E.g., 08/17/2018
E.g., 08/17/2018

State Demographics Data - MT

Montana

Demographics & Social
2016
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 21,893
% Foreign Born 2.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2016 33.5%
% change: 1990-2000 19.0%
Race (%)  
One race 97.1%
White
64.4%
Black or African American
1.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.6%
Asian
28.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
2.6%
Two or more races 2.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 2,178
% Latino 9.9%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.5%
5-17 7.9%
18-64 71.9%
65 and older 19.8%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

45.8
Gender (% female) 60.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 27.3%
Married 54.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.2%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 1,020,627
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 15.2%
% change: 1990-2000 12.8%
Race (%)  
One race 96.9%
White 89.5%
Black or African American 0.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native 6.5%
Asian 0.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.3%
Two or more races 3.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 34,912
% Latino 3.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.0%
5-17 16.2%
18-64 60.2%
65 and older 17.6%
Median Age 39.6
Gender (% female) 49.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 29.3%
Married 51.6%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.2%
Foreign Born
Number 16,396
% Foreign Born 1.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 885,799
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 13,779
% Foreign Born 1.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 785,286
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

21,893
Born in Africa 629
Born in Asia 7,435
Born in Europe 7,431
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 2,262
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,977
Born in Oceania 159
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Canada
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

21,893
Europe 7,431
Northern Europe 1,866
United Kingdom
980
Ireland
400
Other Northern Europe
486
Western Europe 2,865
France
262
Germany
1,804
Other Western Europe
799
Southern Europe 154
Italy
74
Portugal
0
Other Southern Europe
80
Eastern Europe 2,537
Poland
1,095
Russia
546
Other Eastern Europe
896
Other Europe (no country specified) 9
Asia 7,435
Eastern Asia 3,149
China
1,812

China, excluding Taiwan

1,661

Taiwan

151
Japan
615
Korea
722
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 761
India
27
Iran
202
Other South Central Asia
532
Southeastern Asia 2,482
Philippines
1,730
Vietnam
42
Other Southeastern Asia
710
Western Asia 1,043
Israel
0
Lebanon
0
Other Western Asia
1,043
Other Asia (no country specified) 0
Africa 629
Eastern Africa 296
Northern Africa
0
Western Africa
90
Middle and Southern Africa
243
Other Africa (no country specified)
0
Oceania 159
Australia and New Zealand subregion 159
Oceania (no country specified) 0
Americas 6,239
Latin America 2,262
Caribbean
233

