E.g., 08/12/2020
E.g., 08/12/2020

State Demographics Data - MA

Massachusetts
Maine
New Hampshire
Demographics & Social
2018
2018
2018
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 1,198,148
% Foreign Born 17.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 55.0%
% change: 1990-2000 34.7%
Race (%)  
One race 95.8%
White
42.4%
Black or African American
15.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.2%
Asian
26.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
10.9%
Two or more races 4.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 276,717
% Latino 23.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.8%
5-17 5.8%
18-64 78.0%
65 and older 15.5%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

43.7
Gender (% female) 52.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 27.5%
Married 56.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.0%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 5,704,001
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 2.3%
% change: 1990-2000 2.5%
Race (%)  
One race 96.8%
White 84.6%
Black or African American 6.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 2.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 3.0%
Two or more races 3.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 570,063
% Latino 10.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.1%
5-17 16.5%
18-64 60.7%
65 and older 16.7%
Median Age 38
Gender (% female) 51.2%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 39.5%
Married 43.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.7%
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 47,418
% Foreign Born 3.5%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 29.2%
% change: 1990-2000 1.1%
Race (%)  
One race 98.5%
White
53.4%
Black or African American
19.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
23.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
1.8%
Two or more races 1.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 3,060
% Latino 6.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.7%
5-17 9.6%
18-64 66.2%
65 and older 22.4%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

46.4
Gender (% female) 54.2%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 22.3%
Married 57.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 1,290,986
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 4.3%
% change: 1990-2000 3.9%
Race (%)  
One race 97.7%
White 95.8%
Black or African American 0.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.6%
Asian 0.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.2%
Two or more races 2.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 19,351
% Latino 1.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 4.8%
5-17 14.0%
18-64 60.6%
65 and older 20.6%
Median Age 44.4
Gender (% female) 50.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 28.7%
Married 49.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 22.0%
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 83,002
% Foreign Born 6.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 53.3%
% change: 1990-2000 31.5%
Race (%)  
One race 97.7%
White
50.5%
Black or African American
10.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.3%
Asian
31.8%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
4.5%
Two or more races 2.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 12,104
% Latino 14.6%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.7%
5-17 6.8%
18-64 72.9%
65 and older 19.6%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

46
Gender (% female) 53.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 21.8%
Married 58.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.8%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 1,273,456
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 7.8%
% change: 1990-2000 10.6%
Race (%)  
One race 97.8%
White 95.2%
Black or African American 1.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%
Asian 0.8%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 0.4%
Two or more races 2.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 40,544
% Latino 3.2%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 4.9%
5-17 14.9%
18-64 62.2%
65 and older 18.0%
Median Age 42.8
Gender (% female) 50.4%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 31.3%
Married 50.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.5%
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

1,198,148
Born in Africa 104,163
Born in Asia 364,785
Born in Europe 234,217
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 458,298
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 32,504
Born in Oceania 4,181
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

1,198,148
Europe 234,217
Northern Europe 42,523
United Kingdom
24,302
Ireland
14,893
Other Northern Europe
3,328
Western Europe 26,818
France
9,022
Germany
11,658
Other Western Europe
6,138
Southern Europe 90,932
Italy
18,402
Portugal
56,608
Other Southern Europe
15,922
Eastern Europe 73,786
Poland
9,251
Russia
17,464
Other Eastern Europe
47,071
Other Europe (no country specified) 158
Asia 364,785
Eastern Asia 144,557
China
119,407

China, excluding Taiwan

111,153

Taiwan

8,254
Japan
7,944
Korea
17,131
Other Eastern Asia
75
South Central Asia 109,301
India
78,114
Iran
8,025
Other South Central Asia
23,162
Southeastern Asia 75,530
Philippines
13,643
Vietnam
37,162
Other Southeastern Asia
24,725
Western Asia 34,644
Israel
4,518
Lebanon
6,949
Other Western Asia
23,177
Other Asia (no country specified) 753
Africa 104,163
Eastern Africa 26,152
Northern Africa
15,772
Western Africa
51,474
Middle and Southern Africa
7,966
Other Africa (no country specified)
2,799
Oceania 4,181
Australia and New Zealand subregion 3,850
Oceania (no country specified) 331
Americas 490,802
Latin America 458,298
Caribbean
203,467

