E.g., 04/06/2020
E.g., 04/06/2020

State Demographics Data - NM

New Mexico

Demographics & Social
2018
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 198,522
% Foreign Born 9.5%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 32.7%
% change: 1990-2000 85.8%
Race (%)  
One race 98.5%
White
70.9%
Black or African American
2.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.3%
Asian
11.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
13.6%
Two or more races 1.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 149,887
% Latino 75.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.4%
5-17 5.1%
18-64 79.7%
65 and older 14.8%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

45.5
Gender (% female) 49.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 21.8%
Married 60.1%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.1%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 1,896,906
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 13.6%
% change: 1990-2000 16.4%
Race (%)  
One race 96.6%
White 76.9%
Black or African American 2.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native 10.5%
Asian 0.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 6.2%
Two or more races 3.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 879,342
% Latino 46.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.2%
5-17 18.5%
18-64 57.4%
65 and older 17.9%
Median Age 36.9
Gender (% female) 50.5%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 36.6%
Married 42.6%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 20.9%
Foreign Born
Number 149,606
% Foreign Born 8.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 1,669,440
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 80,514
% Foreign Born 5.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 1,434,555
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

198,522
Born in Africa 4,734
Born in Asia 27,004
Born in Europe 12,246
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 151,368
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,403
Born in Oceania 767
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

198,522
Europe 12,246
Northern Europe 3,971
United Kingdom
3,606
Ireland
45
Other Northern Europe
320
Western Europe 5,046
France
472
Germany
3,158
Other Western Europe
1,416
Southern Europe 874
Italy
262
Portugal
123
Other Southern Europe
489
Eastern Europe 2,355
Poland
576
Russia
738
Other Eastern Europe
1,041
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 27,004
Eastern Asia 6,456
China
3,742

China, excluding Taiwan

3,095

Taiwan

647
Japan
520
Korea
2,194
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 6,122
India
3,530
Iran
811
Other South Central Asia
1,781
Southeastern Asia 10,691
Philippines
4,830
Vietnam
4,461
Other Southeastern Asia
1,400
Western Asia 3,566
Israel
78
Lebanon
324
Other Western Asia
3,164
Other Asia (no country specified) 169
Africa 4,734
Eastern Africa 1,262
Northern Africa
169
Western Africa
1,018
Middle and Southern Africa
1,485
Other Africa (no country specified)
800
Oceania 767
Australia and New Zealand subregion 513
Oceania (no country specified) 254
Americas 153,771
Latin America 151,368
Caribbean
3,435

