E.g., 08/04/2021
E.g., 08/04/2021
State Demographics Data - NM
 

New Mexico

Demographics & Social
2019
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 201,842
% Foreign Born 9.6%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 34.9%
% change: 1990-2000 85.8%
Race (%)  
One race 98.6%
White
62.3%
Black or African American
2.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.6%
Asian
12.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
20.7%
Two or more races 1.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 150,003
% Latino 74.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.4%
5-17 3.5%
18-64 79.8%
65 and older 16.3%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

46.2
Gender (% female) 52.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 22.0%
Married 58.3%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.7%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 1,894,987
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 13.5%
% change: 1990-2000 16.4%
Race (%)  
One race 96.3%
White 75.2%
Black or African American 2.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native 10.5%
Asian 0.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 7.8%
Two or more races 3.7%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 882,947
% Latino 46.6%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.1%
5-17 18.5%
18-64 57.2%
65 and older 18.2%
Median Age 37.3
Gender (% female) 50.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 37.7%
Married 40.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 21.8%
Foreign Born
Number 149,606
% Foreign Born 8.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 1,669,440
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 80,514
% Foreign Born 5.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 1,434,555
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

201,842
Born in Africa 4,757
Born in Asia 31,022
Born in Europe 11,869
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 151,672
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1,537
Born in Oceania 985
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

201,842
Europe 11,869
Northern Europe 3,986
United Kingdom
3,337
Ireland
138
Other Northern Europe
511
Western Europe 3,555
France
473
Germany
2,674
Other Western Europe
408
Southern Europe 1,587
Italy
802
Portugal
N
Other Southern Europe
785
Eastern Europe 2,699
Poland
310
Russia
176
Other Eastern Europe
2,213
Other Europe (no country specified) 42
Asia 31,022
Eastern Asia 7,439
China
4,497

China, excluding Taiwan

3,928

Taiwan

569
Japan
1,238
Korea
1,704
Other Eastern Asia
N
South Central Asia 7,531
India
3,850
Iran
2,271
Other South Central Asia
1,410
Southeastern Asia 14,296
Philippines
6,260
Vietnam
6,134
Other Southeastern Asia
1,902
Western Asia 1,756
Israel
N
Lebanon
362
Other Western Asia
1,394
Other Asia (no country specified) N
Africa 4,757
Eastern Africa 824
Northern Africa
398
Western Africa
1,474
Middle and Southern Africa
1,896
Other Africa (no country specified)
165
Oceania 985
Australia and New Zealand subregion 666
Oceania (no country specified) 319
Americas 153,209
Latin America 151,672
Caribbean
4,724

