E.g., 10/03/2014
E.g., 10/03/2014

State Language Data - NY

New York

Language & Education
2012
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,401,885
Speak only English 24.2%
Speak English "very well" 29.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 46.6%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2012 18.0%
% change: 1990-2000 48.7%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

 
Naturalized citizens 2,336,336
Speak only English 28.7%
Speak English "very well" 33.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 37.7%
Noncitizens 2,065,549
Speak only English 19.1%
Speak English "very well" 24.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 56.8%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 14,004,054
Speak only English 83.8%
Speak English ""very well"" 13.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3.0%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -26.6%
% change: 1990-2000 -2.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,834,479
Speak only English 25.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 29.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 45.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 13,914,631
Speak only English 85.0%
"Speak English ""very well"" 10.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,802,875
Speak only English 28.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 29.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 41.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 13,873,544
Speak only English 86.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 9.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 3,096,688
Speak only English 2,168,566
Speak language other than English 928,122
Speak English "very well"
717,243
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
210,879
Speak Spanish 498,467
Speak English "very well"
397,751
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
100,716
Ages 18-64 12,549,790
Speak only English 8,566,462
Speak language other than English 3,983,328
Speak English "very well"
2,174,859
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,808,469
Speak Spanish 1,997,075
Speak English "very well"
1,043,637
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
953,438
65 and Older 2,759,461
Speak only English 2,068,293
Speak language other than English 691,168
Speak English "very well"
239,118
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
452,050
Speak Spanish 264,138
Speak English "very well"
79,403
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
184,735
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 70.0%
Speak language other than English 30.0%
Speak English "very well" 23.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 6.8%
Speak Spanish 16.1%
Speak English "very well" 12.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.3%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 68.3%
Speak language other than English 31.7%
Speak English "very well" 17.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 14.4%
Speak Spanish 15.9%
Speak English "very well" 8.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 7.6%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 75.0%
Speak language other than English 25.0%
Speak English "very well" 8.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 16.4%
Speak Spanish 9.6%
Speak English "very well" 2.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 6.7%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 18,405,939
Speak only English 12,803,321
Speak language other than English 5,602,618
Spanish or Spanish Creole 2,759,680
Speak English "very well" 1,520,791
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,238,889
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 151,854
Speak English "very well" 116,535
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 35,319
French Creole 156,219
Speak English "very well" 84,919
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 71,300
Italian 186,363
Speak English "very well" 130,640
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 55,723
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 45,524
Speak English "very well" 28,664
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 16,860
German 61,999
Speak English "very well" 51,624
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10,375
Yiddish 133,111
Speak English "very well" 83,135
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 49,976
Other West Germanic Languages 22,728
Speak English "very well" 18,265
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,463
Scandinavian Languages 7,166
Speak English "very well" 6,517
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 649
Greek 67,803
Speak English "very well" 47,165
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 20,638
Russian 232,381
Speak English "very well" 102,211
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 130,170
Polish 94,076
Speak English "very well" 55,263
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 38,813
Serbo-Croatian 31,842
Speak English "very well" 19,163
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 12,679
Other Slavic Languages 40,524
Speak English "very well" 23,124
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 17,400
Armenian 8,000
Speak English "very well" 5,633
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,367
Persian 26,828
Speak English "very well" 18,353
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,475
Gujarati 21,545
Speak English "very well" 14,521
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,024
Hindi 60,035
Speak English "very well" 46,784
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13,251
Urdu 65,175
Speak English "very well" 38,220
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 26,955
Other Indic Languages 171,742
Speak English "very well" 92,862
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 78,880
Other Indo-European Languages 82,372
Speak English "very well" 51,003
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 31,369
Chinese 531,575
Speak English "very well" 180,829
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 350,746
Japanese 34,812
Speak English "very well" 17,756
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 17,056
Korean 109,905
Speak English "very well" 50,626
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 59,279
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 5,869
Speak English "very well" 3,575
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,294
Hmong N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Thai 8,879
Speak English "very well" 4,739
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,140
Laotian 2,548
Speak English "very well" 1,326
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,222
Vietnamese 24,569
Speak English "very well" 10,911
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13,658
