E.g., 01/30/2015
E.g., 01/30/2015

State Language Data - NY

New York

Language & Education
2013
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,358,585
Speak only English 24.2%
Speak English "very well" 29.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 46.8%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2013 17.1%
% change: 1990-2000 48.7%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

 
Naturalized citizens 2,354,280
Speak only English 29.1%
Speak English "very well" 32.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 38.1%
Noncitizens 2,004,305
Speak only English 18.4%
Speak English "very well" 24.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 57.0%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 14,122,117
Speak only English 84.0%
Speak English ""very well"" 12.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3.2%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -21.4%
% change: 1990-2000 -2.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,834,479
Speak only English 25.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 29.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 45.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 13,914,631
Speak only English 85.0%
"Speak English ""very well"" 10.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,802,875
Speak only English 28.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 29.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 41.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 13,873,544
Speak only English 86.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 9.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 3,068,837
Speak only English 2,159,274
Speak language other than English 909,563
Speak English "very well"
696,141
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
213,422
Speak Spanish 494,457
Speak English "very well"
395,414
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
99,043
Ages 18-64 12,582,022
Speak only English 8,638,231
Speak language other than English 3,943,791
Speak English "very well"
2,146,124
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,797,667
Speak Spanish 2,006,991
Speak English "very well"
1,056,609
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
950,382
65 and Older 2,829,843
Speak only English 2,113,257
Speak language other than English 716,586
Speak English "very well"
242,289
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
474,297
Speak Spanish 270,548
Speak English "very well"
78,256
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
192,292
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 70.4%
Speak language other than English 29.6%
Speak English "very well" 22.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 7.0%
Speak Spanish 16.1%
Speak English "very well" 12.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.2%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 68.7%
Speak language other than English 31.3%
Speak English "very well" 17.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 14.3%
Speak Spanish 16.0%
Speak English "very well" 8.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 7.6%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 74.7%
Speak language other than English 25.3%
Speak English "very well" 8.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 16.8%
Speak Spanish 9.6%
Speak English "very well" 2.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 6.8%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 18,480,702
Speak only English 12,910,762
Speak language other than English 5,569,940
Spanish or Spanish Creole 2,771,996
Speak English "very well" 1,530,279
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,241,717
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 141,253
Speak English "very well" 107,134
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 34,119
French Creole 160,304
Speak English "very well" 90,634
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 69,670
Italian 173,307
Speak English "very well" 117,432
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 55,875
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 40,959
Speak English "very well" 27,801
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13,158
German 63,693
Speak English "very well" 52,164
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 11,529
Yiddish 132,731
Speak English "very well" 78,892
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 53,839
Other West Germanic Languages 22,064
Speak English "very well" 16,190
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,874
Scandinavian Languages 10,032
Speak English "very well" 9,390
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 642
Greek 62,254
Speak English "very well" 43,686
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 18,568
Russian 232,124
Speak English "very well" 101,868
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 130,256
Polish 87,878
Speak English "very well" 47,339
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 40,539
Serbo-Croatian 30,962
Speak English "very well" 17,952
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13,010
Other Slavic Languages 36,451
Speak English "very well" 20,549
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 15,902
Armenian 7,988
Speak English "very well" 4,995
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,993
Persian 25,522
Speak English "very well" 14,950
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10,572
Gujarati 18,433
Speak English "very well" 11,678
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,755
Hindi 51,149
Speak English "very well" 38,824
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 12,325
Urdu 77,267
Speak English "very well" 47,096
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30,171
Other Indic Languages 175,233
Speak English "very well" 93,425
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 81,808
Other Indo-European Languages 82,463
Speak English "very well" 51,279
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 31,184
Chinese 554,632
Speak English "very well" 187,553
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 367,079
Japanese 33,996
Speak English "very well" 18,451
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 15,545
Korean 99,698
Speak English "very well" 39,690
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 60,008
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 4,571
Speak English "very well" 2,596
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,975
Hmong 277
Speak English "very well" 213
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 64
Thai 9,705
Speak English "very well" 4,985
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,720
Laotian 2,102
Speak English "very well" 848
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,254