Cuba

3,356

Jamaica

56

Other Caribbean

1,312
Central America
140,908

Mexico

135,154

El Salvador

1,501

Other Central America

4,253
South America
6,040

Brazil

484

Colombia

1,351

Other South America

4,205
Northern America 1,537
Canada
1,537
Other Northern America
N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 67,258
1990-1999 40,409
2000-2009 53,612
Since 2010 40,563
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 2.4%
Born in Asia 15.4%
Born in Europe 5.9%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 75.1%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 0.8%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 5.9%
Northern Europe 2.0%
United Kingdom 1.7%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 1.8%
France 0.2%
Germany 1.3%
Other Western Europe 0.2%
Southern Europe 0.8%
Italy 0.4%
Portugal N
Other Southern Europe 0.4%
Eastern Europe 1.3%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 0.1%
Other Eastern Europe 1.1%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 15.4%
Eastern Asia 3.7%
China 2.2%
China, excluding Taiwan 1.9%
Taiwan 0.3%
Japan 0.6%
Korea 0.8%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 3.7%
India 1.9%
Iran 1.1%
Other South Central Asia 0.7%
Southeastern Asia 7.1%
Philippines 3.1%
Vietnam 3.0%
Other Southeastern Asia 0.9%
Western Asia 0.9%
Israel N
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 0.7%
Other Asia (no country specified) N
Africa 2.4%
Eastern Africa 0.4%
Northern Africa 0.2%
Western Africa 0.7%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.9%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.1%
Oceania 0.5%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.2%
Americas 75.9%
Latin America 75.1%
Caribbean 2.3%
Cuba 1.7%
Jamaica N
Other Caribbean 0.7%
Central America 69.8%
Mexico 67.0%
El Salvador 0.7%
Other Central America 2.1%
South America 3.0%
Brazil 0.2%
Colombia 0.7%
Other South America 2.1%
Northern America 0.8%
Canada 0.8%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 33.3%
1980-1989 20.0%
1990-1999 26.6%
Since 2000 20.1%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 149,606
Born in Africa 1,118
Born in Asia 14,330
Born in Europe 15,286
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 114,858
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,364
Cat28 650
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.7%
Born in Asia 9.6%
Born in Europe 10.2%
Born in Latin America 76.8%
Born in Northern America 2.2%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 78,212
Born in Africa 781
Born in Asia 9,569
Born in Europe 11,331
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 53,967
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,235
Cat21 329
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.0%
Born in Asia 12.2%
Born in Europe 14.5%
Born in Latin America 69.0%
Born in Northern America 2.9%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 201,842
Naturalized citizens 95,115
Noncitizens 106,727
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 95,115
Before 1990 21,416
1990-1999 12,023
2000-2009 25,285
2010-2014 15,104
Since 2015 21,287
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 47.1%
Noncitizens 52.9%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 22.5%
1980-1989 12.6%
1990-1999 26.6%
2000-2009 15.9%
Since 2010 22.4%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 149,606
Naturalized citizens 52,103
Noncitizens 97,503
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 34.8%
Noncitizens 65.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 80,514
Naturalized citizens 31,915
Noncitizens 48,599
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 39.6%
Noncitizens 60.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 58,549
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 4,309
% married among women who gave birth
77.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
23.0%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 409,365
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 22,636
% married among women who gave birth 47.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 52.6%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.06
Average family size 3.72
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.53
Average family size 3.22
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 441,408
Only native parent(s)
353,550
One or more foreign-born parents
87,858

Child is native

80,968

Child is foreign born

6,890
Children under age 6 with 135,114
Only native parent(s)
110,075
One or more foreign-born parents
25,039

Child is native

24,263

Child is foreign born

776
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 306,294
Only native parent(s)
243,475
One or more foreign-born parents
62,819

Child is native

56,705

Child is foreign born

6,114
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

221,884
Only native parents 171,423
One or more foreign-born parents 50,461
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.9%
Child is native 18.3%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 81.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.5%
Child is native 18.0%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 79.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.5%
Child is native 18.5%
Child is foreign born 2.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 77.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.7%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 480,691
Only native parent(s) 396,926
One or more foreign-born parents 83,765
Child is native 67,417
Child is foreign born 16,348
Children under age 6 with 147,040
Only native parent(s) 119,898
One or more foreign-born parents 27,142
Child is native 24,742
Child is foreign born 2,400
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 333,651
Only native parent(s) 277,028
One or more foreign-born parents 56,623
Child is native 42,675
Child is foreign born 13,948
Children in Low-Income Families* 247,086
Only native parents 188,317
One or more foreign-born parents 58,769
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 82.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 17.4%
Child is native 14.0%
Child is foreign born 3.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 81.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.5%
Child is native 16.8%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 83.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 17.0%
Child is native 12.8%
Child is foreign born 4.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 76.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 425,685
Only native parent(s) 374,157
One or more foreign-born parents 51,528
Child is native 42,489
Child is foreign born 9,039
Children under age 6 with 145,509
Only native parent(s) 128,751
One or more foreign-born parents 16,758
Child is native 15,405
Child is foreign born 1,353
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 280,176
Only native parent(s) 245,406
One or more foreign-born parents 34,770
Child is native 27,084
Child is foreign born 7,686
Children in Low-Income Families* 231,099
Only native parents 194,142
One or more foreign-born parents 36,957
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.1%
Child is native 10.0%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.5%
Child is native 10.6%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.4%
Child is native 9.7%
Child is foreign born 2.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 84.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.0%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.