E.g., 10/22/2018
E.g., 10/22/2018

State Demographics Data - PA

Pennsylvania

Demographics & Social
2016
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 870,913
% Foreign Born 6.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2016 71.3%
% change: 1990-2000 37.6%
Race (%)  
One race 96.7%
White
40.6%
Black or African American
14.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.5%
Asian
33.8%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
7.5%
Two or more races 3.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 199,155
% Latino 22.9%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.0%
5-17 7.1%
18-64 76.9%
65 and older 14.9%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

42
Gender (% female) 51.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 25.9%
Married 58.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 15.6%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 11,913,314
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 1.2%
% change: 1990-2000 2.3%
Race (%)  
One race 97.5%
White 83.8%
Black or African American 10.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 1.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 1.7%
Two or more races 2.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 700,847
% Latino 5.9%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 5.9%
5-17 16.0%
18-64 60.6%
65 and older 17.6%
Median Age 40.5
Gender (% female) 51.0%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 34.9%
Married 46.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.9%
Foreign Born
Number 508,291
% Foreign Born 4.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 11,772,763
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 369,316
% Foreign Born 3.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 11,512,327
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

870,913
Born in Africa 81,031
Born in Asia 336,815
Born in Europe 165,613
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 268,140
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 17,021
Born in Oceania 2,293
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 India
Country #2 Mexico
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

870,913
Europe 165,613
Northern Europe 25,052
United Kingdom
17,699
Ireland
4,321
Other Northern Europe
3,032
Western Europe 30,175
France
4,147
Germany
20,268
Other Western Europe
5,760
Southern Europe 28,463
Italy
18,215
Portugal
2,557
Other Southern Europe
7,691
Eastern Europe 81,631
Poland
10,596
Russia
15,497
Other Eastern Europe
55,538
Other Europe (no country specified) 292
Asia 336,815
Eastern Asia 97,370
China
64,627

China, excluding Taiwan

59,423

Taiwan

5,204
Japan
3,796
Korea
28,844
Other Eastern Asia
103
South Central Asia 137,366
India
90,907
Iran
4,471
Other South Central Asia
41,988
Southeastern Asia 72,365
Philippines
19,165
Vietnam
33,206
Other Southeastern Asia
19,994
Western Asia 28,479
Israel
3,633
Lebanon
2,740
Other Western Asia
22,106
Other Asia (no country specified) 1,235
Africa 81,031
Eastern Africa 12,185
Northern Africa
19,225
Western Africa
35,335
Middle and Southern Africa
6,676
Other Africa (no country specified)
7,610
Oceania 2,293
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1,771
Oceania (no country specified) 522
Americas 285,161
Latin America 268,140
Caribbean
116,404

