E.g., 09/17/2019
E.g., 09/17/2019

State Demographics Data - MA

Massachusetts

Demographics & Social
2017
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 1,156,472
% Foreign Born 16.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 49.6%
% change: 1990-2000 34.7%
Race (%)  
One race 96.3%
White
43.3%
Black or African American
16.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.3%
Asian
27.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
9.2%
Two or more races 3.7%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 247,833
% Latino 21.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.9%
5-17 5.7%
18-64 78.1%
65 and older 15.4%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

43.5
Gender (% female) 51.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 26.7%
Married 56.6%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.7%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 5,703,347
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 2.3%
% change: 1990-2000 2.5%
Race (%)  
One race 97.1%
White 85.7%
Black or African American 6.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.2%
Asian 2.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 2.7%
Two or more races 2.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 563,459
% Latino 9.9%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.1%
5-17 16.6%
18-64 61.0%
65 and older 16.3%
Median Age 38
Gender (% female) 51.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 39.4%
Married 43.9%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.7%
Foreign Born
Number 772,983
% Foreign Born 12.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 5,576,114
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 573,733
% Foreign Born 9.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 5,442,692
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

1,156,472
Born in Africa 116,879
Born in Asia 357,184
Born in Europe 237,483
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 413,203
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 27,567
Born in Oceania 4,156
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 China (exc. Taiwan)
Country #2 Portugal
Country #3 Brazil
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

1,156,472
Europe 237,483
Northern Europe 44,302
United Kingdom
23,594
Ireland
14,603
Other Northern Europe
6,105
Western Europe 28,067
France
7,697
Germany
13,663
Other Western Europe
6,707
Southern Europe 85,002
Italy
16,295
Portugal
52,833
Other Southern Europe
15,874
Eastern Europe 79,585
Poland
14,012
Russia
18,002
Other Eastern Europe
47,571
Other Europe (no country specified) 527
Asia 357,184
Eastern Asia 142,581
China
111,596

China, excluding Taiwan

101,097

Taiwan

10,499
Japan
9,280
Korea
21,604
Other Eastern Asia
101
South Central Asia 104,937
India
77,939
Iran
4,896
Other South Central Asia
22,102
Southeastern Asia 76,971
Philippines
10,406
Vietnam
35,660
Other Southeastern Asia
30,905
Western Asia 32,244
Israel
5,300
Lebanon
7,243
Other Western Asia
19,701
Other Asia (no country specified) 451
Africa 116,879
Eastern Africa 26,519
Northern Africa
14,771
Western Africa
62,042
Middle and Southern Africa
9,469
Other Africa (no country specified)
4,078
Oceania 4,156
Australia and New Zealand subregion 3,841
Oceania (no country specified) 315
Americas 440,770
Latin America 413,203
Caribbean
185,064

