E.g., 09/16/2021
E.g., 09/16/2021
State Demographics Data - TX
 

Texas

Demographics & Social
2019
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 4,951,156
% Foreign Born 17.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 70.8%
% change: 1990-2000 90.2%
Race (%)  
One race 98.5%
White
58.1%
Black or African American
6.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.3%
Asian
20.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
13.3%
Two or more races 1.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 3,191,256
% Latino 64.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.8%
5-17 5.6%
18-64 80.8%
65 and older 12.7%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

43.8
Gender (% female) 50.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 21.7%
Married 63.0%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 15.3%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 24,044,725
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 33.9%
% change: 1990-2000 16.1%
Race (%)  
One race 96.8%
White 76.5%
Black or African American 13.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.5%
Asian 1.9%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 4.4%
Two or more races 3.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 8,333,586
% Latino 34.7%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 8.1%
5-17 21.4%
18-64 57.6%
65 and older 12.9%
Median Age 32
Gender (% female) 50.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 36.9%
Married 44.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.5%
Foreign Born
Number 2,899,642
% Foreign Born 13.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 17,952,178
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 1,524,436
% Foreign Born 9.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 15,462,074
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

4,951,156
Born in Africa 289,852
Born in Asia 1,126,507
Born in Europe 195,903
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,271,403
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 52,139
Born in Oceania 15,352
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

4,951,156
Europe 195,903
Northern Europe 55,401
United Kingdom
42,042
Ireland
6,191
Other Northern Europe
7,168
Western Europe 54,166
France
7,707
Germany
36,864
Other Western Europe
9,595
Southern Europe 24,847
Italy
9,131
Portugal
1,918
Other Southern Europe
13,798
Eastern Europe 61,040
Poland
6,007
Russia
14,624
Other Eastern Europe
40,409
Other Europe (no country specified) 449
Asia 1,126,507
Eastern Asia 227,580
China
155,011

China, excluding Taiwan

125,628

Taiwan

29,383
Japan
13,761
Korea
58,808
Other Eastern Asia
N
South Central Asia 449,906
India
296,407
Iran
27,610
Other South Central Asia
125,889
Southeastern Asia 360,043
Philippines
109,981
Vietnam
183,478
Other Southeastern Asia
66,584
Western Asia 82,776
Israel
3,932
Lebanon
5,991
Other Western Asia
72,853
Other Asia (no country specified) 6,202
Africa 289,852
Eastern Africa 67,804
Northern Africa
28,554
Western Africa
137,354
Middle and Southern Africa
40,567
Other Africa (no country specified)
15,573
Oceania 15,352
Australia and New Zealand subregion 8,391
Oceania (no country specified) 6,961
Americas 3,323,542
Latin America 3,271,403
Caribbean
116,194

