E.g., 04/17/2021
E.g., 04/17/2021
State Demographics Data - ME
 

Maine

Demographics & Social
2019
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 52,412
% Foreign Born 3.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 42.8%
% change: 1990-2000 1.1%
Race (%)  
One race 96.6%
White
51.0%
Black or African American
20.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.2%
Asian
21.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
3.3%
Two or more races 3.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 4,845
% Latino 9.2%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.7%
5-17 6.5%
18-64 67.4%
65 and older 25.4%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

47.3
Gender (% female) 57.1%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 20.6%
Married 59.1%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 20.3%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 1,291,800
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 4.3%
% change: 1990-2000 3.9%
Race (%)  
One race 97.9%
White 95.7%
Black or African American 0.9%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.7%
Asian 0.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.3%
Two or more races 2.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 18,222
% Latino 1.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 4.8%
5-17 13.9%
18-64 60.1%
65 and older 21.1%
Median Age 44.6
Gender (% female) 50.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 29.6%
Married 49.0%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 21.5%
Foreign Born
Number 36,691
% Foreign Born 2.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 1,238,232
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 36,296
% Foreign Born 3.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 1,191,632
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

52,412
Born in Africa 9,294
Born in Asia 14,617
Born in Europe 11,319
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 5,880
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 10,304
Born in Oceania 998
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

52,412
Europe 11,319
Northern Europe 4,156
United Kingdom
2,978
Ireland
280
Other Northern Europe
898
Western Europe 3,470
France
346
Germany
1,670
Other Western Europe
1,454
Southern Europe 1,895
Italy
591
Portugal
85
Other Southern Europe
1,219
Eastern Europe 1,798
Poland
465
Russia
316
Other Eastern Europe
1,017
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 14,617
Eastern Asia 3,470
China
2,368

China, excluding Taiwan

2,178

Taiwan

190
Japan
503
Korea
599
Other Eastern Asia
N
South Central Asia 1,902
India
1,565
Iran
103
Other South Central Asia
234
Southeastern Asia 7,088
Philippines
2,880
Vietnam
1,479
Other Southeastern Asia
2,729
Western Asia 2,157
Israel
246
Lebanon
N
Other Western Asia
1,911
Other Asia (no country specified) N
Africa 9,294
Eastern Africa 5,365
Northern Africa
400
Western Africa
291
Middle and Southern Africa
3,009
Other Africa (no country specified)
229
Oceania 998
Australia and New Zealand subregion 913
Oceania (no country specified) 85
Americas 16,184
Latin America 5,880
Caribbean
1,268

