E.g., 06/29/2015
E.g., 06/29/2015

State Language Data - NJ

New Jersey

Language & Education
2013
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,914,089
Speak only English 15.5%
Speak English "very well" 39.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 45.0%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2013 27.3%
% change: 1990-2000 63.3%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

 
Naturalized citizens 1,019,528
Speak only English 19.8%
Speak English "very well" 44.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 35.7%
Noncitizens 894,561
Speak only English 10.6%
Speak English "very well" 33.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 55.5%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 6,454,069
Speak only English 85.6%
Speak English ""very well"" 12.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2.2%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -27.5%
% change: 1990-2000 -0.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,460,077
Speak only English 16.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 37.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 46.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 6,396,191
Speak only English 87.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 9.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 955,439
Speak only English 21.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 43.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 6,218,657
Speak only English 89.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 7.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,490,716
Speak only English 1,071,890
Speak language other than English 418,826
Speak English "very well"
358,300
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
60,526
Speak Spanish 253,939
Speak English "very well"
211,978
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
41,961
Ages 18-64 5,593,035
Speak only English 3,755,929
Speak language other than English 1,837,106
Speak English "very well"
1,072,918
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
764,188
Speak Spanish 955,778
Speak English "very well"
494,016
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
461,762
65 and Older 1,284,407
Speak only English 994,050
Speak language other than English 290,357
Speak English "very well"
111,624
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
178,733
Speak Spanish 105,031
Speak English "very well"
27,474
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
77,557
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 71.9%
Speak language other than English 28.1%
Speak English "very well" 24.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.1%
Speak Spanish 17.0%
Speak English "very well" 14.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.8%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 67.2%
Speak language other than English 32.8%
Speak English "very well" 19.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 13.7%
Speak Spanish 17.1%
Speak English "very well" 8.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 8.3%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 77.4%
Speak language other than English 22.6%
Speak English "very well" 8.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 13.9%
Speak Spanish 8.2%
Speak English "very well" 2.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 6.0%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 8,368,158
Speak only English 5,821,869
Speak language other than English 2,546,289
Spanish or Spanish Creole 1,314,748
Speak English "very well" 733,468
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 581,280
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 38,182
Speak English "very well" 30,549
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,633
French Creole 42,504
Speak English "very well" 24,614
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 17,890
Italian 75,139
Speak English "very well" 51,014
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 24,125
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 76,609
Speak English "very well" 42,895
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 33,714
German 25,605
Speak English "very well" 22,376
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,229
Yiddish 7,114
Speak English "very well" 6,908
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 206
Other West Germanic Languages 5,099
Speak English "very well" 4,764
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 335
Scandinavian Languages 1,873
Speak English "very well" 1,649
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 224
Greek 21,637
Speak English "very well" 16,399
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,238
Russian 43,285
Speak English "very well" 25,631
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 17,654
Polish 62,959
Speak English "very well" 36,482
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 26,477
Serbo-Croatian 11,676
Speak English "very well" 7,171
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,505
Other Slavic Languages 21,708
Speak English "very well" 12,994
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,714
Armenian 3,843
Speak English "very well" 2,576
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,267
Persian 6,105
Speak English "very well" 4,552
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,553
Gujarati 79,857
Speak English "very well" 49,759
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30,098
Hindi 64,306
Speak English "very well" 53,022
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 11,284
Urdu 31,784
Speak English "very well" 24,249
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,535
Other Indic Languages 56,408
Speak English "very well" 37,483
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 18,925
Other Indo-European Languages 26,862
Speak English "very well" 17,420
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,442
Chinese 111,376
Speak English "very well" 58,259
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 53,117
Japanese 11,528
Speak English "very well" 6,144
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,384
Korean 72,249
Speak English "very well" 36,972
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 35,277
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 1,327
Speak English "very well" 432
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 895
Hmong N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Thai 2,853
Speak English "very well" 1,303
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,550
Laotian 489
Speak English "very well" 242
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 247
Vietnamese 19,073