Cuba

152

Jamaica

0

Other Caribbean

81
Central America
1,436

Mexico

685

El Salvador

0

Other Central America

751
South America
593

Brazil

130

Colombia

0

Other South America

463
Northern America 3,977
Canada
3,977
Other Northern America
0
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 7,718
1990-1999 5,237
2000-2009 3,659
Since 2010 5,279
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 2.9%
Born in Asia 34.0%
Born in Europe 33.9%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 10.3%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 18.2%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 20.00
Country #2 9.70%
Country #3 7.90
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 33.9%
Northern Europe 8.5%
United Kingdom 4.5%
Ireland 1.8%
Other Northern Europe 2.2%
Western Europe 13.1%
France 1.2%
Germany 8.2%
Other Western Europe 3.6%
Southern Europe 0.7%
Italy 0.3%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.4%
Eastern Europe 11.6%
Poland 5.0%
Russia 2.5%
Other Eastern Europe 4.1%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 34.0%
Eastern Asia 14.4%
China 8.3%
China, excluding Taiwan 7.6%
Taiwan 0.7%
Japan 2.8%
Korea 3.3%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 3.5%
India 0.1%
Iran 0.9%
Other South Central Asia 2.4%
Southeastern Asia 11.3%
Philippines 7.9%
Vietnam 0.2%
Other Southeastern Asia 3.2%
Western Asia 4.8%
Israel 0.0%
Lebanon 0.0%
Other Western Asia 4.8%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.0%
Africa 2.9%
Eastern Africa 1.4%
Northern Africa 0.0%
Western Africa 0.4%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.1%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.0%
Oceania 0.7%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.7%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 28.5%
Latin America 10.3%
Caribbean 1.1%
Cuba 0.7%
Jamaica 0.0%
Other Caribbean 0.4%
Central America 6.6%
Mexico 3.1%
El Salvador 0.0%
Other Central America 3.4%
South America 2.7%
Brazil 0.6%
Colombia 0.0%
Other South America 2.1%
Northern America 18.2%
Canada 18.2%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 35.3%
1980-1989 23.9%
1990-1999 16.7%
Since 2000 24.1%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 16,396
Born in Africa 184
Born in Asia 3,305
Born in Europe 6,525
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,565
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4,559
Cat28 258
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Canada
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 United Kingdom
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.1%
Born in Asia 20.2%
Born in Europe 39.8%
Born in Latin America 9.5%
Born in Northern America 27.8%
Born in Oceania 1.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 27.80
Country #2 10.70
Country #3 7.30
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 13,466
Born in Africa 79
Born in Asia 2,317
Born in Europe 5,909
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 957
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,936
Cat21 268
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Canada
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 United Kingdom
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.6%
Born in Asia 17.2%
Born in Europe 43.9%
Born in Latin America 7.1%
Born in Northern America 29.2%
Born in Oceania 2.0%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 28.80
Country #2 9.60%
Country #3 7.40%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 21,893
Naturalized citizens 11,585
Noncitizens 10,308
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 11,585
Before 1980 2,442
1980-1989 1,202
1990-1999 2,398
2000-2009 3,682
Since 2010 1,861
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 52.9%
Noncitizens 47.1%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 21.1%
1980-1989 10.4%
1990-1999 20.7%
2000-2009 31.8%
Since 2010 16.1%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 16,396
Naturalized citizens 9,482
Noncitizens 6,914
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 57.8%
Noncitizens 42.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 13,779
Naturalized citizens 8,621
Noncitizens 5,158
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 62.6%
Noncitizens 37.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 7,286
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 296
% married among women who gave birth
71.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
28.4%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 215,764
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 10,329
% married among women who gave birth 75.8%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 24.2%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.45
Average family size 3.17
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.41
Average family size 3.00
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 215,388
Only native parent(s)
207,936
One or more foreign-born parents
7,452

Child is native

7,009

Child is foreign born

443
Children under age 6 with 70,806
Only native parent(s)
67,876
One or more foreign-born parents
2,930

Child is native

2,833

Child is foreign born

97
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 144,582
Only native parent(s)
140,060
One or more foreign-born parents
4,522

Child is native

4,176

Child is foreign born

346
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

83,220
Only native parents 81,230
One or more foreign-born parents 1,990
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.5%
Child is native 3.3%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.1%
Child is native 4.0%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.1%
Child is native 2.9%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 97.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.4%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 222,666
Only native parent(s) 215,401
One or more foreign-born parents 7,265
Child is native 6,335
Child is foreign born 930
Children under age 6 with 65,518
Only native parent(s) 63,246
One or more foreign-born parents 2,272
Child is native 2,171
Child is foreign born 101
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 157,148
Only native parent(s) 152,155
One or more foreign-born parents 4,993
Child is native 4,164
Child is foreign born 829
Children in Low-Income Families* 103,512
Only native parents 99,654
One or more foreign-born parents 3,858
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.3%
Child is native 2.8%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.5%
Child is native 3.3%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.2%
Child is native 2.6%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 96.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.7%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 215,175
Only native parent(s) 210,093
One or more foreign-born parents 5,082
Child is native 4,776
Child is foreign born 306
Children under age 6 with 69,510
Only native parent(s) 67,937
One or more foreign-born parents 1,573
Child is native 1,494
Child is foreign born 79
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 145,665
Only native parent(s) 142,156
One or more foreign-born parents 3,509
Child is native 3,282
Child is foreign born 227
Children in Low-Income Families* 102,959
Only native parents 100,643
One or more foreign-born parents 2,316
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.4%
Child is native 2.2%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 2.1%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.4%
Child is native 2.3%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 97.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.2%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2016 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.