E.g., 06/26/2020
E.g., 06/26/2020

State Demographics Data - PA

Pennsylvania

Demographics & Social
2018
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 922,585
% Foreign Born 7.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 81.5%
% change: 1990-2000 37.6%
Race (%)  
One race 97.2%
White
39.9%
Black or African American
14.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.3%
Asian
33.8%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.2%
Other race
8.7%
Two or more races 2.8%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 219,861
% Latino 23.8%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.0%
5-17 6.7%
18-64 77.0%
65 and older 15.4%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

42.7
Gender (% female) 52.2%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 25.4%
Married 59.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 15.2%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 11,884,475
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 0.9%
% change: 1990-2000 2.3%
Race (%)  
One race 97.4%
White 83.2%
Black or African American 10.9%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 1.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 1.9%
Two or more races 2.6%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 754,902
% Latino 6.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 5.8%
5-17 15.9%
18-64 59.9%
65 and older 18.4%
Median Age 40.6
Gender (% female) 50.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 34.4%
Married 47.1%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.5%
Foreign Born
Number 508,291
% Foreign Born 4.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 11,772,763
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 369,316
% Foreign Born 3.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 11,512,327
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

922,561
Born in Africa 84,474
Born in Asia 357,601
Born in Europe 170,130
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 289,975
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 15,911
Born in Oceania 4,470
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

922,561
Europe 170,130
Northern Europe 27,163
United Kingdom
19,037
Ireland
5,503
Other Northern Europe
2,623
Western Europe 28,006
France
3,016
Germany
19,937
Other Western Europe
5,053
Southern Europe 29,554
Italy
18,147
Portugal
3,835
Other Southern Europe
7,572
Eastern Europe 85,153
Poland
12,618
Russia
12,865
Other Eastern Europe
59,670
Other Europe (no country specified) 254
Asia 357,601
Eastern Asia 112,497
China
80,318

China, excluding Taiwan

73,422

Taiwan

6,896
Japan
3,865
Korea
28,314
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 138,358
India
93,706
Iran
5,499
Other South Central Asia
39,153
Southeastern Asia 78,079
Philippines
20,157
Vietnam
32,339
Other Southeastern Asia
25,583
Western Asia 27,076
Israel
3,159
Lebanon
2,700
Other Western Asia
21,217
Other Asia (no country specified) 1,591
Africa 84,474
Eastern Africa 15,316
Northern Africa
15,018
Western Africa
40,858
Middle and Southern Africa
7,192
Other Africa (no country specified)
6,090
Oceania 4,470
Australia and New Zealand subregion 3,249
Oceania (no country specified) 1,221
Americas 305,886
Latin America 289,975
Caribbean
142,763

