Australia, Canada, and the United States often are described as traditional countries of immigration, as historically each encouraged immigration for permanent settlement on a significant scale that was essential for the countries’ founding and development. All three have experienced successive waves of immigration over the past few centuries, and each wave has been characterized by a different predominant country or region of origin. (Click here to compare historical immigration trends in Australia, Canada, and United States). The below graphs provide a quick overview of the top origins of contemporary immigrants in the three countries, according to the latest population data.
Five Largest Foreign-Born Groups in Australia, 2006
Total foreign born: 4,416,000
Five Largest Foreign-Born Groups in Canada, 2006
Total foreign born: 6,187,000
Five Largest Foreign-Born Groups in the United States, 2010
Total foreign born: 39,956,000
Ten Largest Foreign-Born Populations, by Country of Birth: Australia, Canada, and the United States
|United Kingdom||1,038,160||23.5%||United Kingdom||579,620||9.4%||Mexico||11,711,103||29.3%|
|India||147,105||3.3%||United States||250,535||4%||El Salvador||1,214,049||3.0%|
|All others||1,834,560||41.5%||All others||3,128,625||50.6%||All others||16,708,862||41.8%|
1) *Excludes Hong Kong and Taiwan.
2) The total population of Australia in 2006 was 19,855,000; Canada (2006): 31,241,000; the United States (2010): 309,350,000.
Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2006 Census of Population and Housing
Country of Birth of Person by Sex (based on place of usual residence)
Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population
Immigrant population by place of birth and period of immigration
U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey
Ten Source Countries with the Largest Populations in the United States