E.g., 06/14/2024
E.g., 06/14/2024
State Demographics Data - NM
 

New Mexico

Demographics & Social
2022
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 196,873
% Foreign Born 9.3%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2022 31.6%
% change: 1990-2000 85.8%
Race (%)  
One race 66.5%
White
15.8%
Black or African American
2.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native
1.3%
Asian
12.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.2%
Other race
34.7%
Two or more races 33.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 144,241
% Latino 73.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.6%
5-17 3.6%
18-64 77.6%
65 and older 18.2%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

47.9
Gender (% female) 52.1%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 21.8%
Married 61.1%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.1%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 1,916,471
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 14.8%
% change: 1990-2000 16.4%
Race (%)  
One race 75.6%
White 49.5%
Black or African American 2.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native 10.0%
Asian 0.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 13.1%
Two or more races 24.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 915,626
% Latino 47.8%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 5.4%
5-17 17.9%
18-64 57.4%
65 and older 19.2%
Median Age 38
Gender (% female) 50.2%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 38.6%
Married 40.6%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 20.8%
Foreign Born
Number 149,606
% Foreign Born 8.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 1,669,440
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 80,514
% Foreign Born 5.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 1,434,555
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

196,873
Born in Africa 3,497
Born in Asia 30,544
Born in Europe 14,635
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 145,001
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,337
Born in Oceania 859
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

196,873
Europe 14,635
Northern Europe 3,982
United Kingdom
3,169
Ireland
291
Other Northern Europe
522
Western Europe 4,486
France
695
Germany
2,621
Other Western Europe
1,170
Southern Europe 1,859
Italy
622
Portugal
164
Other Southern Europe
1,073
Eastern Europe 4,308
Poland
708
Russia
1,062
Other Eastern Europe
2,538
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 30,544
Eastern Asia 6,150
China
2,414

China, excluding Taiwan

2,056

Taiwan

358
Japan
2,142
Korea
1,594
Other Eastern Asia
N
South Central Asia 8,834
India
3,885
Iran
813
Other South Central Asia
4,136
Southeastern Asia 11,995
Philippines
6,904
Vietnam
4,205
Other Southeastern Asia
886
Western Asia 3,424
Israel
496
Lebanon
147
Other Western Asia
2,781
Other Asia (no country specified) 141
Africa 3,497
Eastern Africa 2,009
Northern Africa 75
Western Africa 1,066
Middle and Southern Africa 275
Other Africa (no country specified) 72
Oceania 859
Australia and New Zealand subregion 539
Oceania (no country specified) 320
Americas 147,338
Latin America 145,001
Caribbean
6,390

Cuba

5,362

Jamaica

221

Other Caribbean

807
Central America
132,669

Mexico

126,532

El Salvador

2,721

Other Central America

3,416
South America
5,942

Brazil

562

Colombia

1,290

Other South America

4,090
Northern America 2,337
Canada
2,337
Other Northern America
N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 62,543
1990-1999 39,172
2000-2009 48,609
Since 2010 46,549
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 1.8%
Born in Asia 15.5%
Born in Europe 7.4%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 73.7%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.2%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 7.4%
Northern Europe 2.0%
United Kingdom 1.6%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 2.3%
France 0.4%
Germany 1.3%
Other Western Europe 0.6%
Southern Europe 0.9%
Italy 0.3%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 0.5%
Eastern Europe 2.2%
Poland 0.4%
Russia 0.5%
Other Eastern Europe 1.3%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 15.5%
Eastern Asia 3.1%
China 1.2%
China, excluding Taiwan 1.0%
Taiwan 0.2%
Japan 1.1%
Korea 0.8%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 4.5%
India 2.0%
Iran 0.4%
Other South Central Asia 2.1%
Southeastern Asia 6.1%
Philippines 3.5%
Vietnam 2.1%
Other Southeastern Asia 0.5%
Western Asia 1.7%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 1.4%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 1.8%
Eastern Africa 1.0%
Northern Africa N
Western Africa 0.5%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.1%
Other Africa (no country specified) N
Oceania 0.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.2%
Americas 74.8%
Latin America 73.7%
Caribbean 3.2%
Cuba 2.7%
Jamaica 0.1%
Other Caribbean 0.4%
Central America 67.4%
Mexico 64.3%
El Salvador 1.4%
Other Central America 1.7%
South America 3.0%
Brazil 0.3%
Colombia 0.7%
Other South America 2.1%
Northern America 1.2%
Canada 1.2%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 31.8%
1980-1989 19.9%
1990-1999 24.7%
Since 2000 23.6%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 149,606
Born in Africa 1,118
Born in Asia 14,330
Born in Europe 15,286
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 114,858
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,364
Cat28 650
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.7%
Born in Asia 9.6%
Born in Europe 10.2%
Born in Latin America 76.8%
Born in Northern America 2.2%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 78,212
Born in Africa 781
Born in Asia 9,569
Born in Europe 11,331
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 53,967
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,235
Cat21 329
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.0%
Born in Asia 12.2%
Born in Europe 14.5%
Born in Latin America 69.0%
Born in Northern America 2.9%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 196,873
Naturalized citizens 86,465
Noncitizens 110,408
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 86,465
Before 1990 18,741
1990-1999 15,166
2000-2009 18,839
2010-2014 11,568
Since 2015 22,151
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 43.9%
Noncitizens 56.1%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 21.7%
1980-1989 17.5%
1990-1999 21.8%
2000-2009 13.4%
Since 2010 25.6%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 149,606
Naturalized citizens 52,103
Noncitizens 97,503
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 34.8%
Noncitizens 65.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 80,514
Naturalized citizens 31,915
Noncitizens 48,599
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 39.6%
Noncitizens 60.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 56,101
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 3,819
% married among women who gave birth
82.7%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
17.3%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 422,379
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 20,862
% married among women who gave birth 62.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 37.7%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.93
Average family size 3.47
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.38
Average family size 3.07
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.

