E.g., 08/02/2021
E.g., 08/02/2021
State Demographics Data - SD
 

South Dakota

Demographics & Social
2019
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 36,332
% Foreign Born 4.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 169.2%
% change: 1990-2000 74.6%
Race (%)  
One race 93.3%
White
27.9%
Black or African American
32.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.7%
Asian
23.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
9.0%
Two or more races 2.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 7,880
% Latino 21.7%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.5%
5-17 11.9%
18-64 78.5%
65 and older 8.1%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

33.6
Gender (% female) 48.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 31.9%
Married 55.6%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 12.5%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 848,327
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 14.4%
% change: 1990-2000 7.7%
Race (%)  
One race 97.1%
White 86.5%
Black or African American 1.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native 8.9%
Asian 0.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.3%
Two or more races 2.8%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 25,138
% Latino 3.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.9%
5-17 17.9%
18-64 57.4%
65 and older 17.8%
Median Age 37.2
Gender (% female) 49.2%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 29.6%
Married 52.6%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.8%
Foreign Born
Number 13,495
% Foreign Born 1.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 741,349
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 7,731
% Foreign Born 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 688,273
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

36,332
Born in Africa 11,072
Born in Asia 10,163
Born in Europe 3,064
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 9,252
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 871
Born in Oceania 1,910
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

36,332
Europe 3,064
Northern Europe 845
United Kingdom
738
Ireland
15
Other Northern Europe
92
Western Europe 1,001
France
40
Germany
748
Other Western Europe
213
Southern Europe 130
Italy
83
Portugal
N
Other Southern Europe
47
Eastern Europe 1,088
Poland
19
Russia
14
Other Eastern Europe
1,055
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 10,163
Eastern Asia 2,591
China
655

China, excluding Taiwan

480

Taiwan

175
Japan
623
Korea
1,313
Other Eastern Asia
N
South Central Asia 2,232
India
704
Iran
N
Other South Central Asia
1,528
Southeastern Asia 4,416
Philippines
1,323
Vietnam
1,038
Other Southeastern Asia
2,055
Western Asia 855
Israel
64
Lebanon
N
Other Western Asia
791
Other Asia (no country specified) 69
Africa 11,072
Eastern Africa 5,146
Northern Africa
994
Western Africa
3,362
Middle and Southern Africa
1,530
Other Africa (no country specified)
40
Oceania 1,910
Australia and New Zealand subregion N
Oceania (no country specified) 1,910
Americas 10,123
Latin America 9,252
Caribbean
832

