E.g., 06/16/2021
E.g., 06/16/2021
State Demographics Data - US
 

United States

Demographics & Social
2019
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 44,932,901
% Foreign Born 13.7%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 44.4%
% change: 1990-2000 57.4%
Race (%)  
One race 97.6%
White
45.2%
Black or African American
9.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
27.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.4%
Other race
14.7%
Two or more races 2.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 19,842,045
% Latino 44.2%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.7%
5-17 5.0%
18-64 77.6%
65 and older 16.7%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

45.7
Gender (% female) 51.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 23.4%
Married 60.1%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.5%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 283,306,622
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 13.2%
% change: 1990-2000 9.3%
Race (%)  
One race 96.4%
White 76.3%
Black or African American 13.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.9%
Asian 2.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.2%
Other race 3.4%
Two or more races 3.6%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 40,639,701
% Latino 14.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.7%
5-17 18.1%
18-64 58.7%
65 and older 16.4%
Median Age 36.5
Gender (% female) 50.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 35.9%
Married 45.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.8%
Foreign Born
Number 31,107,889
% Foreign Born 11.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 250,314,017
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 19,767,316
% Foreign Born 7.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 228,942,557
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

44,932,799
Born in Africa 2,475,118
Born in Asia 14,099,479
Born in Europe 4,665,173
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 22,588,239
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 804,602
Born in Oceania 300,188
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

44,932,799
Europe 4,665,173
Northern Europe 911,519
United Kingdom
677,856
Ireland
111,886
Other Northern Europe
121,777
Western Europe 907,942
France
171,452
Germany
537,691
Other Western Europe
198,799
Southern Europe 719,214
Italy
314,867
Portugal
161,500
Other Southern Europe
242,847
Eastern Europe 2,117,473
Poland
404,107
Russia
392,422
Other Eastern Europe
1,320,944
Other Europe (no country specified) 9,025
Asia 14,099,479
Eastern Asia 4,241,673
China
2,853,550

China, excluding Taiwan

2,481,699

Taiwan

371,851
Japan
333,273
Korea
1,038,885
Other Eastern Asia
15,965
South Central Asia 4,259,436
India
2,688,075
Iran
385,473
Other South Central Asia
1,185,888
Southeastern Asia 4,380,003
Philippines
2,045,248
Vietnam
1,383,779
Other Southeastern Asia
950,976
Western Asia 1,159,593
Israel
132,477
Lebanon
120,065
Other Western Asia
907,051
Other Asia (no country specified) 58,774
Africa 2,475,118
Eastern Africa 736,939
Northern Africa
380,995
Western Africa
925,633
Middle and Southern Africa
311,210
Other Africa (no country specified)
120,341
Oceania 300,188
Australia and New Zealand subregion 128,018
Oceania (no country specified) 172,170
Americas 23,392,841
Latin America 22,588,239
Caribbean
4,494,211

Cuba

1,359,990

Jamaica

772,215

Other Caribbean

2,362,006
Central America
14,714,249

Mexico

10,931,939

El Salvador

1,412,101

Other Central America

2,370,209
South America
3,379,779

Brazil

502,104

Colombia

808,148

Other South America

2,069,527
Northern America 804,602
Canada
797,158
Other Northern America
7,444
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 13,237,872
1990-1999 9,517,480
2000-2009 11,035,400
Since 2010 11,142,149
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 5.5%
Born in Asia 31.4%
Born in Europe 10.4%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 50.3%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.8%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 10.4%
Northern Europe 2.0%
United Kingdom 1.5%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 2.0%
France 0.4%
Germany 1.2%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 1.6%
Italy 0.7%
Portugal 0.4%
Other Southern Europe 0.5%
Eastern Europe 4.7%
Poland 0.9%
Russia 0.9%
Other Eastern Europe 2.9%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 31.4%
Eastern Asia 9.4%
China 6.4%
China, excluding Taiwan 5.5%
Taiwan 0.8%
Japan 0.7%
Korea 2.3%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 9.5%
India 6.0%
Iran 0.9%
Other South Central Asia 2.6%
Southeastern Asia 9.7%
Philippines 4.6%
Vietnam 3.1%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.1%
Western Asia 2.6%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 2.0%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 5.5%
Eastern Africa 1.6%
Northern Africa 0.8%
Western Africa 2.1%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.7%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 0.7%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.4%
Americas 52.1%
Latin America 50.3%
Caribbean 10.0%
Cuba 3.0%
Jamaica 1.7%
Other Caribbean 5.3%
Central America 32.7%
Mexico 24.3%
El Salvador 3.1%
Other Central America 5.3%
South America 7.5%
Brazil 1.1%
Colombia 1.8%
Other South America 4.6%
Northern America 1.8%
Canada 1.8%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 29.5%
1980-1989 21.2%
1990-1999 24.6%
Since 2000 24.8%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 31,107,889
Born in Africa 881,300
Born in Asia 8,226,254
Born in Europe 4,915,557
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 16,086,974
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 829,442
Cat28 168,046
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.8%
Born in Asia 26.4%
Born in Europe 15.8%
Born in Latin America 51.7%
Born in Northern America 2.7%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 18,959,158
Born in Africa 363,819
Born in Asia 4,979,037
Born in Europe 4,350,403
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 8,407,837
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 753,917
Cat21 104,145
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.9%
Born in Asia 26.3%
Born in Europe 22.9%
Born in Latin America 44.3%
Born in Northern America 4.0%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 44,932,901
Naturalized citizens 23,182,917
Noncitizens 21,749,984
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 23,182,917
Before 1990 4,603,011
1990-1999 4,477,102
2000-2009 6,596,202
2010-2014 3,528,508
Since 2015 3,978,094
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 51.6%
Noncitizens 48.4%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 19.9%
1980-1989 19.3%
1990-1999 28.5%
2000-2009 15.2%
Since 2010 17.2%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 31,107,889
Naturalized citizens 12,542,626
Noncitizens 18,565,263
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.3%
Noncitizens 59.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 19,767,316
Naturalized citizens 7,996,998
Noncitizens 11,770,318
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.5%
Noncitizens 59.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 12,838,555
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 733,845
% married among women who gave birth
79.8%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
20.2%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 64,041,016
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 3,144,037
% married among women who gave birth 64.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 35.7%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.24
Average family size 3.72
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.49
Average family size 3.12
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 68,888,593
Only native parent(s)
51,081,718
One or more foreign-born parents
17,806,875

Child is native

15,643,928

Child is foreign born

2,162,947
Children under age 6 with 22,217,941
Only native parent(s)
16,808,147
One or more foreign-born parents
5,409,794

Child is native

5,061,252

Child is foreign born

348,542
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 46,670,652
Only native parent(s)
34,273,571
One or more foreign-born parents
12,397,081

Child is native

10,582,676

Child is foreign born

1,814,405
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

25,614,848
Only native parents 17,633,177
One or more foreign-born parents 7,981,671
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 74.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.8%
Child is native 22.7%
Child is foreign born 3.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 75.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.3%
Child is native 22.8%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 73.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.6%
Child is native 22.7%
Child is foreign born 3.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 68.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 31.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 68,563,812
Only native parent(s) 55,475,226
One or more foreign-born parents 13,088,586
Child is native 10,399,041
Child is foreign born 2,689,545
Children under age 6 with 21,958,839
Only native parent(s) 17,492,593
One or more foreign-born parents 4,466,246
Child is native 4,067,077
Child is foreign born 399,169
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 46,604,973
Only native parent(s) 37,982,633
One or more foreign-born parents 8,622,340
Child is native 6,331,964
Child is foreign born 2,290,376
Children in Low-Income Families* 25,253,380
Only native parents 18,805,221
One or more foreign-born parents 6,448,159
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.1%
Child is native 15.2%
Child is foreign born 3.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 79.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.3%
Child is native 18.5%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 81.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.5%
Child is native 13.6%
Child is foreign born 4.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 74.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 60,974,701
Only native parent(s) 52,780,543
One or more foreign-born parents 8,194,158
Child is native 6,310,204
Child is foreign born 1,883,954
Children under age 6 with 21,217,159
Only native parent(s) 18,347,016
One or more foreign-born parents 2,870,143
Child is native 2,548,994
Child is foreign born 321,149
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 39,757,542
Only native parent(s) 34,433,527
One or more foreign-born parents 5,324,015
Child is native 3,761,210
Child is foreign born 1,562,805
Children in Low-Income Families* 23,528,839
Only native parents 19,601,685
One or more foreign-born parents 3,927,154
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.4%
Child is native 10.3%
Child is foreign born 3.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.5%
Child is native 12.0%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.4%
Child is native 9.5%
Child is foreign born 3.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 83.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.7%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.