E.g., 06/25/2017
E.g., 06/25/2017

State Language Data - NY

New York

Language & Education
2015
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,506,129
Speak only English 24.0%
Speak English "very well" 29.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 46.4%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 20.1%
% change: 1990-2000 48.7%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 2,496,810
Speak only English 28.1%
Speak English "very well" 34%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 37.9%
Noncitizens 2,009,319
Speak only English 18.8%
Speak English "very well" 24.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 57.0%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 14,104,574
Speak only English 83.5%
Speak English ""very well"" 13.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3.0%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -25.0%
% change: 1990-2000 -2.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,834,479
Speak only English 25.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 29.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 45.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 13,914,631
Speak only English 85.0%
"Speak English ""very well"" 10.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,802,875
Speak only English 28.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 29.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 41.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 13,873,544
Speak only English 86.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 9.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 3,028,079
Speak only English 2,115,778
Speak language other than English 912,301
Speak English "very well"
706,583
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
205,718
Speak Spanish 497,080
Speak English "very well"
403,596
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
93,484
Ages 18-64 12,620,177
Speak only English 8,548,225
Speak language other than English 4,071,952
Speak English "very well"
2,258,659
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,813,293
Speak Spanish 2,040,148
Speak English "very well"
1,097,217
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
942,931
65 and Older 2,962,447
Speak only English 2,199,635
Speak language other than English 762,812
Speak English "very well"
263,163
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
499,649
Speak Spanish 295,511
Speak English "very well"
88,387
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
207,124
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 69.9%
Speak language other than English 30.1%
Speak English "very well" 23.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 6.8%
Speak Spanish 16.4%
Speak English "very well" 13.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.1%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 67.7%
Speak language other than English 32.3%
Speak English "very well" 17.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 14.4%
Speak Spanish 16.2%
Speak English "very well" 8.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 7.5%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 74.3%
Speak language other than English 25.7%
Speak English "very well" 8.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 16.9%
Speak Spanish 10.0%
Speak English "very well" 3.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 7.0%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 18,610,703
Speak only English 12,863,638
Speak language other than English 5,747,065
Spanish or Spanish Creole 2,832,739
Speak English "very well" 1,589,200
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,243,539
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 134,768
Speak English "very well" 104,376
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30,392
French Creole 154,308
Speak English "very well" 92,206
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 62,102
Italian 161,521
Speak English "very well" 109,270
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 52,251
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 43,186
Speak English "very well" 29,598
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13,588
German 55,143
Speak English "very well" 46,419
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,724
Yiddish 146,164
Speak English "very well" 88,345
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 57,819
Other West Germanic Languages 17,449
Speak English "very well" 12,464
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,985
Scandinavian Languages 8,903
Speak English "very well" 8,067
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 836
Greek 68,137
Speak English "very well" 49,215
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 18,922
Russian 233,083
Speak English "very well" 110,795
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 122,288
Polish 86,855
Speak English "very well" 49,815
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 37,040
Serbo-Croatian 35,058
Speak English "very well" 20,747
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 14,311
Other Slavic Languages 39,042
Speak English "very well" 21,253
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 17,789
Armenian 6,022
Speak English "very well" 3,807
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,215
Persian 26,317
Speak English "very well" 16,732
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,585
Gujarati 19,325
Speak English "very well" 12,761
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,564
Hindi 75,442
Speak English "very well" 49,446
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 25,996
Urdu 78,182
Speak English "very well" 47,096
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 31,086
Other Indic Languages 175,614
Speak English "very well" 83,257
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 92,357
Other Indo-European Languages 80,230
Speak English "very well" 50,455
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 29,775
Chinese 591,506
Speak English "very well" 215,353
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 376,153
Japanese 33,282
Speak English "very well" 18,733
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 14,549
Korean 110,269
Speak English "very well" 45,295
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 64,974
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 2,828
Speak English "very well" 1,107
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,721
Hmong 587
Speak English "very well" 548
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 39
Thai 8,134
Speak English "very well" 3,686
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,448
Laotian 2,585
Speak English "very well" 897
