E.g., 06/25/2017
E.g., 06/25/2017

State Language Data - OH

Ohio

Language & Education
2015
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 498,257
Speak only English 23.3%
Speak English "very well" 39.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 37.5%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 57.3%
% change: 1990-2000 55.6%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 254,642
Speak only English 30.6%
Speak English "very well" 41.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 27.7%
Noncitizens 243,615
Speak only English 15.7%
Speak English "very well" 36.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 47.8%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 10,425,878
Speak only English 96.4%
Speak English ""very well"" 2.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -26.6%
% change: 1990-2000 4.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 333,271
Speak only English 25.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 38.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 35.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 10,266,697
Speak only English 96.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 253,569
Speak only English 33.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 36.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 9,794,684
Speak only English 96.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,940,520
Speak only English 1,796,955
Speak language other than English 143,565
Speak English "very well"
107,721
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
35,844
Speak Spanish 52,823
Speak English "very well"
42,578
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
10,245
Ages 18-64 7,144,061
Speak only English 6,618,585
Speak language other than English 525,476
Speak English "very well"
332,383
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
193,093
Speak Spanish 174,301
Speak English "very well"
106,311
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
67,990
65 and Older 1,839,554
Speak only English 1,749,479
Speak language other than English 90,075
Speak English "very well"
47,117
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
42,958
Speak Spanish 19,189
Speak English "very well"
10,666
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
8,523
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 92.6%
Speak language other than English 7.4%
Speak English "very well" 5.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.8%
Speak Spanish 2.7%
Speak English "very well" 2.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.5%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 92.6%
Speak language other than English 7.4%
Speak English "very well" 4.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.7%
Speak Spanish 2.4%
Speak English "very well" 1.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.0%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 95.1%
Speak language other than English 4.9%
Speak English "very well" 2.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.3%
Speak Spanish 1.0%
Speak English "very well" 0.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.5%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 10,924,135
Speak only English 10,165,019
Speak language other than English 759,116
Spanish or Spanish Creole 246,313
Speak English "very well" 159,555
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 86,758
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 24,900
Speak English "very well" 19,556
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,344
French Creole 1,547
Speak English "very well" 1,437
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 110
Italian 13,033
Speak English "very well" 9,066
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,967
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 5,225
Speak English "very well" 3,059
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,166
German 48,152
Speak English "very well" 37,862
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10,290
Yiddish 330
Speak English "very well" 290
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 40
Other West Germanic Languages 57,528
Speak English "very well" 36,132
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 21,396
Scandinavian Languages 1,924
Speak English "very well" 1,759
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 165
Greek 8,943
Speak English "very well" 5,973
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,970
Russian 17,444
Speak English "very well" 10,100
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,344
Polish 6,842
Speak English "very well" 5,191
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,651
Serbo-Croatian 10,342
Speak English "very well" 6,685
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,657
Other Slavic Languages 12,160
Speak English "very well" 6,965
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,195
Armenian 469
Speak English "very well" 332
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 137
Persian 3,395
Speak English "very well" 2,575
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 820
Gujarati 9,349
Speak English "very well" 5,198
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,151
Hindi 18,992
Speak English "very well" 15,833
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,159
Urdu 2,462
Speak English "very well" 1,615
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 847
Other Indic Languages 23,675
Speak English "very well" 11,199
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 12,476
Other Indo-European Languages 15,119
Speak English "very well" 9,371
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,748
Chinese 49,564
Speak English "very well" 23,106
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 26,458
Japanese 7,743
Speak English "very well" 4,516
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,227
Korean 11,636
Speak English "very well" 5,916
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,720
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 4,302
Speak English "very well" 1,633
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,669
Hmong 1,213
Speak English "very well" 902
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 311
Thai 2,114
Speak English "very well" 1,193
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 921
Laotian 2,055
Speak English "very well" 1,235
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 820
Vietnamese 12,160
Speak English "very well" 4,990
