E.g., 04/25/2019
E.g., 04/25/2019

State Demographics Data - ME

Maine

Demographics & Social
2017
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 45,433
% Foreign Born 3.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 23.8%
% change: 1990-2000 1.1%
Race (%)  
One race 97.7%
White
53.7%
Black or African American
16.9%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
24.9%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
1.8%
Two or more races 2.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 3,654
% Latino 8.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.3%
5-17 7.9%
18-64 70.5%
65 and older 21.4%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

46.5
Gender (% female) 59.1%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.3%
Married 55.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 20.1%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 1,290,474
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 4.2%
% change: 1990-2000 3.9%
Race (%)  
One race 97.7%
White 95.9%
Black or African American 0.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.7%
Asian 0.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.1%
Two or more races 2.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 18,245
% Latino 1.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 5.0%
5-17 14.4%
18-64 60.7%
65 and older 19.9%
Median Age 44.2
Gender (% female) 50.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 29.2%
Married 49.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 21.7%
Foreign Born
Number 36,691
% Foreign Born 2.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 1,238,232
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 36,296
% Foreign Born 3.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 1,191,632
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

45,433
Born in Africa 6,925
Born in Asia 12,918
Born in Europe 11,187
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 5,243
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 8,926
Born in Oceania 234
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Canada
Country #2 United Kingdom
Country #3 Vietnam
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

45,433
Europe 11,187
Northern Europe 2,585
United Kingdom
1,775
Ireland
258
Other Northern Europe
552
Western Europe 4,522
France
667
Germany
2,837
Other Western Europe
1,018
Southern Europe 708
Italy
200
Portugal
205
Other Southern Europe
303
Eastern Europe 3,372
Poland
976
Russia
501
Other Eastern Europe
1,895
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 12,918
Eastern Asia 4,104
China
3,112

China, excluding Taiwan

2,956

Taiwan

156
Japan
443
Korea
549
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 1,909
India
881
Iran
238
Other South Central Asia
790
Southeastern Asia 5,922
Philippines
1,625
Vietnam
1,946
Other Southeastern Asia
2,351
Western Asia 983
Israel
0
Lebanon
0
Other Western Asia
983
Other Asia (no country specified) 0
Africa 6,925
Eastern Africa 2,999
Northern Africa
376
Western Africa
362
Middle and Southern Africa
3,188
Other Africa (no country specified)
0
Oceania 234
Australia and New Zealand subregion 234
Oceania (no country specified) 0
Americas 14,169
Latin America 5,243
Caribbean
1,419

