E.g., 04/20/2018
E.g., 04/20/2018

State Demographics Data - FL

Florida
United States
Demographics & Social
2016
2016
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 4,236,511
% Foreign Born 20.6%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2016 58.6%
% change: 1990-2000 60.6%
Race (%)  
One race 97.8%
White
66.2%
Black or African American
16.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.2%
Asian
9.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
5.7%
Two or more races 2.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 2,407,826
% Latino 56.8%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.6%
5-17 4.7%
18-64 73.5%
65 and older 21.2%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

48
Gender (% female) 53.1%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.1%
Married 53.0%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 22.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 16,375,928
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 23.0%
% change: 1990-2000 18.1%
Race (%)  
One race 97.3%
White 78.0%
Black or African American 16.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%
Asian 1.0%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 2.0%
Two or more races 2.7%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 2,718,752
% Latino 16.6%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.7%
5-17 17.3%
18-64 56.6%
65 and older 19.5%
Median Age 39.1
Gender (% female) 50.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 34.2%
Married 43.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 22.3%
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 43,739,345
% Foreign Born 13.5%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2016 40.6%
% change: 1990-2000 57.4%
Race (%)  
One race 97.8%
White
46.1%
Black or African American
9.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
26.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.3%
Other race
15.4%
Two or more races 2.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 19,626,440
% Latino 44.9%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.7%
5-17 5.1%
18-64 79.0%
65 and older 15.2%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

44.4
Gender (% female) 51.5%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.6%
Married 59.1%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.3%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 279,388,170
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 11.6%
% change: 1990-2000 9.3%
Race (%)  
One race 96.6%
White 76.8%
Black or African American 13.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.9%
Asian 2.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.2%
Other race 3.4%
Two or more races 3.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 37,772,279
% Latino 13.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.0%
5-17 18.5%
18-64 59.3%
65 and older 15.2%
Median Age 36.1
Gender (% female) 50.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 35.4%
Married 45.3%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.3%
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

4,236,511
Born in Africa 76,641
Born in Asia 456,909
Born in Europe 413,053
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,172,351
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 110,039
Born in Oceania 7,518
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Cuba
Country #2 Mexico
Country #3 Colombia
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

4,236,511
Europe 413,053
Northern Europe 105,618
United Kingdom
84,757
Ireland
8,303
Other Northern Europe
12,558
Western Europe 93,943
France
19,564
Germany
57,656
Other Western Europe
16,723
Southern Europe 72,289
Italy
29,710
Portugal
10,556
Other Southern Europe
32,023
Eastern Europe 140,286
Poland
22,126
Russia
24,269
Other Eastern Europe
93,891
Other Europe (no country specified) 917
Asia 456,909
Eastern Asia 97,322
China
63,587

China, excluding Taiwan

54,696

Taiwan

8,891
Japan
8,692
Korea
23,470
Other Eastern Asia
1,573
South Central Asia 138,257
India
90,251
Iran
9,529
Other South Central Asia
38,477
Southeastern Asia 158,894
Philippines
77,194
Vietnam
52,476
Other Southeastern Asia
29,224
Western Asia 60,136
Israel
16,973
Lebanon
7,710
Other Western Asia
35,453
Other Asia (no country specified) 2,300
Africa 76,641
Eastern Africa 15,118
Northern Africa
28,192
Western Africa
14,843
Middle and Southern Africa
14,278
Other Africa (no country specified)
4,210
Oceania 7,518
Australia and New Zealand subregion 6,349
Oceania (no country specified) 1,169
Americas 3,282,390
Latin America 3,172,351
Caribbean
1,753,094

