E.g., 08/01/2021
E.g., 08/01/2021
State Demographics Data - PA
 

Pennsylvania

Demographics & Social
2019
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 893,167
% Foreign Born 7.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 75.7%
% change: 1990-2000 37.6%
Race (%)  
One race 97.2%
White
37.1%
Black or African American
13.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
35.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
10.6%
Two or more races 2.8%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 210,775
% Latino 23.6%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.7%
5-17 5.2%
18-64 78.5%
65 and older 15.6%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

44
Gender (% female) 51.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.0%
Married 60.9%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 15.0%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 11,908,822
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 1.2%
% change: 1990-2000 2.3%
Race (%)  
One race 97.4%
White 82.8%
Black or African American 11.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 1.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 2.0%
Two or more races 2.6%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 787,055
% Latino 6.6%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 5.8%
5-17 15.9%
18-64 59.5%
65 and older 18.9%
Median Age 40.4
Gender (% female) 51.0%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 35.0%
Married 46.3%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.7%
Foreign Born
Number 508,291
% Foreign Born 4.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 11,772,763
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 369,316
% Foreign Born 3.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 11,512,327
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

893,167
Born in Africa 79,157
Born in Asia 359,171
Born in Europe 158,652
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 276,613
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 15,926
Born in Oceania 3,648
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

893,167
Europe 158,652
Northern Europe 24,863
United Kingdom
18,091
Ireland
3,144
Other Northern Europe
3,628
Western Europe 26,154
France
4,935
Germany
16,706
Other Western Europe
4,513
Southern Europe 27,723
Italy
16,396
Portugal
2,516
Other Southern Europe
8,811
Eastern Europe 79,814
Poland
12,705
Russia
15,004
Other Eastern Europe
52,105
Other Europe (no country specified) 98
Asia 359,171
Eastern Asia 110,965
China
73,663

China, excluding Taiwan

68,423

Taiwan

5,240
Japan
5,247
Korea
31,880
Other Eastern Asia
175
South Central Asia 146,405
India
98,016
Iran
5,455
Other South Central Asia
42,934
Southeastern Asia 70,898
Philippines
20,420
Vietnam
26,483
Other Southeastern Asia
23,995
Western Asia 28,379
Israel
3,183
Lebanon
2,473
Other Western Asia
22,723
Other Asia (no country specified) 2,524
Africa 79,157
Eastern Africa 13,928
Northern Africa
14,100
Western Africa
38,421
Middle and Southern Africa
5,986
Other Africa (no country specified)
6,722
Oceania 3,648
Australia and New Zealand subregion 2,985
Oceania (no country specified) 663
Americas 292,539
Latin America 276,613
Caribbean
126,434