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,688
Vietnamese 24,725
Speak English "very well" 10,078
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 14,647
Other Asian Languages 105,891
Speak English "very well" 62,271
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 43,620
Tagalog 80,616
Speak English "very well" 60,180
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 20,436
Other Pacific Island Languages 12,265
Speak English "very well" 7,710
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,555
Navajo 234
Speak English "very well" 234
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 2,986
Speak English "very well" 2,259
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 727
Hungarian 9,657
Speak English "very well" 6,341
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,316
Arabic 106,452
Speak English "very well" 63,827
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 42,625
Hebrew 62,574
Speak English "very well" 51,079
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 11,495
African Languages 107,930
Speak English "very well" 79,240
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 28,690
Other and Unspecified Languages 7,056
Speak English "very well" 4,243
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,813
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 69.1%
Field 308 30.9%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 56.1%
Field 310 43.9%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 77.4%
Field 315 22.6%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 59.8%
Field 316 40.2%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 67.7%
Field 319 32.3%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 68.5%
Field 322 31.5%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 84.2%
Field 325 15.8%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 60.4%
Field 328 39.6%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 71.4%
Field 331 28.6%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 90.6%
Field 334 9.4%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 72.2%
Field 337 27.8%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 47.5%
Field 340 52.5%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 57.4%
Field 343 42.6%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 59.2%
Field 346 40.8%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 54.4%
Field 349 45.6%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 63.2%
Field 352 36.8%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 63.6%
Field 355 36.4%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 66.0%
Field 358 34.0%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 65.5%
Field 361 34.5%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 60.2%
Field 364 39.8%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 47.4%
Field 367 52.6%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 62.9%
Field 370 37.1%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 36.4%
Field 373 63.6%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 56.3%
Field 376 43.7%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 41.1%
Field 379 58.9%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 39.1%
Field 382 60.9%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 93.4%
Field 385 6.6%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 45.3%
Field 388 54.7%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 34.7%
Field 391 65.3%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 40.8%
Field 394 59.2%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 58.8%
Field 397 41.2%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 74.7%
Field 400 25.3%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 62.9%
Field 403 37.1%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 100.0%
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 75.7%
Field 409 24.3%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 65.7%
Field 412 34.3%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 60.0%
Field 415 40.0%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 81.6%
Field 418 18.4%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 73.4%
Field 421 26.6%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 60.1%
Field 424 39.9%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,015,177
Less than high school diploma 26.2%
High school diploma or GED 25.4%
Some college or associate's degree 18.3%
Bachelor's degree 17.5%
Graduate or professional degree 12.7%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 54.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher 25.4%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2015 -1.1%
% change: 1990-2000 18.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2015 57.7%
% change: 1990-2000 68.6%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 2,339,943
Less than high school diploma 20.5%
High school diploma or GED 24.8%
Some college or associate's degree 21.1%
Bachelor's degree 19.7%
Graduate or professional degree 13.9%
Noncitizens (%) 1,675,234
Less than high school diploma 34.1%
High school diploma or GED 26.1%
Some college or associate's degree 14.3%
Bachelor's degree 14.4%
Graduate or professional degree 11.2%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 9,626,296
Less than high school diploma 9.0%
High school diploma or GED 27.0%
Some college or associate's degree 27.0%
Bachelor's degree 21.0%
Graduate or professional degree 16.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -44.6%
% change: 1990-2000 -24.1%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 33.7%
% change: 1990-2000 17.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,151,322
Less than high school diploma 33.7%
High school diploma or GED 23.2%
Some college or associate's degree 18.6%
Bachelor's degree 13.8%
Graduate or professional degree 10.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 40.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 22.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 9,404,196
Less than high school diploma 16.6%
High school diploma or GED 29.2%
Some college or associate's degree 25.8%
Bachelor's degree 16.1%
Graduate or professional degree 12.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,312,062
Less than high school diploma 38.8%
High school diploma or GED 23.6%
Some college or associate's degree 17.8%
Bachelor's degree 10.9%
Graduate or professional degree 8.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 30.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 16.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 9,471,191
Less than high school diploma 21.7%
High school diploma or GED 31.0%
Some college or associate's degree 23.3%
Bachelor's degree 13.9%
Graduate or professional degree 10.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.