E.g., 09/19/2021
E.g., 09/19/2021
State Demographics Data - MA
 

Massachusetts

Demographics & Social
2019
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 1,190,192
% Foreign Born 17.3%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 54.0%
% change: 1990-2000 34.7%
Race (%)  
One race 96.0%
White
40.8%
Black or African American
16.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.2%
Asian
27.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
11.2%
Two or more races 4.0%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 273,584
% Latino 23.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.8%
5-17 5.5%
18-64 77.7%
65 and older 16.0%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

43.9
Gender (% female) 51.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 27.4%
Married 56.9%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 15.7%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 5,702,311
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 2.3%
% change: 1990-2000 2.5%
Race (%)  
One race 96.4%
White 84.5%
Black or African American 6.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%
Asian 2.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 2.9%
Two or more races 3.6%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 580,151
% Latino 10.2%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.1%
5-17 16.3%
18-64 60.4%
65 and older 17.2%
Median Age 38
Gender (% female) 51.4%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 39.8%
Married 43.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.4%
Foreign Born
Number 772,983
% Foreign Born 12.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 5,576,114
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 573,733
% Foreign Born 9.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 5,442,692
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

1,190,192
Born in Africa 108,063
Born in Asia 363,198
Born in Europe 229,917
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 456,671
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 27,911
Born in Oceania 4,432
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

1,190,192
Europe 229,917
Northern Europe 46,042
United Kingdom
27,445
Ireland
12,279
Other Northern Europe
6,318
Western Europe 27,920
France
7,965
Germany
14,122
Other Western Europe
5,833
Southern Europe 80,229
Italy
14,765
Portugal
50,668
Other Southern Europe
14,796
Eastern Europe 75,341
Poland
12,193
Russia
16,804
Other Eastern Europe
46,344
Other Europe (no country specified) 385
Asia 363,198
Eastern Asia 146,494
China
122,301

China, excluding Taiwan

115,618

Taiwan

6,683
Japan
7,659
Korea
16,256
Other Eastern Asia
278
South Central Asia 114,482
India
80,766
Iran
5,674
Other South Central Asia
28,042
Southeastern Asia 71,337
Philippines
12,037
Vietnam
34,605
Other Southeastern Asia
24,695
Western Asia 30,013
Israel
3,951
Lebanon
6,602
Other Western Asia
19,460
Other Asia (no country specified) 872
Africa 108,063
Eastern Africa 21,918
Northern Africa
14,082
Western Africa
54,769
Middle and Southern Africa
9,738
Other Africa (no country specified)
7,556
Oceania 4,432
Australia and New Zealand subregion 3,738
Oceania (no country specified) 694
Americas 484,582
Latin America 456,671
Caribbean
200,257

