MPI's Migrants, Migration, and Development Program focuses on the intersection of migration and development policies and trends, moving beyond simple notions that development is a “cure” for migration or that migration is a recipe for development. The program’s focus is on nuanced policy guidance for countries of destination and origin regarding the actual and potential contributions of migrant communities to sustainable development and the reduction of poverty in their original homelands.
While increasing volumes of research are focusing on the current and prospective contributions of migrant communities to their countries of origin, the findings have not been systematically translated into policy guidance, and important topics remain underinvestigated. One result is that little coherence is to be found between the development policies and the migration policies of governments in either countries of destination or countries of origin. Since 2004, MPI has begun to address the paucity of policy analysis.
MPI is deeply engaged in efforts to encourage a multilateral discussion and exchange of experience through the 2006 and 2013 UN High-Level Dialogues on International Migration and Development, as well as the Global Forum on Migration and Development.
MPI’s work in migration and development is drawing out the policy implications of a voluminous and rapidly expanding body of literature — much of which is primarily theoretical or descriptive — and evaluating whether it implies a major revision of conventional understandings of migration-and-development linkages.
A second strand of work is producing new research findings on diaspora engagement in countries of origin (through such mechanisms as foreign direct investment, technological innovation, and private philanthropy) and on the migration-related development policies of countries of origin as well as donor countries and institutions.
In conjunction with its research and analysis, MPI convenes policy discussions with important stakeholders, in particular policymakers, to discuss and vet the research agenda and our findings in relation to the specific circumstances of their own countries and institutions.