Other Asian Languages 89,348
Speak English "very well" 49,870
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 39,478
Tagalog 73,081
Speak English "very well" 51,519
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 21,562
Other Pacific Island Languages 9,284
Speak English "very well" 5,079
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,205
Navajo 42
Speak English "very well" 42
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 4,231
Speak English "very well" 3,451
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 780
Hungarian 10,713
Speak English "very well" 6,376
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,337
Arabic 90,893
Speak English "very well" 55,983
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 34,910
Hebrew 72,866
Speak English "very well" 59,904
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 12,962
African Languages 98,680
Speak English "very well" 69,276
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 29,404
Other and Unspecified Languages 8,356
Speak English "very well" 4,566
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,790
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 69.6%
Field 308 30.4%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 55.1%
Field 310 44.9%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 76.7%
Field 315 23.3%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 54.4%
Field 316 45.6%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 70.1%
Field 319 29.9%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 63.0%
Field 322 37.0%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 83.3%
Field 325 16.7%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 62.5%
Field 328 37.5%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 80.4%
Field 331 19.6%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 90.9%
Field 334 9.1%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 69.6%
Field 337 30.4%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 44.0%
Field 340 56.0%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 58.7%
Field 343 41.3%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 60.2%
Field 346 39.8%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 57.1%
Field 349 42.9%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 70.4%
Field 352 29.6%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 68.4%
Field 355 31.6%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 67.4%
Field 358 32.6%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 77.9%
Field 361 22.1%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 58.6%
Field 364 41.4%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 54.1%
Field 367 45.9%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 61.9%
Field 370 38.1%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 34.0%
Field 373 66.0%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 51.0%
Field 376 49.0%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 46.1%
Field 379 53.9%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 60.9%
Field 382 39.1%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 N
Field 385 N
Field 388 100%
Field 388 53.4%
Field 388 46.6%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 52.0%
Field 391 48.0%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 44.4%
Field 394 55.6%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 55.8%
Field 397 44.2%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 70.5%
Field 400 29.5%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 54.7%
Field 403 45.3%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 100.0%
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 81.6%
Field 409 18.4%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 59.5%
Field 412 40.5%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 61.6%
Field 415 38.4%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 82.2%
Field 418 17.8%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 70.2%
Field 421 29.8%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 54.6%
Field 424 45.4%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,870,880
Less than high school diploma 27.2%
High school diploma or GED 25.2%
Some college or associate's degree 18.9%
Bachelor's degree 16.9%
Graduate or professional degree 11.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 53.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher 25.0%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2012 -0.9%
% change: 1990-2000 18.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2012 44.5%
% change: 1990-2000 68.6%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 2,176,440
Less than high school diploma 21.2%
High school diploma or GED 24.6%
Some college or associate's degree 21.7%
Bachelor's degree 19.7%
Graduate or professional degree 12.9%
Noncitizens (%) 1,694,440
Less than high school diploma 34.9%
High school diploma or GED 26%
Some college or associate's degree 15.4%
Bachelor's degree 13.3%
Graduate or professional degree 10.4%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 9,438,881
Less than high school diploma 9.6%
High school diploma or GED 27.6%
Some college or associate's degree 27.5%
Bachelor's degree 19.9%
Graduate or professional degree 15.4%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -42.2%
% change: 1990-2000 -24.1%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 24.9%
% change: 1990-2000 17.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,151,322
Less than high school diploma 33.7%
High school diploma or GED 23.2%
Some college or associate's degree 18.6%
Bachelor's degree 13.8%
Graduate or professional degree 10.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 40.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 22.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 9,404,196
Less than high school diploma 16.6%
High school diploma or GED 29.2%
Some college or associate's degree 25.8%
Bachelor's degree 16.1%
Graduate or professional degree 12.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,312,062
Less than high school diploma 38.8%
High school diploma or GED 23.6%
Some college or associate's degree 17.8%
Bachelor's degree 10.9%
Graduate or professional degree 8.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 30.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 16.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 9,471,191
Less than high school diploma 21.7%
High school diploma or GED 31.0%
Some college or associate's degree 23.3%
Bachelor's degree 13.9%
Graduate or professional degree 10.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2012 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.​
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status” : Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and North Dakota and Wyoming data are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.