E.g., 04/11/2021
E.g., 04/11/2021

State Demographics Data - DC

District of Columbia

Demographics & Social
2019
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 85,333
% Foreign Born 12.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 16.0%
% change: 1990-2000 24.9%
Race (%)  
One race 95.8%
White
41.3%
Black or African American
20.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.0%
Asian
16.8%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
17.5%
Two or more races 3.8%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 32,777
% Latino 38.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.8%
5-17 3.9%
18-64 80.6%
65 and older 14.6%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

41.7
Gender (% female) 51.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 40.3%
Married 44.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 15.5%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 620,416
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 24.5%
% change: 1990-2000 -9.0%
Race (%)  
One race 96.5%
White 42.7%
Black or African American 48.9%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.0%
Asian 2.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 2.6%
Two or more races 3.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 46,700
% Latino 7.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.2%
5-17 12.8%
18-64 67.9%
65 and older 12.1%
Median Age 33.1
Gender (% female) 52.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 59.5%
Married 27.6%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 12.9%
Foreign Born
Number 73,561
% Foreign Born 12.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 498,498
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 58,887
% Foreign Born 9.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 548,013
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

85,333
Born in Africa 12,241
Born in Asia 17,495
Born in Europe 14,795
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 37,147
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,565
Born in Oceania 1,090
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

85,333
Europe 14,795
Northern Europe 3,976
United Kingdom
3,201
Ireland
256
Other Northern Europe
519
Western Europe 4,343
France
1,884
Germany
2,065
Other Western Europe
394
Southern Europe 2,795
Italy
885
Portugal
N
Other Southern Europe
1,910
Eastern Europe 3,680
Poland
355
Russia
696
Other Eastern Europe
2,629
Other Europe (no country specified) 1
Asia 17,495
Eastern Asia 6,911
China
4,366

China, excluding Taiwan

4,172

Taiwan

194
Japan
420
Korea
2,125
Other Eastern Asia
N
South Central Asia 4,973
India
3,366
Iran
974
Other South Central Asia
633
Southeastern Asia 3,186
Philippines
1,615
Vietnam
1,087
Other Southeastern Asia
484
Western Asia 2,425
Israel
152
Lebanon
264
Other Western Asia
2,009
Other Asia (no country specified) N
Africa 12,241
Eastern Africa 5,416
Northern Africa
794
Western Africa
3,792
Middle and Southern Africa
2,239
Other Africa (no country specified)
N
Oceania 1,090
Australia and New Zealand subregion 909
Oceania (no country specified) 181
Americas 39,712
Latin America 37,147
Caribbean
9,486