Cuba

8,724

Jamaica

22,715

Other Caribbean

111,324
Central America
88,352

Mexico

54,404

El Salvador

8,388

Other Central America

25,560
South America
58,860

Brazil

11,858

Colombia

14,975

Other South America

32,027
Northern America 15,911
Canada
15,461
Other Northern America
450
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 227,424
1990-1999 172,831
2000-2009 242,583
Since 2010 279,747
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 9.2%
Born in Asia 38.8%
Born in Europe 18.4%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 31.4%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.7%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 18.4%
Northern Europe 2.9%
United Kingdom 2.1%
Ireland 0.6%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 3.0%
France 0.3%
Germany 2.2%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 3.2%
Italy 2.0%
Portugal 0.4%
Other Southern Europe 0.8%
Eastern Europe 9.2%
Poland 1.4%
Russia 1.4%
Other Eastern Europe 6.5%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 38.8%
Eastern Asia 12.2%
China 8.7%
China, excluding Taiwan 8.0%
Taiwan 0.7%
Japan 0.4%
Korea 3.1%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 15.0%
India 10.2%
Iran 0.6%
Other South Central Asia 4.2%
Southeastern Asia 8.5%
Philippines 2.2%
Vietnam 3.5%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.8%
Western Asia 2.9%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 2.3%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.2%
Africa 9.2%
Eastern Africa 1.7%
Northern Africa 1.6%
Western Africa 4.4%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.8%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.7%
Oceania 0.5%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.4%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 33.2%
Latin America 31.4%
Caribbean 15.5%
Cuba 0.9%
Jamaica 2.5%
Other Caribbean 12.1%
Central America 9.6%
Mexico 5.9%
El Salvador 0.9%
Other Central America 2.8%
South America 6.4%
Brazil 1.3%
Colombia 1.6%
Other South America 3.5%
Northern America 1.7%
Canada 1.7%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 24.7%
1980-1989 18.7%
1990-1999 26.3%
Since 2000 30.3%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 508,291
Born in Africa 25,413
Born in Asia 182,967
Born in Europe 182,667
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 99,514
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 15,543
Cat28 2,178
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 5.0%
Born in Asia 36.0%
Born in Europe 35.9%
Born in Latin America 19.6%
Born in Northern America 3.1%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 355,608
Born in Africa 8,748
Born in Asia 102,930
Born in Europe 186,913
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 42,202
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 13,293
Cat21 1,522
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.5%
Born in Asia 28.9%
Born in Europe 52.6%
Born in Latin America 11.9%
Born in Northern America 3.7%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 922,585
Naturalized citizens 496,501
Noncitizens 426,084
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 496,501
Before 1990 100,306
1990-1999 81,237
2000-2009 155,379
2010-2014 79,445
Since 2015 80,134
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 53.8%
Noncitizens 46.2%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 20.2%
1980-1989 16.4%
1990-1999 31.3%
2000-2009 16.0%
Since 2010 16.1%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 508,291
Naturalized citizens 257,339
Noncitizens 250,952
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 50.6%
Noncitizens 49.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 369,316
Naturalized citizens 218,209
Noncitizens 151,107
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 59.1%
Noncitizens 40.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 283,462
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 20,948
% married among women who gave birth
76.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
23.7%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 2,587,673
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 126,881
% married among women who gave birth 63.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 36.4%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 3
U.S. Born
Average household size 2
Average family size 3
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 2,514,494
Only native parent(s)
2,160,809
One or more foreign-born parents
353,685

Child is native

297,642

Child is foreign born

56,043
Children under age 6 with 806,285
Only native parent(s)
685,176
One or more foreign-born parents
121,109

Child is native

109,870

Child is foreign born

11,239
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,708,209
Only native parent(s)
1,475,633
One or more foreign-born parents
232,576

Child is native

187,772

Child is foreign born

44,804
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

892,268
Only native parents 738,543
One or more foreign-born parents 153,725
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.1%
Child is native 11.8%
Child is foreign born 2.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.0%
Child is native 13.6%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.6%
Child is native 11.0%
Child is foreign born 2.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 82.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 17.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,798,340
Only native parent(s) 2,618,612
One or more foreign-born parents 179,728
Child is native 141,073
Child is foreign born 38,655
Children under age 6 with 853,275
Only native parent(s) 794,028
One or more foreign-born parents 59,247
Child is native 53,971
Child is foreign born 5,276
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,945,065
Only native parent(s) 1,824,584
One or more foreign-born parents 120,481
Child is native 87,102
Child is foreign born 33,379
Children in Low-Income Families* 937,975
Only native parents 870,983
One or more foreign-born parents 66,992
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.4%
Child is native 5.0%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.9%
Child is native 6.3%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.2%
Child is native 4.5%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 92.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,694,177
Only native parent(s) 2,569,158
One or more foreign-born parents 125,019
Child is native 102,245
Child is foreign born 22,774
Children under age 6 with 923,967
Only native parent(s) 883,412
One or more foreign-born parents 40,555
Child is native 37,445
Child is foreign born 3,110
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,770,210
Only native parent(s) 1,685,746
One or more foreign-born parents 84,464
Child is native 64,800
Child is foreign born 19,664
Children in Low-Income Families* 946,718
Only native parents 906,706
One or more foreign-born parents 40,012
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.6%
Child is native 3.8%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.4%
Child is native 4.1%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.8%
Child is native 3.7%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 95.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.2%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.