E.g., 10/30/2020
E.g., 10/30/2020

Country Resource - Australia

Australia

AU
  • Population....................................................................25,466,459 (July 2020 est.)
  • Population growth rate .................................................................1.4% (2020 est.)
  • Birth rate..................................................12.4 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
  • Death rate.................................................6.9 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
  • Net migration rate...............................8.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
  • Ethnic groups.......English 25.9%, Australian 25.4%, Irish 7.5%, Scottish 6.4%, Italian 3.3%, German 3.2%, Chinese 3.1%, Indian 1.4%, Greek 1.4%, Dutch 1.2%, other 15.8% (includes Australian aboriginal .5%), unspecified 5.4%. Data represents self-identified ancestry, over a third of respondents reported two ancestries (2011 est.)

CIA World Factbook

Chinese lanterns

Immigration has driven economic and social development in Australia for more than two centuries. Even as more than one-fourth of the country’s population is foreign born and Australia ranks third among top refugee resettlement countries worldwide, controversy surrounding its hardline treatment of asylum seekers arriving by boat has cast a shadow on its reputation as a welcoming country, as this article explores.

Recent Activity

As violence flared from Afghanistan to Iraq to Mexico this year, hundreds of thousands fled over land and by boat in search of safety. Asylum seekers' main destinations—Europe, Australia, and Canada—were not new, but the governments in these countries took a harder line in 2009.

The global recession has caused countries that once welcomed foreign workers by the tens and hundreds of thousands — particularly Spain — to rethink generous immigration policies as unemployment rates have risen.

Over the past year, long-standing discussions and negotiations have resulted in several new information-sharing initiatives that seek to boost security while facilitating travel for legitimate travelers.

Prove you can fit in here. That is the challenge many countries placed in stark terms this year by implementing citizenship tests or increasing language requirements. In the case of Australia, the government decided to do both.

The United States has been a destination for education and research for generations of foreign students and scholars. MPI's Jeanne Batalova explores why the country has become less dominant in the global education market in recent years.

In December, about 5,000 Australian youths gathered on one of Sydney’s major surf beaches and attacked men described as “Middle Easterners.” Christine Inglis of the University of Sydney looks at the violence and the government response, and assesses the integration of Lebanese-Australians.

Christine Inglis provides an update on the competing economic, political, and cultural forces that are challenging Australia's migration policy makers.
Christine Inglis looks at the Australian government’s renewed efforts to tighten security at the border and beyond.
Christine Inglis examines the Australian government's new four-year, $20 million initiative to fight human trafficking, particularly of women.
As Australia marks 25 years of multiculturalism in public policy, the country's courts are ruling on cases with serious implications for immigrant integration, according to Christine Inglis.

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