E.g., 03/04/2024
E.g., 03/04/2024
Country Resource - Colombia

Colombia

CO
  • Population............................................................................49,336,454 (2023 est.)
  • Population growth rate ....................................................................0.54% (2023 est.)
  • Birth rate....................................................15.06 births/1,000 population (2023 est.)
  • Death rate..................................................7.84 deaths/1,000 population (2023 est.)
  • Net migration rate..............................-1.85 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2023 est.)
  • Ethnic groups................................Mestizo and White 87.6%, Afro-Colombian (includes Mulatto, Raizal, and Palenquero) 6.8%, Amerindian 4.3%, unspecified 1.4% (2018 est.)

CIA World Factbook

ColombiaIDP BHeger UNHCR

Colombia has more internally displaced persons (IDPs) than any other country in the world, the result of a 52-year civil war. Beyond improving the lives of its 7.3 million IDPs, the country faces a number of crucial migration issues as it works to achieve stability in the wake of an historic peace accord signed in late 2016. This country profile examines historical trends and current and future migration challenges in Colombia.

Recent Activity

Over half a million Colombians abandon their homes every year as a result of the country's long-running internal strife, creating a flood of internally displaced persons. Hiram Ruiz of the U.S. Committee on Refugees analyzes the roots of the crisis and the difficulties ahead.

Uprooted from their homes, but still living on their native soil, the world's 20-25 million "internally displaced persons" present a dual challenge to concepts of national sovereignty and humanitarian action. Monette Zard, Policy Analyst at the Migration Policy Institute, provides the basic facts about what now amounts to a global crisis.

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