E.g., 03/26/2017
E.g., 03/26/2017

State Language Data - OK

Oklahoma

Language & Education
2015
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 233,763
Speak only English 15.0%
Speak English "very well" 32.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 52.1%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 86.7%
% change: 1990-2000 178.4%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 78,153
Speak only English 24.1%
Speak English "very well" 41%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 34.9%
Noncitizens 155,610
Speak only English 10.5%
Speak English "very well" 28.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 60.8%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,414,624
Speak only English 95.0%
Speak English ""very well"" 4.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.9%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -14.0%
% change: 1990-2000 20.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 129,664
Speak only English 17.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 32.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 50.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,086,055
Speak only English 95.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 63,588
Speak only English 26.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 36.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 36.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,850,524
Speak only English 96.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 698,146
Speak only English 613,790
Speak language other than English 84,356
Speak English "very well"
67,147
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
17,209
Speak Spanish 69,674
Speak English "very well"
54,963
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
14,711
Ages 18-64 2,374,210
Speak only English 2,114,735
Speak language other than English 259,475
Speak English "very well"
137,918
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
121,557
Speak Spanish 180,282
Speak English "very well"
85,926
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
94,356
65 and Older 576,031
Speak only English 551,042
Speak language other than English 24,989
Speak English "very well"
12,925
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
12,064
Speak Spanish 11,266
Speak English "very well"
4,697
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
6,569
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 87.9%
Speak language other than English 12.1%
Speak English "very well" 9.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.5%
Speak Spanish 10.0%
Speak English "very well" 7.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.1%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 89.1%
Speak language other than English 10.9%
Speak English "very well" 5.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 5.1%
Speak Spanish 7.6%
Speak English "very well" 3.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.0%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 95.7%
Speak language other than English 4.3%
Speak English "very well" 2.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.1%
Speak Spanish 2.0%
Speak English "very well" 0.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.1%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 3,648,387
Speak only English 3,279,567
Speak language other than English 368,820
Spanish or Spanish Creole 261,222
Speak English "very well" 145,586
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 115,636
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 4,098
Speak English "very well" 3,439
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 659
French Creole 578
Speak English "very well" 378
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 200
Italian 1,559
Speak English "very well" 1,199
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 360
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 709
Speak English "very well" 557
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 152
German 7,592
Speak English "very well" 6,454
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,138
Yiddish N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other West Germanic Languages 602
Speak English "very well" 562
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 40
Scandinavian Languages 382
Speak English "very well" 353
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 29
Greek 437
Speak English "very well" 437
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Russian 1,427
Speak English "very well" 936
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 491
Polish 826
Speak English "very well" 626
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 200
Serbo-Croatian 122
Speak English "very well" 122
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Slavic Languages 412
Speak English "very well" 385
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 27
Armenian N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian 2,042
Speak English "very well" 1,303
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 739
Gujarati 549
Speak English "very well" 327
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 222
Hindi 1,613
Speak English "very well" 1,390
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 223
Urdu 960
Speak English "very well" 785
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 175
Other Indic Languages 5,064
Speak English "very well" 3,766
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,298
Other Indo-European Languages 634
Speak English "very well" 611
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 23
Chinese 8,969
Speak English "very well" 4,529
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,440
Japanese 1,266
Speak English "very well" 983
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 283
Korean 3,173
Speak English "very well" 1,395
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,778
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 768
Speak English "very well" 461
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 307
Hmong 3,615
Speak English "very well" 2,382
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,233
Thai 926
Speak English "very well" 331
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 595
Laotian 2,001
Speak English "very well" 964
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,037
Vietnamese 18,578
Speak English "very well" 8,709