Cuba

171

Jamaica

121

Other Caribbean

1,127
Central America
1,453

Mexico

315

El Salvador

1,003

Other Central America

135
South America
2,371

Brazil

590

Colombia

338

Other South America

1,443
Northern America 8,926
Canada
8,926
Other Northern America
0
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 17,710
1990-1999 6,852
2000-2009 8,354
Since 2010 12,517
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 15.2%
Born in Asia 28.4%
Born in Europe 24.6%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 11.5%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 19.6%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 23.2
Country #2 7.80%
Country #3 6.5
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 24.6%
Northern Europe 5.7%
United Kingdom 3.9%
Ireland 0.6%
Other Northern Europe 1.2%
Western Europe 10.0%
France 1.5%
Germany 6.2%
Other Western Europe 2.2%
Southern Europe 1.6%
Italy 0.4%
Portugal 0.5%
Other Southern Europe 0.7%
Eastern Europe 7.4%
Poland 2.1%
Russia 1.1%
Other Eastern Europe 4.2%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 28.4%
Eastern Asia 9.0%
China 6.8%
China, excluding Taiwan 6.5%
Taiwan 0.3%
Japan 1.0%
Korea 1.2%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 4.2%
India 1.9%
Iran 0.5%
Other South Central Asia 1.7%
Southeastern Asia 13.0%
Philippines 3.6%
Vietnam 4.3%
Other Southeastern Asia 5.2%
Western Asia 2.2%
Israel 0.0%
Lebanon 0.0%
Other Western Asia 2.2%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.0%
Africa 15.2%
Eastern Africa 6.6%
Northern Africa 0.8%
Western Africa 0.8%
Middle and Southern Africa 7.0%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.0%
Oceania 0.5%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.5%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 31.2%
Latin America 11.5%
Caribbean 3.1%
Cuba 0.4%
Jamaica 0.3%
Other Caribbean 2.5%
Central America 3.2%
Mexico 0.7%
El Salvador 2.2%
Other Central America 0.3%
South America 5.2%
Brazil 1.3%
Colombia 0.7%
Other South America 3.2%
Northern America 19.6%
Canada 19.6%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 39.0%
1980-1989 15.1%
1990-1999 18.4%
Since 2000 27.6%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 36,691
Born in Africa 1,067
Born in Asia 6,949
Born in Europe 11,000
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 2,197
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 15,237
Cat28 239
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Canada
Country #2 United Kingdom
Country #3 Germany
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.9%
Born in Asia 18.9%
Born in Europe 30.0%
Born in Latin America 6.0%
Born in Northern America 41.5%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 41.4
Country #2 7.80%
Country #3 5.9
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 35,436
Born in Africa 239
Born in Asia 4,864
Born in Europe 9,953
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,376
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 18,813
Cat21 191
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 0
Country #2 United Kingdom
Country #3 Germany
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.7%
Born in Asia 13.7%
Born in Europe 28.1%
Born in Latin America 3.9%
Born in Northern America 53.1%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 51.1
Country #2 8.30%
Country #3 6.70%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 45,433
Naturalized citizens 26,227
Noncitizens 19,206
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 26,227
Before 1980 4,453
1980-1989 2,073
1990-1999 5,324
2000-2009 6,253
Since 2010 8,124
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 57.7%
Noncitizens 42.3%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 17.0%
1980-1989 7.9%
1990-1999 20.3%
2000-2009 23.8%
Since 2010 31.0%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 36,691
Naturalized citizens 20,252
Noncitizens 16,439
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 55.2%
Noncitizens 44.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 36,296
Naturalized citizens 21,281
Noncitizens 15,015
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 58.6%
Noncitizens 41.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 12,750
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 601
% married among women who gave birth
100.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
0.0%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 271,497
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 14,344
% married among women who gave birth 68.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 31.5%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.52
Average family size 3.1
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.33
Average family size 2.85
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 240,802
Only native parent(s)
223,915
One or more foreign-born parents
16,887

Child is native

14,705

Child is foreign born

2,182
Children under age 6 with 74,035
Only native parent(s)
69,269
One or more foreign-born parents
4,766

Child is native

4,492

Child is foreign born

274
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 166,767
Only native parent(s)
154,646
One or more foreign-born parents
12,121

Child is native

10,213

Child is foreign born

1,908
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

76,352
Only native parents 70,395
One or more foreign-born parents 5,957
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.0%
Child is native 6.1%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.4%
Child is native 6.1%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.3%
Child is native 6.1%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 92.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 291,941
Only native parent(s) 278,672
One or more foreign-born parents 13,269
Child is native 11,308
Child is foreign born 1,961
Children under age 6 with 83,917
Only native parent(s) 80,087
One or more foreign-born parents 3,830
Child is native 3,574
Child is foreign born 256
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 208,024
Only native parent(s) 198,585
One or more foreign-born parents 9,439
Child is native 7,734
Child is foreign born 1,705
Children in Low-Income Families* 99,767
Only native parents 95,394
One or more foreign-born parents 4,373
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.5%
Child is native 3.9%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.6%
Child is native 4.3%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.5%
Child is native 3.7%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 95.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.4%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 302,525
Only native parent(s) 287,689
One or more foreign-born parents 14,836
Child is native 13,412
Child is foreign born 1,424
Children under age 6 with 102,372
Only native parent(s) 98,153
One or more foreign-born parents 4,219
Child is native 4,043
Child is foreign born 176
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 200,153
Only native parent(s) 189,536
One or more foreign-born parents 10,617
Child is native 9,369
Child is foreign born 1,248
Children in Low-Income Families* 110,543
Only native parents 106,889
One or more foreign-born parents 3,654
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.9%
Child is native 4.4%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.1%
Child is native 3.9%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.3%
Child is native 4.7%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 96.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.3%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.