E.g., 07/28/2021
E.g., 07/28/2021
State Demographics Data - IN
 

Indiana

Demographics & Social
2019
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 358,598
% Foreign Born 5.3%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 92.2%
% change: 1990-2000 97.9%
Race (%)  
One race 97.9%
White
37.6%
Black or African American
10.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.5%
Asian
34.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.4%
Other race
15.1%
Two or more races 2.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 131,572
% Latino 36.7%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.0%
5-17 7.6%
18-64 80.5%
65 and older 10.8%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

39.3
Gender (% female) 48.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 28.6%
Married 56.6%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 6,373,621
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 8.1%
% change: 1990-2000 8.1%
Race (%)  
One race 97.4%
White 85.3%
Black or African American 9.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%
Asian 0.8%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 1.5%
Two or more races 2.6%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 353,982
% Latino 5.6%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.4%
5-17 17.7%
18-64 59.5%
65 and older 16.4%
Median Age 37.9
Gender (% female) 50.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 32.9%
Married 47.0%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 20.2%
Foreign Born
Number 186,534
% Foreign Born 3.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 5,893,951
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 94,263
% Foreign Born 1.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 5,449,896
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

358,598
Born in Africa 35,378
Born in Asia 132,485
Born in Europe 42,441
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 137,693
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 8,448
Born in Oceania 2,153
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

358,598
Europe 42,441
Northern Europe 7,932
United Kingdom
7,017
Ireland
417
Other Northern Europe
498
Western Europe 12,127
France
1,210
Germany
9,001
Other Western Europe
1,916
Southern Europe 4,442
Italy
1,499
Portugal
189
Other Southern Europe
2,754
Eastern Europe 17,685
Poland
2,597
Russia
3,729
Other Eastern Europe
11,359
Other Europe (no country specified) 255
Asia 132,485
Eastern Asia 42,777
China
26,326

China, excluding Taiwan

23,861

Taiwan

2,465
Japan
4,894
Korea
11,320
Other Eastern Asia
237
South Central Asia 37,409
India
30,974
Iran
276
Other South Central Asia
6,159
Southeastern Asia 46,148
Philippines
13,619
Vietnam
8,571
Other Southeastern Asia
23,958
Western Asia 5,898
Israel
434
Lebanon
693
Other Western Asia
4,771
Other Asia (no country specified) 253
Africa 35,378
Eastern Africa 8,609
Northern Africa
3,166
Western Africa
16,314
Middle and Southern Africa
4,675
Other Africa (no country specified)
2,614
Oceania 2,153
Australia and New Zealand subregion 878
Oceania (no country specified) 1,275
Americas 146,141
Latin America 137,693
Caribbean
8,068

