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The Obama administration has taken a bold action to end the decades-old "wet foot, dry foot" policies that have for too long drawn Cubans to the United States in dangerous ways and sizeable numbers. The time has come when building a more normal U.S.-Cuba relationship must include updating migration and immigration policies to reflect today's realities, as this commentary by MPI Senior Fellow Doris Meissner explains.
WASHINGTON — Seeking to encourage the flow of skilled professionals among Member States, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) signed agreements over nearly a decade meant to speed the mutual recognition of professional and academic qualifications in a number of occupations.
As states work to build high-quality early childhood systems and implement the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) and Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), having detailed knowledge of the characteristics of immigrant parents can help maximize the effectiveness of programs that seek to improve child and family outcomes, as this commentary explains.
Skill Underutilization Costs College-Educated Immigrants More Than $39 Billion in Forgone Wages Annually
WASHINGTON – The United States has long attracted some of the world’s best and brightest. But nearly 2 million immigrants with college degrees are relegated to low-skilled jobs or can’t find work. The result of this brain waste? More than $39 billion in forgone wages annually and $10 billion in resulting lost tax payments, according to Migration Policy Institute (MPI) researchers.
WASHINGTON — With the most acute pressures of the migration and refugee crisis behind them, European countries now have the breathing space they need to think through the longer-term integration of these recent arrivals. Even as the crisis exposed deep cracks in the European project and further inflamed fears among some Europeans about the fast pace of societal change, some countries and sectors of society remain optimistic that newcomers will inject vital human capital into aging workforces.
WASHINGTON – Addressing the needs of low-income parents and their children simultaneously via two-generation programs that weave together early childhood services with adult-focused programs such as English literacy or workforce training hold great potential to support the successful longer-term integration of immigrants and their children, a new Migration Policy Institute (MPI) report finds.
There has been much interest—and confusion—regarding the number of unauthorized immigrants who could be deported because of criminal records under the Trump administration. This commentary examines what we know about the number of unauthorized immigrants with a criminal conviction and traces how the U.S. immigration enforcement system has already been recalibrated to identify and remove this population.
WASHINGTON — Amid record human displacement, more attention is being given to the reality that most refugees are likely to remain indefinitely in countries of first asylum, potentially facing bleak futures without the legal right to work or access to adequate housing and basic services such as education and health care.
WASHINGTON – As the world’s displaced populations swell to the highest levels ever recorded, the most dramatic images of migration have been of those traveling by sea: a drowned child’s body lying face down in the sand, people overcrowded on barely seaworthy vessels and rows of coffins of shipwrecked migrants. Though only a small portion of the world’s migrants travel by sea, this population has captured much of the media attention, policy debate and resources devoted to the refugee crisis over the past few years.
World leaders convened two summits in New York last week focusing on multilateral responses to the growing challenge of refugee crises and unmanaged migration flows, which have surged to the top of the agenda at the highest levels of government around the world. While score cards for these types of events are difficult to keep, it is clear that the summits offered reasons for both disappointment and hope.
WASHINGTON — As world leaders prepare to head to New York for the United Nations Summit for Refugees and Migrants on Monday, followed by a Leaders’ Summit on Refugees hosted by President Obama on Tuesday, the Migration Policy Institute’s Transatlantic Council on Migration today launched a series of research reports focused on new and emerging strategies to respond to record displacement levels.
The United Nations will convene a summit on large movements of migrants and refugees on September 19th in New York. Though the summit itself is not scheduled to produce significant new commitments, it sets the stage for a process that could prove tremendously important, as former Deputy High Commissioner for Refugees T. Alexander Aleinikoff explores in this commentary.
WASHINGTON — The chair of the Board of Trustees of the Migration Policy Institute (MPI), the Most Rev. Nicholas DiMarzio, Bishop of Brooklyn, today announced that the Board is launching an extensive national and international search to identify the next president of MPI. President Michael Fix, who joined the institute in 2005, will continue to lead the organization until a successor is named, and then will become a senior fellow.
WASHINGTON – With nearly 10 percent of U.S. elementary and secondary students less than fully fluent in English, many school districts are struggling to develop the capacity to meet the needs of children from immigrant and refugee backgrounds. A new report from the Migration Policy Institute’s National Center on Immigrant Integration Policy examines the diverse approaches taken at federal, state and local levels to provide appropriate funding for the education of nearly 5 million English Learner (EL) students—most of whom are U.S. born.
WASHINGTON — Ninety-three percent of the unauthorized immigrants participating in the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program who are eligible to apply for renewal have done so, the Migration Policy Institute (MPI) reports in a new issue brief that examines the deferred action program as its fourth anniversary nears.
WASHINGTON – Recent events in Europe and North America—the Brexit referendum on withdrawing the United Kingdom from the European Union, growing support for far-right parties across Europe and the stridency of the immigration debate occurring in the U.S. presidential campaign—reflect diminished public trust in government’s ability to manage migration well and to advantage.
While the political and economic ramifications of the UK vote to quit the European Union hit with full force within hours, it will take far more time to sort out what Brexit means for migration policy. In the short term, the rights of EU nationals living in Britain are the most pressing, with border-control negotiations and future immigration levels also high on the agenda. Against a backdrop of deep public skepticism, this commentary suggests the next government should underpromise and overdeliver.
A report by MPI's National Center on Immigrant Integration Policy and the Expert Council of German Foundations on Integration and Migration (Sachverständigenrat deutscher Stiftungen für Integration und Migration, or SVR) examines the supplementary funding mechanisms that support schools and school districts in meeting the specific needs of migrant-background students in primary and secondary schools in four countries: Canada, France, Germany and the United States.
The European Commission has unveiled a bold plan to revitalize the Blue Card system, which has proven lackluster in attracting highly skilled international talent and has received little uptake from Member States. This commentary examines the proposal and its possible effects, and discusses possible reactions by EU Member States, many of whom are likely to mount resistance to the plan.
WASHINGTON – Public trust in the ability of governments in Europe and North America to manage migration has eroded amid protracted, chaotic mixed flows of asylum seekers and migrants leaving unstable regions, combined with growing concerns about the threat of radicalization and terrorism at home—challenges governments have proven ill-equipped to manage.