E.g., 12/06/2016
E.g., 12/06/2016

State Language Data - OK

Oklahoma

Language & Education
2014
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 225,332
Speak only English 14.1%
Speak English "very well" 32.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 53.7%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2014 85.6%
% change: 1990-2000 178.4%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 73,333
Speak only English 25.6%
Speak English "very well" 39.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 35%
Noncitizens 151,999
Speak only English 8.5%
Speak English "very well" 28.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 62.7%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,388,921
Speak only English 95.1%
Speak English ""very well"" 4.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.9%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -13.4%
% change: 1990-2000 20.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 129,664
Speak only English 17.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 32.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 50.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,086,055
Speak only English 95.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 63,588
Speak only English 26.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 36.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 36.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,850,524
Speak only English 96.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 688,495
Speak only English 608,653
Speak language other than English 79,842
Speak English "very well"
61,846
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
17,996
Speak Spanish 62,998
Speak English "very well"
49,134
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
13,864
Ages 18-64 2,364,190
Speak only English 2,106,026
Speak language other than English 258,164
Speak English "very well"
136,370
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
121,794
Speak Spanish 170,146
Speak English "very well"
78,900
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
91,246
65 and Older 561,568
Speak only English 538,886
Speak language other than English 22,682
Speak English "very well"
12,179
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
10,503
Speak Spanish 9,633
Speak English "very well"
4,709
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
4,924
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 88.4%
Speak language other than English 11.6%
Speak English "very well" 9.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.6%
Speak Spanish 9.2%
Speak English "very well" 7.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.0%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 89.1%
Speak language other than English 10.9%
Speak English "very well" 5.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 5.2%
Speak Spanish 7.2%
Speak English "very well" 3.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.9%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 96.0%
Speak language other than English 4.0%
Speak English "very well" 2.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.9%
Speak Spanish 1.7%
Speak English "very well" 0.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.9%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 3,614,253
Speak only English 3,253,565
Speak language other than English 360,688
Spanish or Spanish Creole 242,777
Speak English "very well" 132,743
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 110,034
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 6,550
Speak English "very well" 5,077
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,473
French Creole 140
Speak English "very well" 64
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 76
Italian 1,076
Speak English "very well" 838
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 238
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 1,864
Speak English "very well" 1,519
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 345
German 8,863
Speak English "very well" 7,682
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,181
Yiddish 75
Speak English "very well" 75
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other West Germanic Languages 1,086
Speak English "very well" 810
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 276
Scandinavian Languages 378
Speak English "very well" 307
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 71
Greek 421
Speak English "very well" 381
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 40
Russian 3,067
Speak English "very well" 2,022
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,045
Polish 562
Speak English "very well" 345
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 217
Serbo-Croatian 684
Speak English "very well" 468
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 216
Other Slavic Languages 376
Speak English "very well" 268
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 108
Armenian 174
Speak English "very well" 96
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 78
Persian 2,410
Speak English "very well" 2,105
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 305
Gujarati 904
Speak English "very well" 795
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 109
Hindi 1,194
Speak English "very well" 907
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 287
Urdu 3,010
Speak English "very well" 2,073
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 937
Other Indic Languages 3,907
Speak English "very well" 2,417
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,490
Other Indo-European Languages 1,327
Speak English "very well" 662
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 665
Chinese 8,532
Speak English "very well" 3,627
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,905
Japanese 1,925
Speak English "very well" 1,476
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 449
Korean 2,485
Speak English "very well" 1,358
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,127
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 817
Speak English "very well" 262
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 555
Hmong 3,572
Speak English "very well" 2,119
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,453
Thai 1,147
Speak English "very well" 354
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 793
Laotian 1,851
Speak English "very well" 1,238
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 613
Vietnamese 18,167
Speak English "very well" 7,529
