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This is the third in our series on the five largest immigrant groups in the United States. According to Census 2000, the foreign born from only three countries have resident populations of over one million people: Mexico (9.2 million), the Philippines (1.4 million), and India (1 million). This Spotlight examines the size, growth, and geographic distribution of the foreign born from India.
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India Foreign-Born Population, for the United States: 1990 and 2000
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, there were over one million immigrants from India in the United States in 2000.
The foreign born from India (1 million) made up the third-largest immigrant group in 2000, following the foreign born from Mexico (9.2 million) and the Philippines (1.4 million). The fourth and fifth-largest immigrant groups in 2000 were from China (excluding Hong Kong and Taiwan) (988,857) and Vietnam (988,174).
Of the 31.1 million foreign born in the U.S., 3.3 percent were immigrants from India, according to the results of Census 2000.
According to Census 2000, California had the largest number of foreign born from India (198,201), followed by New Jersey (119,491), and New York (117,238). The remaining 10 states with the largest number of immigrants from India include Illinois (83,916), Texas (78,388), Pennsylvania (37,541), Michigan (36,323), Florida (32,295), Maryland (32,276), and Virginia (30,611).
Of the total foreign born from India in 2000, California had the largest proportion (19 percent), followed by New Jersey (12 percent), New York (11 percent), Illinois (8 percent), and Texas (8 percent). Combined, these five states accounted for 58 percent of the total Indian immigrant population.
The foreign-born population from India increased from 450,406 in 1990 to 1,022,552 in 2000, or by 572,146 persons, according to the results of Census 2000, representing an increase of 127 percent.
According to the results of Census 2000, the states that experienced the most rapid growth in their foreign-born populations from India include Idaho (517 percent), Oregon (419 percent), and Colorado (400 percent), followed by Georgia (271 percent), Washington (268 percent), Minnesota (260 percent), Wyoming (241 percent), Kentucky (221 percent), North Dakota (206 percent), and Nevada (193 percent).
Census 2000 shows that the foreign-born population from India in Georgia increased from 7,511 in 1990 to 27,834 in 2000, representing a 271 percent increase. Among all states and the District of Columbia, Georgia ranked seventh in the numeric growth and fourth in the percent growth of its Indian immigrant population.
According to the results of Census 2000, immigrants from India account for 0.4 percent of the total population of 281.4 million. In only one state – New Jersey (1.4 percent) – did the foreign born from India make up more than one percent of the total state population.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 1990 Census of Population and Housing and Census 2000, Summary File 3