Speak English "very well" 5,856
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13,217
Other Asian Languages 88,505
Speak English "very well" 69,065
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 19,440
Tagalog 81,452
Speak English "very well" 60,199
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 21,253
Other Pacific Island Languages 5,267
Speak English "very well" 3,553
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,714
Navajo N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 309
Speak English "very well" 253
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 56
Hungarian 6,676
Speak English "very well" 4,877
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,799
Arabic 74,002
Speak English "very well" 47,310
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 26,692
Hebrew 16,266
Speak English "very well" 14,673
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,593
African Languages 32,038
Speak English "very well" 24,251
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,787
Other and Unspecified Languages 5,576
Speak English "very well" 3,478
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,098
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 69.6%
Field 308 30.4%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 55.8%
Field 310 44.2%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 80.0%
Field 315 20.0%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 57.9%
Field 316 42.1%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 67.9%
Field 319 32.1%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 56.0%
Field 322 44.0%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 87.4%
Field 325 12.6%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 97.1%
Field 328 2.9%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 93.4%
Field 331 6.6%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 88.0%
Field 334 12.0%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 75.8%
Field 337 24.2%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 59.2%
Field 340 40.8%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 57.9%
Field 343 42.1%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 61.4%
Field 346 38.6%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 59.9%
Field 349 40.1%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 67.0%
Field 352 33.0%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 74.6%
Field 355 25.4%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 62.3%
Field 358 37.7%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 82.5%
Field 361 17.5%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 76.3%
Field 364 23.7%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 66.4%
Field 367 33.6%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 64.8%
Field 370 35.2%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 52.3%
Field 373 47.7%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 53.3%
Field 376 46.7%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 51.2%
Field 379 48.8%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 32.6%
Field 382 67.4%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 N
Field 385 N
Field 388 100%
Field 388 45.7%
Field 388 54.3%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 49.5%
Field 391 50.5%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 30.7%
Field 394 69.3%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 78.0%
Field 397 22.0%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 73.9%
Field 400 26.1%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 67.5%
Field 403 32.5%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 N
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 81.9%
Field 409 18.1%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 73.1%
Field 412 26.9%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 63.9%
Field 415 36.1%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 90.2%
Field 418 9.8%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 75.7%
Field 421 24.3%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 62.4%
Field 424 37.6%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,689,157
Less than high school diploma 20.3%
High school diploma or GED 24.8%
Some college or associate's degree 17.7%
Bachelor's degree 21.3%
Graduate or professional degree 15.9%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 49.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 28.3%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2013 -0.0%
% change: 1990-2000 19.5%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2013 69.3%
% change: 1990-2000 87.2%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 948,558
Less than high school diploma 14.4%
High school diploma or GED 23.6%
Some college or associate's degree 20.9%
Bachelor's degree 24%
Graduate or professional degree 17.2%
Noncitizens (%) 740,599
Less than high school diploma 27.9%
High school diploma or GED 26.4%
Some college or associate's degree 13.6%
Bachelor's degree 17.9%
Graduate or professional degree 14.3%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,397,548
Less than high school diploma 8.1%
High school diploma or GED 30.3%
Some college or associate's degree 25.3%
Bachelor's degree 23.1%
Graduate or professional degree 13.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -47.0%
% change: 1990-2000 -26.5%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 21.6%
% change: 1990-2000 21.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,199,158
Less than high school diploma 28.6%
High school diploma or GED 22.5%
Some college or associate's degree 17.9%
Bachelor's degree 17.8%
Graduate or professional degree 13.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 33.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher 22.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,452,754
Less than high school diploma 15.1%
High school diploma or GED 31.1%
Some college or associate's degree 24.3%
Bachelor's degree 19.1%
Graduate or professional degree 10.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 799,122
Less than high school diploma 35.9%
High school diploma or GED 22.7%
Some college or associate's degree 16.5%
Bachelor's degree 14.2%
Graduate or professional degree 10.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 23.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher 15.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,348,588
Less than high school diploma 21.0%
High school diploma or GED 32.6%
Some college or associate's degree 21.5%
Bachelor's degree 16.3%
Graduate or professional degree 8.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2013 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.​
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS.