E.g., 07/17/2019
E.g., 07/17/2019

State Demographics Data - US

United States

Demographics & Social
2017
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 44,525,855
% Foreign Born 13.7%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 43.1%
% change: 1990-2000 57.4%
Race (%)  
One race 97.8%
White
45.5%
Black or African American
9.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
27.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.3%
Other race
15.2%
Two or more races 2.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 19,718,222
% Latino 44.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.7%
5-17 5.1%
18-64 78.6%
65 and older 15.6%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

44.8
Gender (% female) 51.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.0%
Married 59.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.3%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 281,193,323
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 12.3%
% change: 1990-2000 9.3%
Race (%)  
One race 96.5%
White 76.5%
Black or African American 13.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.9%
Asian 2.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.2%
Other race 3.5%
Two or more races 3.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 39,127,912
% Latino 13.9%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.9%
5-17 18.3%
18-64 59.1%
65 and older 15.6%
Median Age 36.2
Gender (% female) 50.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 35.5%
Married 45.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.0%
Foreign Born
Number 31,107,889
% Foreign Born 11.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 250,314,017
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 19,767,316
% Foreign Born 7.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 228,942,557
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

44,525,458
Born in Africa 2,293,028
Born in Asia 13,907,844
Born in Europe 4,818,662
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 22,425,056
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 816,903
Born in Oceania 263,965
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

44,525,458
Europe 4,818,662
Northern Europe 941,796
United Kingdom
702,567
Ireland
120,187
Other Northern Europe
119,042
Western Europe 949,591
France
185,775
Germany
552,640
Other Western Europe
211,176
Southern Europe 761,390
Italy
333,911
Portugal
172,945
Other Southern Europe
254,534
Eastern Europe 2,153,855
Poland
418,775
Russia
403,670
Other Eastern Europe
1,331,410
Other Europe (no country specified) 12,030
Asia 13,907,844
Eastern Asia 4,267,303
China
2,843,838

China, excluding Taiwan

2,452,515

Taiwan

391,323
Japan
344,453
Korea
1,063,074
Other Eastern Asia
15,938
South Central Asia 4,113,013
India
2,610,537
Iran
395,429
Other South Central Asia
1,107,047
Southeastern Asia 4,318,647
Philippines
2,008,080
Vietnam
1,342,568
Other Southeastern Asia
967,999
Western Asia 1,159,835
Israel
142,934
Lebanon
124,847
Other Western Asia
892,054
Other Asia (no country specified) 49,046
Africa 2,293,028
Eastern Africa 693,784
Northern Africa
359,559
Western Africa
837,290
Middle and Southern Africa
279,661
Other Africa (no country specified)
122,734
Oceania 263,965
Australia and New Zealand subregion 123,080
Oceania (no country specified) 140,885
Americas 23,241,959
Latin America 22,425,056
Caribbean
4,414,943

