E.g., 08/16/2018
E.g., 08/16/2018

State Demographics Data - ME

Maine

Demographics & Social
2016
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 50,768
% Foreign Born 3.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2016 38.4%
% change: 1990-2000 1.1%
Race (%)  
One race 97.2%
White
52.6%
Black or African American
18.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native
1.0%
Asian
23.9%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
1.4%
Two or more races 2.8%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 3,860
% Latino 7.6%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.2%
5-17 7.3%
18-64 68.9%
65 and older 22.6%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

46.7
Gender (% female) 57.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.7%
Married 54.6%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 20.7%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 1,280,711
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 3.4%
% change: 1990-2000 3.9%
Race (%)  
One race 98.1%
White 96.1%
Black or African American 0.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.6%
Asian 0.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.1%
Two or more races 1.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 16,854
% Latino 1.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 4.9%
5-17 14.6%
18-64 61.3%
65 and older 19.1%
Median Age 43.9
Gender (% female) 50.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 29.3%
Married 48.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 22.2%
Foreign Born
Number 36,691
% Foreign Born 2.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 1,238,232
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 36,296
% Foreign Born 3.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 1,191,632
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

50,768
Born in Africa 8,249
Born in Asia 15,614
Born in Europe 10,393
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 4,948
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 11,010
Born in Oceania 554
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Canada
Country #2 United Kingdom
Country #3 Vietnam
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

50,768
Europe 10,393
Northern Europe 3,580
United Kingdom
2,640
Ireland
187
Other Northern Europe
753
Western Europe 3,075
France
262
Germany
2,171
Other Western Europe
642
Southern Europe 534
Italy
214
Portugal
160
Other Southern Europe
160
Eastern Europe 3,192
Poland
821
Russia
489
Other Eastern Europe
1,882
Other Europe (no country specified) 12
Asia 15,614
Eastern Asia 6,225
China
4,858

China, excluding Taiwan

4,461

Taiwan

397
Japan
413
Korea
954
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 1,557
India
813
Iran
67
Other South Central Asia
677
Southeastern Asia 6,319
Philippines
2,997
Vietnam
1,423
Other Southeastern Asia
1,899
Western Asia 1,438
Israel
0
Lebanon
84
Other Western Asia
1,354
Other Asia (no country specified) 75
Africa 8,249
Eastern Africa 4,833
Northern Africa
758
Western Africa
615
Middle and Southern Africa
2,043
Other Africa (no country specified)
0
Oceania 554
Australia and New Zealand subregion 399
Oceania (no country specified) 155
Americas 15,958
Latin America 4,948
Caribbean
1,692

