E.g., 02/06/2016
E.g., 02/06/2016

State Language Data - NY

New York

Language & Education
2013
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,441,287
Speak only English 23.9%
Speak English "very well" 28.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 47.3%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2013 20.8%
% change: 1990-2000 48.7%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 2,411,336
Speak only English 29.2%
Speak English "very well" 32.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 38.1%
Noncitizens 2,029,951
Speak only English 17.7%
Speak English "very well" 24%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 58.3%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 14,122,648
Speak only English 83.9%
Speak English ""very well"" 12.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3.2%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -20.6%
% change: 1990-2000 -2.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,834,479
Speak only English 25.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 29.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 45.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 13,914,631
Speak only English 85.0%
"Speak English ""very well"" 10.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,802,875
Speak only English 28.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 29.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 41.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 13,873,544
Speak only English 86.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 9.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 3,042,981
Speak only English 2,137,324
Speak language other than English 905,657
Speak English "very well"
675,360
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
230,297
Speak Spanish 492,442
Speak English "very well"
385,854
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
106,588
Ages 18-64 12,625,274
Speak only English 8,616,132
Speak language other than English 4,009,142
Speak English "very well"
2,172,264
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,836,878
Speak Spanish 2,025,033
Speak English "very well"
1,063,157
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
961,876
65 and Older 2,895,680
Speak only English 2,163,769
Speak language other than English 731,911
Speak English "very well"
244,621
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
487,290
Speak Spanish 283,724
Speak English "very well"
80,991
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
202,733
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 70.2%
Speak language other than English 29.8%
Speak English "very well" 22.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 7.6%
Speak Spanish 16.2%
Speak English "very well" 12.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.5%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 68.2%
Speak language other than English 31.8%
Speak English "very well" 17.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 14.5%
Speak Spanish 16.0%
Speak English "very well" 8.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 7.6%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 74.7%
Speak language other than English 25.3%
Speak English "very well" 8.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 16.8%
Speak Spanish 9.8%
Speak English "very well" 2.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 7.0%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 18,563,935
Speak only English 12,917,225
Speak language other than English 5,646,710
Spanish or Spanish Creole 2,801,199
Speak English "very well" 1,530,002
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,271,197
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 133,337
Speak English "very well" 102,619
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30,718
French Creole 156,389
Speak English "very well" 88,394
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 67,995
Italian 173,174
Speak English "very well" 120,920
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 52,254
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 40,597
Speak English "very well" 27,412
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13,185
German 63,146
Speak English "very well" 55,620
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,526
Yiddish 132,457
Speak English "very well" 68,465
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 63,992
Other West Germanic Languages 18,557
Speak English "very well" 13,644
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,913
Scandinavian Languages 7,967
Speak English "very well" 6,819
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,148
Greek 63,837
Speak English "very well" 45,817
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 18,020
Russian 214,608
Speak English "very well" 90,826
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 123,782
Polish 85,520
Speak English "very well" 51,909
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 33,611
Serbo-Croatian 29,976
Speak English "very well" 18,261
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 11,715
Other Slavic Languages 41,371
Speak English "very well" 22,760
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 18,611
Armenian 7,168
Speak English "very well" 4,585
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,583
Persian 26,296
Speak English "very well" 17,135
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,161
Gujarati 19,006
Speak English "very well" 12,671
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,335
Hindi 56,870
Speak English "very well" 40,400
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 16,470
Urdu 79,656
Speak English "very well" 44,860
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 34,796
Other Indic Languages 190,450
Speak English "very well" 96,451
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 93,999
Other Indo-European Languages 80,162
Speak English "very well" 50,883
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 29,279
Chinese 566,400
Speak English "very well" 188,527
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 377,873
Japanese 35,899
Speak English "very well" 18,442
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 17,457
Korean 96,306
Speak English "very well" 37,832
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 58,474
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 5,256
Speak English "very well" 3,342
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,914
Hmong 22
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 22
Thai 8,785
Speak English "very well" 3,895
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,890
Laotian 3,980
Speak English "very well" 2,292
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,688
