E.g., 06/23/2015
E.g., 06/23/2015

State Language Data - OH

Ohio

Language & Education
2013
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 472,943
Speak only English 22.7%
Speak English "very well" 38.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 39.3%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2013 56.5%
% change: 1990-2000 55.6%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

 
Naturalized citizens 237,310
Speak only English 29.6%
Speak English "very well" 42.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 28.2%
Noncitizens 235,633
Speak only English 15.7%
Speak English "very well" 33.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 50.6%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 10,406,202
Speak only English 96.6%
Speak English ""very well"" 2.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -32.2%
% change: 1990-2000 4.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 333,271
Speak only English 25.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 38.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 35.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 10,266,697
Speak only English 96.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 253,569
Speak only English 33.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 36.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 9,794,684
Speak only English 96.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,957,123
Speak only English 1,821,267
Speak language other than English 135,856
Speak English "very well"
103,644
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
32,212
Speak Spanish 52,812
Speak English "very well"
42,527
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
10,285
Ages 18-64 7,170,059
Speak only English 6,671,622
Speak language other than English 498,437
Speak English "very well"
304,305
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
194,132
Speak Spanish 165,257
Speak English "very well"
92,839
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
72,418
65 and Older 1,751,963
Speak only English 1,665,863
Speak language other than English 86,100
Speak English "very well"
48,068
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
38,032
Speak Spanish 16,504
Speak English "very well"
9,386
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
7,118
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 93.1%
Speak language other than English 6.9%
Speak English "very well" 5.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.6%
Speak Spanish 2.7%
Speak English "very well" 2.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.5%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 93.0%
Speak language other than English 7.0%
Speak English "very well" 4.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.7%
Speak Spanish 2.3%
Speak English "very well" 1.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.0%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 95.1%
Speak language other than English 4.9%
Speak English "very well" 2.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.2%
Speak Spanish 0.9%
Speak English "very well" 0.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.4%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 10,879,145
Speak only English 10,158,752
Speak language other than English 720,393
Spanish or Spanish Creole 234,573
Speak English "very well" 144,752
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 89,821
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 26,074
Speak English "very well" 20,070
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,004
French Creole 1,080
Speak English "very well" 648
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 432
Italian 15,323
Speak English "very well" 11,300
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,023
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 3,762
Speak English "very well" 2,786
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 976
German 47,405
Speak English "very well" 35,616
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 11,789
Yiddish 749
Speak English "very well" 749
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other West Germanic Languages 44,283
Speak English "very well" 25,848
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 18,435
Scandinavian Languages 1,612
Speak English "very well" 1,496
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 116
Greek 8,443
Speak English "very well" 6,530
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,913
Russian 17,439
Speak English "very well" 8,523
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,916
Polish 7,230
Speak English "very well" 5,589
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,641
Serbo-Croatian 10,246
Speak English "very well" 5,496
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,750
Other Slavic Languages 13,949
Speak English "very well" 8,846
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,103
Armenian 269
Speak English "very well" 222
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 47
Persian 4,011
Speak English "very well" 2,111
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,900
Gujarati 9,242
Speak English "very well" 5,927
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,315
Hindi 16,104
Speak English "very well" 12,752
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,352
Urdu 4,804
Speak English "very well" 3,978
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 826
Other Indic Languages 15,327
Speak English "very well" 8,142
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,185
Other Indo-European Languages 14,270
Speak English "very well" 8,660
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,610
Chinese 45,678
Speak English "very well" 23,622
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 22,056
Japanese 7,911
Speak English "very well" 3,905
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,006
Korean 13,021
Speak English "very well" 7,117
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,904
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 5,962
Speak English "very well" 2,298
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,664
Hmong 321
Speak English "very well" 180
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 141
Thai 4,355
Speak English "very well" 1,866
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,489
Laotian 2,925
Speak English "very well" 1,457
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,468
Vietnamese 11,644
Speak English "very well" 5,501