Cuba

3,962

Jamaica

16,207

Other Caribbean

164,895
Central America
93,265

Mexico

9,614

El Salvador

38,599

Other Central America

45,052
South America
134,874

Brazil

79,548

Colombia

24,320

Other South America

31,006
Northern America 27,567
Canada
26,866
Other Northern America
701
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 318,985
1990-1999 221,792
2000-2009 289,735
Since 2010 325,960
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 10.1%
Born in Asia 30.9%
Born in Europe 20.5%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 35.7%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.4%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 8.20%
Country #2 5.70%
Country #3 5.6
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 20.5%
Northern Europe 3.8%
United Kingdom 2.0%
Ireland 1.3%
Other Northern Europe 0.5%
Western Europe 2.4%
France 0.7%
Germany 1.2%
Other Western Europe 0.6%
Southern Europe 7.4%
Italy 1.4%
Portugal 4.6%
Other Southern Europe 1.4%
Eastern Europe 6.9%
Poland 1.2%
Russia 1.6%
Other Eastern Europe 4.1%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 30.9%
Eastern Asia 12.3%
China 9.6%
China, excluding Taiwan 8.7%
Taiwan 0.9%
Japan 0.8%
Korea 1.9%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 9.1%
India 6.7%
Iran 0.4%
Other South Central Asia 1.9%
Southeastern Asia 6.7%
Philippines 0.9%
Vietnam 3.1%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.7%
Western Asia 2.8%
Israel 0.5%
Lebanon 0.6%
Other Western Asia 1.7%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.0%
Africa 10.1%
Eastern Africa 2.3%
Northern Africa 1.3%
Western Africa 5.4%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.8%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.4%
Oceania 0.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 38.1%
Latin America 35.7%
Caribbean 16.0%
Cuba 0.3%
Jamaica 1.4%
Other Caribbean 14.3%
Central America 8.1%
Mexico 0.8%
El Salvador 3.3%
Other Central America 3.9%
South America 11.7%
Brazil 6.9%
Colombia 2.1%
Other South America 2.7%
Northern America 2.4%
Canada 2.3%
Other Northern America 0.1%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 27.6%
1980-1989 19.2%
1990-1999 25.1%
Since 2000 28.2%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 772,983
Born in Africa 47,770
Born in Asia 201,598
Born in Europe 248,614
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 231,759
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 40,714
Cat28 2,517
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Portugal
Country #2 China (exc. Taiwan)
Country #3 Dominican Republic
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 6.2%
Born in Asia 26.1%
Born in Europe 32.2%
Born in Latin America 30.0%
Born in Northern America 5.3%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 8.60%
Country #2 6.10%
Country #3 6
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 552,059
Born in Africa 21,557
Born in Asia 116,608
Born in Europe 241,703
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 117,526
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 53,072
Cat21 1,593
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 701
Country #2 Canada
Country #3 Italy
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.9%
Born in Asia 21.1%
Born in Europe 43.8%
Born in Latin America 21.3%
Born in Northern America 9.6%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 12.7
Country #2 9.10%
Country #3 6.60%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,156,472
Naturalized citizens 606,490
Noncitizens 549,982
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 606,490
Before 1980 65,693
1980-1989 51,300
1990-1999 108,604
2000-2009 193,561
Since 2010 187,332
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 52.4%
Noncitizens 47.6%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 10.8%
1980-1989 8.5%
1990-1999 17.9%
2000-2009 31.9%
Since 2010 30.9%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 772,983
Naturalized citizens 337,617
Noncitizens 435,366
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 43.7%
Noncitizens 56.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 573,733
Naturalized citizens 262,079
Noncitizens 311,654
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.7%
Noncitizens 54.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 341,950
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 20,211
% married among women who gave birth
75.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
24.4%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,328,012
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 56,479
% married among women who gave birth 62.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 38.0%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.9
Average family size 3.43
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.45
Average family size 3.07
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,314,811
Only native parent(s)
930,174
One or more foreign-born parents
384,637

Child is native

323,456

Child is foreign born

61,181
Children under age 6 with 420,216
Only native parent(s)
288,318
One or more foreign-born parents
131,898

Child is native

120,307

Child is foreign born

11,591
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 894,595
Only native parent(s)
641,856
One or more foreign-born parents
252,739

Child is native

203,149

Child is foreign born

49,590
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

350,776
Only native parents 218,217
One or more foreign-born parents 132,559
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 70.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.3%
Child is native 24.6%
Child is foreign born 4.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 68.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 31.4%
Child is native 28.6%
Child is foreign born 2.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 71.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.3%
Child is native 22.7%
Child is foreign born 5.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 62.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 37.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,447,376
Only native parent(s) 1,171,636
One or more foreign-born parents 275,740
Child is native 220,139
Child is foreign born 55,601
Children under age 6 with 463,493
Only native parent(s) 372,573
One or more foreign-born parents 90,920
Child is native 82,640
Child is foreign born 8,280
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 983,883
Only native parent(s) 799,063
One or more foreign-born parents 184,820
Child is native 137,499
Child is foreign born 47,321
Children in Low-Income Families* 374,483
Only native parents 273,161
One or more foreign-born parents 101,322
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.1%
Child is native 15.2%
Child is foreign born 3.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.6%
Child is native 17.8%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 81.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.8%
Child is native 14.0%
Child is foreign born 4.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 72.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,313,880
Only native parent(s) 1,109,677
One or more foreign-born parents 204,203
Child is native 158,838
Child is foreign born 45,365
Children under age 6 with 477,583
Only native parent(s) 407,382
One or more foreign-born parents 70,201
Child is native 62,751
Child is foreign born 7,450
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 836,297
Only native parent(s) 702,295
One or more foreign-born parents 134,002
Child is native 96,087
Child is foreign born 37,915
Children in Low-Income Families* 344,066
Only native parents 274,803
One or more foreign-born parents 69,263
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 84.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.5%
Child is native 12.1%
Child is foreign born 3.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.7%
Child is native 13.1%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 84.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.0%
Child is native 11.5%
Child is foreign born 4.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 79.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.1%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.