Cuba

N

Jamaica

180

Other Caribbean

652
Central America
7,405

Mexico

3,381

El Salvador

863

Other Central America

3,161
South America
1,015

Brazil

N

Colombia

315

Other South America

700
Northern America 871
Canada
871
Other Northern America
N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 5,835
1990-1999 3,918
2000-2009 11,710
Since 2010 14,869
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 30.5%
Born in Asia 28.0%
Born in Europe 8.4%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 25.5%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.4%
Born in Oceania 5.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 8.4%
Northern Europe 2.3%
United Kingdom 2.0%
Ireland N
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 2.8%
France 0.1%
Germany 2.1%
Other Western Europe 0.6%
Southern Europe 0.4%
Italy 0.2%
Portugal N
Other Southern Europe 0.1%
Eastern Europe 3.0%
Poland 0.1%
Russia N
Other Eastern Europe 2.9%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 28.0%
Eastern Asia 7.1%
China 1.8%
China, excluding Taiwan 1.3%
Taiwan 0.5%
Japan 1.7%
Korea 3.6%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 6.1%
India 1.9%
Iran N
Other South Central Asia 4.2%
Southeastern Asia 12.2%
Philippines 3.6%
Vietnam 2.9%
Other Southeastern Asia 5.7%
Western Asia 2.4%
Israel 0.2%
Lebanon N
Other Western Asia 2.2%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.2%
Africa 30.5%
Eastern Africa 14.2%
Northern Africa 2.7%
Western Africa 9.3%
Middle and Southern Africa 4.2%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.1%
Oceania 5.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion N
Oceania (no country specified) 5.3%
Americas 27.9%
Latin America 25.5%
Caribbean 2.3%
Cuba N
Jamaica 0.5%
Other Caribbean 1.8%
Central America 20.4%
Mexico 9.3%
El Salvador 2.4%
Other Central America 8.7%
South America 2.8%
Brazil N
Colombia 0.9%
Other South America 1.9%
Northern America 2.4%
Canada 2.4%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 16.1%
1980-1989 10.8%
1990-1999 32.2%
Since 2000 40.9%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 13,495
Born in Africa 1,561
Born in Asia 4,063
Born in Europe 4,255
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 2,502
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1,019
Cat28 95
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 11.6%
Born in Asia 30.1%
Born in Europe 31.5%
Born in Latin America 18.5%
Born in Northern America 7.6%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 7,507
Born in Africa 212
Born in Asia 2,228
Born in Europe 3,366
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 683
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 892
Cat21 126
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.8%
Born in Asia 29.7%
Born in Europe 44.8%
Born in Latin America 9.1%
Born in Northern America 11.9%
Born in Oceania 1.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 36,332
Naturalized citizens 16,451
Noncitizens 19,881
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 16,451
Before 1990 2,554
1990-1999 1,602
2000-2009 4,883
2010-2014 3,464
Since 2015 3,948
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.3%
Noncitizens 54.7%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 15.5%
1980-1989 9.7%
1990-1999 29.7%
2000-2009 21.1%
Since 2010 24.0%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 13,495
Naturalized citizens 5,452
Noncitizens 8,043
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.4%
Noncitizens 59.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 7,731
Naturalized citizens 4,719
Noncitizens 3,012
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 61.0%
Noncitizens 39.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 11,748
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 1,156
% married among women who gave birth
83.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
16.7%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 178,980
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 11,412
% married among women who gave birth 76.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 23.6%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.80
Average family size 3.49
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.41
Average family size 3.01
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 200,829
Only native parent(s)
187,310
One or more foreign-born parents
13,519

Child is native

9,841

Child is foreign born

3,678
Children under age 6 with 68,351
Only native parent(s)
63,157
One or more foreign-born parents
5,194

Child is native

4,536

Child is foreign born

658
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 132,478
Only native parent(s)
124,153
One or more foreign-born parents
8,325

Child is native

5,305

Child is foreign born

3,020
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

69,448
Only native parents 63,036
One or more foreign-born parents 6,412
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.7%
Child is native 4.9%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.6%
Child is native 6.6%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.3%
Child is native 4.0%
Child is foreign born 2.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 90.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 194,247
Only native parent(s) 187,540
One or more foreign-born parents 6,707
Child is native 4,842
Child is foreign born 1,865
Children under age 6 with 59,055
Only native parent(s) 56,621
One or more foreign-born parents 2,434
Child is native 2,092
Child is foreign born 342
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 135,192
Only native parent(s) 130,919
One or more foreign-born parents 4,273
Child is native 2,750
Child is foreign born 1,523
Children in Low-Income Families* 75,783
Only native parents 72,575
One or more foreign-born parents 3,208
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.5%
Child is native 2.5%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.1%
Child is native 3.5%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.2%
Child is native 2.0%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 95.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 191,831
Only native parent(s) 188,075
One or more foreign-born parents 3,756
Child is native 3,506
Child is foreign born 250
Children under age 6 with 63,149
Only native parent(s) 61,901
One or more foreign-born parents 1,248
Child is native 1,133
Child is foreign born 115
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 128,682
Only native parent(s) 126,174
One or more foreign-born parents 2,508
Child is native 2,373
Child is foreign born 135
Children in Low-Income Families* 94,643
Only native parents 92,576
One or more foreign-born parents 2,067
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.0%
Child is native 1.8%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.0%
Child is native 1.8%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.9%
Child is native 1.8%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 97.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.2%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.