E.g., 03/01/2024
E.g., 03/01/2024
State Demographics Data - DC
 

District of Columbia

Demographics & Social
2022
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 99,898
% Foreign Born 14.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2022 35.8%
% change: 1990-2000 24.9%
Race (%)  
One race 84.3%
White
24.6%
Black or African American
26.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.9%
Asian
18.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
13.8%
Two or more races 15.7%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 30,732
% Latino 30.8%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.7%
5-17 3.8%
18-64 83.7%
65 and older 11.8%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

42.2
Gender (% female) 52.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 39.8%
Married 43.3%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 571,905
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 14.7%
% change: 1990-2000 -9.0%
Race (%)  
One race 90.8%
White 40.8%
Black or African American 44.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.4%
Asian 1.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 3.0%
Two or more races 9.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 48,179
% Latino 8.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.7%
5-17 14.2%
18-64 65.8%
65 and older 13.2%
Median Age 33.4
Gender (% female) 52.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 59.2%
Married 27.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 13.4%
Foreign Born
Number 73,561
% Foreign Born 12.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 498,498
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 58,887
% Foreign Born 9.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 548,013
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

99,898
Born in Africa 25,542
Born in Asia 20,448
Born in Europe 15,086
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 35,301
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,973
Born in Oceania 548
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

99,898
Europe 15,086
Northern Europe 3,154
United Kingdom
1,900
Ireland
629
Other Northern Europe
625
Western Europe 4,510
France
2,130
Germany
1,462
Other Western Europe
918
Southern Europe 2,998
Italy
693
Portugal
140
Other Southern Europe
2,165
Eastern Europe 4,424
Poland
227
Russia
780
Other Eastern Europe
3,417
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 20,448
Eastern Asia 7,673
China
4,559

China, excluding Taiwan

3,864

Taiwan

695
Japan
799
Korea
2,315
Other Eastern Asia
N
South Central Asia 5,619
India
3,176
Iran
621
Other South Central Asia
1,822
Southeastern Asia 4,735
Philippines
2,390
Vietnam
924
Other Southeastern Asia
1,421
Western Asia 2,421
Israel
183
Lebanon
481
Other Western Asia
1,757
Other Asia (no country specified) N
Africa 25,542
Eastern Africa 15,770
Northern Africa 1,758
Western Africa 5,422
Middle and Southern Africa 1,763
Other Africa (no country specified) 829
Oceania 548
Australia and New Zealand subregion 548
Oceania (no country specified) N
Americas 38,274
Latin America 35,301
Caribbean
5,271

Cuba

905

Jamaica

1,710

Other Caribbean

2,656
Central America
16,393

Mexico

4,320

El Salvador

7,570

Other Central America

4,503
South America
13,637

Brazil

1,485

Colombia

2,953

Other South America

9,199
Northern America 2,973
Canada
2,973
Other Northern America
N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 22,141
1990-1999 13,508
2000-2009 24,172
Since 2010 40,077
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 25.6%
Born in Asia 20.5%
Born in Europe 15.1%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 35.3%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3.0%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 15.1%
Northern Europe 3.2%
United Kingdom 1.9%
Ireland 0.6%
Other Northern Europe 0.6%
Western Europe 4.5%
France 2.1%
Germany 1.5%
Other Western Europe 0.9%
Southern Europe 3.0%
Italy 0.7%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 2.2%
Eastern Europe 4.4%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 0.8%
Other Eastern Europe 3.4%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 20.5%
Eastern Asia 7.7%
China 4.6%
China, excluding Taiwan 3.9%
Taiwan 0.7%
Japan 0.8%
Korea 2.3%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 5.6%
India 3.2%
Iran 0.6%
Other South Central Asia 1.8%
Southeastern Asia 4.7%
Philippines 2.4%
Vietnam 0.9%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.4%
Western Asia 2.4%
Israel 0.2%
Lebanon 0.5%
Other Western Asia 1.8%
Other Asia (no country specified) N
Africa 25.6%
Eastern Africa 15.8%
Northern Africa 1.8%
Western Africa 5.4%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.8%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.8%
Oceania 0.5%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.5%
Oceania (no country specified) N
Americas 38.3%
Latin America 35.3%
Caribbean 5.3%
Cuba 0.9%
Jamaica 1.7%
Other Caribbean 2.7%
Central America 16.4%
Mexico 4.3%
El Salvador 7.6%
Other Central America 4.5%
South America 13.7%
Brazil 1.5%
Colombia 3.0%
Other South America 9.2%
Northern America 3.0%
Canada 3.0%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 22.2%
1980-1989 13.5%
1990-1999 24.2%
Since 2000 40.1%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 73,561
Born in Africa 9,208
Born in Asia 12,503
Born in Europe 12,909
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 37,079
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1,271
Cat28 585
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 12.5%
Born in Asia 17.0%
Born in Europe 17.5%
Born in Latin America 50.4%
Born in Northern America 1.7%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 55,287
Born in Africa 6,571
Born in Asia 9,760
Born in Europe 10,483
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 26,932
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1,213
Cat21 328
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 11.9%
Born in Asia 17.7%
Born in Europe 19.0%
Born in Latin America 48.7%
Born in Northern America 2.2%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 99,898
Naturalized citizens 50,845
Noncitizens 49,053
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 50,845
Before 1990 8,257
1990-1999 9,084
2000-2009 10,483
2010-2014 8,559
Since 2015 14,462
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 50.9%
Noncitizens 49.1%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 16.2%
1980-1989 17.9%
1990-1999 20.6%
2000-2009 16.8%
Since 2010 28.4%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 73,561
Naturalized citizens 22,050
Noncitizens 51,511
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 30.0%
Noncitizens 70.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 58,887
Naturalized citizens 17,228
Noncitizens 41,659
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 29.3%
Noncitizens 70.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 33,914
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 1,432
% married among women who gave birth
86.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
14.0%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 168,334
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 6,877
% married among women who gave birth 52.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 47.5%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.08
Average family size 3.25
U.S. Born
Average household size 1.91
Average family size 2.96
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.

 
Children under age 18 with 119,298
Only native parent(s)
85,960
One or more foreign-born parents
33,338

Child is native

29,712

Child is foreign born

3,626
Children under age 6 with 45,282
Only native parent(s)
34,664
One or more foreign-born parents
10,618

Child is native

9,750

Child is foreign born

868
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 74,016
Only native parent(s)
51,296
One or more foreign-born parents
22,720

Child is native

19,962

Child is foreign born

2,758
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

36,186
Only native parents 26,949
One or more foreign-born parents 9,237
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.9%
Child is native 24.9%
Child is foreign born 3.0%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 76.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.4%
Child is native 21.5%
Child is foreign born 1.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 69.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.7%
Child is native 27.0%
Child is foreign born 3.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 74.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 25.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100,769
Only native parent(s) 82,593
One or more foreign-born parents 18,176
Child is native 13,595
Child is foreign born 4,581
Children under age 6 with 36,172
Only native parent(s) 28,441
One or more foreign-born parents 7,731
Child is native 6,751
Child is foreign born 980
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 64,597
Only native parent(s) 54,152
One or more foreign-born parents 10,445
Child is native 6,844
Child is foreign born 3,601
Children in Low-Income Families* 51,874
Only native parents 43,596
One or more foreign-born parents 8,278
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 82.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.0%
Child is native 13.5%
Child is foreign born 4.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 78.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 21.4%
Child is native 18.7%
Child is foreign born 2.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 83.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.2%
Child is native 10.6%
Child is foreign born 5.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 84.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.0%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 103,840
Only native parent(s) 90,815
One or more foreign-born parents 13,025
Child is native 8,987
Child is foreign born 4,038
Children under age 6 with 39,353
Only native parent(s) 34,202
One or more foreign-born parents 5,151
Child is native 4,353
Child is foreign born 798
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 64,487
Only native parent(s) 56,613
One or more foreign-born parents 7,874
Child is native 4,634
Child is foreign born 3,240
Children in Low-Income Families* 48,511
Only native parents 42,658
One or more foreign-born parents 5,853
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.5%
Child is native 8.7%
Child is foreign born 3.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.1%
Child is native 11.1%
Child is foreign born 2.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.2%
Child is native 7.2%
Child is foreign born 5.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 87.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.1%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2022 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, click here. For ACS methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Matthew Sobek, Daniel Backman, Annie Chen, Grace Cooper, Stephanie Richards, Renae Rogers, and Megan Schouweiler. IPUMS USA: Version 14.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2023. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V14.0​.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • Race and Hispanic origin: In preparation for the 2020 Decennial Census, the Census Bureau has made some improvements and changes in how the respondents were asked about their race and Hispanic origin on the 2020 decennial Census form. The goal was to achieve a more accurate portrait of how U.S. residents self-identify. The same changes in the questionnaire design were implemented in the subsequent ACS as well. Note that the racial composition of the U.S. population in the current ACS looks different from pre-2020 data. For instance, the proportion of people who reported “two or more races” has increased, while the proportion of “white alone” decreased, reflecting both the growth of a more racially diverse population and the changes in the questionnaire design. Race and Hispanic origin comparisons between the current ACS and pre-2020 data should be made with caution, taking into account the changes in the questionnaire design. For more details, visit the Census Bureau’s Resource Library.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children: The data here include children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau has included children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.