Immigrants from Italy represented the largest immigrant group in the United States in 1960. How did this population change over time? And what about other immigrant groups, for instance, from Brazil or China? This tool allows you to view the trends in the size of the immigrant population from a given country between 1960 and 2014. Select (or deselect) countries from the menu on the right to visualize the population change over time.
1) The term "immigrants" (or "foreign born") refers to people residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. This population includes naturalized citizens, lawful permanent residents (LPRs), certain legal nonimmigrants (e.g., persons on student or work visas), those admitted under refugee or asylee status, and persons illegally residing in the United States.
2) All countries with available data for a decade or greater are included in the time series.
3) The figure for China excludes both Hong Kong and Taiwan (1990-2014).
4) Prior to 2000, the number of immigrants from the 15 countries that were part of the former Soviet Union are not shown by individual country. From 2000 on, the Census Bureau reports data on Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan, but not for the other six former Soviet Union republics.
5) Prior to 2000, the number of immigrants from the seven countries that were part of the former Yugoslavia are not shown by individual country. From 2000 on, the Census Bureau reports data for Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the Republic of Macedonia, and Serbia, but not for Montenegro and Slovenia.
Migration Policy Institute tabulation of data from the U.S. Census Bureau's 2010 and 2014 American Community Surveys, and 2000 Decennial Census. Data for year 2000 for Denmark, Norway, Belgium, Switzerland, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Serbia, Nepal, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Uzbekistan, Burma, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Liberia, Kenya, Morocco, Sudan, Bahamas, Dominica, Grenada, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and Uruguay were from MPI tabulation of the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series for the 2000 Decennial Census (5% sample). Data for 1960 to 1990 are from Campbell J. Gibson and Emily Lennon, "Historical Census Statistics on the Foreign-Born Population of the United States: 1850 to 1990" (Working Paper No. 29, U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC, 1999).