E.g., 10/16/2017
E.g., 10/16/2017

State Demographics Data - MT

Montana

Demographics & Social
2015
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 21,356
% Foreign Born 2.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 30.3%
% change: 1990-2000 19.0%
Race (%)  
One race 98.5%
White
63.1%
Black or African American
3.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native
2.5%
Asian
21.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
1.1%
Other race
6.9%
Two or more races 1.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 4,543
% Latino 21.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.2%
5-17 5.7%
18-64 71.5%
65 and older 22.6%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

45.2
Gender (% female) 55.2%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.7%
Married 54.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 21.0%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 1,011,593
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 14.2%
% change: 1990-2000 12.8%
Race (%)  
One race 97.3%
White 89.5%
Black or African American 0.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native 6.4%
Asian 0.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 0.6%
Two or more races 2.7%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 32,759
% Latino 3.2%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.0%
5-17 16.3%
18-64 60.6%
65 and older 17.2%
Median Age 39.6
Gender (% female) 49.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 29.3%
Married 50.6%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 20.2%
Foreign Born
Number 16,396
% Foreign Born 1.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 885,799
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 13,779
% Foreign Born 1.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 785,286
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

21,356
Born in Africa 946
Born in Asia 5,541
Born in Europe 4,863
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 4,625
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4,885
Born in Oceania 496
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Canada
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

21,356
Europe 4,863
Northern Europe 1,828
United Kingdom
1,360
Ireland
0
Other Northern Europe
468
Western Europe 1,749
France
20
Germany
1,322
Other Western Europe
407
Southern Europe 240
Italy
51
Portugal
0
Other Southern Europe
189
Eastern Europe 1,046
Poland
113
Russia
538
Other Eastern Europe
395
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 5,541
Eastern Asia 2,976
China
1,097

China, excluding Taiwan

1,060

Taiwan

37
Japan
729
Korea
1,150
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 364
India
111
Iran
0
Other South Central Asia
253
Southeastern Asia 1,527
Philippines
957
Vietnam
289
Other Southeastern Asia
281
Western Asia 674
Israel
14
Lebanon
150
Other Western Asia
510
Other Asia (no country specified) 0
Africa 946
Eastern Africa 149
Northern Africa
253
Western Africa
302
Middle and Southern Africa
227
Other Africa (no country specified)
15
Oceania 496
Australia and New Zealand subregion 255
Oceania (no country specified) 241
Americas 9,510
Latin America 4,625
Caribbean
465

