E.g., 07/25/2016
E.g., 07/25/2016

State Workforce Data - CA

California

Workforce
2014
2000
1990
 
Population (age 25 and older)
 
 
Labor Force Participation by Language Spoken at Home Number
Total Population (native and foreign born) Age 25 and older 25,654,292
In labor force 16,724,862
Not in labor force 8,929,430
Speak only English 14,486,614
In labor force 9,236,024
Not in labor force 5,250,590
Speak Spanish 6,767,667
In labor force 4,693,571
Not in labor force 2,074,096
Speak other Indo-European languages 1,276,337
In labor force 799,919
Not in labor force 476,418
Speak Asian and Pacific Island languages 2,853,609
In labor force 1,825,827
Not in labor force 1,027,782
Speak other languages 270,065
In labor force 169,521
Not in labor force 100,544
%
Total Population (native and foreign born) age 25 and older 100%
  In labor force 65.2%
Not in labor force 34.8%
Speak only English 100%
  In labor force 63.8%
Not in labor force 36.2%
Speak Spanish 100%
  In labor force 69.4%
Not in labor force 30.6%
Speak other Indo-European languages 100%
  In labor force 62.7%
Not in labor force 37.3%
Speak Asian and Pacific Island languages 100%
  In labor force 64.0%
Not in labor force 36.0%
Speak other languages 100%
  In labor force 62.8%
Not in labor force 37.2%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Workers' Education and English Proficiency

Note: 1) Civilian employed population includes anyone who reported performing full or part-time work during a reference week, being temporarily absent from a job, or performing unpaid work for a family business or farm. 2) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Foreign Born
Civilian Employed Workers (age 25 and older) 5,770,587
Low-educated workers (i.e., those without a high school diploma) 1,723,171
% low educated of all workers
29.9%
High-educated workers (i.e., those with at least a bachelor's degree) 1,750,585
% high educated of all workers
30.3%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Workers (age 25 and older) 3,062,334
% LEP among all workers
53.1%
U.S. Born
Civilian Workers (age 25 and older) 9,692,837
Low-educated workers (i.e., those with high school diploma) 457,447
% low educated of all workers
4.7%
High-educated workers (i.e., those with at least a bachelor's degree) 3,991,054
% high educated of all workers
41.2%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Workers (age 25 and older) 195,517
% LEP among all workers
2.0%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Brain Waste

Note: The terms "brain waste" and "skill underutilization" are used interchangeably and describe a phenomenon when college-educated persons are either unemployed or employed in unskilled jobs, i.e., jobs that require only moderate on-the-job training or less, such as construction laborers, taxi drivers, file clerks, or nannies.

Foreign Born
Skill Underutilization among College-Educated Workers (age 25 and older)*

Note: Estimates are based on MPI analysis of Census Bureau pooled 2012-2014 ACS data.

 
Total civilian, college-educated labor force, age 25+ 1,778,457
Number underutilized (i.e., unemployed or employed in low-skilled jobs)
402,502

% of civilian, college-educated labor force, age 25+

22.6%
U.S. Born
Skill Underutilization among College-Educated Workers (age 25 and older)*  
Total civilian, college-educated workers, age 25+ 4,056,050
Number underutilized (i.e., unemployed or employed in low-skilled jobs)
735,218

% of all civilian, college-educated workers, age 25+

18.1%
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2014 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Persons are considered to be in the civilian labor force if they were employed or if they were unemployed but actively looking for work. Persons not in the labor force include homemakers, retirees, students who do not work, and others who are neither working outside the home nor looking for work. Civilian labor force excludes members of the armed forces (Army, Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard, and Marines). Civilian employed population includes anyone who reported performing full or part-time work during a reference week, being temporarily absent from a job, or performing unpaid work for a family business or farm. 
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.
  • The terms "brain waste" and "skill underutilization" are used interchangeably and describe a phenomenon when college-educated persons are either unemployed or employed in unskilled jobs, i.e., jobs that require only moderate on-the-job training or less, such as construction laborers, taxi drivers, file clerks, or nannies.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Civilian Labor Force,” “Foreign-Born Labor Force by U.S. Citizenship Status,” “Occupations,” “Industries,” and “Class of Worker,”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.
  • For “Foreign-Born Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) by Period of Entry,” “Foreign-Born Civilian Employed Workers (age 16 and older) by Region of Birth,” and “Workers' Education and English Proficiency (age 25 and older)”: The total estimate of foreign-born workers here is somewhat different from other workforce data due to different ACS data sources. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are based on Migration Policy Institute (MPI) analysis of the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-14 ACS data. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are based on MPI analysis of the 2014 ACS.
  • Brain waste estimates are based on MPI analysis of the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2014 ACS data.