Cuba

1,311,803

Jamaica

744,658

Other Caribbean

2,358,482
Central America
14,796,926

Mexico

11,269,913

El Salvador

1,401,832

Other Central America

2,125,181
South America
3,213,187

Brazil

451,084

Colombia

783,032

Other South America

1,979,071
Northern America 816,903
Canada
809,267
Other Northern America
7,636
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 13,665,690
1990-1999 9,929,442
2000-2009 11,443,394
Since 2010 9,487,329
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 5.1%
Born in Asia 31.2%
Born in Europe 10.8%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 50.4%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.8%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 28.3
Country #2 4.80%
Country #3 4.7
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 10.8%
Northern Europe 2.1%
United Kingdom 1.6%
Ireland 0.3%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 2.1%
France 0.4%
Germany 1.2%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 1.7%
Italy 0.7%
Portugal 0.4%
Other Southern Europe 0.6%
Eastern Europe 4.8%
Poland 0.9%
Russia 0.9%
Other Eastern Europe 3.0%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 31.2%
Eastern Asia 9.6%
China 6.4%
China, excluding Taiwan 5.5%
Taiwan 0.9%
Japan 0.8%
Korea 2.4%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 9.2%
India 5.9%
Iran 0.9%
Other South Central Asia 2.5%
Southeastern Asia 9.7%
Philippines 4.5%
Vietnam 3.0%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.2%
Western Asia 2.6%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 2.0%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 5.1%
Eastern Africa 1.6%
Northern Africa 0.8%
Western Africa 1.9%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.6%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 0.6%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.3%
Americas 52.2%
Latin America 50.4%
Caribbean 9.9%
Cuba 2.9%
Jamaica 1.7%
Other Caribbean 5.3%
Central America 33.2%
Mexico 25.3%
El Salvador 3.1%
Other Central America 4.8%
South America 7.2%
Brazil 1.0%
Colombia 1.8%
Other South America 4.4%
Northern America 1.8%
Canada 1.8%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 30.7%
1980-1989 22.3%
1990-1999 25.7%
Since 2000 21.3%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 31,107,889
Born in Africa 881,300
Born in Asia 8,226,254
Born in Europe 4,915,557
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 16,086,974
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 829,442
Cat28 168,046
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.8%
Born in Asia 26.4%
Born in Europe 15.8%
Born in Latin America 51.7%
Born in Northern America 2.7%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 29.5
Country #2 4.40%
Country #3 3.8
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 18,959,158
Born in Africa 363,819
Born in Asia 4,979,037
Born in Europe 4,350,403
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 8,407,837
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 753,917
Cat21 104,145
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 7636
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 Canada
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.9%
Born in Asia 26.3%
Born in Europe 22.9%
Born in Latin America 44.3%
Born in Northern America 4.0%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 21.7
Country #2 4.60%
Country #3 3.80%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 44,525,855
Naturalized citizens 21,948,732
Noncitizens 22,577,123
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 21,948,732
Before 1980 2,283,142
1980-1989 2,422,248
1990-1999 4,503,877
2000-2009 6,751,820
Since 2010 5,987,645
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 49.3%
Noncitizens 50.7%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 10.4%
1980-1989 11.0%
1990-1999 20.5%
2000-2009 30.8%
Since 2010 27.3%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 31,107,889
Naturalized citizens 12,542,626
Noncitizens 18,565,263
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.3%
Noncitizens 59.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 19,767,316
Naturalized citizens 7,996,998
Noncitizens 11,770,318
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.5%
Noncitizens 59.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 13,062,079
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 798,113
% married among women who gave birth
78.7%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
21.3%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 63,729,486
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 3,199,281
% married among women who gave birth 63.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 36.8%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.33
Average family size 3.82
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.52
Average family size 3.14
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 69,858,884
Only native parent(s)
51,693,826
One or more foreign-born parents
18,165,058

Child is native

15,979,292

Child is foreign born

2,185,766
Children under age 6 with 22,690,943
Only native parent(s)
17,015,889
One or more foreign-born parents
5,675,054

Child is native

5,297,114

Child is foreign born

377,940
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 47,167,941
Only native parent(s)
34,677,937
One or more foreign-born parents
12,490,004

Child is native

10,682,178

Child is foreign born

1,807,826
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

27,424,332
Only native parents 18,636,895
One or more foreign-born parents 8,787,437
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 74.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.0%
Child is native 22.9%
Child is foreign born 3.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 75.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.0%
Child is native 23.3%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 73.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.5%
Child is native 22.6%
Child is foreign born 3.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 68.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 32.0%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 68,563,812
Only native parent(s) 55,475,226
One or more foreign-born parents 13,088,586
Child is native 10,399,041
Child is foreign born 2,689,545
Children under age 6 with 21,958,839
Only native parent(s) 17,492,593
One or more foreign-born parents 4,466,246
Child is native 4,067,077
Child is foreign born 399,169
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 46,604,973
Only native parent(s) 37,982,633
One or more foreign-born parents 8,622,340
Child is native 6,331,964
Child is foreign born 2,290,376
Children in Low-Income Families* 25,253,380
Only native parents 18,805,221
One or more foreign-born parents 6,448,159
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.1%
Child is native 15.2%
Child is foreign born 3.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 79.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.3%
Child is native 18.5%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 81.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.5%
Child is native 13.6%
Child is foreign born 4.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 74.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 60,974,701
Only native parent(s) 52,780,543
One or more foreign-born parents 8,194,158
Child is native 6,310,204
Child is foreign born 1,883,954
Children under age 6 with 21,217,159
Only native parent(s) 18,347,016
One or more foreign-born parents 2,870,143
Child is native 2,548,994
Child is foreign born 321,149
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 39,757,542
Only native parent(s) 34,433,527
One or more foreign-born parents 5,324,015
Child is native 3,761,210
Child is foreign born 1,562,805
Children in Low-Income Families* 23,528,839
Only native parents 19,601,685
One or more foreign-born parents 3,927,154
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.4%
Child is native 10.3%
Child is foreign born 3.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.5%
Child is native 12.0%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.4%
Child is native 9.5%
Child is foreign born 3.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 83.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.7%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.