E.g., 02/15/2019
E.g., 02/15/2019

State Demographics Data - SD

South Dakota

Demographics & Social
2017
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 29,401
% Foreign Born 3.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 117.9%
% change: 1990-2000 74.6%
Race (%)  
One race 97.7%
White
40.9%
Black or African American
22.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.0%
Asian
24.8%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
9.7%
Two or more races 2.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 8,159
% Latino 27.8%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.9%
5-17 9.7%
18-64 82.0%
65 and older 7.4%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

34
Gender (% female) 48.5%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 34.8%
Married 47.3%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 840,265
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 13.3%
% change: 1990-2000 7.7%
Race (%)  
One race 97.4%
White 86.2%
Black or African American 1.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native 9.1%
Asian 0.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.3%
Two or more races 2.6%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 23,119
% Latino 2.8%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.2%
5-17 17.8%
18-64 58.4%
65 and older 16.6%
Median Age 37
Gender (% female) 49.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 30.3%
Married 51.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.5%
Foreign Born
Number 13,495
% Foreign Born 1.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 741,349
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 7,731
% Foreign Born 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 688,273
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

29,401
Born in Africa 6,421
Born in Asia 7,997
Born in Europe 4,770
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 8,614
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1,404
Born in Oceania 195
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 Canada
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

29,401
Europe 4,770
Northern Europe 948
United Kingdom
948
Ireland
0
Other Northern Europe
0
Western Europe 1,355
France
78
Germany
956
Other Western Europe
321
Southern Europe 77
Italy
0
Portugal
0
Other Southern Europe
77
Eastern Europe 2,390
Poland
165
Russia
287
Other Eastern Europe
1,938
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 7,997
Eastern Asia 1,579
China
574

China, excluding Taiwan

574

Taiwan

0
Japan
79
Korea
926
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 2,184
India
984
Iran
60
Other South Central Asia
1,140
Southeastern Asia 3,622
Philippines
1,429
Vietnam
443
Other Southeastern Asia
1,750
Western Asia 394
Israel
63
Lebanon
0
Other Western Asia
331
Other Asia (no country specified) 218
Africa 6,421
Eastern Africa 4,228
Northern Africa
78
Western Africa
1,182
Middle and Southern Africa
600
Other Africa (no country specified)
333
Oceania 195
Australia and New Zealand subregion 195
Oceania (no country specified) 0
Americas 10,018
Latin America 8,614
Caribbean
902

