E.g., 03/28/2017
E.g., 03/28/2017

State Language Data - NJ

New Jersey

Language & Education
2015
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,965,897
Speak only English 16.1%
Speak English "very well" 39.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 44.5%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 29.5%
% change: 1990-2000 63.3%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 1,089,802
Speak only English 20.2%
Speak English "very well" 44.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 35.4%
Noncitizens 876,095
Speak only English 11%
Speak English "very well" 33.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 55.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 6,462,862
Speak only English 85.4%
Speak English ""very well"" 12.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2.2%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -27.8%
% change: 1990-2000 -0.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,460,077
Speak only English 16.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 37.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 46.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 6,396,191
Speak only English 87.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 9.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 955,439
Speak only English 21.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 43.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 6,218,657
Speak only English 89.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 7.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,469,611
Speak only English 1,045,803
Speak language other than English 423,808
Speak English "very well"
357,001
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
66,807
Speak Spanish 256,117
Speak English "very well"
210,462
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
45,655
Ages 18-64 5,616,197
Speak only English 3,746,716
Speak language other than English 1,869,481
Speak English "very well"
1,112,273
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
757,208
Speak Spanish 968,210
Speak English "very well"
517,710
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
450,500
65 and Older 1,342,951
Speak only English 1,040,209
Speak language other than English 302,742
Speak English "very well"
108,820
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
193,922
Speak Spanish 118,034
Speak English "very well"
30,672
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
87,362
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 71.2%
Speak language other than English 28.8%
Speak English "very well" 24.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.5%
Speak Spanish 17.4%
Speak English "very well" 14.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.1%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 66.7%
Speak language other than English 33.3%
Speak English "very well" 19.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 13.5%
Speak Spanish 17.2%
Speak English "very well" 9.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 8.0%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 77.5%
Speak language other than English 22.5%
Speak English "very well" 8.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 14.4%
Speak Spanish 8.8%
Speak English "very well" 2.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 6.5%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 8,428,759
Speak only English 5,832,728
Speak language other than English 2,596,031
Spanish or Spanish Creole 1,342,361
Speak English "very well" 758,844
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 583,517
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 37,179
Speak English "very well" 27,852
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,327
French Creole 49,631
Speak English "very well" 29,643
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 19,988
Italian 66,336
Speak English "very well" 44,648
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 21,688
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 73,521
Speak English "very well" 43,586
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 29,935
German 18,427
Speak English "very well" 15,691
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,736
Yiddish 8,071
Speak English "very well" 6,952
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,119
Other West Germanic Languages 2,623
Speak English "very well" 2,468
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 155
Scandinavian Languages 4,897
Speak English "very well" 4,344
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 553
Greek 23,289
Speak English "very well" 16,791
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,498
Russian 49,668
Speak English "very well" 32,238
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 17,430
Polish 56,868
Speak English "very well" 32,322
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 24,546
Serbo-Croatian 7,622
Speak English "very well" 5,288
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,334
Other Slavic Languages 21,657
Speak English "very well" 14,047
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,610
Armenian 7,636
Speak English "very well" 5,523
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,113
Persian 9,678
Speak English "very well" 6,491
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,187
Gujarati 74,158
Speak English "very well" 46,268
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 27,890
Hindi 83,572
Speak English "very well" 65,024
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 18,548
Urdu 33,232
Speak English "very well" 23,586
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,646
Other Indic Languages 76,817
Speak English "very well" 51,172
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 25,645
Other Indo-European Languages 19,304
Speak English "very well" 12,660
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,644
Chinese 114,158
Speak English "very well" 61,648
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 52,510
Japanese 8,786
Speak English "very well" 4,446
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,340
Korean 80,739
Speak English "very well" 35,365
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 45,374
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 1,058
Speak English "very well" 439
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 619
Hmong 149
Speak English "very well" 149
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Thai 2,553
Speak English "very well" 1,155
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,398
Laotian 967
Speak English "very well" 578
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 389
