E.g., 11/21/2017
E.g., 11/21/2017

State Demographics Data - IA

Iowa

Demographics & Social
2015
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 148,721
% Foreign Born 4.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 63.3%
% change: 1990-2000 110.3%
Race (%)  
One race 98.2%
White
40.3%
Black or African American
9.9%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.2%
Asian
32.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.5%
Other race
14.7%
Two or more races 1.8%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 56,249
% Latino 37.8%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.9%
5-17 7.5%
18-64 85.0%
65 and older 6.5%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

36.9
Gender (% female) 49.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 31.4%
Married 56.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 12.1%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 2,975,178
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 4.9%
% change: 1990-2000 3.7%
Race (%)  
One race 98.1%
White 93.0%
Black or African American 3.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.4%
Asian 0.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 0.9%
Two or more races 1.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 118,069
% Latino 4.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.5%
5-17 17.6%
18-64 59.4%
65 and older 16.5%
Median Age 38.2
Gender (% female) 50.5%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 29.4%
Married 51.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.7%
Foreign Born
Number 91,085
% Foreign Born 3.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
U.S. Born
Number 2,835,239
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Foreign Born
Number 43,316
% Foreign Born 1.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 2,733,439
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

148,721
Born in Africa 14,298
Born in Asia 53,212
Born in Europe 19,191
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 58,471
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,284
Born in Oceania 1,265
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

148,721
Europe 19,191
Northern Europe 2,560
United Kingdom
1,917
Ireland
215
Other Northern Europe
428
Western Europe 5,043
France
584
Germany
3,358
Other Western Europe
1,101
Southern Europe 807
Italy
357
Portugal
0
Other Southern Europe
450
Eastern Europe 10,781
Poland
234
Russia
737
Other Eastern Europe
9,810
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 53,212
Eastern Asia 17,691
China
12,214

China, excluding Taiwan

11,805

Taiwan

409
Japan
566
Korea
4,911
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 11,547
India
9,566
Iran
552
Other South Central Asia
1,429
Southeastern Asia 21,267
Philippines
3,709
Vietnam
5,607
Other Southeastern Asia
11,951
Western Asia 2,410
Israel
98
Lebanon
157
Other Western Asia
2,155
Other Asia (no country specified) 297
Africa 14,298
Eastern Africa 6,087
Northern Africa
2,128
Western Africa
2,732
Middle and Southern Africa
2,156
Other Africa (no country specified)
1,195
Oceania 1,265
Australia and New Zealand subregion 550
Oceania (no country specified) 715
Americas 60,755
Latin America 58,471
Caribbean
1,880