Cuba

171

Jamaica

923

Other Caribbean

174
Central America
2,112

Mexico

1,403

El Salvador

319

Other Central America

390
South America
2,500

Brazil

522

Colombia

119

Other South America

1,859
Northern America 10,304
Canada
10,062
Other Northern America
242
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 21,600
1990-1999 6,809
2000-2009 8,882
Since 2010 15,121
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 17.7%
Born in Asia 27.9%
Born in Europe 21.6%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 11.2%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 19.7%
Born in Oceania 1.9%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 21.6%
Northern Europe 7.9%
United Kingdom 5.7%
Ireland 0.5%
Other Northern Europe 1.7%
Western Europe 6.6%
France 0.7%
Germany 3.2%
Other Western Europe 2.8%
Southern Europe 3.6%
Italy 1.1%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 2.3%
Eastern Europe 3.4%
Poland 0.9%
Russia 0.6%
Other Eastern Europe 1.9%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 27.9%
Eastern Asia 6.6%
China 4.5%
China, excluding Taiwan 4.2%
Taiwan 0.4%
Japan 1.0%
Korea 1.1%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 3.6%
India 3.0%
Iran 0.2%
Other South Central Asia 0.4%
Southeastern Asia 13.5%
Philippines 5.5%
Vietnam 2.8%
Other Southeastern Asia 5.2%
Western Asia 4.1%
Israel 0.5%
Lebanon N
Other Western Asia 3.6%
Other Asia (no country specified) N
Africa 17.7%
Eastern Africa 10.2%
Northern Africa 0.8%
Western Africa 0.6%
Middle and Southern Africa 5.7%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.4%
Oceania 1.9%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1.7%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.2%
Americas 30.9%
Latin America 11.2%
Caribbean 2.4%
Cuba 0.3%
Jamaica 1.8%
Other Caribbean 0.3%
Central America 4.0%
Mexico 2.7%
El Salvador 0.6%
Other Central America 0.7%
South America 4.8%
Brazil 1.0%
Colombia 0.2%
Other South America 3.5%
Northern America 19.7%
Canada 19.2%
Other Northern America 0.5%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 41.2%
1980-1989 13.0%
1990-1999 16.9%
Since 2000 28.9%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 36,691
Born in Africa 1,067
Born in Asia 6,949
Born in Europe 11,000
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 2,197
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 15,237
Cat28 239
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.9%
Born in Asia 18.9%
Born in Europe 30.0%
Born in Latin America 6.0%
Born in Northern America 41.5%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 35,436
Born in Africa 239
Born in Asia 4,864
Born in Europe 9,953
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,376
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 18,813
Cat21 191
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.7%
Born in Asia 13.7%
Born in Europe 28.1%
Born in Latin America 3.9%
Born in Northern America 53.1%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 52,412
Naturalized citizens 31,039
Noncitizens 21,373
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 31,039
Before 1990 9,634
1990-1999 6,532
2000-2009 6,471
2010-2014 3,887
Since 2015 4,515
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 59.2%
Noncitizens 40.8%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 31.0%
1980-1989 21.0%
1990-1999 20.8%
2000-2009 12.5%
Since 2010 14.5%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 36,691
Naturalized citizens 20,252
Noncitizens 16,439
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 55.2%
Noncitizens 44.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 36,296
Naturalized citizens 21,281
Noncitizens 15,015
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 58.6%
Noncitizens 41.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 13,932
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 1,113
% married among women who gave birth
91.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
8.7%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 272,339
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 13,017
% married among women who gave birth 72.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 27.5%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.50
Average family size 3.14
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.31
Average family size 2.84
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 230,777
Only native parent(s)
213,580
One or more foreign-born parents
17,197

Child is native

14,484

Child is foreign born

2,713
Children under age 6 with 71,473
Only native parent(s)
64,857
One or more foreign-born parents
6,616

Child is native

5,869

Child is foreign born

747
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 159,304
Only native parent(s)
148,723
One or more foreign-born parents
10,581

Child is native

8,615

Child is foreign born

1,966
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

77,475
Only native parents 70,949
One or more foreign-born parents 6,526
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.5%
Child is native 6.3%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 90.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.3%
Child is native 8.2%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.6%
Child is native 5.4%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 91.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.4%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 291,941
Only native parent(s) 278,672
One or more foreign-born parents 13,269
Child is native 11,308
Child is foreign born 1,961
Children under age 6 with 83,917
Only native parent(s) 80,087
One or more foreign-born parents 3,830
Child is native 3,574
Child is foreign born 256
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 208,024
Only native parent(s) 198,585
One or more foreign-born parents 9,439
Child is native 7,734
Child is foreign born 1,705
Children in Low-Income Families* 99,767
Only native parents 95,394
One or more foreign-born parents 4,373
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.5%
Child is native 3.9%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.6%
Child is native 4.3%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.5%
Child is native 3.7%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 95.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.4%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 302,525
Only native parent(s) 287,689
One or more foreign-born parents 14,836
Child is native 13,412
Child is foreign born 1,424
Children under age 6 with 102,372
Only native parent(s) 98,153
One or more foreign-born parents 4,219
Child is native 4,043
Child is foreign born 176
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 200,153
Only native parent(s) 189,536
One or more foreign-born parents 10,617
Child is native 9,369
Child is foreign born 1,248
Children in Low-Income Families* 110,543
Only native parents 106,889
One or more foreign-born parents 3,654
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.9%
Child is native 4.4%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.1%
Child is native 3.9%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.3%
Child is native 4.7%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 96.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.3%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.