E.g., 02/23/2018
E.g., 02/23/2018

State Demographics Data - TN

Tennessee

Demographics & Social
2016
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 320,021
% Foreign Born 4.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2016 101.3%
% change: 1990-2000 169.0%
Race (%)  
One race 98.3%
White
51.9%
Black or African American
8.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.7%
Asian
25.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.3%
Other race
11.4%
Two or more races 1.7%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 135,153
% Latino 42.2%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.1%
5-17 8.4%
18-64 81.8%
65 and older 8.7%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

38.8
Gender (% female) 49.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 27.9%
Married 59.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 12.4%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 6,331,173
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 14.5%
% change: 1990-2000 14.8%
Race (%)  
One race 97.9%
White 79.2%
Black or African American 17.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%
Asian 0.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 0.7%
Two or more races 2.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 212,289
% Latino 3.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.3%
5-17 16.9%
18-64 60.7%
65 and older 16.1%
Median Age 38.6
Gender (% female) 51.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 30.5%
Married 47.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 21.8%
Foreign Born
Number 159,004
% Foreign Born 2.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 5,530,279
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 59,114
% Foreign Born 1.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 4,818,071
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

320,021
Born in Africa 26,817
Born in Asia 98,173
Born in Europe 35,588
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 149,409
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 8,175
Born in Oceania 1,859
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 Canada
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

320,021
Europe 35,588
Northern Europe 9,708
United Kingdom
7,681
Ireland
877
Other Northern Europe
1,150
Western Europe 11,587
France
2,627
Germany
7,800
Other Western Europe
1,160
Southern Europe 2,197
Italy
1,154
Portugal
316
Other Southern Europe
727
Eastern Europe 12,096
Poland
988
Russia
4,537
Other Eastern Europe
6,571
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 98,173
Eastern Asia 27,492
China
13,513

China, excluding Taiwan

11,872

Taiwan

1,641
Japan
5,405
Korea
8,574
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 30,765
India
21,054
Iran
2,983
Other South Central Asia
6,728
Southeastern Asia 27,933
Philippines
8,606
Vietnam
6,034
Other Southeastern Asia
13,293
Western Asia 11,815
Israel
375
Lebanon
369
Other Western Asia
11,071
Other Asia (no country specified) 168
Africa 26,817
Eastern Africa 9,107
Northern Africa
7,832
Western Africa
7,525
Middle and Southern Africa
1,222
Other Africa (no country specified)
1,131
Oceania 1,859
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1,127
Oceania (no country specified) 732
Americas 157,584
Latin America 149,409
Caribbean
10,489

