E.g., 08/23/2016
E.g., 08/23/2016

State Language Data - NJ

New Jersey

Language & Education
2014
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,948,869
Speak only English 16.2%
Speak English "very well" 38.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 45.5%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2014 31.0%
% change: 1990-2000 63.3%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 1,064,541
Speak only English 20.4%
Speak English "very well" 44.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 35%
Noncitizens 884,328
Speak only English 11.2%
Speak English "very well" 30.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 58.0%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 6,457,138
Speak only English 85.4%
Speak English ""very well"" 12.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2.2%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -29.4%
% change: 1990-2000 -0.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,460,077
Speak only English 16.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 37.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 46.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 6,396,191
Speak only English 87.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 9.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 955,439
Speak only English 21.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 43.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 6,218,657
Speak only English 89.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 7.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,480,029
Speak only English 1,058,933
Speak language other than English 421,096
Speak English "very well"
361,588
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
59,508
Speak Spanish 251,735
Speak English "very well"
213,303
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
38,432
Ages 18-64 5,613,853
Speak only English 3,762,286
Speak language other than English 1,851,567
Speak English "very well"
1,067,164
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
784,403
Speak Spanish 968,753
Speak English "very well"
489,822
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
478,931
65 and Older 1,312,125
Speak only English 1,011,771
Speak language other than English 300,354
Speak English "very well"
119,188
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
181,166
Speak Spanish 114,694
Speak English "very well"
33,365
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
81,329
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 71.5%
Speak language other than English 28.5%
Speak English "very well" 24.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.0%
Speak Spanish 17.0%
Speak English "very well" 14.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.6%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 67.0%
Speak language other than English 33.0%
Speak English "very well" 19.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 14.0%
Speak Spanish 17.3%
Speak English "very well" 8.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 8.5%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 77.1%
Speak language other than English 22.9%
Speak English "very well" 9.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 13.8%
Speak Spanish 8.7%
Speak English "very well" 2.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 6.2%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 8,406,007
Speak only English 5,832,990
Speak language other than English 2,573,017
Spanish or Spanish Creole 1,335,182
Speak English "very well" 736,490
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 598,692
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 39,939
Speak English "very well" 28,510
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 11,429
French Creole 41,716
Speak English "very well" 23,673
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 18,043
Italian 70,143
Speak English "very well" 49,906
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 20,237
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 76,404
Speak English "very well" 44,171
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 32,233
German 22,056
Speak English "very well" 17,756
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,300
Yiddish 7,362
Speak English "very well" 7,176
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 186
Other West Germanic Languages 2,813
Speak English "very well" 2,565
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 248
Scandinavian Languages 3,414
Speak English "very well" 2,960
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 454
Greek 21,012
Speak English "very well" 16,281
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,731
Russian 48,270
Speak English "very well" 28,926
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 19,344
Polish 60,656
Speak English "very well" 34,373
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 26,283
Serbo-Croatian 10,376
Speak English "very well" 8,381
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,995
Other Slavic Languages 22,252
Speak English "very well" 13,640
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,612
Armenian 5,807
Speak English "very well" 4,257
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,550
Persian 7,371
Speak English "very well" 5,488
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,883
Gujarati 72,338
Speak English "very well" 43,213
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 29,125
Hindi 70,916
Speak English "very well" 54,878
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 16,038
Urdu 28,730
Speak English "very well" 20,453
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,277
Other Indic Languages 59,126
Speak English "very well" 37,994
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 21,132
Other Indo-European Languages 22,095
Speak English "very well" 14,877
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,218
Chinese 122,400
Speak English "very well" 69,515
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 52,885
Japanese 8,783
Speak English "very well" 4,906
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,877
Korean 88,285
Speak English "very well" 41,836
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 46,449
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 589
Speak English "very well" 264
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 325
Hmong N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Thai 2,446
Speak English "very well" 815
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,631
Laotian 441
Speak English "very well" 127
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 314
Vietnamese 18,602
