E.g., 07/08/2020
E.g., 07/08/2020

State Demographics Data - TN

Tennessee

Demographics & Social
2018
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 348,562
% Foreign Born 5.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 119.2%
% change: 1990-2000 169.0%
Race (%)  
One race 98.3%
White
50.0%
Black or African American
10.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.3%
Asian
23.9%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.2%
Other race
13.4%
Two or more races 1.7%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 144,464
% Latino 41.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.1%
5-17 8.2%
18-64 81.2%
65 and older 9.5%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

38.6
Gender (% female) 49.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.2%
Married 63.9%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 12.0%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 6,421,448
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 16.1%
% change: 1990-2000 14.8%
Race (%)  
One race 97.7%
White 78.8%
Black or African American 17.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%
Asian 0.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 0.9%
Two or more races 2.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 228,437
% Latino 3.6%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.2%
5-17 16.8%
18-64 60.3%
65 and older 16.7%
Median Age 38.9
Gender (% female) 51.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 31.3%
Married 47.6%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 21.1%
Foreign Born
Number 159,004
% Foreign Born 2.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 5,530,279
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 59,114
% Foreign Born 1.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 4,818,071
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

348,562
Born in Africa 38,212
Born in Asia 106,730
Born in Europe 40,813
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 152,650
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 7,783
Born in Oceania 2,374
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

348,562
Europe 40,813
Northern Europe 11,948
United Kingdom
9,062
Ireland
1,190
Other Northern Europe
1,696
Western Europe 11,386
France
2,002
Germany
7,827
Other Western Europe
1,557
Southern Europe 3,001
Italy
1,295
Portugal
255
Other Southern Europe
1,451
Eastern Europe 14,478
Poland
1,028
Russia
3,527
Other Eastern Europe
9,923
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 106,730
Eastern Asia 27,558
China
16,085

China, excluding Taiwan

14,190

Taiwan

1,895
Japan
4,096
Korea
7,377
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 29,887
India
17,585
Iran
3,301
Other South Central Asia
9,001
Southeastern Asia 35,129
Philippines
11,224
Vietnam
10,995
Other Southeastern Asia
12,910
Western Asia 13,844
Israel
653
Lebanon
1,103
Other Western Asia
12,088
Other Asia (no country specified) 312
Africa 38,212
Eastern Africa 10,841
Northern Africa
14,271
Western Africa
8,566
Middle and Southern Africa
2,727
Other Africa (no country specified)
1,807
Oceania 2,374
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1,597
Oceania (no country specified) 777
Americas 160,433
Latin America 152,650
Caribbean
11,692