Cuba

0

Jamaica

215

Other Caribbean

687
Central America
7,088

Mexico

4,681

El Salvador

1,349

Other Central America

1,058
South America
624

Brazil

83

Colombia

138

Other South America

403
Northern America 1,404
Canada
1,404
Other Northern America
0
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 5,155
1990-1999 3,846
2000-2009 9,770
Since 2010 10,630
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 21.8%
Born in Asia 27.2%
Born in Europe 16.2%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 29.3%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4.8%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 11.7
Country #2 4.10%
Country #3 3.7
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 16.2%
Northern Europe 3.2%
United Kingdom 3.2%
Ireland 0.0%
Other Northern Europe 0.0%
Western Europe 4.6%
France 0.3%
Germany 3.3%
Other Western Europe 1.1%
Southern Europe 0.3%
Italy 0.0%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 8.1%
Poland 0.6%
Russia 1.0%
Other Eastern Europe 6.6%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 27.2%
Eastern Asia 5.4%
China 2.0%
China, excluding Taiwan 2.0%
Taiwan 0.0%
Japan 0.3%
Korea 3.1%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 7.4%
India 3.3%
Iran 0.2%
Other South Central Asia 3.9%
Southeastern Asia 12.3%
Philippines 4.9%
Vietnam 1.5%
Other Southeastern Asia 6.0%
Western Asia 1.3%
Israel 0.2%
Lebanon 0.0%
Other Western Asia 1.1%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.7%
Africa 21.8%
Eastern Africa 14.4%
Northern Africa 0.3%
Western Africa 4.0%
Middle and Southern Africa 2.0%
Other Africa (no country specified) 1.1%
Oceania 0.7%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.7%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 34.1%
Latin America 29.3%
Caribbean 3.1%
Cuba 0.0%
Jamaica 0.7%
Other Caribbean 2.3%
Central America 24.1%
Mexico 15.9%
El Salvador 4.6%
Other Central America 3.6%
South America 2.1%
Brazil 0.3%
Colombia 0.5%
Other South America 1.4%
Northern America 4.8%
Canada 4.8%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 17.5%
1980-1989 13.1%
1990-1999 33.2%
Since 2000 36.2%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 13,495
Born in Africa 1,561
Born in Asia 4,063
Born in Europe 4,255
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 2,502
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1,019
Cat28 95
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Canada
Country #3 Germany
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 11.6%
Born in Asia 30.1%
Born in Europe 31.5%
Born in Latin America 18.5%
Born in Northern America 7.6%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 10.4
Country #2 7.50%
Country #3 6.8
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 7,507
Born in Africa 212
Born in Asia 2,228
Born in Europe 3,366
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 683
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 892
Cat21 126
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 0
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 Former USSR
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.8%
Born in Asia 29.7%
Born in Europe 44.8%
Born in Latin America 9.1%
Born in Northern America 11.9%
Born in Oceania 1.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 13.7
Country #2 7.90%
Country #3 7.70%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 29,401
Naturalized citizens 12,589
Noncitizens 16,812
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 12,589
Before 1980 1,335
1980-1989 795
1990-1999 2,299
2000-2009 3,373
Since 2010 4,787
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 42.8%
Noncitizens 57.2%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 10.6%
1980-1989 6.3%
1990-1999 18.3%
2000-2009 26.8%
Since 2010 38.0%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 13,495
Naturalized citizens 5,452
Noncitizens 8,043
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.4%
Noncitizens 59.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 7,731
Naturalized citizens 4,719
Noncitizens 3,012
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 61.0%
Noncitizens 39.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 9,825
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 790
% married among women who gave birth
98.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
1.5%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 176,446
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 12,125
% married among women who gave birth 66.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 33.4%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.89
Average family size 3.61
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.4
Average family size 2.99
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 199,045
Only native parent(s)
187,411
One or more foreign-born parents
11,634

Child is native

9,226

Child is foreign born

2,408
Children under age 6 with 69,640
Only native parent(s)
64,917
One or more foreign-born parents
4,723

Child is native

4,422

Child is foreign born

301
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 129,405
Only native parent(s)
122,494
One or more foreign-born parents
6,911

Child is native

4,804

Child is foreign born

2,107
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

68,898
Only native parents 62,847
One or more foreign-born parents 6,051
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.8%
Child is native 4.6%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.8%
Child is native 6.3%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.3%
Child is native 3.7%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 91.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 194,247
Only native parent(s) 187,540
One or more foreign-born parents 6,707
Child is native 4,842
Child is foreign born 1,865
Children under age 6 with 59,055
Only native parent(s) 56,621
One or more foreign-born parents 2,434
Child is native 2,092
Child is foreign born 342
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 135,192
Only native parent(s) 130,919
One or more foreign-born parents 4,273
Child is native 2,750
Child is foreign born 1,523
Children in Low-Income Families* 75,783
Only native parents 72,575
One or more foreign-born parents 3,208
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.5%
Child is native 2.5%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.1%
Child is native 3.5%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.2%
Child is native 2.0%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 95.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 191,831
Only native parent(s) 188,075
One or more foreign-born parents 3,756
Child is native 3,506
Child is foreign born 250
Children under age 6 with 63,149
Only native parent(s) 61,901
One or more foreign-born parents 1,248
Child is native 1,133
Child is foreign born 115
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 128,682
Only native parent(s) 126,174
One or more foreign-born parents 2,508
Child is native 2,373
Child is foreign born 135
Children in Low-Income Families* 94,643
Only native parents 92,576
One or more foreign-born parents 2,067
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.0%
Child is native 1.8%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.0%
Child is native 1.8%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.9%
Child is native 1.8%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 97.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.2%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.