Vietnamese 21,134
Speak English "very well" 9,484
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 11,650
Other Asian Languages 92,615
Speak English "very well" 50,434
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 42,181
Tagalog 80,181
Speak English "very well" 56,281
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 23,900
Other Pacific Island Languages 8,597
Speak English "very well" 4,538
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,059
Navajo N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 2,750
Speak English "very well" 2,303
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 447
Hungarian 11,155
Speak English "very well" 6,997
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,158
Arabic 101,252
Speak English "very well" 58,688
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 42,564
Hebrew 70,844
Speak English "very well" 55,709
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 15,135
African Languages 110,679
Speak English "very well" 78,820
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 31,859
Other and Unspecified Languages 9,112
Speak English "very well" 4,208
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,904
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 69.6%
Field 308 30.4%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 54.6%
Field 310 45.4%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 77.0%
Field 315 23.0%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 56.5%
Field 316 43.5%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 69.8%
Field 319 30.2%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 67.5%
Field 322 32.5%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 88.1%
Field 325 11.9%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 51.7%
Field 328 48.3%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 73.5%
Field 331 26.5%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 85.6%
Field 334 14.4%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 71.8%
Field 337 28.2%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 42.3%
Field 340 57.7%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 60.7%
Field 343 39.3%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 60.9%
Field 346 39.1%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 55.0%
Field 349 45.0%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 64.0%
Field 352 36.0%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 65.2%
Field 355 34.8%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 66.7%
Field 358 33.3%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 71.0%
Field 361 29.0%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 56.3%
Field 364 43.7%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 50.6%
Field 367 49.4%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 63.5%
Field 370 36.5%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 33.3%
Field 373 66.7%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 51.4%
Field 376 48.6%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 39.3%
Field 379 60.7%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 63.6%
Field 382 36.4%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 N
Field 385 100.0%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 44.3%
Field 388 55.7%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 57.6%
Field 391 42.4%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 44.9%
Field 394 55.1%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 54.5%
Field 397 45.5%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 70.2%
Field 400 29.8%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 52.8%
Field 403 47.2%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 N
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 83.7%
Field 409 16.3%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 62.7%
Field 412 37.3%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 58.0%
Field 415 42.0%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 78.6%
Field 418 21.4%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 71.2%
Field 421 28.8%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 46.2%
Field 424 53.8%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,936,156
Less than high school diploma 26.3%
High school diploma or GED 25.4%
Some college or associate's degree 19.0%
Bachelor's degree 17.3%
Graduate or professional degree 12.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 53.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 24.7%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2013 -2.5%
% change: 1990-2000 18.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2013 50.1%
% change: 1990-2000 68.6%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 2,249,442
Less than high school diploma 20.6%
High school diploma or GED 24.6%
Some college or associate's degree 21.9%
Bachelor's degree 19.6%
Graduate or professional degree 13.4%
Noncitizens (%) 1,686,714
Less than high school diploma 34%
High school diploma or GED 26.5%
Some college or associate's degree 15%
Bachelor's degree 14.2%
Graduate or professional degree 10.3%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 9,603,456
Less than high school diploma 9.3%
High school diploma or GED 27.1%
Some college or associate's degree 27.0%
Bachelor's degree 20.5%
Graduate or professional degree 16.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -42.7%
% change: 1990-2000 -24.1%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 31.7%
% change: 1990-2000 17.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,151,322
Less than high school diploma 33.7%
High school diploma or GED 23.2%
Some college or associate's degree 18.6%
Bachelor's degree 13.8%
Graduate or professional degree 10.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 40.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 22.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 9,404,196
Less than high school diploma 16.6%
High school diploma or GED 29.2%
Some college or associate's degree 25.8%
Bachelor's degree 16.1%
Graduate or professional degree 12.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,312,062
Less than high school diploma 38.8%
High school diploma or GED 23.6%
Some college or associate's degree 17.8%
Bachelor's degree 10.9%
Graduate or professional degree 8.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 30.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 16.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 9,471,191
Less than high school diploma 21.7%
High school diploma or GED 31.0%
Some college or associate's degree 23.3%
Bachelor's degree 13.9%
Graduate or professional degree 10.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2014 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.