E.g., 06/23/2017
E.g., 06/23/2017

State Language Data - VA

Virginia

Language & Education
2015
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,010,874
Speak only English 16.3%
Speak English "very well" 43.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 39.9%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 70.0%
% change: 1990-2000 105.5%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 518,389
Speak only English 22%
Speak English "very well" 49.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 28.9%
Noncitizens 492,485
Speak only English 10.3%
Speak English "very well" 38.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 51.5%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 6,861,202
Speak only English 94.1%
Speak English ""very well"" 5.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.9%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -12.2%
% change: 1990-2000 45.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 562,217
Speak only English 18.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 39.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 42.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 6,057,049
Speak only English 95.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 305,739
Speak only English 23.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 39.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 37.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 5,435,745
Speak only English 96.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,358,897
Speak only English 1,149,346
Speak language other than English 209,551
Speak English "very well"
169,463
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
40,088
Speak Spanish 114,700
Speak English "very well"
92,657
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
22,043
Ages 18-64 5,325,735
Speak only English 4,392,710
Speak language other than English 933,025
Speak English "very well"
568,807
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
364,218
Speak Spanish 409,714
Speak English "very well"
211,336
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
198,378
65 and Older 1,187,444
Speak only English 1,078,395
Speak language other than English 109,049
Speak English "very well"
51,717
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
57,332
Speak Spanish 28,928
Speak English "very well"
14,505
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
14,423
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 84.6%
Speak language other than English 15.4%
Speak English "very well" 12.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.0%
Speak Spanish 8.4%
Speak English "very well" 6.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.6%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 82.5%
Speak language other than English 17.5%
Speak English "very well" 10.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 6.8%
Speak Spanish 7.7%
Speak English "very well" 4.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.7%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 90.8%
Speak language other than English 9.2%
Speak English "very well" 4.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.8%
Speak Spanish 2.4%
Speak English "very well" 1.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.2%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 7,872,076
Speak only English 6,620,451
Speak language other than English 1,251,625
Spanish or Spanish Creole 553,342
Speak English "very well" 318,498
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 234,844
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 28,867
Speak English "very well" 24,292
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,575
French Creole 5,854
Speak English "very well" 5,300
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 554
Italian 8,245
Speak English "very well" 6,493
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,752
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 9,137
Speak English "very well" 6,750
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,387
German 27,327
Speak English "very well" 23,931
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,396
Yiddish 150
Speak English "very well" 150
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other West Germanic Languages 4,192
Speak English "very well" 3,745
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 447
Scandinavian Languages 3,245
Speak English "very well" 2,991
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 254
Greek 5,607
Speak English "very well" 4,637
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 970
Russian 14,938
Speak English "very well" 9,997
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,941
Polish 3,499
Speak English "very well" 3,148
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 351
Serbo-Croatian 5,852
Speak English "very well" 4,208
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,644
Other Slavic Languages 4,035
Speak English "very well" 3,008
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,027
Armenian 1,043
Speak English "very well" 731
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 312
Persian 31,065
Speak English "very well" 18,803
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 12,262
Gujarati 9,395
Speak English "very well" 7,572
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,823
Hindi 23,954
Speak English "very well" 19,949
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,005
Urdu 34,198
Speak English "very well" 23,983
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10,215
Other Indic Languages 38,025
Speak English "very well" 26,626
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 11,399
Other Indo-European Languages 14,513
Speak English "very well" 10,266
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,247
Chinese 61,774
Speak English "very well" 32,340
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 29,434
Japanese 10,016
Speak English "very well" 6,593
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,423
Korean 55,133
Speak English "very well" 25,712
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 29,421
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 6,374
Speak English "very well" 3,279
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,095
Hmong N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Thai 8,385
Speak English "very well" 4,128
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,257
Laotian 1,570
Speak English "very well" 855
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 715
Vietnamese 54,693