Cuba

3,842

Jamaica

24,299

Other Caribbean

172,116
Central America
110,239

Mexico

13,963

El Salvador

38,291

Other Central America

57,985
South America
146,175

Brazil

90,423

Colombia

27,669

Other South America

28,083
Northern America 27,911
Canada
27,756
Other Northern America
155
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 301,367
1990-1999 226,670
2000-2009 292,152
Since 2010 370,003
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 9.1%
Born in Asia 30.5%
Born in Europe 19.3%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 38.4%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.3%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 19.3%
Northern Europe 3.9%
United Kingdom 2.3%
Ireland 1.0%
Other Northern Europe 0.5%
Western Europe 2.3%
France 0.7%
Germany 1.2%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 6.7%
Italy 1.2%
Portugal 4.3%
Other Southern Europe 1.2%
Eastern Europe 6.3%
Poland 1.0%
Russia 1.4%
Other Eastern Europe 3.9%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 30.5%
Eastern Asia 12.3%
China 10.3%
China, excluding Taiwan 9.7%
Taiwan 0.6%
Japan 0.6%
Korea 1.4%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 9.6%
India 6.8%
Iran 0.5%
Other South Central Asia 2.4%
Southeastern Asia 6.0%
Philippines 1.0%
Vietnam 2.9%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.1%
Western Asia 2.5%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.6%
Other Western Asia 1.6%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 9.1%
Eastern Africa 1.8%
Northern Africa 1.2%
Western Africa 4.6%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.8%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.6%
Oceania 0.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 40.7%
Latin America 38.4%
Caribbean 16.8%
Cuba 0.3%
Jamaica 2.0%
Other Caribbean 14.5%
Central America 9.3%
Mexico 1.2%
El Salvador 3.2%
Other Central America 4.9%
South America 12.3%
Brazil 7.6%
Colombia 2.3%
Other South America 2.4%
Northern America 2.3%
Canada 2.3%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 25.3%
1980-1989 19.0%
1990-1999 24.5%
Since 2000 31.1%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 772,983
Born in Africa 47,770
Born in Asia 201,598
Born in Europe 248,614
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 231,759
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 40,714
Cat28 2,517
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 6.2%
Born in Asia 26.1%
Born in Europe 32.2%
Born in Latin America 30.0%
Born in Northern America 5.3%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 552,059
Born in Africa 21,557
Born in Asia 116,608
Born in Europe 241,703
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 117,526
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 53,072
Cat21 1,593
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.9%
Born in Asia 21.1%
Born in Europe 43.8%
Born in Latin America 21.3%
Born in Northern America 9.6%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,190,192
Naturalized citizens 651,579
Noncitizens 538,613
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 651,579
Before 1990 111,816
1990-1999 98,748
2000-2009 193,835
2010-2014 117,918
Since 2015 129,262
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 54.7%
Noncitizens 45.3%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 17.2%
1980-1989 15.2%
1990-1999 29.7%
2000-2009 18.1%
Since 2010 19.8%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 772,983
Naturalized citizens 337,617
Noncitizens 435,366
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 43.7%
Noncitizens 56.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 573,733
Naturalized citizens 262,079
Noncitizens 311,654
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.7%
Noncitizens 54.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 352,545
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 16,729
% married among women who gave birth
86.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
13.7%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,312,904
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 52,410
% married among women who gave birth 69.8%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 30.2%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.92
Average family size 3.42
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.41
Average family size 3.02
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,291,256
Only native parent(s)
892,534
One or more foreign-born parents
398,722

Child is native

335,545

Child is foreign born

63,177
Children under age 6 with 403,118
Only native parent(s)
278,476
One or more foreign-born parents
124,642

Child is native

114,428

Child is foreign born

10,214
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 888,138
Only native parent(s)
614,058
One or more foreign-born parents
274,080

Child is native

221,117

Child is foreign born

52,963
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

325,905
Only native parents 196,598
One or more foreign-born parents 129,307
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 69.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.9%
Child is native 26.0%
Child is foreign born 4.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 69.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.9%
Child is native 28.4%
Child is foreign born 2.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 69.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.9%
Child is native 24.9%
Child is foreign born 6.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 60.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 39.7%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,447,376
Only native parent(s) 1,171,636
One or more foreign-born parents 275,740
Child is native 220,139
Child is foreign born 55,601
Children under age 6 with 463,493
Only native parent(s) 372,573
One or more foreign-born parents 90,920
Child is native 82,640
Child is foreign born 8,280
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 983,883
Only native parent(s) 799,063
One or more foreign-born parents 184,820
Child is native 137,499
Child is foreign born 47,321
Children in Low-Income Families* 374,483
Only native parents 273,161
One or more foreign-born parents 101,322
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.1%
Child is native 15.2%
Child is foreign born 3.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.6%
Child is native 17.8%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 81.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.8%
Child is native 14.0%
Child is foreign born 4.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 72.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,313,880
Only native parent(s) 1,109,677
One or more foreign-born parents 204,203
Child is native 158,838
Child is foreign born 45,365
Children under age 6 with 477,583
Only native parent(s) 407,382
One or more foreign-born parents 70,201
Child is native 62,751
Child is foreign born 7,450
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 836,297
Only native parent(s) 702,295
One or more foreign-born parents 134,002
Child is native 96,087
Child is foreign born 37,915
Children in Low-Income Families* 344,066
Only native parents 274,803
One or more foreign-born parents 69,263
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 84.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.5%
Child is native 12.1%
Child is foreign born 3.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.7%
Child is native 13.1%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 84.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.0%
Child is native 11.5%
Child is foreign born 4.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 79.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.1%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.