E.g., 08/04/2021
E.g., 08/04/2021
State Demographics Data - TN
 

Tennessee

Demographics & Social
2019
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 373,472
% Foreign Born 5.5%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 134.9%
% change: 1990-2000 169.0%
Race (%)  
One race 98.1%
White
51.7%
Black or African American
7.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
23.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.3%
Other race
14.4%
Two or more races 1.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 161,057
% Latino 43.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.5%
5-17 8.0%
18-64 80.2%
65 and older 10.3%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

40
Gender (% female) 50.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.8%
Married 60.6%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.6%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 6,455,702
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 16.7%
% change: 1990-2000 14.8%
Race (%)  
One race 97.7%
White 78.7%
Black or African American 17.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%
Asian 0.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.9%
Two or more races 2.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 228,070
% Latino 3.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.2%
5-17 16.6%
18-64 60.1%
65 and older 17.0%
Median Age 38.9
Gender (% female) 51.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 31.0%
Married 48.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 20.6%
Foreign Born
Number 159,004
% Foreign Born 2.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 5,530,279
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 59,114
% Foreign Born 1.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 4,818,071
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

373,472
Born in Africa 35,477
Born in Asia 110,875
Born in Europe 42,492
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 173,846
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 8,132
Born in Oceania 2,650
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

373,472
Europe 42,492
Northern Europe 10,703
United Kingdom
9,326
Ireland
501
Other Northern Europe
876
Western Europe 10,003
France
1,307
Germany
7,691
Other Western Europe
1,005
Southern Europe 2,875
Italy
1,253
Portugal
138
Other Southern Europe
1,484
Eastern Europe 18,911
Poland
2,403
Russia
3,592
Other Eastern Europe
12,916
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 110,875
Eastern Asia 28,544
China
17,495

China, excluding Taiwan

15,291

Taiwan

2,204
Japan
2,437
Korea
8,329
Other Eastern Asia
283
South Central Asia 35,759
India
24,034
Iran
4,191
Other South Central Asia
7,534
Southeastern Asia 31,526
Philippines
9,512
Vietnam
9,189
Other Southeastern Asia
12,825
Western Asia 13,055
Israel
898
Lebanon
340
Other Western Asia
11,817
Other Asia (no country specified) 1,991
Africa 35,477
Eastern Africa 11,368
Northern Africa
12,388
Western Africa
6,344
Middle and Southern Africa
4,854
Other Africa (no country specified)
523
Oceania 2,650
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1,513
Oceania (no country specified) 1,137
Americas 181,978
Latin America 173,846
Caribbean
13,249