Speak English "very well" 6,491
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 12,111
Other Asian Languages 89,639
Speak English "very well" 69,259
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 20,380
Tagalog 79,387
Speak English "very well" 60,148
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 19,239
Other Pacific Island Languages 4,508
Speak English "very well" 2,449
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,059
Navajo N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 199
Speak English "very well" 174
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 25
Hungarian 6,699
Speak English "very well" 4,652
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,047
Arabic 64,236
Speak English "very well" 43,446
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 20,790
Hebrew 14,833
Speak English "very well" 13,126
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,707
African Languages 40,072
Speak English "very well" 32,197
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,875
Other and Unspecified Languages 3,920
Speak English "very well" 2,567
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,353
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 69.4%
Field 308 30.6%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 55.2%
Field 310 44.8%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 71.4%
Field 315 28.6%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 56.7%
Field 316 43.3%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 71.1%
Field 319 28.9%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 57.8%
Field 322 42.2%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 80.5%
Field 325 19.5%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 97.5%
Field 328 2.5%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 91.2%
Field 331 8.8%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 86.7%
Field 334 13.3%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 77.5%
Field 337 22.5%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 59.9%
Field 340 40.1%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 56.7%
Field 343 43.3%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 80.8%
Field 346 19.2%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 61.3%
Field 349 38.7%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 73.3%
Field 352 26.7%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 74.5%
Field 355 25.5%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 59.7%
Field 358 40.3%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 77.4%
Field 361 22.6%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 71.2%
Field 364 28.8%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 64.3%
Field 367 35.7%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 67.3%
Field 370 32.7%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 56.8%
Field 373 43.2%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 55.9%
Field 376 44.1%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 47.4%
Field 379 52.6%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 44.8%
Field 382 55.2%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 N
Field 385 N
Field 388 100%
Field 388 33.3%
Field 388 66.7%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 28.8%
Field 391 71.2%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 34.9%
Field 394 65.1%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 77.3%
Field 397 22.7%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 75.8%
Field 400 24.2%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 54.3%
Field 403 45.7%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 N
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 87.4%
Field 409 12.6%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 69.4%
Field 412 30.6%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 67.6%
Field 415 32.4%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 88.5%
Field 418 11.5%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 80.3%
Field 421 19.7%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 65.5%
Field 424 34.5%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,736,815
Less than high school diploma 19.4%
High school diploma or GED 25.3%
Some college or associate's degree 18.2%
Bachelor's degree 22.2%
Graduate or professional degree 14.9%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 50.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 28.1%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2014 -2.0%
% change: 1990-2000 19.5%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2014 73.5%
% change: 1990-2000 87.2%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 994,668
Less than high school diploma 14.3%
High school diploma or GED 23.2%
Some college or associate's degree 21%
Bachelor's degree 25%
Graduate or professional degree 16.5%
Noncitizens (%) 742,147
Less than high school diploma 26.2%
High school diploma or GED 28.1%
Some college or associate's degree 14.5%
Bachelor's degree 18.5%
Graduate or professional degree 12.7%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,391,116
Less than high school diploma 7.6%
High school diploma or GED 29.4%
Some college or associate's degree 25.5%
Bachelor's degree 23.4%
Graduate or professional degree 14.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -50.4%
% change: 1990-2000 -26.5%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 25.3%
% change: 1990-2000 21.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,199,158
Less than high school diploma 28.6%
High school diploma or GED 22.5%
Some college or associate's degree 17.9%
Bachelor's degree 17.8%
Graduate or professional degree 13.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 33.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher 22.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,452,754
Less than high school diploma 15.1%
High school diploma or GED 31.1%
Some college or associate's degree 24.3%
Bachelor's degree 19.1%
Graduate or professional degree 10.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 799,122
Less than high school diploma 35.9%
High school diploma or GED 22.7%
Some college or associate's degree 16.5%
Bachelor's degree 14.2%
Graduate or professional degree 10.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 23.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher 15.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,348,588
Less than high school diploma 21.0%
High school diploma or GED 32.6%
Some college or associate's degree 21.5%
Bachelor's degree 16.3%
Graduate or professional degree 8.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2014 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.