Cuba

2,562

Jamaica

1,534

Other Caribbean

6,393
Central America
127,702

Mexico

94,980

El Salvador

5,624

Other Central America

27,098
South America
11,218

Brazil

1,632

Colombia

1,760

Other South America

7,826
Northern America 8,175
Canada
8,175
Other Northern America
0
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 63,076
1990-1999 66,635
2000-2009 109,833
Since 2010 80,477
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 8.4%
Born in Asia 30.7%
Born in Europe 11.1%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 46.7%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.6%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 29.80
Country #2 6.50%
Country #3 3.50
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 11.1%
Northern Europe 3.0%
United Kingdom 2.4%
Ireland 0.3%
Other Northern Europe 0.4%
Western Europe 3.6%
France 0.8%
Germany 2.4%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 0.7%
Italy 0.4%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 0.2%
Eastern Europe 3.8%
Poland 0.3%
Russia 1.4%
Other Eastern Europe 2.1%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 30.7%
Eastern Asia 8.6%
China 4.2%
China, excluding Taiwan 3.7%
Taiwan 0.5%
Japan 1.7%
Korea 2.7%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 9.6%
India 6.6%
Iran 0.9%
Other South Central Asia 2.1%
Southeastern Asia 8.7%
Philippines 2.7%
Vietnam 1.9%
Other Southeastern Asia 4.2%
Western Asia 3.7%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 3.5%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 8.4%
Eastern Africa 2.8%
Northern Africa 2.4%
Western Africa 2.4%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.4%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.4%
Oceania 0.6%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.4%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.2%
Americas 49.2%
Latin America 46.7%
Caribbean 3.3%
Cuba 0.8%
Jamaica 0.5%
Other Caribbean 2.0%
Central America 39.9%
Mexico 29.7%
El Salvador 1.8%
Other Central America 8.5%
South America 3.5%
Brazil 0.5%
Colombia 0.5%
Other South America 2.4%
Northern America 2.6%
Canada 2.6%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 19.7%
1980-1989 20.8%
1990-1999 34.3%
Since 2000 25.1%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 159,004
Born in Africa 8,696
Born in Asia 50,584
Born in Europe 28,117
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 63,484
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 7,194
Cat28 929
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 India
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 5.5%
Born in Asia 31.8%
Born in Europe 17.7%
Born in Latin America 39.9%
Born in Northern America 4.5%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 28.10
Country #2 5.20%
Country #3 4.80
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 56,960
Born in Africa 2,690
Born in Asia 24,938
Born in Europe 17,611
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 6,859
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4,296
Cat21 566
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Germany
Country #2 United Kingdom
Country #3 Canada
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.7%
Born in Asia 43.8%
Born in Europe 30.9%
Born in Latin America 12.0%
Born in Northern America 7.5%
Born in Oceania 1.0%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 10.60
Country #2 7.50%
Country #3 7.00%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 320,021
Naturalized citizens 117,924
Noncitizens 202,097
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 117,924
Before 1980 12,271
1980-1989 9,441
1990-1999 21,259
2000-2009 37,236
Since 2010 37,717
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 36.8%
Noncitizens 63.2%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 10.4%
1980-1989 8.0%
1990-1999 18.0%
2000-2009 31.6%
Since 2010 32.0%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 159,004
Naturalized citizens 53,185
Noncitizens 105,819
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 33.4%
Noncitizens 66.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 59,114
Naturalized citizens 26,591
Noncitizens 32,523
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.0%
Noncitizens 55.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 102,160
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 6,806
% married among women who gave birth
81.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
19.0%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,463,177
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 71,213
% married among women who gave birth 59.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 40.7%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.36
Average family size 3.84
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.50
Average family size 3.10
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,408,182
Only native parent(s)
1,236,613
One or more foreign-born parents
171,569

Child is native

147,763

Child is foreign born

23,806
Children under age 6 with 461,016
Only native parent(s)
403,849
One or more foreign-born parents
57,167

Child is native

53,078

Child is foreign born

4,089
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 947,166
Only native parent(s)
832,764
One or more foreign-born parents
114,402

Child is native

94,685

Child is foreign born

19,717
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

646,384
Only native parents 548,747
One or more foreign-born parents 97,637
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.2%
Child is native 10.5%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.4%
Child is native 11.5%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.1%
Child is native 10.0%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 84.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,322,766
Only native parent(s) 1,261,925
One or more foreign-born parents 60,841
Child is native 45,864
Child is foreign born 14,977
Children under age 6 with 425,520
Only native parent(s) 402,583
One or more foreign-born parents 22,937
Child is native 20,656
Child is foreign born 2,281
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 897,246
Only native parent(s) 859,342
One or more foreign-born parents 37,904
Child is native 25,208
Child is foreign born 12,696
Children in Low-Income Families* 529,120
Only native parents 503,623
One or more foreign-born parents 25,497
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.6%
Child is native 3.5%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.4%
Child is native 4.9%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.2%
Child is native 2.8%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 95.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,159,734
Only native parent(s) 1,132,779
One or more foreign-born parents 26,955
Child is native 21,573
Child is foreign born 5,382
Children under age 6 with 385,053
Only native parent(s) 376,143
One or more foreign-born parents 8,910
Child is native 8,109
Child is foreign born 801
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 774,681
Only native parent(s) 756,636
One or more foreign-born parents 18,045
Child is native 13,464
Child is foreign born 4,581
Children in Low-Income Families* 513,462
Only native parents 503,715
One or more foreign-born parents 9,747
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 1.9%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 2.1%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 1.7%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 98.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2016 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.