Cuba

2,930

Jamaica

22,247

Other Caribbean

178,290
Central America
108,959

Mexico

15,253

El Salvador

43,894

Other Central America

49,812
South America
145,872

Brazil

80,828

Colombia

26,849

Other South America

38,195
Northern America 32,504
Canada
32,220
Other Northern America
284
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 321,766
1990-1999 219,270
2000-2009 303,467
Since 2010 353,645
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 8.7%
Born in Asia 30.4%
Born in Europe 19.5%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 38.3%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.7%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 19.5%
Northern Europe 3.5%
United Kingdom 2.0%
Ireland 1.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 2.2%
France 0.8%
Germany 1.0%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 7.6%
Italy 1.5%
Portugal 4.7%
Other Southern Europe 1.3%
Eastern Europe 6.2%
Poland 0.8%
Russia 1.5%
Other Eastern Europe 3.9%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 30.4%
Eastern Asia 12.1%
China 10.0%
China, excluding Taiwan 9.3%
Taiwan 0.7%
Japan 0.7%
Korea 1.4%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 9.1%
India 6.5%
Iran 0.7%
Other South Central Asia 1.9%
Southeastern Asia 6.3%
Philippines 1.1%
Vietnam 3.1%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.1%
Western Asia 2.9%
Israel 0.4%
Lebanon 0.6%
Other Western Asia 1.9%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 8.7%
Eastern Africa 2.2%
Northern Africa 1.3%
Western Africa 4.3%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.7%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.2%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 41.0%
Latin America 38.3%
Caribbean 17.0%
Cuba 0.2%
Jamaica 1.9%
Other Caribbean 14.9%
Central America 9.1%
Mexico 1.3%
El Salvador 3.7%
Other Central America 4.2%
South America 12.2%
Brazil 6.7%
Colombia 2.2%
Other South America 3.2%
Northern America 2.7%
Canada 2.7%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 26.9%
1980-1989 18.3%
1990-1999 25.3%
Since 2000 29.5%
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

47,418
Born in Africa 9,203
Born in Asia 14,290
Born in Europe 10,809
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 4,064
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 8,563
Born in Oceania 489
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

47,418
Europe 10,809
Northern Europe 3,882
United Kingdom
3,246
Ireland
116
Other Northern Europe
520
Western Europe 2,825
France
459
Germany
2,175
Other Western Europe
191
Southern Europe 1,761
Italy
411
Portugal
850
Other Southern Europe
500
Eastern Europe 2,341
Poland
199
Russia
576
Other Eastern Europe
1,566
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 14,290
Eastern Asia 4,737
China
2,234

China, excluding Taiwan

2,130

Taiwan

104
Japan
835
Korea
1,668
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 3,022
India
2,331
Iran
0
Other South Central Asia
691
Southeastern Asia 4,498
Philippines
2,526
Vietnam
921
Other Southeastern Asia
1,051
Western Asia 1,998
Israel
326
Lebanon
0
Other Western Asia
1,672
Other Asia (no country specified) 35
Africa 9,203
Eastern Africa 5,862
Northern Africa
987
Western Africa
146
Middle and Southern Africa
2,208
Other Africa (no country specified)
0
Oceania 489
Australia and New Zealand subregion 489
Oceania (no country specified) 0
Americas 12,627
Latin America 4,064
Caribbean
1,294