Cuba

173

Jamaica

641

Other Caribbean

1,066
Central America
53,530

Mexico

43,402

El Salvador

4,402

Other Central America

5,726
South America
3,061

Brazil

594

Colombia

385

Other South America

2,082
Northern America 2,284
Canada
2,270
Other Northern America
14
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 29,417
1990-1999 36,062
2000-2009 45,443
Since 2010 37,799
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 9.6%
Born in Asia 35.8%
Born in Europe 12.9%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 39.3%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.5%
Born in Oceania 0.9%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 29.9%
Country #2 7.0%
Country #3 6.2%
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 12.9%
Northern Europe 1.7%
United Kingdom 1.3%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 3.4%
France 0.4%
Germany 2.3%
Other Western Europe 0.7%
Southern Europe 0.5%
Italy 0.2%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 7.2%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 0.5%
Other Eastern Europe 6.6%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 35.8%
Eastern Asia 11.9%
China 8.2%
China, excluding Taiwan 7.9%
Taiwan 0.3%
Japan 0.4%
Korea 3.3%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 7.8%
India 6.4%
Iran 0.4%
Other South Central Asia 1.0%
Southeastern Asia 14.3%
Philippines 2.5%
Vietnam 3.8%
Other Southeastern Asia 8.0%
Western Asia 1.6%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 1.4%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.2%
Africa 9.6%
Eastern Africa 4.1%
Northern Africa 1.4%
Western Africa 1.8%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.4%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.8%
Oceania 0.9%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.4%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.5%
Americas 40.9%
Latin America 39.3%
Caribbean 1.3%
Cuba 0.1%
Jamaica 0.4%
Other Caribbean 0.7%
Central America 36.0%
Mexico 29.2%
El Salvador 3.0%
Other Central America 3.9%
South America 2.1%
Brazil 0.4%
Colombia 0.3%
Other South America 1.4%
Northern America 1.5%
Canada 1.5%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 19.8%
1980-1989 24.2%
1990-1999 30.6%
Since 2000 25.4%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 91,085
Born in Africa 3,978
Born in Asia 30,162
Born in Europe 20,326
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 32,824
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,249
Cat28 544
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Vietnam
Country #3 Bosnia and Herzegovina
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.4%
Born in Asia 33.1%
Born in Europe 22.3%
Born in Latin America 36.0%
Born in Northern America 3.6%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 27.7%
Country #2 7.0%
Country #3 6.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 42,029
Born in Africa 1,232
Born in Asia 17,970
Born in Europe 14,024
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 5,834
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,644
Cat21 325
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Germany
Country #2 Mexico
Country #3 Laos
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.9%
Born in Asia 42.8%
Born in Europe 33.4%
Born in Latin America 13.9%
Born in Northern America 6.3%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 10.6%
Country #2 8.4%
Country #3 6.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 148,721
Naturalized citizens 55,685
Noncitizens 93,036
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 55,685
Before 1980 5,890
1980-1989 4,608
1990-1999 9,779
2000-2009 21,487
Since 2010 13,921
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 37.4%
Noncitizens 62.6%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 10.6%
1980-1989 8.3%
1990-1999 17.6%
2000-2009 38.6%
Since 2010 25.0%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 91,085
Naturalized citizens 29,951
Noncitizens 61,134
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 32.9%
Noncitizens 67.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 43,316
Naturalized citizens 19,992
Noncitizens 23,324
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.2%
Noncitizens 53.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 52,949
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 3,808
% married among women who gave birth
69.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
30.6%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 651,161
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 39,455
% married among women who gave birth 67.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 32.7%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.14
Average family size 3.67
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.39
Average family size 2.95
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 697,652
Only native parent(s)
625,988
One or more foreign-born parents
71,664

Child is native

61,531

Child is foreign born

10,133
Children under age 6 with 229,955
Only native parent(s)
205,230
One or more foreign-born parents
24,725

Child is native

23,068

Child is foreign born

1,657
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 467,697
Only native parent(s)
420,758
One or more foreign-born parents
46,939

Child is native

38,463

Child is foreign born

8,476
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

249,476
Only native parents 210,856
One or more foreign-born parents 38,620
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.3%
Child is native 8.8%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.8%
Child is native 10.0%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 90.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.0%
Child is native 8.2%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 84.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 15.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 708,602
Only native parent(s) 670,039
One or more foreign-born parents 38,563
Child is native 27,624
Child is foreign born 10,939
Children under age 6 with 219,796
Only native parent(s) 204,549
One or more foreign-born parents 15,247
Child is native 13,505
Child is foreign born 1,742
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 488,806
Only native parent(s) 465,490
One or more foreign-born parents 23,316
Child is native 14,119
Child is foreign born 9,197
Children in Low-Income Families* 225,306
Only native parents 205,783
One or more foreign-born parents 19,523
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.4%
Child is native 3.9%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.9%
Child is native 6.1%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.8%
Child is native 2.9%
Child is foreign born 1.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 91.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.7%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 701,744
Only native parent(s) 685,077
One or more foreign-born parents 16,667
Child is native 12,620
Child is foreign born 4,047
Children under age 6 with 233,039
Only native parent(s) 227,493
One or more foreign-born parents 5,546
Child is native 4,715
Child is foreign born 831
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 468,705
Only native parent(s) 457,584
One or more foreign-born parents 11,121
Child is native 7,905
Child is foreign born 3,216
Children in Low-Income Families* 266,163
Only native parents 258,486
One or more foreign-born parents 7,677
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.4%
Child is native 1.8%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.4%
Child is native 2.0%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.4%
Child is native 1.7%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 97.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.