E.g., 03/21/2019
E.g., 03/21/2019

State Demographics Data - IA

Iowa

Demographics & Social
2017
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 166,728
% Foreign Born 5.3%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 83.0%
% change: 1990-2000 110.3%
Race (%)  
One race 98.5%
White
39.0%
Black or African American
11.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.2%
Asian
35.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
1.3%
Other race
11.4%
Two or more races 1.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 57,963
% Latino 34.8%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.2%
5-17 8.0%
18-64 82.3%
65 and older 8.6%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

37.9
Gender (% female) 48.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 27.6%
Married 59.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 13.2%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 2,978,983
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 5.1%
% change: 1990-2000 3.7%
Race (%)  
One race 97.8%
White 92.9%
Black or African American 3.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.4%
Asian 0.8%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 0.8%
Two or more races 2.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 127,783
% Latino 4.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.6%
5-17 17.4%
18-64 58.9%
65 and older 17.1%
Median Age 38.3
Gender (% female) 50.4%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 30.0%
Married 51.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.1%
Foreign Born
Number 91,085
% Foreign Born 3.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 2,835,239
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 43,316
% Foreign Born 1.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 2,733,439
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

166,728
Born in Africa 18,782
Born in Asia 63,218
Born in Europe 18,673
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 62,140
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1,713
Born in Oceania 2,202
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

166,728
Europe 18,673
Northern Europe 2,841
United Kingdom
2,438
Ireland
101
Other Northern Europe
302
Western Europe 4,143
France
568
Germany
2,754
Other Western Europe
821
Southern Europe 1,503
Italy
557
Portugal
0
Other Southern Europe
946
Eastern Europe 10,071
Poland
440
Russia
1,715
Other Eastern Europe
7,916
Other Europe (no country specified) 115
Asia 63,218
Eastern Asia 17,784
China
11,239

China, excluding Taiwan

10,692

Taiwan

547
Japan
1,471
Korea
5,074
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 14,826
India
10,222
Iran
40
Other South Central Asia
4,564
Southeastern Asia 26,902
Philippines
4,428
Vietnam
9,164
Other Southeastern Asia
13,310
Western Asia 3,424
Israel
85
Lebanon
710
Other Western Asia
2,629
Other Asia (no country specified) 282
Africa 18,782
Eastern Africa 5,099
Northern Africa
3,879
Western Africa
3,804
Middle and Southern Africa
4,766
Other Africa (no country specified)
1,234
Oceania 2,202
Australia and New Zealand subregion 770
Oceania (no country specified) 1,432
Americas 63,853
Latin America 62,140
Caribbean
3,230

