E.g., 12/10/2018
E.g., 12/10/2018

State Demographics Data - DC

District of Columbia

Demographics & Social
2016
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 90,631
% Foreign Born 13.3%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2016 23.2%
% change: 1990-2000 24.9%
Race (%)  
One race 97.2%
White
36.9%
Black or African American
22.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
16.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
21.8%
Two or more races 2.8%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 34,302
% Latino 37.8%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.2%
5-17 4.2%
18-64 83.6%
65 and older 11.0%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

41
Gender (% female) 51.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 42.8%
Married 41.9%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 15.3%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 590,539
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 18.5%
% change: 1990-2000 -9.0%
Race (%)  
One race 97.4%
White 41.3%
Black or African American 50.9%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%
Asian 2.0%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 2.9%
Two or more races 2.6%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 40,120
% Latino 6.8%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.2%
5-17 12.4%
18-64 68.7%
65 and older 11.7%
Median Age 32.8
Gender (% female) 52.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 59.1%
Married 25.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 15.1%
Foreign Born
Number 73,561
% Foreign Born 12.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 498,498
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 58,887
% Foreign Born 9.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 548,013
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

90,631
Born in Africa 13,967
Born in Asia 17,508
Born in Europe 15,497
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 40,863
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,057
Born in Oceania 739
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 El Salvador
Country #2 India
Country #3 United Kingdom
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

90,631
Europe 15,497
Northern Europe 4,168
United Kingdom
3,156
Ireland
722
Other Northern Europe
290
Western Europe 4,528
France
1,999
Germany
1,748
Other Western Europe
781
Southern Europe 2,014
Italy
744
Portugal
0
Other Southern Europe
1,270
Eastern Europe 4,657
Poland
617
Russia
1,248
Other Eastern Europe
2,792
Other Europe (no country specified) 130
Asia 17,508
Eastern Asia 5,263
China
2,977

China, excluding Taiwan

2,810

Taiwan

167
Japan
811
Korea
1,441
Other Eastern Asia
34
South Central Asia 5,667
India
2,670
Iran
944
Other South Central Asia
2,053
Southeastern Asia 4,397
Philippines
2,401
Vietnam
905
Other Southeastern Asia
1,091
Western Asia 2,181
Israel
249
Lebanon
153
Other Western Asia
1,779
Other Asia (no country specified) 0
Africa 13,967
Eastern Africa 7,553
Northern Africa
1,167
Western Africa
3,121
Middle and Southern Africa
1,473
Other Africa (no country specified)
653
Oceania 739
Australia and New Zealand subregion 739
Oceania (no country specified) 0
Americas 42,920
Latin America 40,863
Caribbean
7,518