Cuba

986,592

Jamaica

214,000

Other Caribbean

552,502
Central America
657,523

Mexico

277,321

El Salvador

50,690

Other Central America

329,512
South America
761,734

Brazil

89,050

Colombia

241,762

Other South America

430,922
Northern America 110,039
Canada
109,297
Other Northern America
742
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 1,363,062
1990-1999 874,795
2000-2009 1,123,622
Since 2010 875,032
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 1.8%
Born in Asia 10.8%
Born in Europe 9.7%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 74.9%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.6%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 23.00
Country #2 6.90%
Country #3 6.20
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 9.7%
Northern Europe 2.5%
United Kingdom 2.0%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 2.2%
France 0.5%
Germany 1.4%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 1.7%
Italy 0.7%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 0.8%
Eastern Europe 3.3%
Poland 0.5%
Russia 0.6%
Other Eastern Europe 2.2%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 10.8%
Eastern Asia 2.3%
China 1.5%
China, excluding Taiwan 1.3%
Taiwan 0.2%
Japan 0.2%
Korea 0.6%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 3.3%
India 2.1%
Iran 0.2%
Other South Central Asia 0.9%
Southeastern Asia 3.8%
Philippines 1.8%
Vietnam 1.2%
Other Southeastern Asia 0.7%
Western Asia 1.4%
Israel 0.4%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 0.8%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 1.8%
Eastern Africa 0.4%
Northern Africa 0.7%
Western Africa 0.4%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.3%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.1%
Oceania 0.2%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.1%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 77.5%
Latin America 74.9%
Caribbean 41.4%
Cuba 23.3%
Jamaica 5.1%
Other Caribbean 13.0%
Central America 15.5%
Mexico 6.5%
El Salvador 1.2%
Other Central America 7.8%
South America 18.0%
Brazil 2.1%
Colombia 5.7%
Other South America 10.2%
Northern America 2.6%
Canada 2.6%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 32.2%
1980-1989 20.6%
1990-1999 26.5%
Since 2000 20.7%
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

43,738,901
Born in Africa 2,141,197
Born in Asia 13,461,081
Born in Europe 4,785,267
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 22,294,730
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 790,763
Born in Oceania 265,863
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

43,738,901
Europe 4,785,267
Northern Europe 950,872
United Kingdom
696,896
Ireland
125,840
Other Northern Europe
128,136
Western Europe 939,383
France
175,250
Germany
563,985
Other Western Europe
200,148
Southern Europe 760,352
Italy
335,763
Portugal
176,638
Other Southern Europe
247,951
Eastern Europe 2,122,951
Poland
424,928
Russia
397,236
Other Eastern Europe
1,300,787
Other Europe (no country specified) 11,709
Asia 13,461,081
Eastern Asia 4,130,659
China
2,716,548

China, excluding Taiwan

2,342,605

Taiwan

373,943
Japan
355,156
Korea
1,041,727
Other Eastern Asia
17,228
South Central Asia 3,889,485
India
2,434,524
Iran
386,073
Other South Central Asia
1,068,888
Southeastern Asia 4,229,855
Philippines
1,941,665
Vietnam
1,352,760
Other Southeastern Asia
935,430
Western Asia 1,163,328
Israel
142,078
Lebanon
128,608
Other Western Asia
892,642
Other Asia (no country specified) 47,754
Africa 2,141,197
Eastern Africa 636,165
Northern Africa
357,574
Western Africa
787,894
Middle and Southern Africa
245,195
Other Africa (no country specified)
114,369
Oceania 265,863
Australia and New Zealand subregion 124,233
Oceania (no country specified) 141,630
Americas 23,085,493
Latin America 22,294,730
Caribbean
4,286,266

