E.g., 12/11/2019
E.g., 12/11/2019

State Demographics Data - TN

Tennessee

Demographics & Social
2017
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 347,754
% Foreign Born 5.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 118.7%
% change: 1990-2000 169.0%
Race (%)  
One race 98.2%
White
51.8%
Black or African American
9.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.1%
Asian
24.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
12.4%
Two or more races 1.8%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 144,025
% Latino 41.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.2%
5-17 8.6%
18-64 81.9%
65 and older 8.2%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

38
Gender (% female) 49.5%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.2%
Married 63.9%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 11.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 6,368,230
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 15.2%
% change: 1990-2000 14.8%
Race (%)  
One race 97.9%
White 79.2%
Black or African American 17.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 0.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 0.7%
Two or more races 2.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 217,178
% Latino 3.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.3%
5-17 16.9%
18-64 60.5%
65 and older 16.4%
Median Age 38.7
Gender (% female) 51.4%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 30.8%
Married 48.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 21.0%
Foreign Born
Number 159,004
% Foreign Born 2.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 5,530,279
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 59,114
% Foreign Born 1.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 4,818,071
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

347,357
Born in Africa 37,084
Born in Asia 111,082
Born in Europe 36,084
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 154,951
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 6,715
Born in Oceania 1,441
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 Canada
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

347,357
Europe 36,084
Northern Europe 7,281
United Kingdom
6,594
Ireland
380
Other Northern Europe
307
Western Europe 10,338
France
1,114
Germany
7,253
Other Western Europe
1,971
Southern Europe 3,246
Italy
1,533
Portugal
571
Other Southern Europe
1,142
Eastern Europe 15,155
Poland
768
Russia
2,409
Other Eastern Europe
11,978
Other Europe (no country specified) 64
Asia 111,082
Eastern Asia 28,956
China
18,625

China, excluding Taiwan

16,831

Taiwan

1,794
Japan
2,799
Korea
7,269
Other Eastern Asia
263
South Central Asia 35,726
India
26,131
Iran
3,745
Other South Central Asia
5,850
Southeastern Asia 28,713
Philippines
9,196
Vietnam
9,834
Other Southeastern Asia
9,683
Western Asia 17,089
Israel
451
Lebanon
701
Other Western Asia
15,937
Other Asia (no country specified) 598
Africa 37,084
Eastern Africa 12,624
Northern Africa
12,089
Western Africa
7,483
Middle and Southern Africa
1,418
Other Africa (no country specified)
3,470
Oceania 1,441
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1,337
Oceania (no country specified) 104
Americas 161,666
Latin America 154,951
Caribbean
11,528

