E.g., 09/21/2020
E.g., 09/21/2020

State Demographics Data - MA

Massachusetts

Demographics & Social
2018
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 1,198,148
% Foreign Born 17.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 55.0%
% change: 1990-2000 34.7%
Race (%)  
One race 95.8%
White
42.4%
Black or African American
15.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.2%
Asian
26.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
10.9%
Two or more races 4.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 276,717
% Latino 23.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.8%
5-17 5.8%
18-64 78.0%
65 and older 15.5%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

43.7
Gender (% female) 52.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 27.5%
Married 56.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.0%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 5,704,001
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 2.3%
% change: 1990-2000 2.5%
Race (%)  
One race 96.8%
White 84.6%
Black or African American 6.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 2.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 3.0%
Two or more races 3.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 570,063
% Latino 10.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.1%
5-17 16.5%
18-64 60.7%
65 and older 16.7%
Median Age 38
Gender (% female) 51.2%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 39.5%
Married 43.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.7%
Foreign Born
Number 772,983
% Foreign Born 12.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 5,576,114
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 573,733
% Foreign Born 9.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 5,442,692
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

1,198,148
Born in Africa 104,163
Born in Asia 364,785
Born in Europe 234,217
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 458,298
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 32,504
Born in Oceania 4,181
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

1,198,148
Europe 234,217
Northern Europe 42,523
United Kingdom
24,302
Ireland
14,893
Other Northern Europe
3,328
Western Europe 26,818
France
9,022
Germany
11,658
Other Western Europe
6,138
Southern Europe 90,932
Italy
18,402
Portugal
56,608
Other Southern Europe
15,922
Eastern Europe 73,786
Poland
9,251
Russia
17,464
Other Eastern Europe
47,071
Other Europe (no country specified) 158
Asia 364,785
Eastern Asia 144,557
China
119,407

China, excluding Taiwan

111,153

Taiwan

8,254
Japan
7,944
Korea
17,131
Other Eastern Asia
75
South Central Asia 109,301
India
78,114
Iran
8,025
Other South Central Asia
23,162
Southeastern Asia 75,530
Philippines
13,643
Vietnam
37,162
Other Southeastern Asia
24,725
Western Asia 34,644
Israel
4,518
Lebanon
6,949
Other Western Asia
23,177
Other Asia (no country specified) 753
Africa 104,163
Eastern Africa 26,152
Northern Africa
15,772
Western Africa
51,474
Middle and Southern Africa
7,966
Other Africa (no country specified)
2,799
Oceania 4,181
Australia and New Zealand subregion 3,850
Oceania (no country specified) 331
Americas 490,802
Latin America 458,298
Caribbean
203,467