Speak English "very well" 25,755
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 28,938
Other Asian Languages 51,715
Speak English "very well" 40,725
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10,990
Tagalog 46,115
Speak English "very well" 34,322
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 11,793
Other Pacific Island Languages 6,646
Speak English "very well" 4,376
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,270
Navajo 98
Speak English "very well" 98
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 990
Speak English "very well" 827
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 163
Hungarian 1,863
Speak English "very well" 1,557
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 306
Arabic 51,416
Speak English "very well" 34,917
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 16,499
Hebrew 1,120
Speak English "very well" 1,120
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
African Languages 65,157
Speak English "very well" 46,658
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 18,499
Other and Unspecified Languages 2,077
Speak English "very well" 1,647
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 430
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 84.1%
Field 308 15.9%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 57.6%
Field 310 42.4%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 84.2%
Field 315 15.8%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 90.5%
Field 316 9.5%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 78.8%
Field 319 21.2%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 73.9%
Field 322 26.1%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 87.6%
Field 325 12.4%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 100.0%
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 89.3%
Field 331 10.7%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 92.2%
Field 334 7.8%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 82.7%
Field 337 17.3%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 66.9%
Field 340 33.1%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 90.0%
Field 343 10.0%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 71.9%
Field 346 28.1%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 74.5%
Field 349 25.5%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 70.1%
Field 352 29.9%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 60.5%
Field 355 39.5%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 80.6%
Field 358 19.4%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 83.3%
Field 361 16.7%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 70.1%
Field 364 29.9%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 70.0%
Field 367 30.0%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 70.7%
Field 370 29.3%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 52.4%
Field 373 47.6%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 65.8%
Field 376 34.2%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 46.6%
Field 379 53.4%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 51.4%
Field 382 48.6%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 N
Field 385 N
Field 388 100%
Field 388 49.2%
Field 388 50.8%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 54.5%
Field 391 45.5%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 47.1%
Field 394 52.9%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 78.7%
Field 397 21.3%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 74.4%
Field 400 25.6%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 65.8%
Field 403 34.2%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 100.0%
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 83.5%
Field 409 16.5%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 83.6%
Field 412 16.4%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 67.9%
Field 415 32.1%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 100.0%
Field 418 N
Field 421 100%
Field 421 71.6%
Field 421 28.4%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 79.3%
Field 424 20.7%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 873,944
Less than high school diploma 19.2%
High school diploma or GED 20.4%
Some college or associate's degree 19.9%
Bachelor's degree 22.3%
Graduate or professional degree 18.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 26.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 16.8%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2015 58.0%
% change: 1990-2000 98.7%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2015 116.5%
% change: 1990-2000 108.3%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 473,983
Less than high school diploma 11.8%
High school diploma or GED 18.9%
Some college or associate's degree 23.3%
Bachelor's degree 25.3%
Graduate or professional degree 20.8%
Noncitizens (%) 399,961
Less than high school diploma 27.9%
High school diploma or GED 22.2%
Some college or associate's degree 16%
Bachelor's degree 18.8%
Graduate or professional degree 15.1%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,811,374
Less than high school diploma 9.6%
High school diploma or GED 25.4%
Some college or associate's degree 28.7%
Bachelor's degree 21.1%
Graduate or professional degree 15.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -39.1%
% change: 1990-2000 -18.4%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 44.3%
% change: 1990-2000 36.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 445,592
Less than high school diploma 23.8%
High school diploma or GED 18.3%
Some college or associate's degree 21.2%
Bachelor's degree 20.4%
Graduate or professional degree 16.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 12.3%
Bachelor's degree or higher 11.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,218,837
Less than high school diploma 18.0%
High school diploma or GED 26.7%
Some college or associate's degree 26.6%
Bachelor's degree 17.6%
Graduate or professional degree 11.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 238,476
Less than high school diploma 22.4%
High school diploma or GED 20.6%
Some college or associate's degree 24.0%
Bachelor's degree 18.2%
Graduate or professional degree 14.7%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 5.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 8.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,730,719
Less than high school diploma 24.9%
High school diploma or GED 26.9%
Some college or associate's degree 24.3%
Bachelor's degree 15.1%
Graduate or professional degree 8.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.