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10,638
Other Asian Languages 4,963
Speak English "very well" 2,841
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,122
Tagalog 4,135
Speak English "very well" 2,972
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,163
Other Pacific Island Languages 3,181
Speak English "very well" 2,266
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 915
Navajo 846
Speak English "very well" 764
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 82
Other Native North American Languages 15,370
Speak English "very well" 13,187
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,183
Hungarian 53
Speak English "very well" 53
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Arabic 5,667
Speak English "very well" 3,605
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,062
Hebrew 705
Speak English "very well" 322
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 383
African Languages 5,799
Speak English "very well" 4,597
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,202
Other and Unspecified Languages 628
Speak English "very well" 171
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 457
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 90.0%
Field 308 10.0%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 54.7%
Field 310 45.3%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 77.5%
Field 315 22.5%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 45.7%
Field 316 54.3%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 77.9%
Field 319 22.1%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 81.5%
Field 322 18.5%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 86.7%
Field 325 13.3%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 100.0%
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 74.6%
Field 331 25.4%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 81.2%
Field 334 18.8%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 90.5%
Field 337 9.5%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 65.9%
Field 340 34.1%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 61.4%
Field 343 38.6%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 68.4%
Field 346 31.6%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 71.3%
Field 349 28.7%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 55.2%
Field 352 44.8%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 87.3%
Field 355 12.7%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 87.9%
Field 358 12.1%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 76.0%
Field 361 24.0%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 68.9%
Field 364 31.1%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 61.9%
Field 367 38.1%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 49.9%
Field 370 50.1%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 42.5%
Field 373 57.5%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 76.7%
Field 376 23.3%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 54.6%
Field 379 45.4%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 32.1%
Field 382 67.9%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 59.3%
Field 385 40.7%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 30.9%
Field 388 69.1%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 66.9%
Field 391 33.1%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 41.4%
Field 394 58.6%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 57.2%
Field 397 42.8%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 71.9%
Field 400 28.1%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 71.2%
Field 403 28.8%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 90.3%
Field 406 9.7%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 85.8%
Field 409 14.2%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 100.0%
Field 412 N
Field 415 100%
Field 415 63.6%
Field 415 36.4%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 45.7%
Field 418 54.3%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 79.3%
Field 421 20.7%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 27.2%
Field 424 72.8%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 179,961
Less than high school diploma 39.2%
High school diploma or GED 24.2%
Some college or associate's degree 17.2%
Bachelor's degree 11.6%
Graduate or professional degree 7.9%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 21.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.7%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2014 94.7%
% change: 1990-2000 123.8%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2014 63.8%
% change: 1990-2000 62.3%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 63,909
Less than high school diploma 25%
High school diploma or GED 22.8%
Some college or associate's degree 23.6%
Bachelor's degree 17.8%
Graduate or professional degree 10.7%
Noncitizens (%) 116,052
Less than high school diploma 47%
High school diploma or GED 24.9%
Some college or associate's degree 13.6%
Bachelor's degree 8.1%
Graduate or professional degree 6.3%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,349,924
Less than high school diploma 10.7%
High school diploma or GED 32.3%
Some college or associate's degree 32.5%
Bachelor's degree 16.4%
Graduate or professional degree 8.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -36.1%
% change: 1990-2000 -20.6%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 36.0%
% change: 1990-2000 24.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 92,075
Less than high school diploma 39.3%
High school diploma or GED 19.4%
Some college or associate's degree 18.0%
Bachelor's degree 12.6%
Graduate or professional degree 10.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 8.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,109,077
Less than high school diploma 18.6%
High school diploma or GED 32.2%
Some college or associate's degree 29.1%
Bachelor's degree 13.4%
Graduate or professional degree 6.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 49,487
Less than high school diploma 32.7%
High school diploma or GED 20.0%
Some college or associate's degree 20.6%
Bachelor's degree 13.9%
Graduate or professional degree 12.7%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 3.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,940,646
Less than high school diploma 25.5%
High school diploma or GED 30.6%
Some college or associate's degree 26.4%
Bachelor's degree 11.8%
Graduate or professional degree 5.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2014 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.