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This is the second in our series focusing on the five largest foreign-born groups in the United States. According to Census 2000, the largest immigrant group is composed of people from Mexico, followed by the Philippines, India, China, and Vietnam. This Spotlight examines the size, growth, and geographic distribution of the foreign born from the Philippines.
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Foreign-born population from the Philippines, for the United States: 1990 and 2000
There are approximately 1.4 million foreign born from the Philippines in the United States. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, there were 1.4 million immigrants from the Philippines in the United States in 2000.
The foreign born from the Philippines (1.4 million) made up the second-largest immigrant group in 2000, surpassed only by the foreign born from Mexico (9.2 million).
Of the 31.1 million foreign born in the U.S., 4.4 percent were immigrants from the Philippines, according to the results of Census 2000.
According to Census 2000, California had the largest number of foreign born from the Philippines (664,935), followed by Hawaii (102,063). The remaining 10 states with the largest number of immigrants from the Philippines include New York (72,408), New Jersey (69,773), Illinois (67,072), Washington (46,733), Texas (45,907), Florida (43,422), Virginia (36,325), and Nevada (31,491).
The foreign born from the Philippines who resided in California in 2000 accounted for 49 percent of the 1.4 million immigrants from the Philippines in the United States. The remaining five states with the largest percentages of the total foreign-born population from the Philippines include Hawaii (7.5 percent), New York (5.3 percent), New Jersey (5.1 percent), and Illinois (4.9 percent). Combined, these five states accounted for over 71 percent of the total Filipino immigrant population.
The foreign-born population from the Philippines increased from 912,674 in 1990 to 1,369,070 in 2000, or by 456,396 persons, according to the results of Census 2000, representing an increase of 50 percent.
The results from Census 2000 show that in seven states the foreign-born population from the Philippines more than doubled in size, including Nevada (271 percent), North Carolina (156 percent), Utah (142 percent), Arizona (142 percent), Idaho (117 percent), Georgia (112 percent), and Indiana (105 percent). In addition to a large percent change, Nevada was also among the 10 states with the largest numeric increases between 1990 and 2000.
According to the results of Census 2000, immigrants from the Philippines account for 0.5 percent of the total population. The states with the highest proportion of foreign born from the Philippines in their total populations include Hawaii (8.4 percent), California (2 percent), Nevada (1.6 percent), and Alaska (1.4 percent).
In 2000, of the 212,229 foreign born in Hawaii, 48 percent were from the Philippines. Of the 37,170 foreign born in Alaska, almost one-fourth (24 percent) were from the Philippines. In six other states, the immigrant population from the Philippines accounted for more than five percent of the total foreign born, including Nevada (9.9 percent), Washington (7.6 percent), California (7.5 percent), West Virginia (6.9 percent), Virginia (6.4 percent), and Mississippi (5.5 percent).
According to the Defense Manpower Data Center within the Department of Defense, of the 68,826 total foreign born on active duty as of April 2003, 25 percent were born in the Philippines, 10 percent in Mexico, 6 percent in Jamaica, and 3 percent in both the Republic of Korea and the Dominican Republic.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 1990 Census of Population and Housing and Census 2000, Summary File 3.