Cuba

123

Jamaica

863

Other Caribbean

706
Central America
1,356

Mexico

356

El Salvador

70

Other Central America

930
South America
1,900

Brazil

720

Colombia

500

Other South America

680
Northern America 11,010
Canada
11,010
Other Northern America
0
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 19,707
1990-1999 7,972
2000-2009 11,100
Since 2010 11,989
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 16.2%
Born in Asia 30.8%
Born in Europe 20.5%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 9.7%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 21.7%
Born in Oceania 1.1%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 23.20
Country #2 7.80%
Country #3 6.50
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 20.5%
Northern Europe 7.1%
United Kingdom 5.2%
Ireland 0.4%
Other Northern Europe 1.5%
Western Europe 6.1%
France 0.5%
Germany 4.3%
Other Western Europe 1.3%
Southern Europe 1.1%
Italy 0.4%
Portugal 0.3%
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 6.3%
Poland 1.6%
Russia 1.0%
Other Eastern Europe 3.7%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 30.8%
Eastern Asia 12.3%
China 9.6%
China, excluding Taiwan 8.8%
Taiwan 0.8%
Japan 0.8%
Korea 1.9%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 3.1%
India 1.6%
Iran 0.1%
Other South Central Asia 1.3%
Southeastern Asia 12.4%
Philippines 5.9%
Vietnam 2.8%
Other Southeastern Asia 3.7%
Western Asia 2.8%
Israel 0.0%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 2.7%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 16.2%
Eastern Africa 9.5%
Northern Africa 1.5%
Western Africa 1.2%
Middle and Southern Africa 4.0%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.0%
Oceania 1.1%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.8%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.3%
Americas 31.4%
Latin America 9.7%
Caribbean 3.3%
Cuba 0.2%
Jamaica 1.7%
Other Caribbean 1.4%
Central America 2.7%
Mexico 0.7%
El Salvador 0.1%
Other Central America 1.8%
South America 3.7%
Brazil 1.4%
Colombia 1.0%
Other South America 1.3%
Northern America 21.7%
Canada 21.7%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 38.8%
1980-1989 15.7%
1990-1999 21.9%
Since 2000 23.6%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 36,691
Born in Africa 1,067
Born in Asia 6,949
Born in Europe 11,000
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 2,197
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 15,237
Cat28 239
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Canada
Country #2 United Kingdom
Country #3 Germany
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.9%
Born in Asia 18.9%
Born in Europe 30.0%
Born in Latin America 6.0%
Born in Northern America 41.5%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 41.40
Country #2 7.80%
Country #3 5.90
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 35,436
Born in Africa 239
Born in Asia 4,864
Born in Europe 9,953
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,376
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 18,813
Cat21 191
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Canada
Country #2 United Kingdom
Country #3 Germany
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.7%
Born in Asia 13.7%
Born in Europe 28.1%
Born in Latin America 3.9%
Born in Northern America 53.1%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 51.10
Country #2 8.30%
Country #3 6.70%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 50,768
Naturalized citizens 28,046
Noncitizens 22,722
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 28,046
Before 1980 6,803
1980-1989 2,250
1990-1999 5,341
2000-2009 9,059
Since 2010 4,593
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 55.2%
Noncitizens 44.8%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 24.3%
1980-1989 8.0%
1990-1999 19.0%
2000-2009 32.3%
Since 2010 16.4%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 36,691
Naturalized citizens 20,252
Noncitizens 16,439
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 55.2%
Noncitizens 44.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 36,296
Naturalized citizens 21,281
Noncitizens 15,015
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 58.6%
Noncitizens 41.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 14,624
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 143
% married among women who gave birth
70.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
29.4%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 273,978
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 12,809
% married among women who gave birth 61.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 38.1%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.53
Average family size 3.14
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.34
Average family size 2.86
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 241,745
Only native parent(s)
224,676
One or more foreign-born parents
17,069

Child is native

13,960

Child is foreign born

3,109
Children under age 6 with 76,203
Only native parent(s)
70,928
One or more foreign-born parents
5,275

Child is native

4,470

Child is foreign born

805
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 165,542
Only native parent(s)
153,748
One or more foreign-born parents
11,794

Child is native

9,490

Child is foreign born

2,304
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

88,923
Only native parents 81,236
One or more foreign-born parents 7,687
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.1%
Child is native 5.8%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.9%
Child is native 5.9%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.1%
Child is native 5.7%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 91.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.6%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 291,941
Only native parent(s) 278,672
One or more foreign-born parents 13,269
Child is native 11,308
Child is foreign born 1,961
Children under age 6 with 83,917
Only native parent(s) 80,087
One or more foreign-born parents 3,830
Child is native 3,574
Child is foreign born 256
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 208,024
Only native parent(s) 198,585
One or more foreign-born parents 9,439
Child is native 7,734
Child is foreign born 1,705
Children in Low-Income Families* 99,767
Only native parents 95,394
One or more foreign-born parents 4,373
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.5%
Child is native 3.9%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.6%
Child is native 4.3%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.5%
Child is native 3.7%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 95.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.4%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 302,525
Only native parent(s) 287,689
One or more foreign-born parents 14,836
Child is native 13,412
Child is foreign born 1,424
Children under age 6 with 102,372
Only native parent(s) 98,153
One or more foreign-born parents 4,219
Child is native 4,043
Child is foreign born 176
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 200,153
Only native parent(s) 189,536
One or more foreign-born parents 10,617
Child is native 9,369
Child is foreign born 1,248
Children in Low-Income Families* 110,543
Only native parents 106,889
One or more foreign-born parents 3,654
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.9%
Child is native 4.4%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.1%
Child is native 3.9%
Child is foreign born 0.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.3%
Child is native 4.7%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 96.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.3%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2016 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.