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Emma Israel was a consultant with the U.S. Immigration Policy Program at MPI. She previously worked in immigration legal services as a paralegal at Kids in Need of Defense (KIND) and served in AmeriCorps with Project Citizenship.
She holds a master’s degree from the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs at the University of Texas, where she focused on humanitarian migration and the U.S.-Mexico border. She also holds a bachelor’s degree in politics from Bates College.
The Trump administration set an unprecedented pace for executive action on immigration, reshaping many aspects of the U.S. immigration system through changes large and small. This report chronicles the 472 administrative changes enacted during this four-year period—ranging from COVID-19 response measures and immigration enforcement, to humanitarian protection, travel bans, legal immigration and DACA changes, and more.