E.g., 06/26/2016
E.g., 06/26/2016

State Language Data - VA

Virginia

Language & Education
2014
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 996,262
Speak only English 17.8%
Speak English "very well" 43.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 38.9%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2014 63.2%
% change: 1990-2000 105.5%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 495,039
Speak only English 22.6%
Speak English "very well" 49.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 28.2%
Noncitizens 501,223
Speak only English 13.1%
Speak English "very well" 37.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 49.4%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 6,822,477
Speak only English 94.1%
Speak English ""very well"" 5.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -18.4%
% change: 1990-2000 45.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 562,217
Speak only English 18.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 39.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 42.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 6,057,049
Speak only English 95.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 305,739
Speak only English 23.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 39.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 37.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 5,435,745
Speak only English 96.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,359,987
Speak only English 1,149,223
Speak language other than English 210,764
Speak English "very well"
175,175
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
35,589
Speak Spanish 113,255
Speak English "very well"
93,713
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
19,542
Ages 18-64 5,311,906
Speak only English 4,409,339
Speak language other than English 902,567
Speak English "very well"
554,208
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
348,359
Speak Spanish 388,025
Speak English "very well"
208,649
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
179,376
65 and Older 1,146,846
Speak only English 1,041,167
Speak language other than English 105,679
Speak English "very well"
48,105
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
57,574
Speak Spanish 26,110
Speak English "very well"
11,764
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
14,346
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 84.5%
Speak language other than English 15.5%
Speak English "very well" 12.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.6%
Speak Spanish 8.3%
Speak English "very well" 6.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.4%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 83.0%
Speak language other than English 17.0%
Speak English "very well" 10.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 6.6%
Speak Spanish 7.3%
Speak English "very well" 3.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.4%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 90.8%
Speak language other than English 9.2%
Speak English "very well" 4.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 5.0%
Speak Spanish 2.3%
Speak English "very well" 1.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.3%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 7,818,739
Speak only English 6,599,729
Speak language other than English 1,219,010
Spanish or Spanish Creole 527,390
Speak English "very well" 314,126
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 213,264
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 33,196
Speak English "very well" 27,103
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,093
French Creole 5,080
Speak English "very well" 4,118
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 962
Italian 10,498
Speak English "very well" 8,876
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,622
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 9,603
Speak English "very well" 7,662
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,941
German 24,808
Speak English "very well" 21,375
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,433
Yiddish 79
Speak English "very well" 79
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other West Germanic Languages 4,006
Speak English "very well" 3,213
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 793
Scandinavian Languages 3,443
Speak English "very well" 3,082
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 361
Greek 5,629
Speak English "very well" 4,316
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,313
Russian 19,946
Speak English "very well" 14,497
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,449
Polish 3,042
Speak English "very well" 2,820
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 222
Serbo-Croatian 5,152
Speak English "very well" 2,748
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,404
Other Slavic Languages 5,908
Speak English "very well" 4,608
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,300
Armenian 825
Speak English "very well" 692
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 133
Persian 31,756
Speak English "very well" 19,700
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 12,056
Gujarati 10,194
Speak English "very well" 7,417
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,777
Hindi 26,506
Speak English "very well" 21,876
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,630
Urdu 31,512
Speak English "very well" 22,373
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,139
Other Indic Languages 44,591
Speak English "very well" 27,658
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 16,933
Other Indo-European Languages 11,449
Speak English "very well" 8,931
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,518
Chinese 53,629
Speak English "very well" 30,250
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 23,379
Japanese 9,481
Speak English "very well" 5,704
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,777
Korean 55,186
Speak English "very well" 25,543
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 29,643
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 4,497
Speak English "very well" 2,551
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,946
Hmong 422
Speak English "very well" 331
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 91
Thai 6,279
Speak English "very well" 3,257
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,022
Laotian 3,258
Speak English "very well" 1,932
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,326
Vietnamese 51,904
Speak English "very well" 22,319
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 29,585