Cuba

54

Jamaica

2,454

Other Caribbean

5,010
Central America
24,004

Mexico

3,204

El Salvador

14,041

Other Central America

6,759
South America
9,341

Brazil

1,559

Colombia

2,025

Other South America

5,757
Northern America 2,057
Canada
2,057
Other Northern America
0
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 21,203
1990-1999 17,754
2000-2009 28,517
Since 2010 23,157
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 15.4%
Born in Asia 19.3%
Born in Europe 17.1%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 45.1%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.3%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 17.20
Country #2 4.10%
Country #3 3.40
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 17.1%
Northern Europe 4.6%
United Kingdom 3.5%
Ireland 0.8%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 5.0%
France 2.2%
Germany 1.9%
Other Western Europe 0.9%
Southern Europe 2.2%
Italy 0.8%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 1.4%
Eastern Europe 5.1%
Poland 0.7%
Russia 1.4%
Other Eastern Europe 3.1%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.1%
Asia 19.3%
Eastern Asia 5.8%
China 3.3%
China, excluding Taiwan 3.1%
Taiwan 0.2%
Japan 0.9%
Korea 1.6%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 6.3%
India 2.9%
Iran 1.0%
Other South Central Asia 2.3%
Southeastern Asia 4.9%
Philippines 2.6%
Vietnam 1.0%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.2%
Western Asia 2.4%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 2.0%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.0%
Africa 15.4%
Eastern Africa 8.3%
Northern Africa 1.3%
Western Africa 3.4%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.6%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.7%
Oceania 0.8%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.8%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 47.4%
Latin America 45.1%
Caribbean 8.3%
Cuba 0.1%
Jamaica 2.7%
Other Caribbean 5.5%
Central America 26.5%
Mexico 3.5%
El Salvador 15.5%
Other Central America 7.5%
South America 10.3%
Brazil 1.7%
Colombia 2.2%
Other South America 6.4%
Northern America 2.3%
Canada 2.3%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 23.4%
1980-1989 19.6%
1990-1999 31.5%
Since 2000 25.6%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 73,561
Born in Africa 9,208
Born in Asia 12,503
Born in Europe 12,909
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 37,079
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1,271
Cat28 585
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 El Salvador
Country #2 Jamaica
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 12.5%
Born in Asia 17.0%
Born in Europe 17.5%
Born in Latin America 50.4%
Born in Northern America 1.7%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 21.60
Country #2 4.40%
Country #3 3.20
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 55,287
Born in Africa 6,571
Born in Asia 9,760
Born in Europe 10,483
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 26,932
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1,213
Cat21 328
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 El Salvador
Country #2 Jamaica
Country #3 United Kingdom
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 11.9%
Born in Asia 17.7%
Born in Europe 19.0%
Born in Latin America 48.7%
Born in Northern America 2.2%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 16.20
Country #2 5.20%
Country #3 3.90%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 90,631
Naturalized citizens 40,003
Noncitizens 50,628
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 40,003
Before 1980 3,290
1980-1989 4,090
1990-1999 7,338
2000-2009 12,956
Since 2010 12,329
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 44.1%
Noncitizens 55.9%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 8.2%
1980-1989 10.2%
1990-1999 18.3%
2000-2009 32.4%
Since 2010 30.8%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 73,561
Naturalized citizens 22,050
Noncitizens 51,511
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 30.0%
Noncitizens 70.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 58,887
Naturalized citizens 17,228
Noncitizens 41,659
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 29.3%
Noncitizens 70.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 30,050
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 1,399
% married among women who gave birth
71.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
28.7%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 176,679
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 7,973
% married among women who gave birth 48.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 51.6%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.46
Average family size 3.31
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.25
Average family size 3.24
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 113,956
Only native parent(s)
87,062
One or more foreign-born parents
26,894

Child is native

23,572

Child is foreign born

3,322
Children under age 6 with 48,868
Only native parent(s)
37,503
One or more foreign-born parents
11,365

Child is native

10,518

Child is foreign born

847
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 65,088
Only native parent(s)
49,559
One or more foreign-born parents
15,529

Child is native

13,054

Child is foreign born

2,475
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

47,546
Only native parents 37,633
One or more foreign-born parents 9,913
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 76.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.6%
Child is native 20.7%
Child is foreign born 2.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 76.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.3%
Child is native 21.5%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 76.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.9%
Child is native 20.1%
Child is foreign born 3.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 79.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100,769
Only native parent(s) 82,593
One or more foreign-born parents 18,176
Child is native 13,595
Child is foreign born 4,581
Children under age 6 with 36,172
Only native parent(s) 28,441
One or more foreign-born parents 7,731
Child is native 6,751
Child is foreign born 980
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 64,597
Only native parent(s) 54,152
One or more foreign-born parents 10,445
Child is native 6,844
Child is foreign born 3,601
Children in Low-Income Families* 51,874
Only native parents 43,596
One or more foreign-born parents 8,278
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 82.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.0%
Child is native 13.5%
Child is foreign born 4.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 78.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 21.4%
Child is native 18.7%
Child is foreign born 2.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 83.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.2%
Child is native 10.6%
Child is foreign born 5.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 84.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.0%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 103,840
Only native parent(s) 90,815
One or more foreign-born parents 13,025
Child is native 8,987
Child is foreign born 4,038
Children under age 6 with 39,353
Only native parent(s) 34,202
One or more foreign-born parents 5,151
Child is native 4,353
Child is foreign born 798
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 64,487
Only native parent(s) 56,613
One or more foreign-born parents 7,874
Child is native 4,634
Child is foreign born 3,240
Children in Low-Income Families* 48,511
Only native parents 42,658
One or more foreign-born parents 5,853
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.5%
Child is native 8.7%
Child is foreign born 3.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.1%
Child is native 11.1%
Child is foreign born 2.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.2%
Child is native 7.2%
Child is foreign born 5.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 87.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.1%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2016 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.