E.g., 07/08/2020
E.g., 07/08/2020

State Demographics Data - IA

Iowa

Demographics & Social
2018
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 175,137
% Foreign Born 5.5%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 92.3%
% change: 1990-2000 110.3%
Race (%)  
One race 98.7%
White
39.7%
Black or African American
14.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.2%
Asian
34.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.5%
Other race
9.0%
Two or more races 1.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 54,231
% Latino 31.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.7%
5-17 8.2%
18-64 84.5%
65 and older 6.6%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

37.6
Gender (% female) 49.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 28.8%
Married 58.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 13.0%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 2,981,008
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 5.1%
% change: 1990-2000 3.7%
Race (%)  
One race 97.8%
White 93.1%
Black or African American 3.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.4%
Asian 0.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 0.5%
Two or more races 2.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 137,242
% Latino 4.6%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.6%
5-17 17.5%
18-64 58.3%
65 and older 17.7%
Median Age 38.2
Gender (% female) 50.5%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 30.5%
Married 50.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.7%
Foreign Born
Number 91,085
% Foreign Born 3.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 2,835,239
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 43,316
% Foreign Born 1.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 2,733,439
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

175,137
Born in Africa 26,160
Born in Asia 68,221
Born in Europe 19,433
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 57,436
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,785
Born in Oceania 1,102
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

175,137
Europe 19,433
Northern Europe 2,538
United Kingdom
1,813
Ireland
68
Other Northern Europe
657
Western Europe 4,304
France
274
Germany
2,887
Other Western Europe
1,143
Southern Europe 1,539
Italy
371
Portugal
279
Other Southern Europe
889
Eastern Europe 11,052
Poland
621
Russia
1,151
Other Eastern Europe
9,280
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 68,221
Eastern Asia 18,258
China
10,821

China, excluding Taiwan

9,991

Taiwan

830
Japan
1,000
Korea
6,437
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 17,652
India
9,498
Iran
754
Other South Central Asia
7,400
Southeastern Asia 27,162
Philippines
4,358
Vietnam
8,166
Other Southeastern Asia
14,638
Western Asia 5,117
Israel
57
Lebanon
809
Other Western Asia
4,251
Other Asia (no country specified) 32
Africa 26,160
Eastern Africa 7,191
Northern Africa
6,505
Western Africa
3,936
Middle and Southern Africa
6,255
Other Africa (no country specified)
2,273
Oceania 1,102
Australia and New Zealand subregion 278
Oceania (no country specified) 824
Americas 60,221
Latin America 57,436
Caribbean
3,226

