E.g., 04/22/2017
E.g., 04/22/2017

Data and Analysis Related to Trump Administration Executive Orders on Immigrants and Refugees

Data and Analysis Related to Trump Administration Executive Orders on Immigrants and Refugees

In its first days, the Trump administration released wide-ranging executive orders on immigration and refugee resettlement, touching on everything from the construction of a wall at the U.S.-Mexico border to deportations policy, the refugee resettlement program, and a halt to admissions from seven majority-Muslim countries. These MPI research and data resources offer context directly related to the issues addressed in the executive orders and the populations they will affect.

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POLICY BRIEF: Revised Trump Executive Order and Guidance on Refugee Resettlement and Travel Ban
This brief examines President Trump's revised executive order issued in March 2017, replacing an earlier legally contested version suspending travel from certain majority-Muslim countries and pausing the U.S. refugee resettlement program. The brief compares the revised executive order to provisions of the original one, as well as to prior policy and practice.

COMMENTARY: The Revised Trump Travel Ban: Who Might Be Affected from the Six Targeted Countries?
The revised travel ban executive order signed by President Trump on March 6, 2017 significantly narrows an earlier order that provoked chaos at U.S. airports and sparked legal challenges. Still, it represents a sharp cut in the refugee resettlement program and restricts nationals from six countries from newly entering the United States.

ARTICLE: Judge's Pause of Trump Travel Ban Takes Page from Republican Challenge to Obama Executive Action on DACA
The decision by the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals to halt President Trump's controversial executive order on immigration and refugee resettlement has strong legal parallels to an earlier injunction, which blocked a very different Obama administration initiative on immigration two years ago in a challenge mounted by Republican governors. The two cases have brought new focus to the limits of executive authority in the immigration arena.

POLICY BRIEF: Trump Executive Order on Refugees and Travel Ban: A Brief Review
This brief examines key provisions of President Trump's recent executive order suspending travel from certain countries and pausing the U.S. refugee resettlement program, comparing them to current and earlier policy and practice.

COMMENTARY: The Refugee Resettlement Program Is an Unsuitable Target
The executive order pausing U.S. refugee resettlement and cutting admissions by more than half has identified a singularly unsuitable target. None of the more than 3 million refugees who have entered through the resettlement program has killed anyone in a terrorist attack on U.S. soil. Singling out refugees will not make America safer.

ARTICLE: Syrian Refugees in the United States
More than 18,000 Syrian refugees have been resettled in the United States since civil war broke out in Syria in 2011; nearly half are under age 14. This article offers a demographic profile of Syrian refugees, including age, gender, language, and religion, as well as top state and city destinations.

ARTICLE: Refugees and Asylees in the United States
The United States is the largest refugee resettlement country in the world, with 69,933 newly arrived refugees granted protection in 2015. This article delves into U.S. refugee and asylum data, including top countries of origin, states of settlement, age, gender, and more.

FACT SHEET: Ten Facts About U.S. Refugee Resettlement
This fact sheet offers key facts about the U.S. refugee resettlement program. It answers questions such as how the current refugee admissions ceiling stacks up historically, the types of screening would-be refugees go through, how they fare in the labor market, their public benefits usage, and more.

ARTICLE: Profile of Syrian Immigrants in the United States
Approximately 86,000 Syrian immigrants resided in the United States in 2014. Most come through family reunification channels rather than humanitarian or employment-based ones. Syrian immigrants on average are significantly older and more highly educated.

ARTICLE: Middle Eastern and North African Immigrants in the United States
Immigration to the United States from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region has increased in recent years, rising to 1.02 million in 2013. This article examines key socioeconomic indicators, from language proficiency to employment and naturalization for MENA immigrants.

COMMENTARY: The U.S. Record Shows Refugees Are Not a Threat
Between September 11, 2001 and October 2015, the United States resettled 784,000 refugees. In those years, exactly three resettled refugees were arrested for planning terrorist activities—and it is worth noting two were not planning an attack in the United States. The record of the U.S. refugee resettlement program does not support the fear of security threats.

REPORT: The Integration Outcomes of U.S. Refugees: Successes and Challenges
This report examines the characteristics of arriving refugees for the top ten largest refugee populations (Iran, Iraq, and Somalia among them). The report also draws on Census Bureau data to assess refugees' integration outcomes, finding that with time in the United States, incomes increase and reliance on public benefits decline.

INTERACTIVE MAPS: U.S. Immigration Population by State and County and Metropolitan Area
These maps display the distribution of immigrant populations by state and county, as well as metro area. Select a country or region of origin to see where immigrants live in the United States.

INTERACTIVE MAP: Refugee Admissions by Year and Ceiling
Use this map to see how many refugees have been admitted by year since 1980, as well as how the refugee admissions ceiling has varied over time.

POLICY BRIEF: Trump Executive Order and DHS Implementation Memo on Border Enforcement: A Brief Review
On January 25, 2017, President Trump signed an executive order laying out a series of border enforcement mandates, including constructing a wall along the U.S.-Mexico border and expanding the use of expedited removal. This brief summarizes and analyzes key provisions of the executive order and accompanying Department of Homeland Security implementation guidance, comparing them to earlier policy and practice.

