E.g., 08/26/2016
E.g., 08/26/2016

State Language Data - OH

Ohio

Language & Education
2014
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 476,062
Speak only English 23.0%
Speak English "very well" 39.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 37.3%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2014 49.5%
% change: 1990-2000 55.6%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 239,838
Speak only English 29.8%
Speak English "very well" 42.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 27.6%
Noncitizens 236,224
Speak only English 16%
Speak English "very well" 36.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 47.2%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 10,428,666
Speak only English 96.6%
Speak English ""very well"" 2.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -29.6%
% change: 1990-2000 4.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 333,271
Speak only English 25.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 38.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 35.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 10,266,697
Speak only English 96.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 253,569
Speak only English 33.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 36.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 9,794,684
Speak only English 96.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,946,205
Speak only English 1,810,119
Speak language other than English 136,086
Speak English "very well"
98,768
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
37,318
Speak Spanish 51,644
Speak English "very well"
41,283
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
10,361
Ages 18-64 7,161,655
Speak only English 6,662,908
Speak language other than English 498,747
Speak English "very well"
315,971
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
182,776
Speak Spanish 164,378
Speak English "very well"
99,592
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
64,786
65 and Older 1,796,868
Speak only English 1,713,212
Speak language other than English 83,656
Speak English "very well"
44,618
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
39,038
Speak Spanish 16,438
Speak English "very well"
9,225
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
7,213
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 93.0%
Speak language other than English 7.0%
Speak English "very well" 5.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.9%
Speak Spanish 2.7%
Speak English "very well" 2.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.5%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 93.0%
Speak language other than English 7.0%
Speak English "very well" 4.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.6%
Speak Spanish 2.3%
Speak English "very well" 1.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.9%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 95.3%
Speak language other than English 4.7%
Speak English "very well" 2.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.2%
Speak Spanish 0.9%
Speak English "very well" 0.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.4%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 10,904,728
Speak only English 10,186,239
Speak language other than English 718,489
Spanish or Spanish Creole 232,460
Speak English "very well" 150,100
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 82,360
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 25,125
Speak English "very well" 19,935
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,190
French Creole 1,897
Speak English "very well" 1,458
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 439
Italian 14,341
Speak English "very well" 10,145
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,196
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 3,732
Speak English "very well" 2,601
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,131
German 50,990
Speak English "very well" 36,593
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 14,397
Yiddish 183
Speak English "very well" 113
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 70
Other West Germanic Languages 46,843
Speak English "very well" 26,508
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 20,335
Scandinavian Languages 870
Speak English "very well" 867
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3
Greek 8,543
Speak English "very well" 6,599
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,944
Russian 16,728
Speak English "very well" 8,789
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,939
Polish 8,118
Speak English "very well" 5,267
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,851
Serbo-Croatian 11,870
Speak English "very well" 7,765
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,105
Other Slavic Languages 14,237
Speak English "very well" 8,182
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,055
Armenian 372
Speak English "very well" 331
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 41
Persian 4,400
Speak English "very well" 2,655
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,745
Gujarati 8,602
Speak English "very well" 5,516
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,086
Hindi 16,724
Speak English "very well" 13,791
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,933
Urdu 6,513
Speak English "very well" 5,439
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,074
Other Indic Languages 25,648
Speak English "very well" 12,886
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 12,762
Other Indo-European Languages 11,851
Speak English "very well" 6,237
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,614
Chinese 45,605
Speak English "very well" 23,716
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 21,889
Japanese 10,262
Speak English "very well" 5,682
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,580
Korean 10,402
Speak English "very well" 5,287
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,115
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 4,556
Speak English "very well" 1,992
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,564
Hmong 72
Speak English "very well" 72
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Thai 1,528
Speak English "very well" 759
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 769
Laotian 1,155
Speak English "very well" 680
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 475
Vietnamese 10,848
Speak English "very well" 4,928
