E.g., 02/24/2018
E.g., 02/24/2018

State Demographics Data - SD

South Dakota

Demographics & Social
2016
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 30,926
% Foreign Born 3.6%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2016 129.2%
% change: 1990-2000 74.6%
Race (%)  
One race 98.0%
White
36.6%
Black or African American
21.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.8%
Asian
30.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
9.0%
Two or more races 2.0%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 7,381
% Latino 23.9%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 2.5%
5-17 13.8%
18-64 77.4%
65 and older 6.4%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

34.6
Gender (% female) 48.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 41.0%
Married 45.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 13.6%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 834,528
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 12.6%
% change: 1990-2000 7.7%
Race (%)  
One race 97.5%
White 86.5%
Black or African American 1.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native 9.2%
Asian 0.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.4%
Two or more races 2.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 24,846
% Latino 3.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.2%
5-17 17.8%
18-64 58.7%
65 and older 16.2%
Median Age 36.9
Gender (% female) 49.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 31.4%
Married 50.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.9%
Foreign Born
Number 13,495
% Foreign Born 1.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 741,349
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 7,731
% Foreign Born 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 688,273
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

30,926
Born in Africa 6,680
Born in Asia 10,270
Born in Europe 4,228
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 7,985
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1,702
Born in Oceania 61
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 Canada
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

30,926
Europe 4,228
Northern Europe 818
United Kingdom
595
Ireland
81
Other Northern Europe
142
Western Europe 1,538
France
0
Germany
898
Other Western Europe
640
Southern Europe 70
Italy
70
Portugal
0
Other Southern Europe
0
Eastern Europe 1,802
Poland
35
Russia
311
Other Eastern Europe
1,456
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 10,270
Eastern Asia 2,874
China
2,150

China, excluding Taiwan

2,150

Taiwan

0
Japan
120
Korea
604
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 2,068
India
776
Iran
0
Other South Central Asia
1,292
Southeastern Asia 4,557
Philippines
806
Vietnam
1,121
Other Southeastern Asia
2,630
Western Asia 771
Israel
0
Lebanon
44
Other Western Asia
727
Other Asia (no country specified) 0
Africa 6,680
Eastern Africa 4,143
Northern Africa
315
Western Africa
1,470
Middle and Southern Africa
663
Other Africa (no country specified)
89
Oceania 61
Australia and New Zealand subregion 61
Oceania (no country specified) 0
Americas 9,687
Latin America 7,985
Caribbean
665

