E.g., 02/15/2019
E.g., 02/15/2019

State Demographics Data - MT

Montana

Demographics & Social
2017
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 23,109
% Foreign Born 2.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 40.9%
% change: 1990-2000 19.0%
Race (%)  
One race 97.9%
White
59.0%
Black or African American
3.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native
1.2%
Asian
21.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
1.1%
Other race
11.5%
Two or more races 2.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 4,936
% Latino 21.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.0%
5-17 6.0%
18-64 74.8%
65 and older 19.1%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

45.4
Gender (% female) 57.1%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.5%
Married 58.9%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.6%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 1,027,384
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 16.0%
% change: 1990-2000 12.8%
Race (%)  
One race 96.7%
White 89.2%
Black or African American 0.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native 6.3%
Asian 0.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 0.5%
Two or more races 3.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 33,997
% Latino 3.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.0%
5-17 16.3%
18-64 59.7%
65 and older 18.1%
Median Age 39.6
Gender (% female) 49.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 28.8%
Married 51.9%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.3%
Foreign Born
Number 16,396
% Foreign Born 1.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
U.S. Born
Number 885,799
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Foreign Born
Number 13,779
% Foreign Born 1.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 785,286
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

23,109
Born in Africa 835
Born in Asia 5,704
Born in Europe 7,672
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 5,089
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,355
Born in Oceania 454
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Canada
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

23,109
Europe 7,672
Northern Europe 2,554
United Kingdom
2,016
Ireland
48
Other Northern Europe
490
Western Europe 2,747
France
275
Germany
1,861
Other Western Europe
611
Southern Europe 637
Italy
250
Portugal
0
Other Southern Europe
387
Eastern Europe 1,734
Poland
54
Russia
182
Other Eastern Europe
1,498
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 5,704
Eastern Asia 1,717
China
1,117

China, excluding Taiwan

915

Taiwan

202
Japan
288
Korea
312
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 364
India
76
Iran
140
Other South Central Asia
148
Southeastern Asia 3,320
Philippines
2,530
Vietnam
257
Other Southeastern Asia
533
Western Asia 303
Israel
0
Lebanon
0
Other Western Asia
303
Other Asia (no country specified) 0
Africa 835
Eastern Africa 417
Northern Africa
80
Western Africa
60
Middle and Southern Africa
20
Other Africa (no country specified)
258
Oceania 454
Australia and New Zealand subregion 246
Oceania (no country specified) 208
Americas 8,444
Latin America 5,089
Caribbean
540