Cuba

112

Jamaica

172

Other Caribbean

181
Central America
3,283

Mexico

2,755

El Salvador

82

Other Central America

446
South America
877

Brazil

80

Colombia

259

Other South America

538
Northern America 4,885
Canada
4,885
Other Northern America
0
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 8,657
1990-1999 4,111
2000-2009 4,086
Since 2010 4,502
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 4.4%
Born in Asia 25.9%
Born in Europe 22.8%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 21.7%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 22.9%
Born in Oceania 2.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 20.0%
Country #2 9.7%
Country #3 7.9%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 22.8%
Northern Europe 8.6%
United Kingdom 6.4%
Ireland 0.0%
Other Northern Europe 2.2%
Western Europe 8.2%
France 0.1%
Germany 6.2%
Other Western Europe 1.9%
Southern Europe 1.1%
Italy 0.2%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.9%
Eastern Europe 4.9%
Poland 0.5%
Russia 2.5%
Other Eastern Europe 1.8%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 25.9%
Eastern Asia 13.9%
China 5.1%
China, excluding Taiwan 5.0%
Taiwan 0.2%
Japan 3.4%
Korea 5.4%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 1.7%
India 0.5%
Iran 0.0%
Other South Central Asia 1.2%
Southeastern Asia 7.2%
Philippines 4.5%
Vietnam 1.4%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.3%
Western Asia 3.2%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.7%
Other Western Asia 2.4%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.0%
Africa 4.4%
Eastern Africa 0.7%
Northern Africa 1.2%
Western Africa 1.4%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.1%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.1%
Oceania 2.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 1.1%
Americas 44.5%
Latin America 21.7%
Caribbean 2.2%
Cuba 0.5%
Jamaica 0.8%
Other Caribbean 0.8%
Central America 15.4%
Mexico 12.9%
El Salvador 0.4%
Other Central America 2.1%
South America 4.1%
Brazil 0.4%
Colombia 1.2%
Other South America 2.5%
Northern America 22.9%
Canada 22.9%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 40.5%
1980-1989 19.2%
1990-1999 19.1%
Since 2000 21.1%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 16,396
Born in Africa 184
Born in Asia 3,305
Born in Europe 6,525
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,565
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4,559
Cat28 258
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Canada
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 United Kingdom
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.1%
Born in Asia 20.2%
Born in Europe 39.8%
Born in Latin America 9.5%
Born in Northern America 27.8%
Born in Oceania 1.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 27.8%
Country #2 10.7%
Country #3 7.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 13,466
Born in Africa 79
Born in Asia 2,317
Born in Europe 5,909
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 957
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,936
Cat21 268
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Canada
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 United Kingdom
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.6%
Born in Asia 17.2%
Born in Europe 43.9%
Born in Latin America 7.1%
Born in Northern America 29.2%
Born in Oceania 2.0%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 28.8%
Country #2 9.6%
Country #3 7.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 21,356
Naturalized citizens 11,373
Noncitizens 9,983
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 11,373
Before 1980 3,451
1980-1989 1,253
1990-1999 1,813
2000-2009 3,619
Since 2010 1,237
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 53.3%
Noncitizens 46.7%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 30.3%
1980-1989 11.0%
1990-1999 15.9%
2000-2009 31.8%
Since 2010 10.9%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 16,396
Naturalized citizens 9,482
Noncitizens 6,914
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 57.8%
Noncitizens 42.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 13,779
Naturalized citizens 8,621
Noncitizens 5,158
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 62.6%
Noncitizens 37.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 6,074
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 286
% married among women who gave birth
100.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
0.0%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 213,594
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 12,146
% married among women who gave birth 70.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 29.7%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.48
Average family size 3.23
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.41
Average family size 3.00
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 212,431
Only native parent(s)
205,057
One or more foreign-born parents
7,374

Child is native

6,975

Child is foreign born

399
Children under age 6 with 70,734
Only native parent(s)
68,376
One or more foreign-born parents
2,358

Child is native

2,335

Child is foreign born

23
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 141,697
Only native parent(s)
136,681
One or more foreign-born parents
5,016

Child is native

4,640

Child is foreign born

376
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

85,455
Only native parents 82,820
One or more foreign-born parents 2,635
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.5%
Child is native 3.3%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.3%
Child is native 3.3%
Child is foreign born 0.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.5%
Child is native 3.3%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 96.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 222,666
Only native parent(s) 215,401
One or more foreign-born parents 7,265
Child is native 6,335
Child is foreign born 930
Children under age 6 with 65,518
Only native parent(s) 63,246
One or more foreign-born parents 2,272
Child is native 2,171
Child is foreign born 101
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 157,148
Only native parent(s) 152,155
One or more foreign-born parents 4,993
Child is native 4,164
Child is foreign born 829
Children in Low-Income Families* 103,512
Only native parents 99,654
One or more foreign-born parents 3,858
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.3%
Child is native 2.8%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.5%
Child is native 3.3%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.2%
Child is native 2.6%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 96.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.7%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 215,175
Only native parent(s) 210,093
One or more foreign-born parents 5,082
Child is native 4,776
Child is foreign born 306
Children under age 6 with 69,510
Only native parent(s) 67,937
One or more foreign-born parents 1,573
Child is native 1,494
Child is foreign born 79
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 145,665
Only native parent(s) 142,156
One or more foreign-born parents 3,509
Child is native 3,282
Child is foreign born 227
Children in Low-Income Families* 102,959
Only native parents 100,643
One or more foreign-born parents 2,316
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.4%
Child is native 2.2%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 2.1%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.4%
Child is native 2.3%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 97.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.2%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.