Cuba

5,673

Jamaica

3,290

Other Caribbean

4,286
Central America
143,017

Mexico

90,504

El Salvador

9,320

Other Central America

43,193
South America
17,580

Brazil

2,230

Colombia

2,967

Other South America

12,383
Northern America 8,132
Canada
7,841
Other Northern America
291
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 69,442
1990-1999 66,036
2000-2009 118,860
Since 2010 119,134
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 9.5%
Born in Asia 29.7%
Born in Europe 11.4%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 46.5%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.2%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 11.4%
Northern Europe 2.9%
United Kingdom 2.5%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 2.7%
France 0.3%
Germany 2.1%
Other Western Europe 0.3%
Southern Europe 0.8%
Italy 0.3%
Portugal N
Other Southern Europe 0.4%
Eastern Europe 5.1%
Poland 0.6%
Russia 1.0%
Other Eastern Europe 3.5%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 29.7%
Eastern Asia 7.6%
China 4.7%
China, excluding Taiwan 4.1%
Taiwan 0.6%
Japan 0.7%
Korea 2.2%
Other Eastern Asia 0.1%
South Central Asia 9.6%
India 6.4%
Iran 1.1%
Other South Central Asia 2.0%
Southeastern Asia 8.4%
Philippines 2.5%
Vietnam 2.5%
Other Southeastern Asia 3.4%
Western Asia 3.5%
Israel 0.2%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 3.2%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.5%
Africa 9.5%
Eastern Africa 3.0%
Northern Africa 3.3%
Western Africa 1.7%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.3%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.1%
Oceania 0.7%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.4%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.3%
Americas 48.7%
Latin America 46.5%
Caribbean 3.5%
Cuba 1.5%
Jamaica 0.9%
Other Caribbean 1.1%
Central America 38.3%
Mexico 24.2%
El Salvador 2.5%
Other Central America 11.6%
South America 4.7%
Brazil 0.6%
Colombia 0.8%
Other South America 3.3%
Northern America 2.2%
Canada 2.1%
Other Northern America 0.1%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 18.6%
1980-1989 17.7%
1990-1999 31.8%
Since 2000 31.9%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 159,004
Born in Africa 8,696
Born in Asia 50,584
Born in Europe 28,117
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 63,484
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 7,194
Cat28 929
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 5.5%
Born in Asia 31.8%
Born in Europe 17.7%
Born in Latin America 39.9%
Born in Northern America 4.5%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 56,960
Born in Africa 2,690
Born in Asia 24,938
Born in Europe 17,611
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 6,859
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4,296
Cat21 566
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.7%
Born in Asia 43.8%
Born in Europe 30.9%
Born in Latin America 12.0%
Born in Northern America 7.5%
Born in Oceania 1.0%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 373,472
Naturalized citizens 159,347
Noncitizens 214,125
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 159,347
Before 1990 28,906
1990-1999 21,708
2000-2009 47,830
2010-2014 32,009
Since 2015 28,894
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 42.7%
Noncitizens 57.3%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 18.1%
1980-1989 13.6%
1990-1999 30.0%
2000-2009 20.1%
Since 2010 18.1%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 159,004
Naturalized citizens 53,185
Noncitizens 105,819
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 33.4%
Noncitizens 66.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 59,114
Naturalized citizens 26,591
Noncitizens 32,523
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.0%
Noncitizens 55.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 119,738
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 7,846
% married among women who gave birth
86.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
14.0%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,482,287
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 70,196
% married among women who gave birth 61.8%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 38.2%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.30
Average family size 3.82
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.47
Average family size 3.05
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,400,958
Only native parent(s)
1,216,358
One or more foreign-born parents
184,600

Child is native

157,527

Child is foreign born

27,073
Children under age 6 with 457,043
Only native parent(s)
398,120
One or more foreign-born parents
58,923

Child is native

53,082

Child is foreign born

5,841
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 943,915
Only native parent(s)
818,238
One or more foreign-born parents
125,677

Child is native

104,445

Child is foreign born

21,232
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

578,774
Only native parents 476,490
One or more foreign-born parents 102,284
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.2%
Child is native 11.2%
Child is foreign born 1.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.9%
Child is native 11.6%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.3%
Child is native 11.1%
Child is foreign born 2.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 82.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 17.7%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,322,766
Only native parent(s) 1,261,925
One or more foreign-born parents 60,841
Child is native 45,864
Child is foreign born 14,977
Children under age 6 with 425,520
Only native parent(s) 402,583
One or more foreign-born parents 22,937
Child is native 20,656
Child is foreign born 2,281
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 897,246
Only native parent(s) 859,342
One or more foreign-born parents 37,904
Child is native 25,208
Child is foreign born 12,696
Children in Low-Income Families* 529,120
Only native parents 503,623
One or more foreign-born parents 25,497
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.6%
Child is native 3.5%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.4%
Child is native 4.9%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.2%
Child is native 2.8%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 95.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,159,734
Only native parent(s) 1,132,779
One or more foreign-born parents 26,955
Child is native 21,573
Child is foreign born 5,382
Children under age 6 with 385,053
Only native parent(s) 376,143
One or more foreign-born parents 8,910
Child is native 8,109
Child is foreign born 801
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 774,681
Only native parent(s) 756,636
One or more foreign-born parents 18,045
Child is native 13,464
Child is foreign born 4,581
Children in Low-Income Families* 513,462
Only native parents 503,715
One or more foreign-born parents 9,747
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 1.9%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 2.1%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 1.7%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 98.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.