REPORT: Immigration Enforcement in the United States: The Rise of a Formidable Machinery
The U.S. government spends more on federal immigration enforcement than on all other principal federal criminal law enforcement agencies combined, allocating more than $187 billion since 1986. This report traces the evolution of the system.

ARTICLE: Borders and Walls: Do Barriers Deter Unauthorized Migration?
In response to the uptick in spontaneous migration flows, there has been a surge in construction of border walls and fences over recent decades. Do border walls work? This article examines the history of border barriers and assesses how effective they are at deterring illegal immigration.

FACT SHEET: Trends in Unaccompanied Child and Family Migration from Central America
After reaching record high levels during 2014, the flow of Central American unaccompanied children and families arriving at the U.S.-Mexico border declined sharply. What caused the drop and why have the numbers begun to climb again?

ARTICLE: Mexican Immigrants in the United States
Mexican immigration to the United States has slowed significantly in recent years. Still, Mexicans account for the largest group of immigrants in the United States. See how they compare to the overall foreign- and U.S.-born populations on key indicators.

ARTICLE: Central American Immigrants in the United States
Large-scale Central American migration to the United States has been driven mainly by economic hardship and political instability. Since 2011, a growing number of unaccompanied children and families have arrived at the U.S.-Mexico border.

ARTICLE: Despite Little Action Yet by Trump Administration on Sanctuary Cities, States and Localities Rush to Respond to Rhetoric
While Donald Trump often pledged as candidate to strip federal funding from jurisdictions—known as sanctuary cities—that do not fully cooperate with federal immigration enforcement, his administration has taken little direct action to date. Still, strong statements from the President and Attorney General have spurred a flurry of responses by state and local governments, some adjusting their policies to cooperate fully, others setting limits.

ARTICLE: Muscular Public Relations Strategy to Paint Immigrants and Immigration as Negatives Embedded Deep Within Trump Executive Orders
This article explores the sweeping requirements for data collection and reporting embedded in President Trump's executive orders on immigration and how they might help further the administration's agenda.

POLICY BRIEF: Trump Executive Order and DHS Guidance on Interior Enforcement: A Brief Review
This brief outlines and provides context for key provisions in an executive order and accompanying Department of Homeland Security guidance that make sweeping changes to immigration enforcement in the U.S. interior, including significantly broadening the categories of unauthorized immigrants who are priorities for removal.

ARTICLE: The Obama Record on Deportations: Deporter in Chief or Not?
President Obama faced criticism over his administration's handling of immigration enforcement from both the left and the right, labeled "deporter in chief" even as he was also accused of lax enforcement. A closer examination of his administration's record paints a more nuanced picture.

COMMENTARY: Unauthorized Immigrants with Criminal Convictions: Who Might Be a Priority for Removal?
This commentary examines the small share of the unauthorized population with a criminal conviction, which MPI estimated at 820,000 of the 11 million unauthorized immigrants, using the most recent available data from U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement.

COMMENTARY: Federal-Local Cooperation on Immigration Enforcement Frayed; Chance for Improvement Exists
This commentary explores the rift between the federal government and some local jurisdictions over Secure Communities, with more than 360 communities limiting their cooperation and earning the label "sanctuary cities."

REPORT: Understanding the Potential Impact of Executive Action on Immigration Enforcement
This report analyzes how many unauthorized immigrants fall within priority enforcement categories unveiled in November 2014 and how implementation of these priorities could affect the number of deportations. The report also examines the replacement of Secure Communities with a new Priority Enforcement Program.

REPORT: Deportation and Discretion: Reviewing the Record and Options for Change
This report analyzes the 3.7 million formal removals that occurred between fiscal 2003-13, offering a profile of deportees, including countries of origin and criminal convictions, as well as how evolving policy could change the number of deportations.

REPORT: The Deportation Dilemma: Reconciling Tough and Humane Enforcement
This report profiles the current-era deportation system, exploring the policy changes and resources that have resulted in the removal of more than 4.5 million unauthorized immigrants since 1996. The report analyzes key trends in apprehensions, deportations, and criminal prosecutions.

REPORT: Delegation and Divergence: 287(g) State and Local Immigration Enforcement
In assessing the implementation, enforcement outcomes, costs, and community impacts of the 287(g) federal-state immigration enforcement program, the report finds that about half of 287(g) activity involves noncitizens arrested for misdemeanors and traffic offenses.

DATA: Unauthorized Immigrant Population Profiles
Learn about the estimated 11 million unauthorized immigrants in the United States. Where do they live? When did they arrive, and from where? What are their levels of education, incomes, and health care coverage? This tool provides detailed profiles for the United States, most states, and counties with the largest unauthorized populations.

INTERACTIVE MAP: Unauthorized Immigrant Populations in United States by Region or Country of Origin
This map shows the top states and counties of residence for unauthorized immigrants in the United States based on their country or region of origin.

COMMENTARY: Leaked Draft of Possible Trump Executive Order on Public Benefits Would Spell Chilling Effects for Legal Immigrants
A draft executive order apparently under consideration by the Trump administration could have widespread chilling effects for legal immigrants. It proposes restricting green cards for low-income immigrants and making legal permanent residents more vulnerable to deportation if they use federal means-tested public benefits.