N

Other Central America

77
South America
533

Brazil

80

Colombia

101

Other South America

352
Northern America 5,790
Canada
5,786
Other Northern America
4
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 8,285
1990-1999 3,638
2000-2009 6,740
Since 2010 10,711
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 12.0%
Born in Asia 31.2%
Born in Europe 28.1%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 8.8%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 19.7%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 28.1%
Northern Europe 7.8%
United Kingdom 6.2%
Ireland 0.6%
Other Northern Europe 1.0%
Western Europe 5.8%
France 0.8%
Germany 3.4%
Other Western Europe 1.6%
Southern Europe 1.4%
Italy 0.7%
Portugal 0.4%
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 13.1%
Poland 1.3%
Russia 1.6%
Other Eastern Europe 10.1%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 31.2%
Eastern Asia 8.3%
China 6.9%
China, excluding Taiwan 5.3%
Taiwan 1.6%
Japan 0.5%
Korea 0.9%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 13.9%
India 4.1%
Iran 0.3%
Other South Central Asia 9.5%
Southeastern Asia 7.1%
Philippines 2.6%
Vietnam 0.7%
Other Southeastern Asia 3.8%
Western Asia 1.8%
Israel 0.5%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 1.2%
Other Asia (no country specified) N
Africa 12.0%
Eastern Africa 4.9%
Northern Africa 2.3%
Western Africa 3.2%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.1%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.5%
Oceania 0.2%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) N
Americas 28.5%
Latin America 8.8%
Caribbean 3.2%
Cuba 0.3%
Jamaica 0.6%
Other Caribbean 2.3%
Central America 3.8%
Mexico 3.5%
El Salvador N
Other Central America 0.3%
South America 1.8%
Brazil 0.3%
Colombia 0.3%
Other South America 1.2%
Northern America 19.7%
Canada 19.7%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 28.2%
1980-1989 12.4%
1990-1999 22.9%
Since 2000 36.5%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 23,245
Born in Africa 511
Born in Asia 4,455
Born in Europe 8,971
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,210
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 7,925
Cat28 173
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.2%
Born in Asia 19.2%
Born in Europe 38.6%
Born in Latin America 5.2%
Born in Northern America 34.1%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 17,070
Born in Africa 166
Born in Asia 1,998
Born in Europe 6,464
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 750
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 7,582
Cat21 110
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.0%
Born in Asia 11.7%
Born in Europe 37.9%
Born in Latin America 4.4%
Born in Northern America 44.4%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 29,374
Naturalized citizens 15,660
Noncitizens 13,714
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 15,660
Before 1990 4,347
1990-1999 2,151
2000-2009 4,439
2010-2014 2,342
Since 2015 2,381
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 53.3%
Noncitizens 46.7%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 27.8%
1980-1989 13.7%
1990-1999 28.3%
2000-2009 15.0%
Since 2010 15.2%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 23,245
Naturalized citizens 12,451
Noncitizens 10,794
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 53.6%
Noncitizens 46.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 17,544
Naturalized citizens 10,646
Noncitizens 6,898
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 60.7%
Noncitizens 39.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 7,918
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 1,044
% married among women who gave birth
81.8%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
18.2%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 129,508
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 5,509
% married among women who gave birth 66.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 33.4%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.49
Average family size 3.13
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.29
Average family size 2.86
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 107,864
Only native parent(s)
100,451
One or more foreign-born parents
7,413

Child is native

6,042

Child is foreign born

1,371
Children under age 6 with 32,413
Only native parent(s)
30,067
One or more foreign-born parents
2,346

Child is native

2,244

Child is foreign born

102
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 75,451
Only native parent(s)
70,384
One or more foreign-born parents
5,067

Child is native

3,798

Child is foreign born

1,269
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

31,257
Only native parents 29,238
One or more foreign-born parents 2,019
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.9%
Child is native 5.6%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.2%
Child is native 6.9%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.7%
Child is native 5.0%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 93.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 144,677
Only native parent(s) 135,657
One or more foreign-born parents 9,020
Child is native 7,497
Child is foreign born 1,523
Children under age 6 with 41,175
Only native parent(s) 38,129
One or more foreign-born parents 3,046
Child is native 2,705
Child is foreign born 341
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 103,502
Only native parent(s) 97,528
One or more foreign-born parents 5,974
Child is native 4,792
Child is foreign born 1,182
Children in Low-Income Families* 46,158
Only native parents 43,309
One or more foreign-born parents 2,849
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.2%
Child is native 5.2%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.4%
Child is native 6.6%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.8%
Child is native 4.6%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 93.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 139,526
Only native parent(s) 133,321
One or more foreign-born parents 6,205
Child is native 5,700
Child is foreign born 505
Children under age 6 with 50,402
Only native parent(s) 48,335
One or more foreign-born parents 2,067
Child is native 1,911
Child is foreign born 156
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 89,124
Only native parent(s) 84,986
One or more foreign-born parents 4,138
Child is native 3,789
Child is foreign born 349
Children in Low-Income Families* 45,368
Only native parents 43,349
One or more foreign-born parents 2,019
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.4%
Child is native 4.1%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.1%
Child is native 3.8%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.6%
Child is native 4.3%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 95.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.5%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.