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,170
Other Asian Languages 27,443
Speak English "very well" 19,097
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,346
Tagalog 9,914
Speak English "very well" 6,655
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,259
Other Pacific Island Languages 4,482
Speak English "very well" 3,040
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,442
Navajo N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 1,486
Speak English "very well" 1,442
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 44
Hungarian 7,060
Speak English "very well" 6,138
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 922
Arabic 45,137
Speak English "very well" 27,648
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 17,489
Hebrew 2,543
Speak English "very well" 1,907
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 636
African Languages 40,243
Speak English "very well" 27,140
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13,103
Other and Unspecified Languages 1,877
Speak English "very well" 910
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 967
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 93.1%
Field 308 6.9%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 64.8%
Field 310 35.2%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 78.5%
Field 315 21.5%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 92.9%
Field 316 7.1%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 69.6%
Field 319 30.4%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 58.5%
Field 322 41.5%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 78.6%
Field 325 21.4%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 87.9%
Field 328 12.1%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 62.8%
Field 331 37.2%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 91.4%
Field 334 8.6%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 66.8%
Field 337 33.2%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 57.9%
Field 340 42.1%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 75.9%
Field 343 24.1%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 64.6%
Field 346 35.4%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 57.3%
Field 349 42.7%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 70.8%
Field 352 29.2%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 75.8%
Field 355 24.2%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 55.6%
Field 358 44.4%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 83.4%
Field 361 16.6%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 65.6%
Field 364 34.4%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 47.3%
Field 367 52.7%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 62.0%
Field 370 38.0%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 46.6%
Field 373 53.4%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 58.3%
Field 376 41.7%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 50.8%
Field 379 49.2%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 38.0%
Field 382 62.0%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 74.4%
Field 385 25.6%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 56.4%
Field 388 43.6%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 60.1%
Field 391 39.9%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 41.0%
Field 394 59.0%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 69.6%
Field 397 30.4%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 67.1%
Field 400 32.9%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 67.8%
Field 403 32.2%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 N
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 97.0%
Field 409 3.0%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 86.9%
Field 412 13.1%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 61.3%
Field 415 38.7%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 75.0%
Field 418 25.0%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 67.4%
Field 421 32.6%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 48.5%
Field 424 51.5%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 411,300
Less than high school diploma 17.5%
High school diploma or GED 21.7%
Some college or associate's degree 18.8%
Bachelor's degree 20.3%
Graduate or professional degree 21.7%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 8.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher 8.2%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2015 11.3%
% change: 1990-2000 -11.8%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2015 65.4%
% change: 1990-2000 69.9%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 223,831
Less than high school diploma 15.1%
High school diploma or GED 22.2%
Some college or associate's degree 22.1%
Bachelor's degree 19.9%
Graduate or professional degree 20.8%
Noncitizens (%) 187,469
Less than high school diploma 20.4%
High school diploma or GED 21.2%
Some college or associate's degree 14.9%
Bachelor's degree 20.8%
Graduate or professional degree 22.7%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 7,485,170
Less than high school diploma 9.9%
High school diploma or GED 34.4%
Some college or associate's degree 29.7%
Bachelor's degree 16.6%
Graduate or professional degree 9.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -38.0%
% change: 1990-2000 -25.9%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 33.8%
% change: 1990-2000 31.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 282,925
Less than high school diploma 22.9%
High school diploma or GED 21.1%
Some college or associate's degree 19.2%
Bachelor's degree 17.7%
Graduate or professional degree 19.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 5.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 7,120,879
Less than high school diploma 16.8%
High school diploma or GED 36.7%
Some college or associate's degree 26.1%
Bachelor's degree 13.5%
Graduate or professional degree 6.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 221,320
Less than high school diploma 33.2%
High school diploma or GED 21.6%
Some college or associate's degree 17.4%
Bachelor's degree 12.9%
Graduate or professional degree 14.9%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 4.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 6,687,905
Less than high school diploma 24.1%
High school diploma or GED 36.9%
Some college or associate's degree 22.5%
Bachelor's degree 11.0%
Graduate or professional degree 5.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.