E.g., 10/17/2018
E.g., 10/17/2018

State Demographics Data - IA

Iowa

Demographics & Social
2016
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 160,189
% Foreign Born 5.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2016 75.9%
% change: 1990-2000 110.3%
Race (%)  
One race 99.0%
White
41.1%
Black or African American
11.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.3%
Asian
33.0%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.7%
Other race
12.8%
Two or more races 1.0%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 59,264
% Latino 37.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.9%
5-17 8.9%
18-64 83.0%
65 and older 7.2%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

36.7
Gender (% female) 48.5%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 30.1%
Married 58.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 11.5%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 2,974,504
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 4.9%
% change: 1990-2000 3.7%
Race (%)  
One race 98.1%
White 93.1%
Black or African American 3.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%
Asian 0.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 0.7%
Two or more races 1.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 119,798
% Latino 4.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.6%
5-17 17.3%
18-64 59.2%
65 and older 16.9%
Median Age 38.2
Gender (% female) 50.4%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 29.8%
Married 51.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.4%
Foreign Born
Number 91,085
% Foreign Born 3.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 2,835,239
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 43,316
% Foreign Born 1.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 2,733,439
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

160,189
Born in Africa 16,679
Born in Asia 58,015
Born in Europe 19,788
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 61,126
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,034
Born in Oceania 1,547
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

160,189
Europe 19,788
Northern Europe 2,618
United Kingdom
1,950
Ireland
128
Other Northern Europe
540
Western Europe 3,765
France
207
Germany
2,848
Other Western Europe
710
Southern Europe 1,399
Italy
498
Portugal
23
Other Southern Europe
878
Eastern Europe 11,992
Poland
297
Russia
918
Other Eastern Europe
10,777
Other Europe (no country specified) 14
Asia 58,015
Eastern Asia 16,804
China
10,611

China, excluding Taiwan

9,247

Taiwan

1,364
Japan
756
Korea
5,224
Other Eastern Asia
213
South Central Asia 16,183
India
11,308
Iran
192
Other South Central Asia
4,683
Southeastern Asia 21,468
Philippines
4,371
Vietnam
5,131
Other Southeastern Asia
11,966
Western Asia 3,560
Israel
566
Lebanon
540
Other Western Asia
2,454
Other Asia (no country specified) 0
Africa 16,679
Eastern Africa 6,331
Northern Africa
2,110
Western Africa
4,035
Middle and Southern Africa
2,978
Other Africa (no country specified)
1,225
Oceania 1,547
Australia and New Zealand subregion 387
Oceania (no country specified) 1,160
Americas 64,160
Latin America 61,126
Caribbean
1,089