Cuba

838

Jamaica

427

Other Caribbean

1,961
Central America
51,405

Mexico

42,039

El Salvador

2,480

Other Central America

6,886
South America
2,805

Brazil

981

Colombia

610

Other South America

1,214
Northern America 2,785
Canada
2,785
Other Northern America
0
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 27,923
1990-1999 30,907
2000-2009 50,012
Since 2010 66,295
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 14.9%
Born in Asia 39.0%
Born in Europe 11.1%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 32.8%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.6%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 11.1%
Northern Europe 1.4%
United Kingdom 1.0%
Ireland 0.0%
Other Northern Europe 0.4%
Western Europe 2.5%
France 0.2%
Germany 1.6%
Other Western Europe 0.7%
Southern Europe 0.9%
Italy 0.2%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 0.5%
Eastern Europe 6.3%
Poland 0.4%
Russia 0.7%
Other Eastern Europe 5.3%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 39.0%
Eastern Asia 10.4%
China 6.2%
China, excluding Taiwan 5.7%
Taiwan 0.5%
Japan 0.6%
Korea 3.7%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 10.1%
India 5.4%
Iran 0.4%
Other South Central Asia 4.2%
Southeastern Asia 15.5%
Philippines 2.5%
Vietnam 4.7%
Other Southeastern Asia 8.4%
Western Asia 2.9%
Israel 0.0%
Lebanon 0.5%
Other Western Asia 2.4%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.0%
Africa 14.9%
Eastern Africa 4.1%
Northern Africa 3.7%
Western Africa 2.2%
Middle and Southern Africa 3.6%
Other Africa (no country specified) 1.3%
Oceania 0.6%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.5%
Americas 34.4%
Latin America 32.8%
Caribbean 1.8%
Cuba 0.5%
Jamaica 0.2%
Other Caribbean 1.1%
Central America 29.4%
Mexico 24.0%
El Salvador 1.4%
Other Central America 3.9%
South America 1.6%
Brazil 0.6%
Colombia 0.3%
Other South America 0.7%
Northern America 1.6%
Canada 1.6%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 15.9%
1980-1989 17.6%
1990-1999 28.6%
Since 2000 37.9%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 91,085
Born in Africa 3,978
Born in Asia 30,162
Born in Europe 20,326
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 32,824
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,249
Cat28 544
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.4%
Born in Asia 33.1%
Born in Europe 22.3%
Born in Latin America 36.0%
Born in Northern America 3.6%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 42,029
Born in Africa 1,232
Born in Asia 17,970
Born in Europe 14,024
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 5,834
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,644
Cat21 325
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.9%
Born in Asia 42.8%
Born in Europe 33.4%
Born in Latin America 13.9%
Born in Northern America 6.3%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 175,137
Naturalized citizens 68,344
Noncitizens 106,793
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 68,344
Before 1990 11,428
1990-1999 9,849
2000-2009 24,253
2010-2014 9,710
Since 2015 13,104
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 39.0%
Noncitizens 61.0%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 16.7%
1980-1989 14.4%
1990-1999 35.5%
2000-2009 14.2%
Since 2010 19.2%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 91,085
Naturalized citizens 29,951
Noncitizens 61,134
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 32.9%
Noncitizens 67.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 43,316
Naturalized citizens 19,992
Noncitizens 23,324
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.2%
Noncitizens 53.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 63,539
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 4,177
% married among women who gave birth
82.8%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
17.2%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 645,711
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 36,739
% married among women who gave birth 69.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 30.6%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 4
U.S. Born
Average household size 2
Average family size 3
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 699,584
Only native parent(s)
615,963
One or more foreign-born parents
83,621

Child is native

71,673

Child is foreign born

11,948
Children under age 6 with 231,199
Only native parent(s)
201,767
One or more foreign-born parents
29,432

Child is native

27,185

Child is foreign born

2,247
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 468,385
Only native parent(s)
414,196
One or more foreign-born parents
54,189

Child is native

44,488

Child is foreign born

9,701
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

230,702
Only native parents 186,601
One or more foreign-born parents 44,101
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.0%
Child is native 10.2%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.7%
Child is native 11.8%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.6%
Child is native 9.5%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 80.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 708,602
Only native parent(s) 670,039
One or more foreign-born parents 38,563
Child is native 27,624
Child is foreign born 10,939
Children under age 6 with 219,796
Only native parent(s) 204,549
One or more foreign-born parents 15,247
Child is native 13,505
Child is foreign born 1,742
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 488,806
Only native parent(s) 465,490
One or more foreign-born parents 23,316
Child is native 14,119
Child is foreign born 9,197
Children in Low-Income Families* 225,306
Only native parents 205,783
One or more foreign-born parents 19,523
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.4%
Child is native 3.9%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.9%
Child is native 6.1%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.8%
Child is native 2.9%
Child is foreign born 1.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 91.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.7%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 701,744
Only native parent(s) 685,077
One or more foreign-born parents 16,667
Child is native 12,620
Child is foreign born 4,047
Children under age 6 with 233,039
Only native parent(s) 227,493
One or more foreign-born parents 5,546
Child is native 4,715
Child is foreign born 831
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 468,705
Only native parent(s) 457,584
One or more foreign-born parents 11,121
Child is native 7,905
Child is foreign born 3,216
Children in Low-Income Families* 266,163
Only native parents 258,486
One or more foreign-born parents 7,677
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.4%
Child is native 1.8%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.4%
Child is native 2.0%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.4%
Child is native 1.7%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 97.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.