Cuba

1,386

Jamaica

328

Other Caribbean

1,516
Central America
53,843

Mexico

41,673

El Salvador

3,335

Other Central America

8,835
South America
5,067

Brazil

1,817

Colombia

1,216

Other South America

2,034
Northern America 1,713
Canada
1,713
Other Northern America
0
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 29,133
1990-1999 32,579
2000-2009 50,870
Since 2010 54,146
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 11.3%
Born in Asia 37.9%
Born in Europe 11.2%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 37.3%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.0%
Born in Oceania 1.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 29.9
Country #2 7.00%
Country #3 6.2
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 11.2%
Northern Europe 1.7%
United Kingdom 1.5%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 2.5%
France 0.3%
Germany 1.7%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 0.9%
Italy 0.3%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.6%
Eastern Europe 6.0%
Poland 0.3%
Russia 1.0%
Other Eastern Europe 4.7%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.1%
Asia 37.9%
Eastern Asia 10.7%
China 6.7%
China, excluding Taiwan 6.4%
Taiwan 0.3%
Japan 0.9%
Korea 3.0%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 8.9%
India 6.1%
Iran 0.0%
Other South Central Asia 2.7%
Southeastern Asia 16.1%
Philippines 2.7%
Vietnam 5.5%
Other Southeastern Asia 8.0%
Western Asia 2.1%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.4%
Other Western Asia 1.6%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.2%
Africa 11.3%
Eastern Africa 3.1%
Northern Africa 2.3%
Western Africa 2.3%
Middle and Southern Africa 2.9%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.7%
Oceania 1.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.5%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.9%
Americas 38.3%
Latin America 37.3%
Caribbean 1.9%
Cuba 0.8%
Jamaica 0.2%
Other Caribbean 0.9%
Central America 32.3%
Mexico 25.0%
El Salvador 2.0%
Other Central America 5.3%
South America 3.0%
Brazil 1.1%
Colombia 0.7%
Other South America 1.2%
Northern America 1.0%
Canada 1.0%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 17.5%
1980-1989 19.5%
1990-1999 30.5%
Since 2000 32.5%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 91,085
Born in Africa 3,978
Born in Asia 30,162
Born in Europe 20,326
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 32,824
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,249
Cat28 544
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Vietnam
Country #3 Bosnia and Herzegovina
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 4.4%
Born in Asia 33.1%
Born in Europe 22.3%
Born in Latin America 36.0%
Born in Northern America 3.6%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 27.7
Country #2 7.00%
Country #3 6.3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 42,029
Born in Africa 1,232
Born in Asia 17,970
Born in Europe 14,024
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 5,834
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,644
Cat21 325
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 0
Country #2 Mexico
Country #3 Laos
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.9%
Born in Asia 42.8%
Born in Europe 33.4%
Born in Latin America 13.9%
Born in Northern America 6.3%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 10.6
Country #2 8.40%
Country #3 6.80%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 166,728
Naturalized citizens 65,654
Noncitizens 101,074
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 65,654
Before 1980 5,593
1980-1989 5,671
1990-1999 9,841
2000-2009 24,865
Since 2010 19,684
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 39.4%
Noncitizens 60.6%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 8.5%
1980-1989 8.6%
1990-1999 15.0%
2000-2009 37.9%
Since 2010 30.0%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 91,085
Naturalized citizens 29,951
Noncitizens 61,134
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 32.9%
Noncitizens 67.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 43,316
Naturalized citizens 19,992
Noncitizens 23,324
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.2%
Noncitizens 53.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 54,239
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 5,685
% married among women who gave birth
74.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
25.1%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 649,151
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 35,457
% married among women who gave birth 73.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 26.8%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.16
Average family size 3.65
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.38
Average family size 2.97
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 699,868
Only native parent(s)
620,488
One or more foreign-born parents
79,380

Child is native

68,049

Child is foreign born

11,331
Children under age 6 with 231,076
Only native parent(s)
200,183
One or more foreign-born parents
30,893

Child is native

28,144

Child is foreign born

2,749
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 468,792
Only native parent(s)
420,305
One or more foreign-born parents
48,487

Child is native

39,905

Child is foreign born

8,582
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

229,306
Only native parents 188,256
One or more foreign-born parents 41,050
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.3%
Child is native 9.7%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.4%
Child is native 12.2%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.3%
Child is native 8.5%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 82.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 17.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 708,602
Only native parent(s) 670,039
One or more foreign-born parents 38,563
Child is native 27,624
Child is foreign born 10,939
Children under age 6 with 219,796
Only native parent(s) 204,549
One or more foreign-born parents 15,247
Child is native 13,505
Child is foreign born 1,742
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 488,806
Only native parent(s) 465,490
One or more foreign-born parents 23,316
Child is native 14,119
Child is foreign born 9,197
Children in Low-Income Families* 225,306
Only native parents 205,783
One or more foreign-born parents 19,523
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.4%
Child is native 3.9%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.9%
Child is native 6.1%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.8%
Child is native 2.9%
Child is foreign born 1.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 91.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.7%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 701,744
Only native parent(s) 685,077
One or more foreign-born parents 16,667
Child is native 12,620
Child is foreign born 4,047
Children under age 6 with 233,039
Only native parent(s) 227,493
One or more foreign-born parents 5,546
Child is native 4,715
Child is foreign born 831
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 468,705
Only native parent(s) 457,584
One or more foreign-born parents 11,121
Child is native 7,905
Child is foreign born 3,216
Children in Low-Income Families* 266,163
Only native parents 258,486
One or more foreign-born parents 7,677
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.4%
Child is native 1.8%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.4%
Child is native 2.0%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.4%
Child is native 1.7%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 97.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.