E.g., 03/01/2024
E.g., 03/01/2024
State Demographics Data - US
 

United States

Demographics & Social
2022
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 46,182,177
% Foreign Born 13.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2022 48.5%
% change: 1990-2000 57.4%
Race (%)  
One race 78.7%
White
20.3%
Black or African American
9.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native
1.1%
Asian
27.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.3%
Other race
20.4%
Two or more races 21.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 20,378,549
% Latino 44.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.6%
5-17 5.1%
18-64 76.6%
65 and older 17.7%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

46.7
Gender (% female) 51.2%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 23.4%
Married 60.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.4%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 287,105,385
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 14.7%
% change: 1990-2000 9.3%
Race (%)  
One race 88.9%
White 67.4%
Black or African American 12.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.9%
Asian 2.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.2%
Other race 5.2%
Two or more races 11.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 43,175,090
% Latino 15.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.3%
5-17 18.0%
18-64 58.4%
65 and older 17.3%
Median Age 36.9
Gender (% female) 50.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 36.5%
Married 45.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.9%
Foreign Born
Number 31,107,889
% Foreign Born 11.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 250,314,017
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 19,767,316
% Foreign Born 7.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 228,942,557
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

46,182,089
Born in Africa 2,752,965
Born in Asia 14,349,080
Born in Europe 4,728,948
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 23,233,834
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 828,702
Born in Oceania 288,560
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

46,182,089
Europe 4,728,948
Northern Europe 901,202
United Kingdom
676,652
Ireland
112,251
Other Northern Europe
112,299
Western Europe 909,430
France
182,467
Germany
537,484
Other Western Europe
189,479
Southern Europe 702,497
Italy
294,936
Portugal
159,626
Other Southern Europe
247,935
Eastern Europe 2,198,504
Poland
374,056
Russia
398,123
Other Eastern Europe
1,426,325
Other Europe (no country specified) 17,315
Asia 14,349,080
Eastern Asia 4,226,498
China
2,832,972

China, excluding Taiwan

2,455,023

Taiwan

377,949
Japan
330,096
Korea
1,045,100
Other Eastern Asia
18,330
South Central Asia 4,572,569
India
2,839,618
Iran
407,283
Other South Central Asia
1,325,668
Southeastern Asia 4,278,888
Philippines
1,982,333
Vietnam
1,331,192
Other Southeastern Asia
965,363
Western Asia 1,216,159
Israel
142,605
Lebanon
130,733
Other Western Asia
942,821
Other Asia (no country specified) 54,966
Africa 2,752,965
Eastern Africa 812,047
Northern Africa 442,197
Western Africa 1,048,272
Middle and Southern Africa 360,015
Other Africa (no country specified) 90,434
Oceania 288,560
Australia and New Zealand subregion 126,236
Oceania (no country specified) 162,324
Americas 24,062,536
Latin America 23,233,834
Caribbean
4,627,494

Cuba

1,312,510

Jamaica

804,775

Other Caribbean

2,510,209
Central America
14,635,414

Mexico

10,678,502

El Salvador

1,407,622

Other Central America

2,549,290
South America
3,970,926

Brazil

618,525

Colombia

928,053

Other South America

2,424,348
Northern America 828,702
Canada
821,322
Other Northern America
7,380
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 12,142,439
1990-1999 8,937,095
2000-2009 10,594,080
Since 2010 14,508,563
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 6.0%
Born in Asia 31.1%
Born in Europe 10.2%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 50.3%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.8%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 10.2%
Northern Europe 2.0%
United Kingdom 1.5%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 2.0%
France 0.4%
Germany 1.2%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 1.5%
Italy 0.6%
Portugal 0.3%
Other Southern Europe 0.5%
Eastern Europe 4.8%
Poland 0.8%
Russia 0.9%
Other Eastern Europe 3.1%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 31.1%
Eastern Asia 9.2%
China 6.1%
China, excluding Taiwan 5.3%
Taiwan 0.8%
Japan 0.7%
Korea 2.3%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 9.9%
India 6.1%
Iran 0.9%
Other South Central Asia 2.9%
Southeastern Asia 9.3%
Philippines 4.3%
Vietnam 2.9%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.1%
Western Asia 2.6%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 2.0%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 6.0%
Eastern Africa 1.8%
Northern Africa 1.0%
Western Africa 2.3%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.8%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.2%
Oceania 0.6%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.4%
Americas 52.1%
Latin America 50.3%
Caribbean 10.0%
Cuba 2.8%
Jamaica 1.7%
Other Caribbean 5.4%
Central America 31.7%
Mexico 23.1%
El Salvador 3.0%
Other Central America 5.5%
South America 8.6%
Brazil 1.3%
Colombia 2.0%
Other South America 5.2%
Northern America 1.8%
Canada 1.8%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 26.3%
1980-1989 19.4%
1990-1999 22.9%
Since 2000 31.4%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 31,107,889
Born in Africa 881,300
Born in Asia 8,226,254
Born in Europe 4,915,557
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 16,086,974
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 829,442
Cat28 168,046
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.8%
Born in Asia 26.4%
Born in Europe 15.8%
Born in Latin America 51.7%
Born in Northern America 2.7%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 18,959,158
Born in Africa 363,819
Born in Asia 4,979,037
Born in Europe 4,350,403
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 8,407,837
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 753,917
Cat21 104,145
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.9%
Born in Asia 26.3%
Born in Europe 22.9%
Born in Latin America 44.3%
Born in Northern America 4.0%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 46,182,177
Naturalized citizens 24,509,131
Noncitizens 21,673,046
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 24,509,131
Before 1990 4,270,661
1990-1999 4,237,954
2000-2009 6,157,058
2010-2014 3,454,394
Since 2015 6,389,064
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 53.1%
Noncitizens 46.9%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 17.4%
1980-1989 17.3%
1990-1999 25.1%
2000-2009 14.1%
Since 2010 26.1%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 31,107,889
Naturalized citizens 12,542,626
Noncitizens 18,565,263
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.3%
Noncitizens 59.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 19,767,316
Naturalized citizens 7,996,998
Noncitizens 11,770,318
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.5%
Noncitizens 59.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 12,523,106
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 794,834
% married among women who gave birth
78.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
21.7%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 64,926,623
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 3,242,060
% married among women who gave birth 67.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 33.0%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.08
Average family size 3.54
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.4
Average family size 3.01
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.

 
Children under age 18 with 68,612,775
Only native parent(s)
50,967,457
One or more foreign-born parents
17,645,318

Child is native

15,372,283

Child is foreign born

2,273,035
Children under age 6 with 21,251,038
Only native parent(s)
16,089,106
One or more foreign-born parents
5,161,932

Child is native

4,827,233

Child is foreign born

334,699
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 47,361,737
Only native parent(s)
34,878,351
One or more foreign-born parents
12,483,386

Child is native

10,545,050

Child is foreign born

1,938,336
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

24,455,382
Only native parents 17,010,861
One or more foreign-born parents 7,444,521
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 74.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.7%
Child is native 22.4%
Child is foreign born 3.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 75.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.3%
Child is native 22.7%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 73.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.4%
Child is native 22.3%
Child is foreign born 4.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 69.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.4%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 68,563,812
Only native parent(s) 55,475,226
One or more foreign-born parents 13,088,586
Child is native 10,399,041
Child is foreign born 2,689,545
Children under age 6 with 21,958,839
Only native parent(s) 17,492,593
One or more foreign-born parents 4,466,246
Child is native 4,067,077
Child is foreign born 399,169
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 46,604,973
Only native parent(s) 37,982,633
One or more foreign-born parents 8,622,340
Child is native 6,331,964
Child is foreign born 2,290,376
Children in Low-Income Families* 25,253,380
Only native parents 18,805,221
One or more foreign-born parents 6,448,159
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.1%
Child is native 15.2%
Child is foreign born 3.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 79.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.3%
Child is native 18.5%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 81.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.5%
Child is native 13.6%
Child is foreign born 4.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 74.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 60,974,701
Only native parent(s) 52,780,543
One or more foreign-born parents 8,194,158
Child is native 6,310,204
Child is foreign born 1,883,954
Children under age 6 with 21,217,159
Only native parent(s) 18,347,016
One or more foreign-born parents 2,870,143
Child is native 2,548,994
Child is foreign born 321,149
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 39,757,542
Only native parent(s) 34,433,527
One or more foreign-born parents 5,324,015
Child is native 3,761,210
Child is foreign born 1,562,805
Children in Low-Income Families* 23,528,839
Only native parents 19,601,685
One or more foreign-born parents 3,927,154
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.4%
Child is native 10.3%
Child is foreign born 3.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.5%
Child is native 12.0%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.4%
Child is native 9.5%
Child is foreign born 3.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 83.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.7%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2022 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, click here. For ACS methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Matthew Sobek, Daniel Backman, Annie Chen, Grace Cooper, Stephanie Richards, Renae Rogers, and Megan Schouweiler. IPUMS USA: Version 14.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2023. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V14.0​.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • Race and Hispanic origin: In preparation for the 2020 Decennial Census, the Census Bureau has made some improvements and changes in how the respondents were asked about their race and Hispanic origin on the 2020 decennial Census form. The goal was to achieve a more accurate portrait of how U.S. residents self-identify. The same changes in the questionnaire design were implemented in the subsequent ACS as well. Note that the racial composition of the U.S. population in the current ACS looks different from pre-2020 data. For instance, the proportion of people who reported “two or more races” has increased, while the proportion of “white alone” decreased, reflecting both the growth of a more racially diverse population and the changes in the questionnaire design. Race and Hispanic origin comparisons between the current ACS and pre-2020 data should be made with caution, taking into account the changes in the questionnaire design. For more details, visit the Census Bureau’s Resource Library.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children: The data here include children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau has included children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.