Cuba

456

Jamaica

159

Other Caribbean

50
Central America
6,259

Mexico

3,064

El Salvador

1,103

Other Central America

2,092
South America
1,061

Brazil

332

Colombia

71

Other South America

658
Northern America 1,702
Canada
1,702
Other Northern America
0
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 4,595
1990-1999 3,992
2000-2009 9,311
Since 2010 13,028
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 21.6%
Born in Asia 33.2%
Born in Europe 13.7%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 25.8%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 5.5%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 11.70
Country #2 4.10%
Country #3 3.70
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 13.7%
Northern Europe 2.6%
United Kingdom 1.9%
Ireland 0.3%
Other Northern Europe 0.5%
Western Europe 5.0%
France 0.0%
Germany 2.9%
Other Western Europe 2.1%
Southern Europe 0.2%
Italy 0.2%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.0%
Eastern Europe 5.8%
Poland 0.1%
Russia 1.0%
Other Eastern Europe 4.7%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 33.2%
Eastern Asia 9.3%
China 7.0%
China, excluding Taiwan 7.0%
Taiwan 0.0%
Japan 0.4%
Korea 2.0%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 6.7%
India 2.5%
Iran 0.0%
Other South Central Asia 4.2%
Southeastern Asia 14.7%
Philippines 2.6%
Vietnam 3.6%
Other Southeastern Asia 8.5%
Western Asia 2.5%
Israel 0.0%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 2.4%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.0%
Africa 21.6%
Eastern Africa 13.4%
Northern Africa 1.0%
Western Africa 4.8%
Middle and Southern Africa 2.1%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 0.2%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 31.3%
Latin America 25.8%
Caribbean 2.2%
Cuba 1.5%
Jamaica 0.5%
Other Caribbean 0.2%
Central America 20.2%
Mexico 9.9%
El Salvador 3.6%
Other Central America 6.8%
South America 3.4%
Brazil 1.1%
Colombia 0.2%
Other South America 2.1%
Northern America 5.5%
Canada 5.5%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 14.9%
1980-1989 12.9%
1990-1999 30.1%
Since 2000 42.1%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 13,495
Born in Africa 1,561
Born in Asia 4,063
Born in Europe 4,255
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 2,502
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1,019
Cat28 95
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Canada
Country #3 Germany
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 11.6%
Born in Asia 30.1%
Born in Europe 31.5%
Born in Latin America 18.5%
Born in Northern America 7.6%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 10.40
Country #2 7.50%
Country #3 6.80
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 7,507
Born in Africa 212
Born in Asia 2,228
Born in Europe 3,366
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 683
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 892
Cat21 126
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Canada
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 Former USSR
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.8%
Born in Asia 29.7%
Born in Europe 44.8%
Born in Latin America 9.1%
Born in Northern America 11.9%
Born in Oceania 1.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 13.70
Country #2 7.90%
Country #3 7.70%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 30,926
Naturalized citizens 10,982
Noncitizens 19,944
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 10,982
Before 1980 1,581
1980-1989 694
1990-1999 1,541
2000-2009 3,927
Since 2010 3,239
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 35.5%
Noncitizens 64.5%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 14.4%
1980-1989 6.3%
1990-1999 14.0%
2000-2009 35.8%
Since 2010 29.5%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 13,495
Naturalized citizens 5,452
Noncitizens 8,043
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.4%
Noncitizens 59.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 7,731
Naturalized citizens 4,719
Noncitizens 3,012
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 61.0%
Noncitizens 39.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 9,165
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 610
% married among women who gave birth
57.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
42.8%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 177,370
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 12,440
% married among women who gave birth 71.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 28.8%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.97
Average family size 3.64
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.43
Average family size 3.02
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 201,932
Only native parent(s)
187,924
One or more foreign-born parents
14,008

Child is native

10,815

Child is foreign born

3,193
Children under age 6 with 70,565
Only native parent(s)
65,090
One or more foreign-born parents
5,475

Child is native

4,804

Child is foreign born

671
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 131,367
Only native parent(s)
122,834
One or more foreign-born parents
8,533

Child is native

6,011

Child is foreign born

2,522
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

75,063
Only native parents 67,747
One or more foreign-born parents 7,316
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.9%
Child is native 5.4%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.8%
Child is native 6.8%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.5%
Child is native 4.6%
Child is foreign born 1.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 90.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.7%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 194,247
Only native parent(s) 187,540
One or more foreign-born parents 6,707
Child is native 4,842
Child is foreign born 1,865
Children under age 6 with 59,055
Only native parent(s) 56,621
One or more foreign-born parents 2,434
Child is native 2,092
Child is foreign born 342
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 135,192
Only native parent(s) 130,919
One or more foreign-born parents 4,273
Child is native 2,750
Child is foreign born 1,523
Children in Low-Income Families* 75,783
Only native parents 72,575
One or more foreign-born parents 3,208
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.5%
Child is native 2.5%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.1%
Child is native 3.5%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.2%
Child is native 2.0%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 95.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 191,831
Only native parent(s) 188,075
One or more foreign-born parents 3,756
Child is native 3,506
Child is foreign born 250
Children under age 6 with 63,149
Only native parent(s) 61,901
One or more foreign-born parents 1,248
Child is native 1,133
Child is foreign born 115
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 128,682
Only native parent(s) 126,174
One or more foreign-born parents 2,508
Child is native 2,373
Child is foreign born 135
Children in Low-Income Families* 94,643
Only native parents 92,576
One or more foreign-born parents 2,067
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.0%
Child is native 1.8%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.0%
Child is native 1.8%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 98.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 1.9%
Child is native 1.8%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 97.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.2%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2016 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.