Cuba

4,528

Jamaica

1,231

Other Caribbean

5,769
Central America
130,303

Mexico

91,870

El Salvador

11,399

Other Central America

27,034
South America
13,120

Brazil

1,496

Colombia

3,717

Other South America

7,907
Northern America 6,715
Canada
6,520
Other Northern America
195
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 57,939
1990-1999 69,109
2000-2009 121,640
Since 2010 99,066
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 10.7%
Born in Asia 32.0%
Born in Europe 10.4%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 44.6%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.9%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 29.8
Country #2 6.50%
Country #3 3.5
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 10.4%
Northern Europe 2.1%
United Kingdom 1.9%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.1%
Western Europe 3.0%
France 0.3%
Germany 2.1%
Other Western Europe 0.6%
Southern Europe 0.9%
Italy 0.4%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 4.4%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 0.7%
Other Eastern Europe 3.4%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 32.0%
Eastern Asia 8.3%
China 5.4%
China, excluding Taiwan 4.8%
Taiwan 0.5%
Japan 0.8%
Korea 2.1%
Other Eastern Asia 0.1%
South Central Asia 10.3%
India 7.5%
Iran 1.1%
Other South Central Asia 1.7%
Southeastern Asia 8.3%
Philippines 2.6%
Vietnam 2.8%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.8%
Western Asia 4.9%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 4.6%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.2%
Africa 10.7%
Eastern Africa 3.6%
Northern Africa 3.5%
Western Africa 2.2%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.4%
Other Africa (no country specified) 1.0%
Oceania 0.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.4%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 46.5%
Latin America 44.6%
Caribbean 3.3%
Cuba 1.3%
Jamaica 0.4%
Other Caribbean 1.7%
Central America 37.5%
Mexico 26.4%
El Salvador 3.3%
Other Central America 7.8%
South America 3.8%
Brazil 0.4%
Colombia 1.1%
Other South America 2.3%
Northern America 1.9%
Canada 1.9%
Other Northern America 0.1%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 16.7%
1980-1989 19.9%
1990-1999 35.0%
Since 2000 28.5%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 159,004
Born in Africa 8,696
Born in Asia 50,584
Born in Europe 28,117
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 63,484
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 7,194
Cat28 929
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 India
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 5.5%
Born in Asia 31.8%
Born in Europe 17.7%
Born in Latin America 39.9%
Born in Northern America 4.5%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 28.1
Country #2 5.20%
Country #3 4.8
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 56,960
Born in Africa 2,690
Born in Asia 24,938
Born in Europe 17,611
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 6,859
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4,296
Cat21 566
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 195
Country #2 United Kingdom
Country #3 Canada
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.7%
Born in Asia 43.8%
Born in Europe 30.9%
Born in Latin America 12.0%
Born in Northern America 7.5%
Born in Oceania 1.0%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 10.6
Country #2 7.50%
Country #3 7.00%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 347,754
Naturalized citizens 129,798
Noncitizens 217,956
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 129,798
Before 1980 13,220
1980-1989 10,574
1990-1999 17,626
2000-2009 40,252
Since 2010 48,126
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 37.3%
Noncitizens 62.7%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 10.2%
1980-1989 8.1%
1990-1999 13.6%
2000-2009 31.0%
Since 2010 37.1%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 159,004
Naturalized citizens 53,185
Noncitizens 105,819
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 33.4%
Noncitizens 66.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 59,114
Naturalized citizens 26,591
Noncitizens 32,523
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.0%
Noncitizens 55.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 114,683
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 8,817
% married among women who gave birth
76.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
23.9%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,467,981
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 67,757
% married among women who gave birth 59.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 41.0%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.45
Average family size 3.88
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.48
Average family size 3.07
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,407,852
Only native parent(s)
1,224,554
One or more foreign-born parents
183,298

Child is native

156,735

Child is foreign born

26,563
Children under age 6 with 456,664
Only native parent(s)
393,019
One or more foreign-born parents
63,645

Child is native

59,106

Child is foreign born

4,539
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 951,188
Only native parent(s)
831,535
One or more foreign-born parents
119,653

Child is native

97,629

Child is foreign born

22,024
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

617,461
Only native parents 500,760
One or more foreign-born parents 116,701
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.0%
Child is native 11.1%
Child is foreign born 1.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.9%
Child is native 12.9%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.6%
Child is native 10.3%
Child is foreign born 2.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 81.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,322,766
Only native parent(s) 1,261,925
One or more foreign-born parents 60,841
Child is native 45,864
Child is foreign born 14,977
Children under age 6 with 425,520
Only native parent(s) 402,583
One or more foreign-born parents 22,937
Child is native 20,656
Child is foreign born 2,281
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 897,246
Only native parent(s) 859,342
One or more foreign-born parents 37,904
Child is native 25,208
Child is foreign born 12,696
Children in Low-Income Families* 529,120
Only native parents 503,623
One or more foreign-born parents 25,497
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.6%
Child is native 3.5%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.4%
Child is native 4.9%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.2%
Child is native 2.8%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 95.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,159,734
Only native parent(s) 1,132,779
One or more foreign-born parents 26,955
Child is native 21,573
Child is foreign born 5,382
Children under age 6 with 385,053
Only native parent(s) 376,143
One or more foreign-born parents 8,910
Child is native 8,109
Child is foreign born 801
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 774,681
Only native parent(s) 756,636
One or more foreign-born parents 18,045
Child is native 13,464
Child is foreign born 4,581
Children in Low-Income Families* 513,462
Only native parents 503,715
One or more foreign-born parents 9,747
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 1.9%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 2.1%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 1.7%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 98.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.