Cuba

2,230

Jamaica

358

Other Caribbean

847
Central America
144,022

Mexico

137,098

El Salvador

1,393

Other Central America

5,531
South America
3,911

Brazil

444

Colombia

1,156

Other South America

2,311
Northern America 2,403
Canada
2,403
Other Northern America
0
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 69,340
1990-1999 42,686
2000-2009 50,591
Since 2010 35,905
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 2.4%
Born in Asia 13.6%
Born in Europe 6.2%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 76.2%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.2%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 6.2%
Northern Europe 2.0%
United Kingdom 1.8%
Ireland 0.0%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 2.5%
France 0.2%
Germany 1.6%
Other Western Europe 0.7%
Southern Europe 0.4%
Italy 0.1%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 0.2%
Eastern Europe 1.2%
Poland 0.3%
Russia 0.4%
Other Eastern Europe 0.5%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 13.6%
Eastern Asia 3.3%
China 1.9%
China, excluding Taiwan 1.6%
Taiwan 0.3%
Japan 0.3%
Korea 1.1%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 3.1%
India 1.8%
Iran 0.4%
Other South Central Asia 0.9%
Southeastern Asia 5.4%
Philippines 2.4%
Vietnam 2.2%
Other Southeastern Asia 0.7%
Western Asia 1.8%
Israel 0.0%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 1.6%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 2.4%
Eastern Africa 0.6%
Northern Africa 0.1%
Western Africa 0.5%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.7%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.4%
Oceania 0.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 77.5%
Latin America 76.2%
Caribbean 1.7%
Cuba 1.1%
Jamaica 0.2%
Other Caribbean 0.4%
Central America 72.5%
Mexico 69.1%
El Salvador 0.7%
Other Central America 2.8%
South America 2.0%
Brazil 0.2%
Colombia 0.6%
Other South America 1.2%
Northern America 1.2%
Canada 1.2%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 34.9%
1980-1989 21.5%
1990-1999 25.5%
Since 2000 18.1%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 149,606
Born in Africa 1,118
Born in Asia 14,330
Born in Europe 15,286
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 114,858
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,364
Cat28 650
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.7%
Born in Asia 9.6%
Born in Europe 10.2%
Born in Latin America 76.8%
Born in Northern America 2.2%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 78,212
Born in Africa 781
Born in Asia 9,569
Born in Europe 11,331
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 53,967
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,235
Cat21 329
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.0%
Born in Asia 12.2%
Born in Europe 14.5%
Born in Latin America 69.0%
Born in Northern America 2.9%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 198,522
Naturalized citizens 81,684
Noncitizens 116,838
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 81,684
Before 1990 18,625
1990-1999 18,467
2000-2009 18,894
2010-2014 11,051
Since 2015 14,647
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 41.1%
Noncitizens 58.9%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 22.8%
1980-1989 22.6%
1990-1999 23.1%
2000-2009 13.5%
Since 2010 17.9%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 149,606
Naturalized citizens 52,103
Noncitizens 97,503
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 34.8%
Noncitizens 65.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 80,514
Naturalized citizens 31,915
Noncitizens 48,599
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 39.6%
Noncitizens 60.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 55,835
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 3,187
% married among women who gave birth
78.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
22.0%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 413,649
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 20,797
% married among women who gave birth 43.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 56.1%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 4
U.S. Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 3
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 444,743
Only native parent(s)
354,935
One or more foreign-born parents
89,808

Child is native

81,337

Child is foreign born

8,471
Children under age 6 with 134,674
Only native parent(s)
111,277
One or more foreign-born parents
23,397

Child is native

21,824

Child is foreign born

1,573
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 310,069
Only native parent(s)
243,658
One or more foreign-born parents
66,411

Child is native

59,513

Child is foreign born

6,898
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

225,898
Only native parents 170,610
One or more foreign-born parents 55,288
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 79.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.2%
Child is native 18.3%
Child is foreign born 1.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 82.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 17.4%
Child is native 16.2%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 78.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 21.4%
Child is native 19.2%
Child is foreign born 2.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 75.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 480,691
Only native parent(s) 396,926
One or more foreign-born parents 83,765
Child is native 67,417
Child is foreign born 16,348
Children under age 6 with 147,040
Only native parent(s) 119,898
One or more foreign-born parents 27,142
Child is native 24,742
Child is foreign born 2,400
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 333,651
Only native parent(s) 277,028
One or more foreign-born parents 56,623
Child is native 42,675
Child is foreign born 13,948
Children in Low-Income Families* 247,086
Only native parents 188,317
One or more foreign-born parents 58,769
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 82.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 17.4%
Child is native 14.0%
Child is foreign born 3.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 81.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.5%
Child is native 16.8%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 83.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 17.0%
Child is native 12.8%
Child is foreign born 4.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 76.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 425,685
Only native parent(s) 374,157
One or more foreign-born parents 51,528
Child is native 42,489
Child is foreign born 9,039
Children under age 6 with 145,509
Only native parent(s) 128,751
One or more foreign-born parents 16,758
Child is native 15,405
Child is foreign born 1,353
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 280,176
Only native parent(s) 245,406
One or more foreign-born parents 34,770
Child is native 27,084
Child is foreign born 7,686
Children in Low-Income Families* 231,099
Only native parents 194,142
One or more foreign-born parents 36,957
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.1%
Child is native 10.0%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.5%
Child is native 10.6%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.4%
Child is native 9.7%
Child is foreign born 2.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 84.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.0%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.