Other Asian Languages 45,116
Speak English "very well" 34,938
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10,178
Tagalog 44,669
Speak English "very well" 31,431
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13,238
Other Pacific Island Languages 4,164
Speak English "very well" 3,593
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 571
Navajo N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 693
Speak English "very well" 615
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 78
Hungarian 1,946
Speak English "very well" 1,566
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 380
Arabic 53,191
Speak English "very well" 34,249
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 18,942
Hebrew 2,283
Speak English "very well" 1,852
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 431
African Languages 65,573
Speak English "very well" 48,361
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 17,212
Other and Unspecified Languages 2,106
Speak English "very well" 1,726
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 380
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 84.4%
Field 308 15.6%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 59.6%
Field 310 40.4%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 81.6%
Field 315 18.4%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 81.1%
Field 316 18.9%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 84.5%
Field 319 15.5%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 79.8%
Field 322 20.2%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 86.2%
Field 325 13.8%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 100.0%
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 80.2%
Field 331 19.8%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 89.5%
Field 334 10.5%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 76.7%
Field 337 23.3%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 72.7%
Field 340 27.3%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 92.7%
Field 343 7.3%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 53.3%
Field 346 46.7%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 78.0%
Field 349 22.0%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 83.9%
Field 352 16.1%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 62.0%
Field 355 38.0%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 72.8%
Field 358 27.2%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 82.5%
Field 361 17.5%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 71.0%
Field 364 29.0%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 62.0%
Field 367 38.0%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 78.0%
Field 370 22.0%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 56.4%
Field 373 43.6%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 60.2%
Field 376 39.8%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 46.3%
Field 379 53.7%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 56.7%
Field 382 43.3%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 78.4%
Field 385 21.6%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 51.9%
Field 388 48.1%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 59.3%
Field 391 40.7%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 43.0%
Field 394 57.0%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 77.4%
Field 397 22.6%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 70.4%
Field 400 29.6%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 86.3%
Field 403 13.7%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 N
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 88.7%
Field 409 11.3%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 80.5%
Field 412 19.5%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 64.4%
Field 415 35.6%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 81.1%
Field 418 18.9%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 73.8%
Field 421 26.2%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 82.0%
Field 424 18.0%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 856,170
Less than high school diploma 20.4%
High school diploma or GED 19.9%
Some college or associate's degree 19.5%
Bachelor's degree 21.1%
Graduate or professional degree 19.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 27.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher 16.7%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2014 64.2%
% change: 1990-2000 98.7%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2014 111.2%
% change: 1990-2000 108.3%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 451,237
Less than high school diploma 11.7%
High school diploma or GED 18.8%
Some college or associate's degree 23.8%
Bachelor's degree 24.1%
Graduate or professional degree 21.7%
Noncitizens (%) 404,933
Less than high school diploma 30%
High school diploma or GED 21.1%
Some college or associate's degree 14.7%
Bachelor's degree 17.8%
Graduate or professional degree 16.5%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,767,125
Less than high school diploma 9.9%
High school diploma or GED 25.4%
Some college or associate's degree 28.6%
Bachelor's degree 20.8%
Graduate or professional degree 15.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -38.0%
% change: 1990-2000 -18.4%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 42.1%
% change: 1990-2000 36.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 445,592
Less than high school diploma 23.8%
High school diploma or GED 18.3%
Some college or associate's degree 21.2%
Bachelor's degree 20.4%
Graduate or professional degree 16.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 12.3%
Bachelor's degree or higher 11.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,218,837
Less than high school diploma 18.0%
High school diploma or GED 26.7%
Some college or associate's degree 26.6%
Bachelor's degree 17.6%
Graduate or professional degree 11.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 238,476
Less than high school diploma 22.4%
High school diploma or GED 20.6%
Some college or associate's degree 24.0%
Bachelor's degree 18.2%
Graduate or professional degree 14.7%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 5.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 8.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,730,719
Less than high school diploma 24.9%
High school diploma or GED 26.9%
Some college or associate's degree 24.3%
Bachelor's degree 15.1%
Graduate or professional degree 8.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2014 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.