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,920
Other Asian Languages 23,865
Speak English "very well" 17,531
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,334
Tagalog 8,336
Speak English "very well" 5,703
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,633
Other Pacific Island Languages 4,111
Speak English "very well" 2,678
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,433
Navajo N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 437
Speak English "very well" 401
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 36
Hungarian 6,186
Speak English "very well" 4,639
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,547
Arabic 40,446
Speak English "very well" 26,718
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13,728
Hebrew 2,431
Speak English "very well" 2,096
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 335
African Languages 37,596
Speak English "very well" 24,299
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13,297
Other and Unspecified Languages 606
Speak English "very well" 399
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 207
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 93.4%
Field 308 6.6%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 64.6%
Field 310 35.4%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 79.3%
Field 315 20.7%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 76.9%
Field 316 23.1%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 70.7%
Field 319 29.3%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 69.7%
Field 322 30.3%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 71.8%
Field 325 28.2%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 61.7%
Field 328 38.3%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 56.6%
Field 331 43.4%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 99.7%
Field 334 0.3%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 77.2%
Field 337 22.8%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 52.5%
Field 340 47.5%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 64.9%
Field 343 35.1%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 65.4%
Field 346 34.6%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 57.5%
Field 349 42.5%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 89.0%
Field 352 11.0%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 60.3%
Field 355 39.7%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 64.1%
Field 358 35.9%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 82.5%
Field 361 17.5%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 83.5%
Field 364 16.5%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 50.2%
Field 367 49.8%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 52.6%
Field 370 47.4%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 52.0%
Field 373 48.0%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 55.4%
Field 376 44.6%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 50.8%
Field 379 49.2%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 43.7%
Field 382 56.3%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 100.0%
Field 385 N
Field 388 100%
Field 388 49.7%
Field 388 50.3%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 58.9%
Field 391 41.1%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 45.4%
Field 394 54.6%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 73.5%
Field 397 26.5%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 68.4%
Field 400 31.6%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 65.1%
Field 403 34.9%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 N
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 91.8%
Field 409 8.2%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 75.0%
Field 412 25.0%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 66.1%
Field 415 33.9%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 86.2%
Field 418 13.8%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 64.6%
Field 421 35.4%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 65.8%
Field 424 34.2%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 395,754
Less than high school diploma 18.0%
High school diploma or GED 20.5%
Some college or associate's degree 18.4%
Bachelor's degree 21.4%
Graduate or professional degree 21.7%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 8.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 8.1%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2014 10.1%
% change: 1990-2000 -11.8%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2014 63.2%
% change: 1990-2000 69.9%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 212,223
Less than high school diploma 14.2%
High school diploma or GED 21%
Some college or associate's degree 20.9%
Bachelor's degree 22.2%
Graduate or professional degree 21.7%
Noncitizens (%) 183,531
Less than high school diploma 22.5%
High school diploma or GED 19.9%
Some college or associate's degree 15.5%
Bachelor's degree 20.4%
Graduate or professional degree 21.7%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 7,461,706
Less than high school diploma 10.2%
High school diploma or GED 34.6%
Some college or associate's degree 29.3%
Bachelor's degree 16.3%
Graduate or professional degree 9.4%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -36.0%
% change: 1990-2000 -25.9%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 32.4%
% change: 1990-2000 31.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 282,925
Less than high school diploma 22.9%
High school diploma or GED 21.1%
Some college or associate's degree 19.2%
Bachelor's degree 17.7%
Graduate or professional degree 19.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 5.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 7,120,879
Less than high school diploma 16.8%
High school diploma or GED 36.7%
Some college or associate's degree 26.1%
Bachelor's degree 13.5%
Graduate or professional degree 6.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 221,320
Less than high school diploma 33.2%
High school diploma or GED 21.6%
Some college or associate's degree 17.4%
Bachelor's degree 12.9%
Graduate or professional degree 14.9%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 4.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 6,687,905
Less than high school diploma 24.1%
High school diploma or GED 36.9%
Some college or associate's degree 22.5%
Bachelor's degree 11.0%
Graduate or professional degree 5.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2014 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.