Cuba

62,644

Jamaica

19,591

Other Caribbean

33,959
Central America
2,963,276

Mexico

2,453,126

El Salvador

237,197

Other Central America

272,953
South America
191,933

Brazil

19,689

Colombia

50,253

Other South America

121,991
Northern America 52,139
Canada
51,702
Other Northern America
437
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 1,294,776
1990-1999 1,054,147
2000-2009 1,283,363
Since 2010 1,318,870
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 5.9%
Born in Asia 22.8%
Born in Europe 4.0%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 66.1%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.1%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 4.0%
Northern Europe 1.1%
United Kingdom 0.8%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.1%
Western Europe 1.1%
France 0.2%
Germany 0.7%
Other Western Europe 0.2%
Southern Europe 0.5%
Italy 0.2%
Portugal N
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 1.2%
Poland 0.1%
Russia 0.3%
Other Eastern Europe 0.8%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 22.8%
Eastern Asia 4.6%
China 3.1%
China, excluding Taiwan 2.5%
Taiwan 0.6%
Japan 0.3%
Korea 1.2%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 9.1%
India 6.0%
Iran 0.6%
Other South Central Asia 2.5%
Southeastern Asia 7.3%
Philippines 2.2%
Vietnam 3.7%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.3%
Western Asia 1.7%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 1.5%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 5.9%
Eastern Africa 1.4%
Northern Africa 0.6%
Western Africa 2.8%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.8%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 67.1%
Latin America 66.1%
Caribbean 2.3%
Cuba 1.3%
Jamaica 0.4%
Other Caribbean 0.7%
Central America 59.9%
Mexico 49.5%
El Salvador 4.8%
Other Central America 5.5%
South America 3.9%
Brazil 0.4%
Colombia 1.0%
Other South America 2.5%
Northern America 1.1%
Canada 1.0%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 26.2%
1980-1989 21.3%
1990-1999 25.9%
Since 2000 26.6%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 2,899,642
Born in Africa 64,470
Born in Asia 466,218
Born in Europe 152,327
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 2,172,476
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 37,165
Cat28 6,984
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.2%
Born in Asia 16.1%
Born in Europe 5.3%
Born in Latin America 74.9%
Born in Northern America 1.3%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 1,469,947
Born in Africa 27,297
Born in Asia 248,878
Born in Europe 110,391
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,056,946
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 22,404
Cat21 4,031
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.9%
Born in Asia 16.9%
Born in Europe 7.5%
Born in Latin America 71.9%
Born in Northern America 1.5%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 4,951,156
Naturalized citizens 1,959,253
Noncitizens 2,991,903
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 1,959,253
Before 1990 318,525
1990-1999 379,463
2000-2009 550,887
2010-2014 316,492
Since 2015 393,886
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 39.6%
Noncitizens 60.4%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 16.3%
1980-1989 19.4%
1990-1999 28.1%
2000-2009 16.2%
Since 2010 20.1%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 2,899,642
Naturalized citizens 914,326
Noncitizens 1,985,316
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 31.5%
Noncitizens 68.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,524,436
Naturalized citizens 515,190
Noncitizens 1,009,246
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 33.8%
Noncitizens 66.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,490,704
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 91,794
% married among women who gave birth
76.7%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
23.3%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 5,659,556
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 299,131
% married among women who gave birth 62.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 37.4%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.47
Average family size 3.92
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.68
Average family size 3.32
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 7,016,417
Only native parent(s)
4,592,846
One or more foreign-born parents
2,423,571

Child is native

2,136,876

Child is foreign born

286,695
Children under age 6 with 2,281,869
Only native parent(s)
1,569,215
One or more foreign-born parents
712,654

Child is native

666,895

Child is foreign born

45,759
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 4,734,548
Only native parent(s)
3,023,631
One or more foreign-born parents
1,710,917

Child is native

1,469,981

Child is foreign born

240,936
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

2,955,113
Only native parents 1,679,035
One or more foreign-born parents 1,276,078
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 65.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 34.5%
Child is native 30.5%
Child is foreign born 4.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 68.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 31.2%
Child is native 29.2%
Child is foreign born 2.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 63.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 36.1%
Child is native 31.0%
Child is foreign born 5.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 56.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 43.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 5,551,866
Only native parent(s) 4,005,990
One or more foreign-born parents 1,545,876
Child is native 1,244,705
Child is foreign born 301,171
Children under age 6 with 1,836,105
Only native parent(s) 1,295,183
One or more foreign-born parents 540,922
Child is native 493,805
Child is foreign born 47,117
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 3,715,761
Only native parent(s) 2,710,807
One or more foreign-born parents 1,004,954
Child is native 750,900
Child is foreign born 254,054
Children in Low-Income Families* 2,469,015
Only native parents 1,493,005
One or more foreign-born parents 976,010
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.8%
Child is native 22.4%
Child is foreign born 5.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 70.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.5%
Child is native 26.9%
Child is foreign born 2.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 73.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.0%
Child is native 20.2%
Child is foreign born 6.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 60.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 39.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 4,619,495
Only native parent(s) 3,716,524
One or more foreign-born parents 902,971
Child is native 727,639
Child is foreign born 175,332
Children under age 6 with 1,610,928
Only native parent(s) 1,297,056
One or more foreign-born parents 313,872
Child is native 284,831
Child is foreign born 29,041
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 3,008,567
Only native parent(s) 2,419,468
One or more foreign-born parents 589,099
Child is native 442,808
Child is foreign born 146,291
Children in Low-Income Families* 2,194,541
Only native parents 1,558,028
One or more foreign-born parents 636,513
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.5%
Child is native 15.8%
Child is foreign born 3.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.5%
Child is native 17.7%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.6%
Child is native 14.7%
Child is foreign born 4.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 71.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.0%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.