E.g., 04/26/2019
E.g., 04/26/2019

State Demographics Data - PA

Pennsylvania

Demographics & Social
2017
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 893,769
% Foreign Born 7.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 75.8%
% change: 1990-2000 37.6%
Race (%)  
One race 96.9%
White
41.2%
Black or African American
13.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
34.0%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.2%
Other race
7.4%
Two or more races 3.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 212,757
% Latino 23.8%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.9%
5-17 6.6%
18-64 77.2%
65 and older 15.3%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

42.8
Gender (% female) 51.1%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 25.5%
Married 59.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 15.0%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 11,911,768
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 1.2%
% change: 1990-2000 2.3%
Race (%)  
One race 97.6%
White 83.7%
Black or African American 11.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 1.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 1.5%
Two or more races 2.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 725,671
% Latino 6.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 5.9%
5-17 16.0%
18-64 60.2%
65 and older 18.0%
Median Age 40.6
Gender (% female) 51.0%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 34.8%
Married 46.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.7%
Foreign Born
Number 508,291
% Foreign Born 4.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
U.S. Born
Number 11,772,763
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Foreign Born
Number 369,316
% Foreign Born 3.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 11,512,327
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

893,769
Born in Africa 73,079
Born in Asia 350,627
Born in Europe 168,320
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 282,604
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 16,523
Born in Oceania 2,616
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 India
Country #2 Mexico
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

893,769
Europe 168,320
Northern Europe 31,913
United Kingdom
23,331
Ireland
5,657
Other Northern Europe
2,925
Western Europe 25,730
France
4,321
Germany
15,771
Other Western Europe
5,638
Southern Europe 29,130
Italy
16,875
Portugal
3,197
Other Southern Europe
9,058
Eastern Europe 81,213
Poland
10,480
Russia
15,334
Other Eastern Europe
55,399
Other Europe (no country specified) 334
Asia 350,627
Eastern Asia 107,969
China
74,889

China, excluding Taiwan

67,428

Taiwan

7,461
Japan
5,503
Korea
26,517
Other Eastern Asia
1,060
South Central Asia 134,710
India
87,899
Iran
4,102
Other South Central Asia
42,709
Southeastern Asia 75,492
Philippines
21,285
Vietnam
31,238
Other Southeastern Asia
22,969
Western Asia 30,841
Israel
3,734
Lebanon
1,760
Other Western Asia
25,347
Other Asia (no country specified) 1,615
Africa 73,079
Eastern Africa 13,695
Northern Africa
13,394
Western Africa
34,557
Middle and Southern Africa
4,271
Other Africa (no country specified)
7,162
Oceania 2,616
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1,986
Oceania (no country specified) 630
Americas 299,127
Latin America 282,604
Caribbean
129,258

