U.S. Border Crossings Drop Twenty Percent from 2000 to 2004:
The volume of travel to the United States from Canada and Mexico declined by 20 percent between FY 2000 and FY 2004, according to data released by the Migration Policy Institute today. The decline was revealed by a drop in the number of inspections at U.S. air, land, and sea ports of entry, with land inspections decreasing by 24 percent. The U.S.-Canadian border experienced a sharper decline (31 percent) than the U.S.-Mexico border (21 percent). While the steepest drop occurred between FY 2001 and FY 2002, the volume at land borders has continued to decrease annually.
"These data support the anecdotal evidence we have been hearing in border communities about a post-September 11 decline in discretionary travel that has yet to reverse itself," said Senior Policy Analyst Deborah Meyers. "The new requirement for passports (or another approved document) to enter the United States is generating concern by government, business and tourism officials that cross-border traffic will decline further."
Trade and migration issues associated with border security and NAFTA will be on the agenda as Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice meets with Canadian officials today in Ottawa and the U.S.-Mexico Binational Commission meets in Washington, D.C. tomorrow. In advance of these meetings, the Migration Policy Institute has released a fact sheet based on the latest data on trilateral trade and migration, available at www.migrationpolicy.org.
This week's diplomatic meetings provide an early opportunity for policymakers to evaluate progress under the Security and Prosperity Partnership signed by the United States, Mexico and Canada in March 2005. The agreement aims to establish a common approach to security while allowing for the continued movement of people, goods and services across North American borders.
The MPI fact sheet also shows that:
One Face at the Border: Behind the Slogan
Secure Borders, Open Doors: Visa Procedures in the Post-September 11 Era
Real Challenges for Virtual Borders: The Implementation of US-VISIT
The Migration Information Source, MPI's award-winning online resource, has released Special Issues on Mexico-US migration, available at http://www.migrationinformation.org/special_mexico.cfm, and most recently, on the Unauthorized, at http://www.migrationinformation.org/special_unauthorized.cfm.
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