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,869
Other Asian Languages 7,372
Speak English "very well" 4,017
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,355
Tagalog 3,662
Speak English "very well" 2,877
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 785
Other Pacific Island Languages 2,532
Speak English "very well" 1,724
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 808
Navajo 316
Speak English "very well" 310
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6
Other Native North American Languages 13,342
Speak English "very well" 11,621
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,721
Hungarian 126
Speak English "very well" 96
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30
Arabic 6,461
Speak English "very well" 4,387
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,074
Hebrew 314
Speak English "very well" 192
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 122
African Languages 4,307
Speak English "very well" 3,689
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 618
Other and Unspecified Languages 264
Speak English "very well" 107
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 157
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 89.9%
Field 308 10.1%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 55.7%
Field 310 44.3%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 83.9%
Field 315 16.1%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 65.4%
Field 316 34.6%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 76.9%
Field 319 23.1%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 78.6%
Field 322 21.4%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 85.0%
Field 325 15.0%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 N
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 93.4%
Field 331 6.6%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 92.4%
Field 334 7.6%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 100.0%
Field 337 N
Field 340 100%
Field 340 65.6%
Field 340 34.4%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 75.8%
Field 343 24.2%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 100.0%
Field 346 N
Field 349 100%
Field 349 93.4%
Field 349 6.6%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 N
Field 352 N
Field 355 100%
Field 355 63.8%
Field 355 36.2%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 59.6%
Field 358 40.4%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 86.2%
Field 361 13.8%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 81.8%
Field 364 18.2%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 74.4%
Field 367 25.6%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 96.4%
Field 370 3.6%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 50.5%
Field 373 49.5%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 77.6%
Field 376 22.4%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 44.0%
Field 379 56.0%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 60.0%
Field 382 40.0%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 65.9%
Field 385 34.1%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 35.7%
Field 388 64.3%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 48.2%
Field 391 51.8%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 46.9%
Field 394 53.1%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 54.5%
Field 397 45.5%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 78.6%
Field 400 21.4%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 68.1%
Field 403 31.9%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 98.1%
Field 406 1.9%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 87.1%
Field 409 12.9%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 76.2%
Field 412 23.8%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 67.9%
Field 415 32.1%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 61.1%
Field 418 38.9%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 85.7%
Field 421 14.3%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 40.5%
Field 424 59.5%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 190,410
Less than high school diploma 39.0%
High school diploma or GED 24.1%
Some college or associate's degree 16.3%
Bachelor's degree 11.3%
Graduate or professional degree 9.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 22.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.2%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2015 104.9%
% change: 1990-2000 123.8%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2015 83.8%
% change: 1990-2000 62.3%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 70,150
Less than high school diploma 23.4%
High school diploma or GED 25%
Some college or associate's degree 22.1%
Bachelor's degree 16.2%
Graduate or professional degree 13.4%
Noncitizens (%) 120,260
Less than high school diploma 48.1%
High school diploma or GED 23.5%
Some college or associate's degree 13%
Bachelor's degree 8.5%
Graduate or professional degree 6.9%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,367,453
Less than high school diploma 10.6%
High school diploma or GED 32.2%
Some college or associate's degree 32.3%
Bachelor's degree 16.9%
Graduate or professional degree 8.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -36.3%
% change: 1990-2000 -20.6%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 39.4%
% change: 1990-2000 24.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 92,075
Less than high school diploma 39.3%
High school diploma or GED 19.4%
Some college or associate's degree 18.0%
Bachelor's degree 12.6%
Graduate or professional degree 10.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 8.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,109,077
Less than high school diploma 18.6%
High school diploma or GED 32.2%
Some college or associate's degree 29.1%
Bachelor's degree 13.4%
Graduate or professional degree 6.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 49,487
Less than high school diploma 32.7%
High school diploma or GED 20.0%
Some college or associate's degree 20.6%
Bachelor's degree 13.9%
Graduate or professional degree 12.7%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 3.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,940,646
Less than high school diploma 25.5%
High school diploma or GED 30.6%
Some college or associate's degree 26.4%
Bachelor's degree 11.8%
Graduate or professional degree 5.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.