Cuba

2,930

Jamaica

22,247

Other Caribbean

178,290
Central America
108,959

Mexico

15,253

El Salvador

43,894

Other Central America

49,812
South America
145,872

Brazil

80,828

Colombia

26,849

Other South America

38,195
Northern America 32,504
Canada
32,220
Other Northern America
284
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 321,766
1990-1999 219,270
2000-2009 303,467
Since 2010 353,645
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 8.7%
Born in Asia 30.4%
Born in Europe 19.5%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 38.3%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.7%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 19.5%
Northern Europe 3.5%
United Kingdom 2.0%
Ireland 1.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 2.2%
France 0.8%
Germany 1.0%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 7.6%
Italy 1.5%
Portugal 4.7%
Other Southern Europe 1.3%
Eastern Europe 6.2%
Poland 0.8%
Russia 1.5%
Other Eastern Europe 3.9%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 30.4%
Eastern Asia 12.1%
China 10.0%
China, excluding Taiwan 9.3%
Taiwan 0.7%
Japan 0.7%
Korea 1.4%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 9.1%
India 6.5%
Iran 0.7%
Other South Central Asia 1.9%
Southeastern Asia 6.3%
Philippines 1.1%
Vietnam 3.1%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.1%
Western Asia 2.9%
Israel 0.4%
Lebanon 0.6%
Other Western Asia 1.9%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 8.7%
Eastern Africa 2.2%
Northern Africa 1.3%
Western Africa 4.3%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.7%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.2%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 41.0%
Latin America 38.3%
Caribbean 17.0%
Cuba 0.2%
Jamaica 1.9%
Other Caribbean 14.9%
Central America 9.1%
Mexico 1.3%
El Salvador 3.7%
Other Central America 4.2%
South America 12.2%
Brazil 6.7%
Colombia 2.2%
Other South America 3.2%
Northern America 2.7%
Canada 2.7%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 26.9%
1980-1989 18.3%
1990-1999 25.3%
Since 2000 29.5%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 772,983
Born in Africa 47,770
Born in Asia 201,598
Born in Europe 248,614
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 231,759
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 40,714
Cat28 2,517
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 6.2%
Born in Asia 26.1%
Born in Europe 32.2%
Born in Latin America 30.0%
Born in Northern America 5.3%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 552,059
Born in Africa 21,557
Born in Asia 116,608
Born in Europe 241,703
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 117,526
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 53,072
Cat21 1,593
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.9%
Born in Asia 21.1%
Born in Europe 43.8%
Born in Latin America 21.3%
Born in Northern America 9.6%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,198,148
Naturalized citizens 643,642
Noncitizens 554,506
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 643,642
Before 1990 126,329
1990-1999 108,758
2000-2009 191,294
2010-2014 112,253
Since 2015 105,008
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 53.7%
Noncitizens 46.3%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 19.6%
1980-1989 16.9%
1990-1999 29.7%
2000-2009 17.4%
Since 2010 16.3%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 772,983
Naturalized citizens 337,617
Noncitizens 435,366
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 43.7%
Noncitizens 56.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 573,733
Naturalized citizens 262,079
Noncitizens 311,654
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.7%
Noncitizens 54.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 361,357
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 21,320
% married among women who gave birth
79.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
20.4%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,311,758
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 53,025
% married among women who gave birth 69.8%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 30.2%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 3
U.S. Born
Average household size 2
Average family size 3
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,312,107
Only native parent(s)
888,274
One or more foreign-born parents
423,833

Child is native

357,258

Child is foreign born

66,575
Children under age 6 with 413,785
Only native parent(s)
275,463
One or more foreign-born parents
138,322

Child is native

128,082

Child is foreign born

10,240
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 898,322
Only native parent(s)
612,811
One or more foreign-born parents
285,511

Child is native

229,176

Child is foreign born

56,335
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

344,334
Only native parents 199,132
One or more foreign-born parents 145,202
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 67.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 32.3%
Child is native 27.2%
Child is foreign born 5.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 66.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 33.4%
Child is native 31.0%
Child is foreign born 2.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 68.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 31.8%
Child is native 25.5%
Child is foreign born 6.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 57.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 42.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,447,376
Only native parent(s) 1,171,636
One or more foreign-born parents 275,740
Child is native 220,139
Child is foreign born 55,601
Children under age 6 with 463,493
Only native parent(s) 372,573
One or more foreign-born parents 90,920
Child is native 82,640
Child is foreign born 8,280
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 983,883
Only native parent(s) 799,063
One or more foreign-born parents 184,820
Child is native 137,499
Child is foreign born 47,321
Children in Low-Income Families* 374,483
Only native parents 273,161
One or more foreign-born parents 101,322
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.1%
Child is native 15.2%
Child is foreign born 3.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.6%
Child is native 17.8%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 81.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.8%
Child is native 14.0%
Child is foreign born 4.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 72.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,313,880
Only native parent(s) 1,109,677
One or more foreign-born parents 204,203
Child is native 158,838
Child is foreign born 45,365
Children under age 6 with 477,583
Only native parent(s) 407,382
One or more foreign-born parents 70,201
Child is native 62,751
Child is foreign born 7,450
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 836,297
Only native parent(s) 702,295
One or more foreign-born parents 134,002
Child is native 96,087
Child is foreign born 37,915
Children in Low-Income Families* 344,066
Only native parents 274,803
One or more foreign-born parents 69,263
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 84.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.5%
Child is native 12.1%
Child is foreign born 3.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.7%
Child is native 13.1%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 84.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.0%
Child is native 11.5%
Child is foreign born 4.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 79.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.1%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.