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,143
Other Asian Languages 22,326
Speak English "very well" 16,634
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,692
Tagalog 9,123
Speak English "very well" 6,436
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,687
Other Pacific Island Languages 2,551
Speak English "very well" 1,613
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 938
Navajo N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 717
Speak English "very well" 717
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Hungarian 5,211
Speak English "very well" 3,778
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,433
Arabic 43,731
Speak English "very well" 27,766
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 15,965
Hebrew 2,679
Speak English "very well" 2,257
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 422
African Languages 44,259
Speak English "very well" 29,570
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 14,689
Other and Unspecified Languages 1,784
Speak English "very well" 1,259
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 525
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 93.4%
Field 308 6.6%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 61.7%
Field 310 38.3%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 77.0%
Field 315 23.0%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 60.0%
Field 316 40.0%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 73.7%
Field 319 26.3%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 74.1%
Field 322 25.9%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 75.1%
Field 325 24.9%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 100.0%
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 58.4%
Field 331 41.6%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 92.8%
Field 334 7.2%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 77.3%
Field 337 22.7%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 48.9%
Field 340 51.1%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 77.3%
Field 343 22.7%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 53.6%
Field 346 46.4%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 63.4%
Field 349 36.6%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 82.5%
Field 352 17.5%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 52.6%
Field 355 47.4%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 64.1%
Field 358 35.9%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 79.2%
Field 361 20.8%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 82.8%
Field 364 17.2%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 53.1%
Field 367 46.9%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 60.7%
Field 370 39.3%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 51.7%
Field 373 48.3%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 49.4%
Field 376 50.6%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 54.7%
Field 379 45.3%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 38.5%
Field 382 61.5%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 56.1%
Field 385 43.9%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 42.8%
Field 388 57.2%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 49.8%
Field 391 50.2%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 47.2%
Field 394 52.8%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 74.5%
Field 397 25.5%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 70.5%
Field 400 29.5%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 63.2%
Field 403 36.8%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 N
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 100.0%
Field 409 N
Field 412 100%
Field 412 72.5%
Field 412 27.5%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 63.5%
Field 415 36.5%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 84.2%
Field 418 15.8%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 66.8%
Field 421 33.2%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 70.6%
Field 424 29.4%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 393,251
Less than high school diploma 20.3%
High school diploma or GED 22.2%
Some college or associate's degree 18.1%
Bachelor's degree 19.7%
Graduate or professional degree 19.7%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 9.3%
Bachelor's degree or higher 7.6%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2013 23.3%
% change: 1990-2000 -11.8%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2013 48.6%
% change: 1990-2000 69.9%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 212,236
Less than high school diploma 14.7%
High school diploma or GED 21.3%
Some college or associate's degree 21.1%
Bachelor's degree 21.5%
Graduate or professional degree 21.3%
Noncitizens (%) 181,015
Less than high school diploma 26.8%
High school diploma or GED 23.2%
Some college or associate's degree 14.5%
Bachelor's degree 17.6%
Graduate or professional degree 17.9%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 7,412,003
Less than high school diploma 10.5%
High school diploma or GED 34.8%
Some college or associate's degree 29.3%
Bachelor's degree 16.2%
Graduate or professional degree 9.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -35.0%
% change: 1990-2000 -25.9%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 29.9%
% change: 1990-2000 31.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 282,925
Less than high school diploma 22.9%
High school diploma or GED 21.1%
Some college or associate's degree 19.2%
Bachelor's degree 17.7%
Graduate or professional degree 19.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 5.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 7,120,879
Less than high school diploma 16.8%
High school diploma or GED 36.7%
Some college or associate's degree 26.1%
Bachelor's degree 13.5%
Graduate or professional degree 6.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 221,320
Less than high school diploma 33.2%
High school diploma or GED 21.6%
Some college or associate's degree 17.4%
Bachelor's degree 12.9%
Graduate or professional degree 14.9%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 4.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 6,687,905
Less than high school diploma 24.1%
High school diploma or GED 36.9%
Some college or associate's degree 22.5%
Bachelor's degree 11.0%
Graduate or professional degree 5.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2013 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.​
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS.