E.g., 10/30/2020
E.g., 10/30/2020

Country Resource - Australia

Australia

AU
  • Population....................................................................25,466,459 (July 2020 est.)
  • Population growth rate .................................................................1.4% (2020 est.)
  • Birth rate..................................................12.4 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
  • Death rate.................................................6.9 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
  • Net migration rate...............................8.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
  • Ethnic groups.......English 25.9%, Australian 25.4%, Irish 7.5%, Scottish 6.4%, Italian 3.3%, German 3.2%, Chinese 3.1%, Indian 1.4%, Greek 1.4%, Dutch 1.2%, other 15.8% (includes Australian aboriginal .5%), unspecified 5.4%. Data represents self-identified ancestry, over a third of respondents reported two ancestries (2011 est.)

CIA World Factbook

Chinese lanterns

Immigration has driven economic and social development in Australia for more than two centuries. Even as more than one-fourth of the country’s population is foreign born and Australia ranks third among top refugee resettlement countries worldwide, controversy surrounding its hardline treatment of asylum seekers arriving by boat has cast a shadow on its reputation as a welcoming country, as this article explores.

Recent Activity

An Australian Senate committee is proposing that agricultural workers from the Pacific Islands be granted special seasonal access to Australia, according to Christine Inglis.
Australia's shifting immigration policies, which increasingly favor high-skilled workers while retaining a focus on family reunification, are leading to greater inflows of women.
In the wake of a string of arson fires at five Australian detention centers with large populations of asylum seekers, the government has begun new discussions about its much-debated refugee and humanitarian program.

Immigration has been a significant factor in New Zealand's history since the mid-19th century, and recently net migration gains have reached the highest levels ever recorded. Richard Bedford of the University of Waikato looks at the challenges ahead.

Census figures show that Australia began the new millennium with a larger and more diverse population.
Australia plans to increase its 2002-2003 immigration program to the highest annual intake since the end of the 1980s.

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