Cuba

4,436

Jamaica

21,128

Other Caribbean

90,840
Central America
92,420

Mexico

61,161

El Salvador

7,767

Other Central America

23,492
South America
59,316

Brazil

13,592

Colombia

13,025

Other South America

32,699
Northern America 17,021
Canada
16,756
Other Northern America
265
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 227,797
1990-1999 177,816
2000-2009 251,807
Since 2010 213,493
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 9.3%
Born in Asia 38.7%
Born in Europe 19.0%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 30.8%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.0%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 10.30
Country #2 7.40%
Country #3 6.70
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 19.0%
Northern Europe 2.9%
United Kingdom 2.0%
Ireland 0.5%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 3.5%
France 0.5%
Germany 2.3%
Other Western Europe 0.7%
Southern Europe 3.3%
Italy 2.1%
Portugal 0.3%
Other Southern Europe 0.9%
Eastern Europe 9.4%
Poland 1.2%
Russia 1.8%
Other Eastern Europe 6.4%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 38.7%
Eastern Asia 11.2%
China 7.4%
China, excluding Taiwan 6.8%
Taiwan 0.6%
Japan 0.4%
Korea 3.3%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 15.8%
India 10.4%
Iran 0.5%
Other South Central Asia 4.8%
Southeastern Asia 8.3%
Philippines 2.2%
Vietnam 3.8%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.3%
Western Asia 3.3%
Israel 0.4%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 2.5%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 9.3%
Eastern Africa 1.4%
Northern Africa 2.2%
Western Africa 4.1%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.8%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.9%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 32.7%
Latin America 30.8%
Caribbean 13.4%
Cuba 0.5%
Jamaica 2.4%
Other Caribbean 10.4%
Central America 10.6%
Mexico 7.0%
El Salvador 0.9%
Other Central America 2.7%
South America 6.8%
Brazil 1.6%
Colombia 1.5%
Other South America 3.8%
Northern America 2.0%
Canada 1.9%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 26.2%
1980-1989 20.4%
1990-1999 28.9%
Since 2000 24.5%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 508,291
Born in Africa 25,413
Born in Asia 182,967
Born in Europe 182,667
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 99,514
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 15,543
Cat28 2,178
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 India
Country #2 Italy
Country #3 Korea
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 5.0%
Born in Asia 36.0%
Born in Europe 35.9%
Born in Latin America 19.6%
Born in Northern America 3.1%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 7.40%
Country #2 6.00%
Country #3 5.30
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 355,608
Born in Africa 8,748
Born in Asia 102,930
Born in Europe 186,913
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 42,202
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 13,293
Cat21 1,522
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Italy
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 United Kingdom
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.5%
Born in Asia 28.9%
Born in Europe 52.6%
Born in Latin America 11.9%
Born in Northern America 3.7%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 11.00
Country #2 7.60%
Country #3 7.10%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 870,913
Naturalized citizens 454,730
Noncitizens 416,183
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 454,730
Before 1980 57,755
1980-1989 41,891
1990-1999 81,275
2000-2009 147,019
Since 2010 126,790
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 52.2%
Noncitizens 47.8%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 12.7%
1980-1989 9.2%
1990-1999 17.9%
2000-2009 32.3%
Since 2010 27.9%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 508,291
Naturalized citizens 257,339
Noncitizens 250,952
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 50.6%
Noncitizens 49.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 369,316
Naturalized citizens 218,209
Noncitizens 151,107
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 59.1%
Noncitizens 40.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 259,536
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 17,296
% married among women who gave birth
80.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
19.4%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 2,633,897
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 127,472
% married among women who gave birth 59.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 40.1%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.06
Average family size 3.63
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.46
Average family size 3.08
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 2,545,892
Only native parent(s)
2,217,172
One or more foreign-born parents
328,720

Child is native

272,818

Child is foreign born

55,902
Children under age 6 with 823,752
Only native parent(s)
711,209
One or more foreign-born parents
112,543

Child is native

100,919

Child is foreign born

11,624
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,722,140
Only native parent(s)
1,505,963
One or more foreign-born parents
216,177

Child is native

171,899

Child is foreign born

44,278
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

948,761
Only native parents 792,186
One or more foreign-born parents 156,575
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.9%
Child is native 10.7%
Child is foreign born 2.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.7%
Child is native 12.3%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.6%
Child is native 10.0%
Child is foreign born 2.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 83.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,798,340
Only native parent(s) 2,618,612
One or more foreign-born parents 179,728
Child is native 141,073
Child is foreign born 38,655
Children under age 6 with 853,275
Only native parent(s) 794,028
One or more foreign-born parents 59,247
Child is native 53,971
Child is foreign born 5,276
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,945,065
Only native parent(s) 1,824,584
One or more foreign-born parents 120,481
Child is native 87,102
Child is foreign born 33,379
Children in Low-Income Families* 937,975
Only native parents 870,983
One or more foreign-born parents 66,992
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.4%
Child is native 5.0%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.9%
Child is native 6.3%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.2%
Child is native 4.5%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 92.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,694,177
Only native parent(s) 2,569,158
One or more foreign-born parents 125,019
Child is native 102,245
Child is foreign born 22,774
Children under age 6 with 923,967
Only native parent(s) 883,412
One or more foreign-born parents 40,555
Child is native 37,445
Child is foreign born 3,110
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,770,210
Only native parent(s) 1,685,746
One or more foreign-born parents 84,464
Child is native 64,800
Child is foreign born 19,664
Children in Low-Income Families* 946,718
Only native parents 906,706
One or more foreign-born parents 40,012
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.6%
Child is native 3.8%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.4%
Child is native 4.1%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.8%
Child is native 3.7%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 95.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.2%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2016 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.