Cuba

5,923

Jamaica

20,789

Other Caribbean

99,722
Central America
89,957

Mexico

53,756

El Salvador

6,382

Other Central America

29,819
South America
60,222

Brazil

12,179

Colombia

14,302

Other South America

33,741
Northern America 15,926
Canada
15,444
Other Northern America
482
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 213,694
1990-1999 191,820
2000-2009 225,741
Since 2010 261,912
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 8.9%
Born in Asia 40.2%
Born in Europe 17.8%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 31.0%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.8%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 17.8%
Northern Europe 2.8%
United Kingdom 2.0%
Ireland 0.4%
Other Northern Europe 0.4%
Western Europe 2.9%
France 0.6%
Germany 1.9%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 3.1%
Italy 1.8%
Portugal 0.3%
Other Southern Europe 1.0%
Eastern Europe 8.9%
Poland 1.4%
Russia 1.7%
Other Eastern Europe 5.8%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 40.2%
Eastern Asia 12.4%
China 8.2%
China, excluding Taiwan 7.7%
Taiwan 0.6%
Japan 0.6%
Korea 3.6%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 16.4%
India 11.0%
Iran 0.6%
Other South Central Asia 4.8%
Southeastern Asia 7.9%
Philippines 2.3%
Vietnam 3.0%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.7%
Western Asia 3.2%
Israel 0.4%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 2.5%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.3%
Africa 8.9%
Eastern Africa 1.6%
Northern Africa 1.6%
Western Africa 4.3%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.7%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.8%
Oceania 0.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 32.8%
Latin America 31.0%
Caribbean 14.2%
Cuba 0.7%
Jamaica 2.3%
Other Caribbean 11.2%
Central America 10.1%
Mexico 6.0%
El Salvador 0.7%
Other Central America 3.3%
South America 6.7%
Brazil 1.4%
Colombia 1.6%
Other South America 3.8%
Northern America 1.8%
Canada 1.7%
Other Northern America 0.1%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 23.9%
1980-1989 21.5%
1990-1999 25.3%
Since 2000 29.3%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 508,291
Born in Africa 25,413
Born in Asia 182,967
Born in Europe 182,667
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 99,514
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 15,543
Cat28 2,178
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 5.0%
Born in Asia 36.0%
Born in Europe 35.9%
Born in Latin America 19.6%
Born in Northern America 3.1%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 355,608
Born in Africa 8,748
Born in Asia 102,930
Born in Europe 186,913
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 42,202
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 13,293
Cat21 1,522
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.5%
Born in Asia 28.9%
Born in Europe 52.6%
Born in Latin America 11.9%
Born in Northern America 3.7%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 893,167
Naturalized citizens 497,426
Noncitizens 395,741
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 497,426
Before 1990 97,251
1990-1999 84,177
2000-2009 147,630
2010-2014 76,523
Since 2015 91,845
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 55.7%
Noncitizens 44.3%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 19.6%
1980-1989 16.9%
1990-1999 29.7%
2000-2009 15.4%
Since 2010 18.5%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 508,291
Naturalized citizens 257,339
Noncitizens 250,952
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 50.6%
Noncitizens 49.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 369,316
Naturalized citizens 218,209
Noncitizens 151,107
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 59.1%
Noncitizens 40.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 271,029
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 16,719
% married among women who gave birth
80.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
19.5%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 2,583,820
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 132,237
% married among women who gave birth 62.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 37.1%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.89
Average family size 3.39
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.38
Average family size 2.99
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 2,486,874
Only native parent(s)
2,150,021
One or more foreign-born parents
336,853

Child is native

292,214

Child is foreign born

44,639
Children under age 6 with 800,200
Only native parent(s)
694,633
One or more foreign-born parents
105,567

Child is native

97,736

Child is foreign born

7,831
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,686,674
Only native parent(s)
1,455,388
One or more foreign-born parents
231,286

Child is native

194,478

Child is foreign born

36,808
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

886,517
Only native parents 744,338
One or more foreign-born parents 142,179
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.5%
Child is native 11.8%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.2%
Child is native 12.2%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.7%
Child is native 11.5%
Child is foreign born 2.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 84.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.0%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,798,340
Only native parent(s) 2,618,612
One or more foreign-born parents 179,728
Child is native 141,073
Child is foreign born 38,655
Children under age 6 with 853,275
Only native parent(s) 794,028
One or more foreign-born parents 59,247
Child is native 53,971
Child is foreign born 5,276
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,945,065
Only native parent(s) 1,824,584
One or more foreign-born parents 120,481
Child is native 87,102
Child is foreign born 33,379
Children in Low-Income Families* 937,975
Only native parents 870,983
One or more foreign-born parents 66,992
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.4%
Child is native 5.0%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.9%
Child is native 6.3%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.2%
Child is native 4.5%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 92.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,694,177
Only native parent(s) 2,569,158
One or more foreign-born parents 125,019
Child is native 102,245
Child is foreign born 22,774
Children under age 6 with 923,967
Only native parent(s) 883,412
One or more foreign-born parents 40,555
Child is native 37,445
Child is foreign born 3,110
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,770,210
Only native parent(s) 1,685,746
One or more foreign-born parents 84,464
Child is native 64,800
Child is foreign born 19,664
Children in Low-Income Families* 946,718
Only native parents 906,706
One or more foreign-born parents 40,012
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.6%
Child is native 3.8%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.4%
Child is native 4.1%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.8%
Child is native 3.7%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 95.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.2%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.