Vietnamese 21,314
Speak English "very well" 9,089
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 12,225
Other Asian Languages 81,063
Speak English "very well" 61,829
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 19,234
Tagalog 82,720
Speak English "very well" 61,964
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 20,756
Other Pacific Island Languages 5,813
Speak English "very well" 3,915
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,898
Navajo 82
Speak English "very well" 82
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 1,209
Speak English "very well" 991
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 218
Hungarian 7,151
Speak English "very well" 4,685
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,466
Arabic 68,728
Speak English "very well" 43,700
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 25,028
Hebrew 9,393
Speak English "very well" 7,947
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,446
African Languages 41,015
Speak English "very well" 33,200
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,815
Other and Unspecified Languages 2,586
Speak English "very well" 1,474
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,112
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 69.2%
Field 308 30.8%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 56.5%
Field 310 43.5%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 74.9%
Field 315 25.1%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 59.7%
Field 316 40.3%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 67.3%
Field 319 32.7%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 59.3%
Field 322 40.7%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 85.2%
Field 325 14.8%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 86.1%
Field 328 13.9%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 94.1%
Field 331 5.9%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 88.7%
Field 334 11.3%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 72.1%
Field 337 27.9%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 64.9%
Field 340 35.1%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 56.8%
Field 343 43.2%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 69.4%
Field 346 30.6%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 64.9%
Field 349 35.1%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 72.3%
Field 352 27.7%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 67.1%
Field 355 32.9%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 62.4%
Field 358 37.6%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 77.8%
Field 361 22.2%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 71.0%
Field 364 29.0%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 66.6%
Field 367 33.4%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 65.6%
Field 370 34.4%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 54.0%
Field 373 46.0%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 50.6%
Field 376 49.4%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 43.8%
Field 379 56.2%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 41.5%
Field 382 58.5%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 100.0%
Field 385 N
Field 388 100%
Field 388 45.2%
Field 388 54.8%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 59.8%
Field 391 40.2%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 42.6%
Field 394 57.4%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 76.3%
Field 397 23.7%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 74.9%
Field 400 25.1%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 67.3%
Field 403 32.7%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 100.0%
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 82.0%
Field 409 18.0%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 65.5%
Field 412 34.5%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 63.6%
Field 415 36.4%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 84.6%
Field 418 15.4%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 80.9%
Field 421 19.1%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 57.0%
Field 424 43.0%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,750,112
Less than high school diploma 19.9%
High school diploma or GED 24.5%
Some college or associate's degree 17.8%
Bachelor's degree 22.4%
Graduate or professional degree 15.4%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 51.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher 28.5%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2015 1.7%
% change: 1990-2000 19.5%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2015 78.0%
% change: 1990-2000 87.2%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 1,018,094
Less than high school diploma 14.8%
High school diploma or GED 23.3%
Some college or associate's degree 20.6%
Bachelor's degree 25.1%
Graduate or professional degree 16.2%
Noncitizens (%) 732,018
Less than high school diploma 27%
High school diploma or GED 26.2%
Some college or associate's degree 13.9%
Bachelor's degree 18.6%
Graduate or professional degree 14.3%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,416,272
Less than high school diploma 7.4%
High school diploma or GED 30.1%
Some college or associate's degree 25.0%
Bachelor's degree 23.7%
Graduate or professional degree 13.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -51.5%
% change: 1990-2000 -26.5%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 26.1%
% change: 1990-2000 21.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,199,158
Less than high school diploma 28.6%
High school diploma or GED 22.5%
Some college or associate's degree 17.9%
Bachelor's degree 17.8%
Graduate or professional degree 13.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 33.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher 22.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,452,754
Less than high school diploma 15.1%
High school diploma or GED 31.1%
Some college or associate's degree 24.3%
Bachelor's degree 19.1%
Graduate or professional degree 10.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 799,122
Less than high school diploma 35.9%
High school diploma or GED 22.7%
Some college or associate's degree 16.5%
Bachelor's degree 14.2%
Graduate or professional degree 10.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 23.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher 15.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,348,588
Less than high school diploma 21.0%
High school diploma or GED 32.6%
Some college or associate's degree 21.5%
Bachelor's degree 16.3%
Graduate or professional degree 8.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.