E.g., 04/07/2020
E.g., 04/07/2020

State Demographics Data - ME

Maine

Demographics & Social
2018
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 47,418
% Foreign Born 3.5%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 29.2%
% change: 1990-2000 1.1%
Race (%)  
One race 98.5%
White
53.4%
Black or African American
19.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
23.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
1.8%
Two or more races 1.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 3,060
% Latino 6.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.7%
5-17 9.6%
18-64 66.2%
65 and older 22.4%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

46.4
Gender (% female) 54.2%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 22.3%
Married 57.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 1,290,986
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 4.3%
% change: 1990-2000 3.9%
Race (%)  
One race 97.7%
White 95.8%
Black or African American 0.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.6%
Asian 0.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.2%
Two or more races 2.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 19,351
% Latino 1.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 4.8%
5-17 14.0%
18-64 60.6%
65 and older 20.6%
Median Age 44.4
Gender (% female) 50.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 28.7%
Married 49.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 22.0%
Foreign Born
Number 36,691
% Foreign Born 2.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
U.S. Born
Number 1,238,232
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Foreign Born
Number 36,296
% Foreign Born 3.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 1,191,632
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

47,418
Born in Africa 9,203
Born in Asia 14,290
Born in Europe 10,809
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 4,064
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 8,563
Born in Oceania 489
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

47,418
Europe 10,809
Northern Europe 3,882
United Kingdom
3,246
Ireland
116
Other Northern Europe
520
Western Europe 2,825
France
459
Germany
2,175
Other Western Europe
191
Southern Europe 1,761
Italy
411
Portugal
850
Other Southern Europe
500
Eastern Europe 2,341
Poland
199
Russia
576
Other Eastern Europe
1,566
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 14,290
Eastern Asia 4,737
China
2,234

China, excluding Taiwan

2,130

Taiwan

104
Japan
835
Korea
1,668
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 3,022
India
2,331
Iran
0
Other South Central Asia
691
Southeastern Asia 4,498
Philippines
2,526
Vietnam
921
Other Southeastern Asia
1,051
Western Asia 1,998
Israel
326
Lebanon
0
Other Western Asia
1,672
Other Asia (no country specified) 35
Africa 9,203
Eastern Africa 5,862
Northern Africa
987
Western Africa
146
Middle and Southern Africa
2,208
Other Africa (no country specified)
0
Oceania 489
Australia and New Zealand subregion 489
Oceania (no country specified) 0
Americas 12,627
Latin America 4,064
Caribbean
1,294

