E.g., 04/15/2024
E.g., 04/15/2024
State Demographics Data - PA
 

Pennsylvania

Demographics & Social
2022
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 978,173
% Foreign Born 7.5%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2022 92.4%
% change: 1990-2000 37.6%
Race (%)  
One race 86.9%
White
25.2%
Black or African American
11.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.8%
Asian
33.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
15.7%
Two or more races 13.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 273,844
% Latino 28.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.6%
5-17 5.9%
18-64 77.7%
65 and older 15.8%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

44.1
Gender (% female) 50.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.1%
Married 61.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.6%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 11,993,835
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 1.9%
% change: 1990-2000 2.3%
Race (%)  
One race 93.3%
White 78.4%
Black or African American 10.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 1.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 2.8%
Two or more races 6.7%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 842,153
% Latino 7.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 5.5%
5-17 15.8%
18-64 58.8%
65 and older 19.9%
Median Age 40.5
Gender (% female) 50.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 35.4%
Married 46.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.8%
Foreign Born
Number 508,291
% Foreign Born 4.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
U.S. Born
Number 11,772,763
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Foreign Born
Number 369,316
% Foreign Born 3.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 11,512,327
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

978,173
Born in Africa 89,009
Born in Asia 368,302
Born in Europe 162,645
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 336,427
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 18,529
Born in Oceania 3,261
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

978,173
Europe 162,645
Northern Europe 27,964
United Kingdom
21,229
Ireland
4,820
Other Northern Europe
1,915
Western Europe 25,101
France
4,826
Germany
15,532
Other Western Europe
4,743
Southern Europe 24,026
Italy
13,442
Portugal
2,895
Other Southern Europe
7,689
Eastern Europe 84,921
Poland
11,677
Russia
15,199
Other Eastern Europe
58,045
Other Europe (no country specified) 633
Asia 368,302
Eastern Asia 112,356
China
77,703

China, excluding Taiwan

71,951

Taiwan

5,752
Japan
5,179
Korea
28,658
Other Eastern Asia
816
South Central Asia 151,025
India
93,497
Iran
4,619
Other South Central Asia
52,909
Southeastern Asia 74,764
Philippines
21,319
Vietnam
32,184
Other Southeastern Asia
21,261
Western Asia 27,252
Israel
3,162
Lebanon
3,578
Other Western Asia
20,512
Other Asia (no country specified) 2,905
Africa 89,009
Eastern Africa 16,463
Northern Africa 17,727
Western Africa 39,301
Middle and Southern Africa 8,315
Other Africa (no country specified) 7,203
Oceania 3,261
Australia and New Zealand subregion 2,520
Oceania (no country specified) 741
Americas 354,956
Latin America 336,427
Caribbean
165,118

Cuba

6,711

Jamaica

22,258

Other Caribbean

136,149
Central America
96,384

Mexico

56,183

El Salvador

9,670

Other Central America

30,531
South America
74,925

Brazil

15,443

Colombia

12,263

Other South America

47,219
Northern America 18,529
Canada
18,329
Other Northern America
200
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 198,329
1990-1999 171,993
2000-2009 231,790
Since 2010 376,061
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 9.1%
Born in Asia 37.7%
Born in Europe 16.6%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 34.4%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.9%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 16.6%
Northern Europe 2.9%
United Kingdom 2.2%
Ireland 0.5%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 2.6%
France 0.5%
Germany 1.6%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 2.5%
Italy 1.4%
Portugal 0.3%
Other Southern Europe 0.8%
Eastern Europe 8.7%
Poland 1.2%
Russia 1.6%
Other Eastern Europe 5.9%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.1%
Asia 37.7%
Eastern Asia 11.5%
China 7.9%
China, excluding Taiwan 7.4%
Taiwan 0.6%
Japan 0.5%
Korea 2.9%
Other Eastern Asia 0.1%
South Central Asia 15.4%
India 9.6%
Iran 0.5%
Other South Central Asia 5.4%
Southeastern Asia 7.6%
Philippines 2.2%
Vietnam 3.3%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.2%
Western Asia 2.8%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.4%
Other Western Asia 2.1%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.3%
Africa 9.1%
Eastern Africa 1.7%
Northern Africa 1.8%
Western Africa 4.0%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.9%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.7%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 36.3%
Latin America 34.4%
Caribbean 16.9%
Cuba 0.7%
Jamaica 2.3%
Other Caribbean 13.9%
Central America 9.9%
Mexico 5.7%
El Salvador 1.0%
Other Central America 3.1%
South America 7.7%
Brazil 1.6%
Colombia 1.3%
Other South America 4.8%
Northern America 1.9%
Canada 1.9%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 20.3%
1980-1989 17.6%
1990-1999 23.7%
Since 2000 38.4%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 508,291
Born in Africa 25,413
Born in Asia 182,967
Born in Europe 182,667
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 99,514
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 15,543
Cat28 2,178
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 5.0%
Born in Asia 36.0%
Born in Europe 35.9%
Born in Latin America 19.6%
Born in Northern America 3.1%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 355,608
Born in Africa 8,748
Born in Asia 102,930
Born in Europe 186,913
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 42,202
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 13,293
Cat21 1,522
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.5%
Born in Asia 28.9%
Born in Europe 52.6%
Born in Latin America 11.9%
Born in Northern America 3.7%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 978,173
Naturalized citizens 552,582
Noncitizens 425,591
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 552,582
Before 1990 89,228
1990-1999 75,475
2000-2009 129,809
2010-2014 88,815
Since 2015 169,255
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 56.5%
Noncitizens 43.5%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 16.1%
1980-1989 13.7%
1990-1999 23.5%
2000-2009 16.1%
Since 2010 30.6%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 508,291
Naturalized citizens 257,339
Noncitizens 250,952
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 50.6%
Noncitizens 49.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 369,316
Naturalized citizens 218,209
Noncitizens 151,107
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 59.1%
Noncitizens 40.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 287,696
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 21,968
% married among women who gave birth
80.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
19.7%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 2,594,271
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 127,574
% married among women who gave birth 70.7%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 29.3%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.84
Average family size 3.34
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.33
Average family size 2.95
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.