Cuba

17

Jamaica

777

Other Caribbean

500
Central America
1,418

Mexico

766

El Salvador

69

Other Central America

583
South America
1,352

Brazil

232

Colombia

308

Other South America

812
Northern America 8,563
Canada
8,472
Other Northern America
91
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 17,215
1990-1999 7,210
2000-2009 9,191
Since 2010 13,802
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 19.4%
Born in Asia 30.1%
Born in Europe 22.8%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 8.6%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 18.1%
Born in Oceania 1.0%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 22.8%
Northern Europe 8.2%
United Kingdom 6.8%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 1.1%
Western Europe 6.0%
France 1.0%
Germany 4.6%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 3.7%
Italy 0.9%
Portugal 1.8%
Other Southern Europe 1.1%
Eastern Europe 4.9%
Poland 0.4%
Russia 1.2%
Other Eastern Europe 3.3%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 30.1%
Eastern Asia 10.0%
China 4.7%
China, excluding Taiwan 4.5%
Taiwan 0.2%
Japan 1.8%
Korea 3.5%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 6.4%
India 4.9%
Iran 0.0%
Other South Central Asia 1.5%
Southeastern Asia 9.5%
Philippines 5.3%
Vietnam 1.9%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.2%
Western Asia 4.2%
Israel 0.7%
Lebanon 0.0%
Other Western Asia 3.5%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 19.4%
Eastern Africa 12.4%
Northern Africa 2.1%
Western Africa 0.3%
Middle and Southern Africa 4.7%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.0%
Oceania 1.0%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1.0%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 26.6%
Latin America 8.6%
Caribbean 2.7%
Cuba 0.0%
Jamaica 1.6%
Other Caribbean 1.1%
Central America 3.0%
Mexico 1.6%
El Salvador 0.1%
Other Central America 1.2%
South America 2.9%
Brazil 0.5%
Colombia 0.6%
Other South America 1.7%
Northern America 18.1%
Canada 17.9%
Other Northern America 0.2%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 36.3%
1980-1989 15.2%
1990-1999 19.4%
Since 2000 29.1%
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

83,002
Born in Africa 6,168
Born in Asia 31,362
Born in Europe 20,527
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 16,358
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 8,109
Born in Oceania 478
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

83,002
Europe 20,527
Northern Europe 6,573
United Kingdom
5,022
Ireland
830
Other Northern Europe
721
Western Europe 3,883
France
820
Germany
2,385
Other Western Europe
678
Southern Europe 2,155
Italy
807
Portugal
419
Other Southern Europe
929
Eastern Europe 7,916
Poland
395
Russia
1,996
Other Eastern Europe
5,525
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 31,362
Eastern Asia 7,669
China
5,293

China, excluding Taiwan

4,849

Taiwan

444
Japan
965
Korea
1,411
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 14,427
India
7,467
Iran
861
Other South Central Asia
6,099
Southeastern Asia 7,056
Philippines
3,066
Vietnam
1,685
Other Southeastern Asia
2,305
Western Asia 2,151
Israel
299
Lebanon
649
Other Western Asia
1,203
Other Asia (no country specified) 59
Africa 6,168
Eastern Africa 2,253
Northern Africa
432
Western Africa
1,682
Middle and Southern Africa
1,086
Other Africa (no country specified)
715
Oceania 478
Australia and New Zealand subregion 478
Oceania (no country specified) 0
Americas 24,467
Latin America 16,358
Caribbean
7,303