 
Children under age 18 with 424,070
Only native parent(s)
349,205
One or more foreign-born parents
74,865

Child is native

68,301

Child is foreign born

6,564
Children under age 6 with 126,161
Only native parent(s)
105,504
One or more foreign-born parents
20,657

Child is native

19,561

Child is foreign born

1,096
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 297,909
Only native parent(s)
243,701
One or more foreign-born parents
54,208

Child is native

48,740

Child is foreign born

5,468
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

198,680
Only native parents 156,323
One or more foreign-born parents 42,357
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 82.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 17.7%
Child is native 16.1%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 83.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.4%
Child is native 15.5%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 81.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.2%
Child is native 16.4%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 78.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 21.3%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 480,691
Only native parent(s) 396,926
One or more foreign-born parents 83,765
Child is native 67,417
Child is foreign born 16,348
Children under age 6 with 147,040
Only native parent(s) 119,898
One or more foreign-born parents 27,142
Child is native 24,742
Child is foreign born 2,400
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 333,651
Only native parent(s) 277,028
One or more foreign-born parents 56,623
Child is native 42,675
Child is foreign born 13,948
Children in Low-Income Families* 247,086
Only native parents 188,317
One or more foreign-born parents 58,769
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 82.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 17.4%
Child is native 14.0%
Child is foreign born 3.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 81.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.5%
Child is native 16.8%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 83.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 17.0%
Child is native 12.8%
Child is foreign born 4.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 76.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 425,685
Only native parent(s) 374,157
One or more foreign-born parents 51,528
Child is native 42,489
Child is foreign born 9,039
Children under age 6 with 145,509
Only native parent(s) 128,751
One or more foreign-born parents 16,758
Child is native 15,405
Child is foreign born 1,353
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 280,176
Only native parent(s) 245,406
One or more foreign-born parents 34,770
Child is native 27,084
Child is foreign born 7,686
Children in Low-Income Families* 231,099
Only native parents 194,142
One or more foreign-born parents 36,957
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.1%
Child is native 10.0%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.5%
Child is native 10.6%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.4%
Child is native 9.7%
Child is foreign born 2.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 84.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.0%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2022 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, click here. For ACS methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Matthew Sobek, Daniel Backman, Annie Chen, Grace Cooper, Stephanie Richards, Renae Rogers, and Megan Schouweiler. IPUMS USA: Version 14.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2023. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V14.0​.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • Race and Hispanic origin: In preparation for the 2020 Decennial Census, the Census Bureau has made some improvements and changes in how the respondents were asked about their race and Hispanic origin on the 2020 decennial Census form. The goal was to achieve a more accurate portrait of how U.S. residents self-identify. The same changes in the questionnaire design were implemented in the subsequent ACS as well. Note that the racial composition of the U.S. population in the current ACS looks different from pre-2020 data. For instance, the proportion of people who reported “two or more races” has increased, while the proportion of “white alone” decreased, reflecting both the growth of a more racially diverse population and the changes in the questionnaire design. Race and Hispanic origin comparisons between the current ACS and pre-2020 data should be made with caution, taking into account the changes in the questionnaire design. For more details, visit the Census Bureau’s Resource Library.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children: The data here include children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau has included children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.