Cuba

72

Jamaica

392

Other Caribbean

625
Central America
56,114

Mexico

42,788

El Salvador

3,364

Other Central America

9,962
South America
3,923

Brazil

485

Colombia

579

Other South America

2,859
Northern America 3,034
Canada
2,996
Other Northern America
38
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 30,071
1990-1999 34,035
2000-2009 47,708
Since 2010 48,375
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 10.4%
Born in Asia 36.2%
Born in Europe 12.4%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 38.2%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.9%
Born in Oceania 1.0%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 29.90
Country #2 7.00%
Country #3 6.20
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 12.4%
Northern Europe 1.6%
United Kingdom 1.2%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 2.4%
France 0.1%
Germany 1.8%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 0.9%
Italy 0.3%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.5%
Eastern Europe 7.5%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 0.6%
Other Eastern Europe 6.7%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 36.2%
Eastern Asia 10.5%
China 6.6%
China, excluding Taiwan 5.8%
Taiwan 0.9%
Japan 0.5%
Korea 3.3%
Other Eastern Asia 0.1%
South Central Asia 10.1%
India 7.1%
Iran 0.1%
Other South Central Asia 2.9%
Southeastern Asia 13.4%
Philippines 2.7%
Vietnam 3.2%
Other Southeastern Asia 7.5%
Western Asia 2.2%
Israel 0.4%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 1.5%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.0%
Africa 10.4%
Eastern Africa 4.0%
Northern Africa 1.3%
Western Africa 2.5%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.9%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.8%
Oceania 1.0%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.7%
Americas 40.1%
Latin America 38.2%
Caribbean 0.7%
Cuba 0.0%
Jamaica 0.2%
Other Caribbean 0.4%
Central America 35.0%
Mexico 26.7%
El Salvador 2.1%
Other Central America 6.2%
South America 2.4%
Brazil 0.3%
Colombia 0.4%
Other South America 1.8%
Northern America 1.9%
Canada 1.9%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 18.8%
1980-1989 21.2%
1990-1999 29.8%
Since 2000 30.2%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 91,085
Born in Africa 3,978
Born in Asia 30,162
Born in Europe 20,326
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 32,824
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,249
Cat28 544
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Vietnam
Country #3 Bosnia and Herzegovina
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.4%
Born in Asia 33.1%
Born in Europe 22.3%
Born in Latin America 36.0%
Born in Northern America 3.6%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 27.70
Country #2 7.00%
Country #3 6.30
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 42,029
Born in Africa 1,232
Born in Asia 17,970
Born in Europe 14,024
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 5,834
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,644
Cat21 325
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Germany
Country #2 Mexico
Country #3 Laos
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.9%
Born in Asia 42.8%
Born in Europe 33.4%
Born in Latin America 13.9%
Born in Northern America 6.3%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 10.60
Country #2 8.40%
Country #3 6.80%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 160,189
Naturalized citizens 62,016
Noncitizens 98,173
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 62,016
Before 1980 6,370
1980-1989 4,045
1990-1999 9,494
2000-2009 23,461
Since 2010 18,646
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 38.7%
Noncitizens 61.3%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 10.3%
1980-1989 6.5%
1990-1999 15.3%
2000-2009 37.8%
Since 2010 30.1%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 91,085
Naturalized citizens 29,951
Noncitizens 61,134
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 32.9%
Noncitizens 67.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 43,316
Naturalized citizens 19,992
Noncitizens 23,324
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.2%
Noncitizens 53.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 54,433
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 3,741
% married among women who gave birth
73.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
26.6%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 650,515
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 37,864
% married among women who gave birth 69.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 30.6%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.10
Average family size 3.70
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.39
Average family size 2.96
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 695,841
Only native parent(s)
618,876
One or more foreign-born parents
76,965

Child is native

64,180

Child is foreign born

12,785
Children under age 6 with 229,769
Only native parent(s)
203,008
One or more foreign-born parents
26,761

Child is native

24,759

Child is foreign born

2,002
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 466,072
Only native parent(s)
415,868
One or more foreign-born parents
50,204

Child is native

39,421

Child is foreign born

10,783
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

235,069
Only native parents 193,053
One or more foreign-born parents 42,016
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.1%
Child is native 9.2%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.6%
Child is native 10.8%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.8%
Child is native 8.5%
Child is foreign born 2.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 82.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 17.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 708,602
Only native parent(s) 670,039
One or more foreign-born parents 38,563
Child is native 27,624
Child is foreign born 10,939
Children under age 6 with 219,796
Only native parent(s) 204,549
One or more foreign-born parents 15,247
Child is native 13,505
Child is foreign born 1,742
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 488,806
Only native parent(s) 465,490
One or more foreign-born parents 23,316
Child is native 14,119
Child is foreign born 9,197
Children in Low-Income Families* 225,306
Only native parents 205,783
One or more foreign-born parents 19,523
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.4%
Child is native 3.9%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.9%
Child is native 6.1%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.8%
Child is native 2.9%
Child is foreign born 1.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 91.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.7%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 701,744
Only native parent(s) 685,077
One or more foreign-born parents 16,667
Child is native 12,620
Child is foreign born 4,047
Children under age 6 with 233,039
Only native parent(s) 227,493
One or more foreign-born parents 5,546
Child is native 4,715
Child is foreign born 831
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 468,705
Only native parent(s) 457,584
One or more foreign-born parents 11,121
Child is native 7,905
Child is foreign born 3,216
Children in Low-Income Families* 266,163
Only native parents 258,486
One or more foreign-born parents 7,677
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.4%
Child is native 1.8%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.4%
Child is native 2.0%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.4%
Child is native 1.7%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 97.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2016 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.