Cuba

395

Jamaica

1,987

Other Caribbean

7,104
Central America
17,624

Mexico

2,036

El Salvador

9,877

Other Central America

5,711
South America
10,037

Brazil

1,559

Colombia

3,739

Other South America

4,739
Northern America 2,565
Canada
2,565
Other Northern America
N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 17,330
1990-1999 16,033
2000-2009 21,720
Since 2010 30,250
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 14.3%
Born in Asia 20.5%
Born in Europe 17.3%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 43.5%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3.0%
Born in Oceania 1.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 17.3%
Northern Europe 4.7%
United Kingdom 3.8%
Ireland 0.3%
Other Northern Europe 0.6%
Western Europe 5.1%
France 2.2%
Germany 2.4%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 3.3%
Italy 1.0%
Portugal N
Other Southern Europe 2.2%
Eastern Europe 4.3%
Poland 0.4%
Russia 0.8%
Other Eastern Europe 3.1%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 20.5%
Eastern Asia 8.1%
China 5.1%
China, excluding Taiwan 4.9%
Taiwan 0.2%
Japan 0.5%
Korea 2.5%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 5.8%
India 3.9%
Iran 1.1%
Other South Central Asia 0.7%
Southeastern Asia 3.7%
Philippines 1.9%
Vietnam 1.3%
Other Southeastern Asia 0.6%
Western Asia 2.8%
Israel 0.2%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 2.4%
Other Asia (no country specified) N
Africa 14.3%
Eastern Africa 6.3%
Northern Africa 0.9%
Western Africa 4.4%
Middle and Southern Africa 2.6%
Other Africa (no country specified) N
Oceania 1.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1.1%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.2%
Americas 46.5%
Latin America 43.5%
Caribbean 11.1%
Cuba 0.5%
Jamaica 2.3%
Other Caribbean 8.3%
Central America 20.7%
Mexico 2.4%
El Salvador 11.6%
Other Central America 6.7%
South America 11.8%
Brazil 1.8%
Colombia 4.4%
Other South America 5.6%
Northern America 3.0%
Canada 3.0%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 20.3%
1980-1989 18.8%
1990-1999 25.5%
Since 2000 35.4%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 73,561
Born in Africa 9,208
Born in Asia 12,503
Born in Europe 12,909
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 37,079
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1,271
Cat28 585
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 12.5%
Born in Asia 17.0%
Born in Europe 17.5%
Born in Latin America 50.4%
Born in Northern America 1.7%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 55,287
Born in Africa 6,571
Born in Asia 9,760
Born in Europe 10,483
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 26,932
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1,213
Cat21 328
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 11.9%
Born in Asia 17.7%
Born in Europe 19.0%
Born in Latin America 48.7%
Born in Northern America 2.2%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 85,333
Naturalized citizens 41,552
Noncitizens 43,781
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 41,552
Before 1990 6,135
1990-1999 7,231
2000-2009 12,154
2010-2014 8,973
Since 2015 7,059
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 48.7%
Noncitizens 51.3%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 14.8%
1980-1989 17.4%
1990-1999 29.3%
2000-2009 21.6%
Since 2010 17.0%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 73,561
Naturalized citizens 22,050
Noncitizens 51,511
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 30.0%
Noncitizens 70.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 58,887
Naturalized citizens 17,228
Noncitizens 41,659
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 29.3%
Noncitizens 70.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 27,318
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 2,328
% married among women who gave birth
80.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
20.0%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 185,591
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 6,047
% married among women who gave birth 45.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 54.5%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.55
Average family size 3.54
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.25
Average family size 3.35
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 118,871
Only native parent(s)
94,035
One or more foreign-born parents
24,836

Child is native

22,195

Child is foreign born

2,641
Children under age 6 with 51,319
Only native parent(s)
39,726
One or more foreign-born parents
11,593

Child is native

10,929

Child is foreign born

664
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 67,552
Only native parent(s)
54,309
One or more foreign-born parents
13,243

Child is native

11,266

Child is foreign born

1,977
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

37,152
Only native parents 30,788
One or more foreign-born parents 6,364
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 79.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.9%
Child is native 18.7%
Child is foreign born 2.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 77.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.6%
Child is native 21.3%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.6%
Child is native 16.7%
Child is foreign born 2.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 82.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 17.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100,769
Only native parent(s) 82,593
One or more foreign-born parents 18,176
Child is native 13,595
Child is foreign born 4,581
Children under age 6 with 36,172
Only native parent(s) 28,441
One or more foreign-born parents 7,731
Child is native 6,751
Child is foreign born 980
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 64,597
Only native parent(s) 54,152
One or more foreign-born parents 10,445
Child is native 6,844
Child is foreign born 3,601
Children in Low-Income Families* 51,874
Only native parents 43,596
One or more foreign-born parents 8,278
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 82.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.0%
Child is native 13.5%
Child is foreign born 4.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 78.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 21.4%
Child is native 18.7%
Child is foreign born 2.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 83.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.2%
Child is native 10.6%
Child is foreign born 5.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 84.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.0%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 103,840
Only native parent(s) 90,815
One or more foreign-born parents 13,025
Child is native 8,987
Child is foreign born 4,038
Children under age 6 with 39,353
Only native parent(s) 34,202
One or more foreign-born parents 5,151
Child is native 4,353
Child is foreign born 798
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 64,487
Only native parent(s) 56,613
One or more foreign-born parents 7,874
Child is native 4,634
Child is foreign born 3,240
Children in Low-Income Families* 48,511
Only native parents 42,658
One or more foreign-born parents 5,853
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.5%
Child is native 8.7%
Child is foreign born 3.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.1%
Child is native 11.1%
Child is foreign born 2.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.2%
Child is native 7.2%
Child is foreign born 5.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 87.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.1%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.