Cuba

893

Jamaica

1,177

Other Caribbean

5,233
Central America
4,113

Mexico

1,015

El Salvador

550

Other Central America

2,548
South America
4,942

Brazil

2,561

Colombia

810

Other South America

1,571
Northern America 8,109
Canada
8,109
Other Northern America
0
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 26,241
1990-1999 14,542
2000-2009 21,095
Since 2010 21,124
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 7.4%
Born in Asia 37.8%
Born in Europe 24.7%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 19.7%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 9.8%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 24.7%
Northern Europe 7.9%
United Kingdom 6.1%
Ireland 1.0%
Other Northern Europe 0.9%
Western Europe 4.7%
France 1.0%
Germany 2.9%
Other Western Europe 0.8%
Southern Europe 2.6%
Italy 1.0%
Portugal 0.5%
Other Southern Europe 1.1%
Eastern Europe 9.5%
Poland 0.5%
Russia 2.4%
Other Eastern Europe 6.7%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 37.8%
Eastern Asia 9.2%
China 6.4%
China, excluding Taiwan 5.8%
Taiwan 0.5%
Japan 1.2%
Korea 1.7%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 17.4%
India 9.0%
Iran 1.0%
Other South Central Asia 7.3%
Southeastern Asia 8.5%
Philippines 3.7%
Vietnam 2.0%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.8%
Western Asia 2.6%
Israel 0.4%
Lebanon 0.8%
Other Western Asia 1.4%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 7.4%
Eastern Africa 2.7%
Northern Africa 0.5%
Western Africa 2.0%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.3%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.9%
Oceania 0.6%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.6%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 29.5%
Latin America 19.7%
Caribbean 8.8%
Cuba 1.1%
Jamaica 1.4%
Other Caribbean 6.3%
Central America 5.0%
Mexico 1.2%
El Salvador 0.7%
Other Central America 3.1%
South America 6.0%
Brazil 3.1%
Colombia 1.0%
Other South America 1.9%
Northern America 9.8%
Canada 9.8%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 31.6%
1980-1989 17.5%
1990-1999 25.4%
Since 2000 25.4%
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,198,148
Naturalized citizens 643,642
Noncitizens 554,506
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 643,642
Before 1990 126,329
1990-1999 108,758
2000-2009 191,294
2010-2014 112,253
Since 2015 105,008
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 53.7%
Noncitizens 46.3%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 19.6%
1980-1989 16.9%
1990-1999 29.7%
2000-2009 17.4%
Since 2010 16.3%
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 47,418
Naturalized citizens 24,885
Noncitizens 22,533
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 24,885
Before 1990 9,544
1990-1999 4,006
2000-2009 5,738
2010-2014 2,879
Since 2015 2,718
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 52.5%
Noncitizens 47.5%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 38.4%
1980-1989 16.1%
1990-1999 23.1%
2000-2009 11.6%
Since 2010 10.9%
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 83,002
Naturalized citizens 51,020
Noncitizens 31,982
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 51,020
Before 1990 11,004
1990-1999 6,825
2000-2009 16,036
2010-2014 10,303
Since 2015 6,852
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 61.5%
Noncitizens 38.5%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 21.6%
1980-1989 13.4%
1990-1999 31.4%
2000-2009 20.2%
Since 2010 13.4%
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 361,357
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 21,320
% married among women who gave birth
79.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
20.4%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,311,758
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 53,025
% married among women who gave birth 69.8%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 30.2%
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 11,765
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 510
% married among women who gave birth
91.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
8.8%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 270,267
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 13,862
% married among women who gave birth 68.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 31.5%
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 22,232
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 1,263
% married among women who gave birth
78.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
21.7%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 278,029
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 12,662
% married among women who gave birth 62.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 37.1%
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 3
U.S. Born
Average household size 2
Average family size 3
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 3
U.S. Born
Average household size 2
Average family size 3
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 3
U.S. Born
Average household size 2
Average family size 3
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,312,107
Only native parent(s)
888,274
One or more foreign-born parents
423,833

Child is native

357,258

Child is foreign born

66,575
Children under age 6 with 413,785
Only native parent(s)
275,463
One or more foreign-born parents
138,322

Child is native

128,082

Child is foreign born

10,240
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 898,322
Only native parent(s)
612,811
One or more foreign-born parents
285,511

Child is native

229,176

Child is foreign born

56,335
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

344,334
Only native parents 199,132
One or more foreign-born parents 145,202
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 67.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 32.3%
Child is native 27.2%
Child is foreign born 5.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 66.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 33.4%
Child is native 31.0%
Child is foreign born 2.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 68.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 31.8%
Child is native 25.5%
Child is foreign born 6.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 57.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 42.2%
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 232,071
Only native parent(s)
217,115
One or more foreign-born parents
14,956

Child is native

12,307

Child is foreign born

2,649
Children under age 6 with 74,791
Only native parent(s)
69,746
One or more foreign-born parents
5,045

Child is native

4,753

Child is foreign born

292
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 157,280
Only native parent(s)
147,369
One or more foreign-born parents
9,911

Child is native

7,554

Child is foreign born

2,357
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

78,810
Only native parents 74,619
One or more foreign-born parents 4,191
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.4%
Child is native 5.3%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.7%
Child is native 6.4%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.3%
Child is native 4.8%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 94.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.3%
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 246,095
Only native parent(s)
218,382
One or more foreign-born parents
27,713

Child is native

23,133

Child is foreign born

4,580
Children under age 6 with 72,834
Only native parent(s)
63,742
One or more foreign-born parents
9,092

Child is native

8,247

Child is foreign born

845
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 173,261
Only native parent(s)
154,640
One or more foreign-born parents
18,621

Child is native

14,886

Child is foreign born

3,735
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

58,318
Only native parents 49,039
One or more foreign-born parents 9,279
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.3%
Child is native 9.4%
Child is foreign born 1.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.5%
Child is native 11.3%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.7%
Child is native 8.6%
Child is foreign born 2.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 84.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.