Cuba

17

Jamaica

777

Other Caribbean

500
Central America
1,418

Mexico

766

El Salvador

69

Other Central America

583
South America
1,352

Brazil

232

Colombia

308

Other South America

812
Northern America 8,563
Canada
8,472
Other Northern America
91
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 17,215
1990-1999 7,210
2000-2009 9,191
Since 2010 13,802
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 19.4%
Born in Asia 30.1%
Born in Europe 22.8%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 8.6%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 18.1%
Born in Oceania 1.0%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 22.8%
Northern Europe 8.2%
United Kingdom 6.8%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 1.1%
Western Europe 6.0%
France 1.0%
Germany 4.6%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 3.7%
Italy 0.9%
Portugal 1.8%
Other Southern Europe 1.1%
Eastern Europe 4.9%
Poland 0.4%
Russia 1.2%
Other Eastern Europe 3.3%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 30.1%
Eastern Asia 10.0%
China 4.7%
China, excluding Taiwan 4.5%
Taiwan 0.2%
Japan 1.8%
Korea 3.5%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 6.4%
India 4.9%
Iran 0.0%
Other South Central Asia 1.5%
Southeastern Asia 9.5%
Philippines 5.3%
Vietnam 1.9%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.2%
Western Asia 4.2%
Israel 0.7%
Lebanon 0.0%
Other Western Asia 3.5%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 19.4%
Eastern Africa 12.4%
Northern Africa 2.1%
Western Africa 0.3%
Middle and Southern Africa 4.7%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.0%
Oceania 1.0%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1.0%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 26.6%
Latin America 8.6%
Caribbean 2.7%
Cuba 0.0%
Jamaica 1.6%
Other Caribbean 1.1%
Central America 3.0%
Mexico 1.6%
El Salvador 0.1%
Other Central America 1.2%
South America 2.9%
Brazil 0.5%
Colombia 0.6%
Other South America 1.7%
Northern America 18.1%
Canada 17.9%
Other Northern America 0.2%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 36.3%
1980-1989 15.2%
1990-1999 19.4%
Since 2000 29.1%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 36,691
Born in Africa 1,067
Born in Asia 6,949
Born in Europe 11,000
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 2,197
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 15,237
Cat28 239
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.9%
Born in Asia 18.9%
Born in Europe 30.0%
Born in Latin America 6.0%
Born in Northern America 41.5%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 35,436
Born in Africa 239
Born in Asia 4,864
Born in Europe 9,953
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,376
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 18,813
Cat21 191
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.7%
Born in Asia 13.7%
Born in Europe 28.1%
Born in Latin America 3.9%
Born in Northern America 53.1%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 47,418
Naturalized citizens 24,885
Noncitizens 22,533
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 24,885
Before 1990 9,544
1990-1999 4,006
2000-2009 5,738
2010-2014 2,879
Since 2015 2,718
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 52.5%
Noncitizens 47.5%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 38.4%
1980-1989 16.1%
1990-1999 23.1%
2000-2009 11.6%
Since 2010 10.9%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 36,691
Naturalized citizens 20,252
Noncitizens 16,439
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 55.2%
Noncitizens 44.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 36,296
Naturalized citizens 21,281
Noncitizens 15,015
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 58.6%
Noncitizens 41.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 11,765
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 510
% married among women who gave birth
91.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
8.8%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 270,267
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 13,862
% married among women who gave birth 68.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 31.5%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 3
U.S. Born
Average household size 2
Average family size 3
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 232,071
Only native parent(s)
217,115
One or more foreign-born parents
14,956

Child is native

12,307

Child is foreign born

2,649
Children under age 6 with 74,791
Only native parent(s)
69,746
One or more foreign-born parents
5,045

Child is native

4,753

Child is foreign born

292
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 157,280
Only native parent(s)
147,369
One or more foreign-born parents
9,911

Child is native

7,554

Child is foreign born

2,357
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

78,810
Only native parents 74,619
One or more foreign-born parents 4,191
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.4%
Child is native 5.3%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.7%
Child is native 6.4%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.3%
Child is native 4.8%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 94.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.3%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 291,941
Only native parent(s) 278,672
One or more foreign-born parents 13,269
Child is native 11,308
Child is foreign born 1,961
Children under age 6 with 83,917
Only native parent(s) 80,087
One or more foreign-born parents 3,830
Child is native 3,574
Child is foreign born 256
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 208,024
Only native parent(s) 198,585
One or more foreign-born parents 9,439
Child is native 7,734
Child is foreign born 1,705
Children in Low-Income Families* 99,767
Only native parents 95,394
One or more foreign-born parents 4,373
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.5%
Child is native 3.9%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.6%
Child is native 4.3%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.5%
Child is native 3.7%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 95.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.4%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 302,525
Only native parent(s) 287,689
One or more foreign-born parents 14,836
Child is native 13,412
Child is foreign born 1,424
Children under age 6 with 102,372
Only native parent(s) 98,153
One or more foreign-born parents 4,219
Child is native 4,043
Child is foreign born 176
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 200,153
Only native parent(s) 189,536
One or more foreign-born parents 10,617
Child is native 9,369
Child is foreign born 1,248
Children in Low-Income Families* 110,543
Only native parents 106,889
One or more foreign-born parents 3,654
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.9%
Child is native 4.4%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.1%
Child is native 3.9%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.3%
Child is native 4.7%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 96.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.3%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.