E.g., 10/18/2018
E.g., 10/18/2018

State Demographics Data - US

United States

Demographics & Social
2016
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 43,739,345
% Foreign Born 13.5%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2016 40.6%
% change: 1990-2000 57.4%
Race (%)  
One race 97.8%
White
46.1%
Black or African American
9.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
26.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.3%
Other race
15.4%
Two or more races 2.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 19,626,440
% Latino 44.9%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.7%
5-17 5.1%
18-64 79.0%
65 and older 15.2%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

44.4
Gender (% female) 51.5%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.6%
Married 59.1%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.3%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 279,388,170
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 11.6%
% change: 1990-2000 9.3%
Race (%)  
One race 96.6%
White 76.8%
Black or African American 13.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.9%
Asian 2.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.2%
Other race 3.4%
Two or more races 3.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 37,772,279
% Latino 13.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.0%
5-17 18.5%
18-64 59.3%
65 and older 15.2%
Median Age 36.1
Gender (% female) 50.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 35.4%
Married 45.3%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.3%
Foreign Born
Number 31,107,889
% Foreign Born 11.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 250,314,017
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 19,767,316
% Foreign Born 7.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 228,942,557
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

43,738,901
Born in Africa 2,141,197
Born in Asia 13,461,081
Born in Europe 4,785,267
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 22,294,730
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 790,763
Born in Oceania 265,863
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

43,738,901
Europe 4,785,267
Northern Europe 950,872
United Kingdom
696,896
Ireland
125,840
Other Northern Europe
128,136
Western Europe 939,383
France
175,250
Germany
563,985
Other Western Europe
200,148
Southern Europe 760,352
Italy
335,763
Portugal
176,638
Other Southern Europe
247,951
Eastern Europe 2,122,951
Poland
424,928
Russia
397,236
Other Eastern Europe
1,300,787
Other Europe (no country specified) 11,709
Asia 13,461,081
Eastern Asia 4,130,659
China
2,716,548

China, excluding Taiwan

2,342,605

Taiwan

373,943
Japan
355,156
Korea
1,041,727
Other Eastern Asia
17,228
South Central Asia 3,889,485
India
2,434,524
Iran
386,073
Other South Central Asia
1,068,888
Southeastern Asia 4,229,855
Philippines
1,941,665
Vietnam
1,352,760
Other Southeastern Asia
935,430
Western Asia 1,163,328
Israel
142,078
Lebanon
128,608
Other Western Asia
892,642
Other Asia (no country specified) 47,754
Africa 2,141,197
Eastern Africa 636,165
Northern Africa
357,574
Western Africa
787,894
Middle and Southern Africa
245,195
Other Africa (no country specified)
114,369
Oceania 265,863
Australia and New Zealand subregion 124,233
Oceania (no country specified) 141,630
Americas 23,085,493
Latin America 22,294,730
Caribbean
4,286,266