Cuba

1,271,618

Jamaica

736,303

Other Caribbean

2,278,345
Central America
15,028,973

Mexico

11,573,680

El Salvador

1,387,022

Other Central America

2,068,271
South America
2,979,491

Brazil

409,595

Colombia

704,587

Other South America

1,865,309
Northern America 790,763
Canada
783,206
Other Northern America
7,557
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 13,817,377
1990-1999 10,118,667
2000-2009 11,677,787
Since 2010 8,125,514
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 4.9%
Born in Asia 30.8%
Born in Europe 10.9%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 51.0%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.8%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 28.30
Country #2 4.80%
Country #3 4.70
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 10.9%
Northern Europe 2.2%
United Kingdom 1.6%
Ireland 0.3%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 2.1%
France 0.4%
Germany 1.3%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 1.7%
Italy 0.8%
Portugal 0.4%
Other Southern Europe 0.6%
Eastern Europe 4.9%
Poland 1.0%
Russia 0.9%
Other Eastern Europe 3.0%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 30.8%
Eastern Asia 9.4%
China 6.2%
China, excluding Taiwan 5.4%
Taiwan 0.9%
Japan 0.8%
Korea 2.4%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 8.9%
India 5.6%
Iran 0.9%
Other South Central Asia 2.4%
Southeastern Asia 9.7%
Philippines 4.4%
Vietnam 3.1%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.1%
Western Asia 2.7%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 2.0%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 4.9%
Eastern Africa 1.5%
Northern Africa 0.8%
Western Africa 1.8%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.6%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 0.6%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.3%
Americas 52.8%
Latin America 51.0%
Caribbean 9.8%
Cuba 2.9%
Jamaica 1.7%
Other Caribbean 5.2%
Central America 34.4%
Mexico 26.5%
El Salvador 3.2%
Other Central America 4.7%
South America 6.8%
Brazil 0.9%
Colombia 1.6%
Other South America 4.3%
Northern America 1.8%
Canada 1.8%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 31.6%
1980-1989 23.1%
1990-1999 26.7%
Since 2000 18.6%
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 4,236,511
Naturalized citizens 2,334,825
Noncitizens 1,901,686
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 2,334,825
Before 1980 321,751
1980-1989 240,776
1990-1999 417,304
2000-2009 711,542
Since 2010 643,452
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 55.1%
Noncitizens 44.9%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 13.8%
1980-1989 10.3%
1990-1999 17.9%
2000-2009 30.5%
Since 2010 27.6%
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 43,739,345
Naturalized citizens 21,238,372
Noncitizens 22,500,973
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 21,238,372
Before 1980 2,328,157
1980-1989 2,427,249
1990-1999 4,476,743
2000-2009 6,802,407
Since 2010 5,203,816
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 48.6%
Noncitizens 51.4%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 11.0%
1980-1989 11.4%
1990-1999 21.1%
2000-2009 32.0%
Since 2010 24.5%
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,125,033
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 60,402
% married among women who gave birth
69.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
30.5%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 3,475,761
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 157,111
% married among women who gave birth 53.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 46.8%
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 12,930,186
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 781,724
% married among women who gave birth
77.7%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
22.3%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 63,553,425
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 3,165,179
% married among women who gave birth 61.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 38.1%
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.16
Average family size 3.73
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.52
Average family size 3.16
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.35
Average family size 3.83
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.53
Average family size 3.15
 
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 3,916,874
Only native parent(s)
2,589,595
One or more foreign-born parents
1,327,279

Child is native

1,128,352

Child is foreign born

198,927
Children under age 6 with 1,287,696
Only native parent(s)
863,158
One or more foreign-born parents
424,538

Child is native

393,674

Child is foreign born

30,864
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 2,629,178
Only native parent(s)
1,726,437
One or more foreign-born parents
902,741

Child is native

734,678

Child is foreign born

168,063
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

1,794,316
Only native parents 1,105,680
One or more foreign-born parents 688,636
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 66.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 33.9%
Child is native 28.8%
Child is foreign born 5.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 67.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 33.0%
Child is native 30.6%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 65.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 34.3%
Child is native 27.9%
Child is foreign born 6.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 61.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.4%
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 69,889,247
Only native parent(s)
51,892,378
One or more foreign-born parents
17,996,869

Child is native

15,872,343

Child is foreign born

2,124,526
Children under age 6 with 22,798,400
Only native parent(s)
17,053,850
One or more foreign-born parents
5,744,550

Child is native

5,371,319

Child is foreign born

373,231
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 47,090,847
Only native parent(s)
34,838,528
One or more foreign-born parents
12,252,319

Child is native

10,501,024

Child is foreign born

1,751,295
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

28,363,805
Only native parents 19,216,957
One or more foreign-born parents 9,146,848
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 74.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.8%
Child is native 22.7%
Child is foreign born 3.0%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 74.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.2%
Child is native 23.6%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 74.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.0%
Child is native 22.3%
Child is foreign born 3.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 67.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 32.2%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2016 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.