 
Children under age 18 with 2,494,579
Only native parent(s)
2,117,720
One or more foreign-born parents
376,859

Child is native

321,379

Child is foreign born

55,480
Children under age 6 with 769,787
Only native parent(s)
651,913
One or more foreign-born parents
117,874

Child is native

111,623

Child is foreign born

6,251
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,724,792
Only native parent(s)
1,465,807
One or more foreign-born parents
258,985

Child is native

209,756

Child is foreign born

49,229
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

821,067
Only native parents 680,841
One or more foreign-born parents 140,226
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 84.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.1%
Child is native 12.9%
Child is foreign born 2.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 84.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.3%
Child is native 14.5%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.0%
Child is native 12.2%
Child is foreign born 2.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 82.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 17.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,798,340
Only native parent(s) 2,618,612
One or more foreign-born parents 179,728
Child is native 141,073
Child is foreign born 38,655
Children under age 6 with 853,275
Only native parent(s) 794,028
One or more foreign-born parents 59,247
Child is native 53,971
Child is foreign born 5,276
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,945,065
Only native parent(s) 1,824,584
One or more foreign-born parents 120,481
Child is native 87,102
Child is foreign born 33,379
Children in Low-Income Families* 937,975
Only native parents 870,983
One or more foreign-born parents 66,992
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.4%
Child is native 5.0%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.9%
Child is native 6.3%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.2%
Child is native 4.5%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 92.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,694,177
Only native parent(s) 2,569,158
One or more foreign-born parents 125,019
Child is native 102,245
Child is foreign born 22,774
Children under age 6 with 923,967
Only native parent(s) 883,412
One or more foreign-born parents 40,555
Child is native 37,445
Child is foreign born 3,110
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,770,210
Only native parent(s) 1,685,746
One or more foreign-born parents 84,464
Child is native 64,800
Child is foreign born 19,664
Children in Low-Income Families* 946,718
Only native parents 906,706
One or more foreign-born parents 40,012
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.6%
Child is native 3.8%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.4%
Child is native 4.1%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.8%
Child is native 3.7%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 95.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.2%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2022 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, click here. For ACS methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Matthew Sobek, Daniel Backman, Annie Chen, Grace Cooper, Stephanie Richards, Renae Rogers, and Megan Schouweiler. IPUMS USA: Version 14.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2023. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V14.0​.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • Race and Hispanic origin: In preparation for the 2020 Decennial Census, the Census Bureau has made some improvements and changes in how the respondents were asked about their race and Hispanic origin on the 2020 decennial Census form. The goal was to achieve a more accurate portrait of how U.S. residents self-identify. The same changes in the questionnaire design were implemented in the subsequent ACS as well. Note that the racial composition of the U.S. population in the current ACS looks different from pre-2020 data. For instance, the proportion of people who reported “two or more races” has increased, while the proportion of “white alone” decreased, reflecting both the growth of a more racially diverse population and the changes in the questionnaire design. Race and Hispanic origin comparisons between the current ACS and pre-2020 data should be made with caution, taking into account the changes in the questionnaire design. For more details, visit the Census Bureau’s Resource Library.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children: The data here include children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau has included children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.