Cuba

174

Jamaica

0

Other Caribbean

366
Central America
3,858

Mexico

3,554

El Salvador

0

Other Central America

304
South America
691

Brazil

194

Colombia

259

Other South America

238
Northern America 3,355
Canada
3,355
Other Northern America
0
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 8,508
1990-1999 4,167
2000-2009 3,981
Since 2010 6,453
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 3.6%
Born in Asia 24.7%
Born in Europe 33.2%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 22.0%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 14.5%
Born in Oceania 2.0%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 20
Country #2 9.70%
Country #3 7.9
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 33.2%
Northern Europe 11.1%
United Kingdom 8.7%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 2.1%
Western Europe 11.9%
France 1.2%
Germany 8.1%
Other Western Europe 2.6%
Southern Europe 2.8%
Italy 1.1%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 1.7%
Eastern Europe 7.5%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 0.8%
Other Eastern Europe 6.5%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 24.7%
Eastern Asia 7.4%
China 4.8%
China, excluding Taiwan 4.0%
Taiwan 0.9%
Japan 1.2%
Korea 1.4%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 1.6%
India 0.3%
Iran 0.6%
Other South Central Asia 0.6%
Southeastern Asia 14.4%
Philippines 10.9%
Vietnam 1.1%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.3%
Western Asia 1.3%
Israel 0.0%
Lebanon 0.0%
Other Western Asia 1.3%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.0%
Africa 3.6%
Eastern Africa 1.8%
Northern Africa 0.3%
Western Africa 0.3%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.1%
Other Africa (no country specified) 1.1%
Oceania 2.0%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1.1%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.9%
Americas 36.5%
Latin America 22.0%
Caribbean 2.3%
Cuba 0.8%
Jamaica 0.0%
Other Caribbean 1.6%
Central America 16.7%
Mexico 15.4%
El Salvador 0.0%
Other Central America 1.3%
South America 3.0%
Brazil 0.8%
Colombia 1.1%
Other South America 1.0%
Northern America 14.5%
Canada 14.5%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 36.8%
1980-1989 18.0%
1990-1999 17.2%
Since 2000 27.9%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 16,396
Born in Africa 184
Born in Asia 3,305
Born in Europe 6,525
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,565
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4,559
Cat28 258
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Canada
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 United Kingdom
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.1%
Born in Asia 20.2%
Born in Europe 39.8%
Born in Latin America 9.5%
Born in Northern America 27.8%
Born in Oceania 1.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 27.8
Country #2 10.7
Country #3 7.3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 13,466
Born in Africa 79
Born in Asia 2,317
Born in Europe 5,909
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 957
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,936
Cat21 268
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 0
Country #2 Germany
Country #3 United Kingdom
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.6%
Born in Asia 17.2%
Born in Europe 43.9%
Born in Latin America 7.1%
Born in Northern America 29.2%
Born in Oceania 2.0%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 28.8
Country #2 9.60%
Country #3 7.40%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 23,109
Naturalized citizens 12,151
Noncitizens 10,958
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 12,151
Before 1980 3,717
1980-1989 734
1990-1999 2,129
2000-2009 2,833
Since 2010 2,738
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 52.6%
Noncitizens 47.4%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 30.6%
1980-1989 6.0%
1990-1999 17.5%
2000-2009 23.3%
Since 2010 22.5%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 16,396
Naturalized citizens 9,482
Noncitizens 6,914
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 57.8%
Noncitizens 42.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 13,779
Naturalized citizens 8,621
Noncitizens 5,158
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 62.6%
Noncitizens 37.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 7,810
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 473
% married among women who gave birth
83.7%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
16.3%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 219,555
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 12,582
% married among women who gave birth 73.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 26.1%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.42
Average family size 3.1
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.38
Average family size 2.97
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 215,546
Only native parent(s)
205,710
One or more foreign-born parents
9,836

Child is native

9,415

Child is foreign born

421
Children under age 6 with 70,386
Only native parent(s)
66,318
One or more foreign-born parents
4,068

Child is native

4,068

Child is foreign born

0
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 145,160
Only native parent(s)
139,392
One or more foreign-born parents
5,768

Child is native

5,347

Child is foreign born

421
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

81,376
Only native parents 78,892
One or more foreign-born parents 2,484
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.6%
Child is native 4.4%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.8%
Child is native 5.8%
Child is foreign born 0.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.0%
Child is native 3.7%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 96.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 222,666
Only native parent(s) 215,401
One or more foreign-born parents 7,265
Child is native 6,335
Child is foreign born 930
Children under age 6 with 65,518
Only native parent(s) 63,246
One or more foreign-born parents 2,272
Child is native 2,171
Child is foreign born 101
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 157,148
Only native parent(s) 152,155
One or more foreign-born parents 4,993
Child is native 4,164
Child is foreign born 829
Children in Low-Income Families* 103,512
Only native parents 99,654
One or more foreign-born parents 3,858
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.3%
Child is native 2.8%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.5%
Child is native 3.3%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.2%
Child is native 2.6%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 96.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.7%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 215,175
Only native parent(s) 210,093
One or more foreign-born parents 5,082
Child is native 4,776
Child is foreign born 306
Children under age 6 with 69,510
Only native parent(s) 67,937
One or more foreign-born parents 1,573
Child is native 1,494
Child is foreign born 79
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 145,665
Only native parent(s) 142,156
One or more foreign-born parents 3,509
Child is native 3,282
Child is foreign born 227
Children in Low-Income Families* 102,959
Only native parents 100,643
One or more foreign-born parents 2,316
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.4%
Child is native 2.2%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.3%
Child is native 2.1%
Child is foreign born 0.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.4%
Child is native 2.3%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 97.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.2%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.