Cuba

1,271,618

Jamaica

736,303

Other Caribbean

2,278,345
Central America
15,028,973

Mexico

11,573,680

El Salvador

1,387,022

Other Central America

2,068,271
South America
2,979,491

Brazil

409,595

Colombia

704,587

Other South America

1,865,309
Northern America 790,763
Canada
783,206
Other Northern America
7,557
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 13,817,377
1990-1999 10,118,667
2000-2009 11,677,787
Since 2010 8,125,514
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 4.9%
Born in Asia 30.8%
Born in Europe 10.9%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 51.0%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.8%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 28.30
Country #2 4.80%
Country #3 4.70
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 10.9%
Northern Europe 2.2%
United Kingdom 1.6%
Ireland 0.3%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 2.1%
France 0.4%
Germany 1.3%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 1.7%
Italy 0.8%
Portugal 0.4%
Other Southern Europe 0.6%
Eastern Europe 4.9%
Poland 1.0%
Russia 0.9%
Other Eastern Europe 3.0%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 30.8%
Eastern Asia 9.4%
China 6.2%
China, excluding Taiwan 5.4%
Taiwan 0.9%
Japan 0.8%
Korea 2.4%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 8.9%
India 5.6%
Iran 0.9%
Other South Central Asia 2.4%
Southeastern Asia 9.7%
Philippines 4.4%
Vietnam 3.1%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.1%
Western Asia 2.7%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 2.0%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 4.9%
Eastern Africa 1.5%
Northern Africa 0.8%
Western Africa 1.8%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.6%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 0.6%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.3%
Americas 52.8%
Latin America 51.0%
Caribbean 9.8%
Cuba 2.9%
Jamaica 1.7%
Other Caribbean 5.2%
Central America 34.4%
Mexico 26.5%
El Salvador 3.2%
Other Central America 4.7%
South America 6.8%
Brazil 0.9%
Colombia 1.6%
Other South America 4.3%
Northern America 1.8%
Canada 1.8%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 31.6%
1980-1989 23.1%
1990-1999 26.7%
Since 2000 18.6%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 31,107,889
Born in Africa 881,300
Born in Asia 8,226,254
Born in Europe 4,915,557
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 16,086,974
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 829,442
Cat28 168,046
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.8%
Born in Asia 26.4%
Born in Europe 15.8%
Born in Latin America 51.7%
Born in Northern America 2.7%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 29.50
Country #2 4.40%
Country #3 3.80
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 18,959,158
Born in Africa 363,819
Born in Asia 4,979,037
Born in Europe 4,350,403
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 8,407,837
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 753,917
Cat21 104,145
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 Canada
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.9%
Born in Asia 26.3%
Born in Europe 22.9%
Born in Latin America 44.3%
Born in Northern America 4.0%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 21.70
Country #2 4.60%
Country #3 3.80%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 43,739,345
Naturalized citizens 21,238,372
Noncitizens 22,500,973
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 21,238,372
Before 1980 2,328,157
1980-1989 2,427,249
1990-1999 4,476,743
2000-2009 6,802,407
Since 2010 5,203,816
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 48.6%
Noncitizens 51.4%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 11.0%
1980-1989 11.4%
1990-1999 21.1%
2000-2009 32.0%
Since 2010 24.5%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 31,107,889
Naturalized citizens 12,542,626
Noncitizens 18,565,263
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.3%
Noncitizens 59.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 19,767,316
Naturalized citizens 7,996,998
Noncitizens 11,770,318
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.5%
Noncitizens 59.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 12,930,186
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 781,724
% married among women who gave birth
77.7%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
22.3%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 63,553,425
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 3,165,179
% married among women who gave birth 61.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 38.1%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.35
Average family size 3.83
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.53
Average family size 3.15
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 69,889,247
Only native parent(s)
51,892,378
One or more foreign-born parents
17,996,869

Child is native

15,872,343

Child is foreign born

2,124,526
Children under age 6 with 22,798,400
Only native parent(s)
17,053,850
One or more foreign-born parents
5,744,550

Child is native

5,371,319

Child is foreign born

373,231
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 47,090,847
Only native parent(s)
34,838,528
One or more foreign-born parents
12,252,319

Child is native

10,501,024

Child is foreign born

1,751,295
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

28,363,805
Only native parents 19,216,957
One or more foreign-born parents 9,146,848
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 74.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.8%
Child is native 22.7%
Child is foreign born 3.0%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 74.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.2%
Child is native 23.6%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 74.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.0%
Child is native 22.3%
Child is foreign born 3.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 67.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 32.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 68,563,812
Only native parent(s) 55,475,226
One or more foreign-born parents 13,088,586
Child is native 10,399,041
Child is foreign born 2,689,545
Children under age 6 with 21,958,839
Only native parent(s) 17,492,593
One or more foreign-born parents 4,466,246
Child is native 4,067,077
Child is foreign born 399,169
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 46,604,973
Only native parent(s) 37,982,633
One or more foreign-born parents 8,622,340
Child is native 6,331,964
Child is foreign born 2,290,376
Children in Low-Income Families* 25,253,380
Only native parents 18,805,221
One or more foreign-born parents 6,448,159
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.1%
Child is native 15.2%
Child is foreign born 3.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 79.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.3%
Child is native 18.5%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 81.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.5%
Child is native 13.6%
Child is foreign born 4.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 74.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 60,974,701
Only native parent(s) 52,780,543
One or more foreign-born parents 8,194,158
Child is native 6,310,204
Child is foreign born 1,883,954
Children under age 6 with 21,217,159
Only native parent(s) 18,347,016
One or more foreign-born parents 2,870,143
Child is native 2,548,994
Child is foreign born 321,149
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 39,757,542
Only native parent(s) 34,433,527
One or more foreign-born parents 5,324,015
Child is native 3,761,210
Child is foreign born 1,562,805
Children in Low-Income Families* 23,528,839
Only native parents 19,601,685
One or more foreign-born parents 3,927,154
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.4%
Child is native 10.3%
Child is foreign born 3.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.5%
Child is native 12.0%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.4%
Child is native 9.5%
Child is foreign born 3.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 83.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.7%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2016 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.