Cuba

2,622

Jamaica

1,496

Other Caribbean

3,950
Central America
114,793

Mexico

94,028

El Salvador

6,371

Other Central America

14,394
South America
14,832

Brazil

1,855

Colombia

2,449

Other South America

10,528
Northern America 8,448
Canada
7,560
Other Northern America
888
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 62,536
1990-1999 70,571
2000-2009 107,349
Since 2010 118,142
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 9.9%
Born in Asia 36.9%
Born in Europe 11.8%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 38.4%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.4%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 11.8%
Northern Europe 2.2%
United Kingdom 2.0%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.1%
Western Europe 3.4%
France 0.3%
Germany 2.5%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 1.2%
Italy 0.4%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 0.8%
Eastern Europe 4.9%
Poland 0.7%
Russia 1.0%
Other Eastern Europe 3.2%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.1%
Asia 36.9%
Eastern Asia 11.9%
China 7.3%
China, excluding Taiwan 6.7%
Taiwan 0.7%
Japan 1.4%
Korea 3.2%
Other Eastern Asia 0.1%
South Central Asia 10.4%
India 8.6%
Iran 0.1%
Other South Central Asia 1.7%
Southeastern Asia 12.9%
Philippines 3.8%
Vietnam 2.4%
Other Southeastern Asia 6.7%
Western Asia 1.6%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 1.3%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 9.9%
Eastern Africa 2.4%
Northern Africa 0.9%
Western Africa 4.5%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.3%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.7%
Oceania 0.6%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.4%
Americas 40.8%
Latin America 38.4%
Caribbean 2.2%
Cuba 0.7%
Jamaica 0.4%
Other Caribbean 1.1%
Central America 32.0%
Mexico 26.2%
El Salvador 1.8%
Other Central America 4.0%
South America 4.1%
Brazil 0.5%
Colombia 0.7%
Other South America 2.9%
Northern America 2.4%
Canada 2.1%
Other Northern America 0.2%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 17.4%
1980-1989 19.7%
1990-1999 29.9%
Since 2000 32.9%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 186,534
Born in Africa 7,308
Born in Asia 49,613
Born in Europe 43,305
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 77,457
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 7,861
Cat28 985
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.9%
Born in Asia 26.6%
Born in Europe 23.2%
Born in Latin America 41.5%
Born in Northern America 4.2%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 91,156
Born in Africa 2,318
Born in Asia 27,845
Born in Europe 38,579
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 15,933
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 5,813
Cat21 668
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.5%
Born in Asia 30.5%
Born in Europe 42.3%
Born in Latin America 17.5%
Born in Northern America 6.4%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 358,598
Naturalized citizens 150,567
Noncitizens 208,031
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 150,567
Before 1990 26,808
1990-1999 20,844
2000-2009 44,018
2010-2014 27,161
Since 2015 31,736
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 42.0%
Noncitizens 58.0%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 17.8%
1980-1989 13.8%
1990-1999 29.2%
2000-2009 18.0%
Since 2010 21.1%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 186,534
Naturalized citizens 70,983
Noncitizens 115,551
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 38.1%
Noncitizens 61.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 94,263
Naturalized citizens 49,841
Noncitizens 44,422
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 52.9%
Noncitizens 47.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 111,917
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 5,700
% married among women who gave birth
80.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
19.7%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,445,475
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 75,958
% married among women who gave birth 60.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 40.0%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.02
Average family size 3.74
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.49
Average family size 3.11
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,464,401
Only native parent(s)
1,291,918
One or more foreign-born parents
172,483

Child is native

150,193

Child is foreign born

22,290
Children under age 6 with 468,169
Only native parent(s)
414,157
One or more foreign-born parents
54,012

Child is native

50,541

Child is foreign born

3,471
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 996,232
Only native parent(s)
877,761
One or more foreign-born parents
118,471

Child is native

99,652

Child is foreign born

18,819
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

552,758
Only native parents 463,874
One or more foreign-born parents 88,884
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.8%
Child is native 10.3%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.5%
Child is native 10.8%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.9%
Child is native 10.0%
Child is foreign born 1.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 83.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,510,368
Only native parent(s) 1,435,751
One or more foreign-born parents 74,617
Child is native 58,087
Child is foreign born 16,530
Children under age 6 with 485,975
Only native parent(s) 457,680
One or more foreign-born parents 28,295
Child is native 24,736
Child is foreign born 3,559
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,024,393
Only native parent(s) 978,071
One or more foreign-born parents 46,322
Child is native 33,351
Child is foreign born 12,971
Children in Low-Income Families* 484,817
Only native parents 456,684
One or more foreign-born parents 28,133
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.9%
Child is native 3.8%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.8%
Child is native 5.1%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.5%
Child is native 3.3%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 94.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,421,241
Only native parent(s) 1,379,419
One or more foreign-born parents 41,822
Child is native 35,908
Child is foreign born 5,914
Children under age 6 with 474,290
Only native parent(s) 461,093
One or more foreign-born parents 13,197
Child is native 11,788
Child is foreign born 1,409
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 946,951
Only native parent(s) 918,326
One or more foreign-born parents 28,625
Child is native 24,120
Child is foreign born 4,505
Children in Low-Income Families* 516,381
Only native parents 503,893
One or more foreign-born parents 12,488
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.9%
Child is native 2.5%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.8%
Child is native 2.5%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 3.0%
Child is native 2.5%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 97.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.4%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.