Cuba

4,686

Jamaica

2,307

Other Caribbean

4,699
Central America
125,839

Mexico

81,849

El Salvador

13,161

Other Central America

30,829
South America
15,119

Brazil

1,888

Colombia

3,402

Other South America

9,829
Northern America 7,783
Canada
7,575
Other Northern America
208
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 62,458
1990-1999 71,688
2000-2009 105,076
Since 2010 109,340
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 11.0%
Born in Asia 30.6%
Born in Europe 11.7%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 43.8%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.2%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 11.7%
Northern Europe 3.4%
United Kingdom 2.6%
Ireland 0.3%
Other Northern Europe 0.5%
Western Europe 3.3%
France 0.6%
Germany 2.2%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 0.9%
Italy 0.4%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 0.4%
Eastern Europe 4.2%
Poland 0.3%
Russia 1.0%
Other Eastern Europe 2.8%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 30.6%
Eastern Asia 7.9%
China 4.6%
China, excluding Taiwan 4.1%
Taiwan 0.5%
Japan 1.2%
Korea 2.1%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 8.6%
India 5.0%
Iran 0.9%
Other South Central Asia 2.6%
Southeastern Asia 10.1%
Philippines 3.2%
Vietnam 3.2%
Other Southeastern Asia 3.7%
Western Asia 4.0%
Israel 0.2%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 3.5%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 11.0%
Eastern Africa 3.1%
Northern Africa 4.1%
Western Africa 2.5%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.8%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.5%
Oceania 0.7%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.5%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.2%
Americas 46.0%
Latin America 43.8%
Caribbean 3.4%
Cuba 1.3%
Jamaica 0.7%
Other Caribbean 1.3%
Central America 36.1%
Mexico 23.5%
El Salvador 3.8%
Other Central America 8.8%
South America 4.3%
Brazil 0.5%
Colombia 1.0%
Other South America 2.8%
Northern America 2.2%
Canada 2.2%
Other Northern America 0.1%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 17.9%
1980-1989 20.6%
1990-1999 30.1%
Since 2000 31.4%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 159,004
Born in Africa 8,696
Born in Asia 50,584
Born in Europe 28,117
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 63,484
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 7,194
Cat28 929
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 5.5%
Born in Asia 31.8%
Born in Europe 17.7%
Born in Latin America 39.9%
Born in Northern America 4.5%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 56,960
Born in Africa 2,690
Born in Asia 24,938
Born in Europe 17,611
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 6,859
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4,296
Cat21 566
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.7%
Born in Asia 43.8%
Born in Europe 30.9%
Born in Latin America 12.0%
Born in Northern America 7.5%
Born in Oceania 1.0%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 348,562
Naturalized citizens 140,557
Noncitizens 208,005
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 140,557
Before 1990 24,474
1990-1999 22,057
2000-2009 43,689
2010-2014 31,052
Since 2015 19,285
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.3%
Noncitizens 59.7%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 17.4%
1980-1989 15.7%
1990-1999 31.1%
2000-2009 22.1%
Since 2010 13.7%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 159,004
Naturalized citizens 53,185
Noncitizens 105,819
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 33.4%
Noncitizens 66.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 59,114
Naturalized citizens 26,591
Noncitizens 32,523
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.0%
Noncitizens 55.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 116,284
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 7,674
% married among women who gave birth
78.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
21.4%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,478,332
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 76,223
% married among women who gave birth 61.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 38.9%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 4
U.S. Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 3
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,405,079
Only native parent(s)
1,230,082
One or more foreign-born parents
174,997

Child is native

149,144

Child is foreign born

25,853
Children under age 6 with 459,041
Only native parent(s)
399,812
One or more foreign-born parents
59,229

Child is native

54,601

Child is foreign born

4,628
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 946,038
Only native parent(s)
830,270
One or more foreign-born parents
115,768

Child is native

94,543

Child is foreign born

21,225
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

638,352
Only native parents 535,655
One or more foreign-born parents 102,697
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.5%
Child is native 10.6%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.9%
Child is native 11.9%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.2%
Child is native 10.0%
Child is foreign born 2.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 83.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,322,766
Only native parent(s) 1,261,925
One or more foreign-born parents 60,841
Child is native 45,864
Child is foreign born 14,977
Children under age 6 with 425,520
Only native parent(s) 402,583
One or more foreign-born parents 22,937
Child is native 20,656
Child is foreign born 2,281
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 897,246
Only native parent(s) 859,342
One or more foreign-born parents 37,904
Child is native 25,208
Child is foreign born 12,696
Children in Low-Income Families* 529,120
Only native parents 503,623
One or more foreign-born parents 25,497
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.6%
Child is native 3.5%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.4%
Child is native 4.9%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.2%
Child is native 2.8%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 95.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,159,734
Only native parent(s) 1,132,779
One or more foreign-born parents 26,955
Child is native 21,573
Child is foreign born 5,382
Children under age 6 with 385,053
Only native parent(s) 376,143
One or more foreign-born parents 8,910
Child is native 8,109
Child is foreign born 801
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 774,681
Only native parent(s) 756,636
One or more foreign-born parents 18,045
Child is native 13,464
Child is foreign born 4,581
Children in Low-Income Families* 513,462
Only native parents 503,715
One or more foreign-born parents 9,747
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 1.9%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 2.1%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 1.7%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 98.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.