Cuba

8,127

Jamaica

22,368

Other Caribbean

98,763
Central America
93,029

Mexico

55,159

El Salvador

7,716

Other Central America

30,154
South America
60,317

Brazil

11,693

Colombia

13,873

Other South America

34,751
Northern America 16,523
Canada
16,480
Other Northern America
43
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 233,063
1990-1999 178,262
2000-2009 248,173
Since 2010 234,271
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 8.2%
Born in Asia 39.2%
Born in Europe 18.8%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 31.6%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.8%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 10.3
Country #2 7.40%
Country #3 6.7
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 18.8%
Northern Europe 3.6%
United Kingdom 2.6%
Ireland 0.6%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 2.9%
France 0.5%
Germany 1.8%
Other Western Europe 0.6%
Southern Europe 3.3%
Italy 1.9%
Portugal 0.4%
Other Southern Europe 1.0%
Eastern Europe 9.1%
Poland 1.2%
Russia 1.7%
Other Eastern Europe 6.2%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 39.2%
Eastern Asia 12.1%
China 8.4%
China, excluding Taiwan 7.5%
Taiwan 0.8%
Japan 0.6%
Korea 3.0%
Other Eastern Asia 0.1%
South Central Asia 15.1%
India 9.8%
Iran 0.5%
Other South Central Asia 4.8%
Southeastern Asia 8.4%
Philippines 2.4%
Vietnam 3.5%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.6%
Western Asia 3.5%
Israel 0.4%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 2.8%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.2%
Africa 8.2%
Eastern Africa 1.5%
Northern Africa 1.5%
Western Africa 3.9%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.5%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.8%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 33.5%
Latin America 31.6%
Caribbean 14.5%
Cuba 0.9%
Jamaica 2.5%
Other Caribbean 11.1%
Central America 10.4%
Mexico 6.2%
El Salvador 0.9%
Other Central America 3.4%
South America 6.7%
Brazil 1.3%
Colombia 1.6%
Other South America 3.9%
Northern America 1.8%
Canada 1.8%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 26.1%
1980-1989 19.9%
1990-1999 27.8%
Since 2000 26.2%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 508,291
Born in Africa 25,413
Born in Asia 182,967
Born in Europe 182,667
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 99,514
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 15,543
Cat28 2,178
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 India
Country #2 Italy
Country #3 Korea
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 5.0%
Born in Asia 36.0%
Born in Europe 35.9%
Born in Latin America 19.6%
Born in Northern America 3.1%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 7.40%
Country #2 6.00%
Country #3 5.3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 355,608
Born in Africa 8,748
Born in Asia 102,930
Born in Europe 186,913
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 42,202
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 13,293
Cat21 1,522
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 43
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 United Kingdom
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.5%
Born in Asia 28.9%
Born in Europe 52.6%
Born in Latin America 11.9%
Born in Northern America 3.7%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 11
Country #2 7.60%
Country #3 7.10%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 893,769
Naturalized citizens 470,412
Noncitizens 423,357
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 470,412
Before 1980 58,806
1980-1989 45,988
1990-1999 82,407
2000-2009 144,659
Since 2010 138,552
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 52.6%
Noncitizens 47.4%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 12.5%
1980-1989 9.8%
1990-1999 17.5%
2000-2009 30.8%
Since 2010 29.5%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 508,291
Naturalized citizens 257,339
Noncitizens 250,952
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 50.6%
Noncitizens 49.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 369,316
Naturalized citizens 218,209
Noncitizens 151,107
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 59.1%
Noncitizens 40.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 264,770
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 16,582
% married among women who gave birth
86.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
14.0%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 2,623,389
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 126,690
% married among women who gave birth 64.7%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 35.3%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.01
Average family size 3.57
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.43
Average family size 3.06
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 2,544,345
Only native parent(s)
2,202,369
One or more foreign-born parents
341,976

Child is native

288,181

Child is foreign born

53,795
Children under age 6 with 813,557
Only native parent(s)
700,288
One or more foreign-born parents
113,269

Child is native

102,901

Child is foreign born

10,368
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,730,788
Only native parent(s)
1,502,081
One or more foreign-born parents
228,707

Child is native

185,280

Child is foreign born

43,427
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

900,913
Only native parents 757,400
One or more foreign-born parents 143,513
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.4%
Child is native 11.3%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.9%
Child is native 12.6%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.2%
Child is native 10.7%
Child is foreign born 2.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 84.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,798,340
Only native parent(s) 2,618,612
One or more foreign-born parents 179,728
Child is native 141,073
Child is foreign born 38,655
Children under age 6 with 853,275
Only native parent(s) 794,028
One or more foreign-born parents 59,247
Child is native 53,971
Child is foreign born 5,276
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,945,065
Only native parent(s) 1,824,584
One or more foreign-born parents 120,481
Child is native 87,102
Child is foreign born 33,379
Children in Low-Income Families* 937,975
Only native parents 870,983
One or more foreign-born parents 66,992
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.4%
Child is native 5.0%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.9%
Child is native 6.3%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.2%
Child is native 4.5%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 92.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,694,177
Only native parent(s) 2,569,158
One or more foreign-born parents 125,019
Child is native 102,245
Child is foreign born 22,774
Children under age 6 with 923,967
Only native parent(s) 883,412
One or more foreign-born parents 40,555
Child is native 37,445
Child is foreign born 3,110
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,770,210
Only native parent(s) 1,685,746
One or more foreign-born parents 84,464
Child is native 64,800
Child is foreign born 19,664
Children in Low-Income Families* 946,718
Only native parents 906,706
One or more foreign-born parents 40,012
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.6%
Child is native 3.8%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.4%
Child is native 4.1%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.8%
Child is native 3.7%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 95.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.2%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.