Vietnamese 21,389
Speak English "very well" 10,665
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10,724
Other Asian Languages 89,591
Speak English "very well" 47,510
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 42,081
Tagalog 64,514
Speak English "very well" 47,287
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 17,227
Other Pacific Island Languages 11,967
Speak English "very well" 6,341
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,626
Navajo 367
Speak English "very well" 367
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 5,076
Speak English "very well" 3,711
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,365
Hungarian 12,417
Speak English "very well" 8,005
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,412
Arabic 82,542
Speak English "very well" 51,356
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 31,186
Hebrew 58,181
Speak English "very well" 48,439
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,742
African Languages 107,324
Speak English "very well" 78,475
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 28,849
Other and Unspecified Languages 7,528
Speak English "very well" 4,505
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,023
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 69.9%
Field 308 30.1%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 55.2%
Field 310 44.8%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 75.8%
Field 315 24.2%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 56.5%
Field 316 43.5%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 67.8%
Field 319 32.2%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 67.9%
Field 322 32.1%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 81.9%
Field 325 18.1%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 59.4%
Field 328 40.6%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 73.4%
Field 331 26.6%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 93.6%
Field 334 6.4%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 70.2%
Field 337 29.8%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 43.9%
Field 340 56.1%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 53.9%
Field 343 46.1%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 58.0%
Field 346 42.0%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 56.4%
Field 349 43.6%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 62.5%
Field 352 37.5%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 58.6%
Field 355 41.4%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 63.4%
Field 358 36.6%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 75.9%
Field 361 24.1%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 61.0%
Field 364 39.0%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 53.3%
Field 367 46.7%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 62.2%
Field 370 37.8%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 33.8%
Field 373 66.2%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 54.3%
Field 376 45.7%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 39.8%
Field 379 60.2%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 56.8%
Field 382 43.2%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 76.9%
Field 385 23.1%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 51.4%
Field 388 48.6%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 40.3%
Field 391 59.7%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 49.9%
Field 394 50.1%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 53.0%
Field 397 47.0%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 73.3%
Field 400 26.7%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 53.0%
Field 403 47.0%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 100.0%
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 73.1%
Field 409 26.9%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 64.5%
Field 412 35.5%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 62.2%
Field 415 37.8%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 83.3%
Field 418 16.7%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 73.1%
Field 421 26.9%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 59.8%
Field 424 40.2%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,845,424
Less than high school diploma 26.8%
High school diploma or GED 25.4%
Some college or associate's degree 18.8%
Bachelor's degree 17.0%
Graduate or professional degree 12.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 53.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 24.4%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2013 -3.1%
% change: 1990-2000 18.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2013 45.1%
% change: 1990-2000 68.6%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 2,188,029
Less than high school diploma 20.5%
High school diploma or GED 25%
Some college or associate's degree 21.7%
Bachelor's degree 19.5%
Graduate or professional degree 13.3%
Noncitizens (%) 1,657,395
Less than high school diploma 35.1%
High school diploma or GED 25.9%
Some college or associate's degree 15%
Bachelor's degree 13.8%
Graduate or professional degree 10.2%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 9,573,886
Less than high school diploma 9.4%
High school diploma or GED 27.3%
Some college or associate's degree 27.1%
Bachelor's degree 20.2%
Graduate or professional degree 15.9%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -42.1%
% change: 1990-2000 -24.1%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 29.6%
% change: 1990-2000 17.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,151,322
Less than high school diploma 33.7%
High school diploma or GED 23.2%
Some college or associate's degree 18.6%
Bachelor's degree 13.8%
Graduate or professional degree 10.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 40.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 22.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 9,404,196
Less than high school diploma 16.6%
High school diploma or GED 29.2%
Some college or associate's degree 25.8%
Bachelor's degree 16.1%
Graduate or professional degree 12.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,312,062
Less than high school diploma 38.8%
High school diploma or GED 23.6%
Some college or associate's degree 17.8%
Bachelor's degree 10.9%
Graduate or professional degree 8.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 30.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 16.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 9,471,191
Less than high school diploma 21.7%
High school diploma or GED 31.0%
Some college or associate's degree 23.3%
Bachelor's degree 13.9%
Graduate or professional degree 10.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2013 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.​
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS.