E.g., 02/18/2017
E.g., 02/18/2017

State Language Data - NC

North Carolina

Language & Education
2015
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 786,783
Speak only English 18.1%
Speak English "very well" 35.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 46.9%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 65.8%
% change: 1990-2000 526.8%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 296,119
Speak only English 29.6%
Speak English "very well" 42.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 27.7%
Noncitizens 490,664
Speak only English 11.1%
Speak English "very well" 30.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 58.5%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 8,657,161
Speak only English 94.9%
Speak English ""very well"" 4.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.9%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 0.7%
% change: 1990-2000 44.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 420,957
Speak only English 17.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 29.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 52.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 7,092,208
Speak only English 96.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 114,822
Speak only English 33.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 6,042,849
Speak only English 97.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,689,192
Speak only English 1,439,909
Speak language other than English 249,283
Speak English "very well"
196,904
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
52,379
Speak Spanish 197,385
Speak English "very well"
156,848
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
40,537
Ages 18-64 6,239,207
Speak only English 5,474,049
Speak language other than English 765,158
Speak English "very well"
405,166
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
359,992
Speak Spanish 490,582
Speak English "very well"
222,007
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
268,575
65 and Older 1,515,545
Speak only English 1,446,873
Speak language other than English 68,672
Speak English "very well"
36,313
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
32,359
Speak Spanish 26,159
Speak English "very well"
13,011
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
13,148
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 85.2%
Speak language other than English 14.8%
Speak English "very well" 11.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.1%
Speak Spanish 11.7%
Speak English "very well" 9.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.4%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 87.7%
Speak language other than English 12.3%
Speak English "very well" 6.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 5.8%
Speak Spanish 7.9%
Speak English "very well" 3.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.3%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 95.5%
Speak language other than English 4.5%
Speak English "very well" 2.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.1%
Speak Spanish 1.7%
Speak English "very well" 0.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.9%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 9,443,944
Speak only English 8,360,831
Speak language other than English 1,083,113
Spanish or Spanish Creole 714,126
Speak English "very well" 391,866
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 322,260
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 25,287
Speak English "very well" 19,997
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,290
French Creole 5,161
Speak English "very well" 2,886
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,275
Italian 4,603
Speak English "very well" 4,012
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 591
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 6,377
Speak English "very well" 5,151
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,226
German 22,311
Speak English "very well" 19,366
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,945
Yiddish 169
Speak English "very well" 129
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 40
Other West Germanic Languages 2,502
Speak English "very well" 2,427
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 75
Scandinavian Languages 3,629
Speak English "very well" 3,037
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 592
Greek 4,044
Speak English "very well" 2,892
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,152
Russian 14,811
Speak English "very well" 10,368
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,443
Polish 3,573
Speak English "very well" 2,183
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,390
Serbo-Croatian 5,432
Speak English "very well" 3,444
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,988
Other Slavic Languages 3,763
Speak English "very well" 2,243
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,520
Armenian 412
Speak English "very well" 303
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 109
Persian 4,765
Speak English "very well" 3,263
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,502
Gujarati 16,346
Speak English "very well" 11,540
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,806
Hindi 14,227
Speak English "very well" 11,367
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,860
Urdu 6,711
Speak English "very well" 4,265
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,446
Other Indic Languages 15,964
Speak English "very well" 7,099
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,865
Other Indo-European Languages 6,117
Speak English "very well" 4,290
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,827
Chinese 34,546
Speak English "very well" 18,010
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 16,536
Japanese 5,308
Speak English "very well" 2,971
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,337
Korean 15,776
Speak English "very well" 8,808
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,968
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 4,046
Speak English "very well" 1,725
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,321
Hmong 10,020
Speak English "very well" 7,814
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,206
Thai 1,513
Speak English "very well" 763
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 750
Laotian 5,391
Speak English "very well" 2,567
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,824
Vietnamese 21,891
Speak English "very well" 8,468
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13,423
Other Asian Languages 39,247
Speak English "very well" 27,456
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 11,791
Tagalog 13,114
Speak English "very well" 10,403
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,711
Other Pacific Island Languages 5,068
Speak English "very well" 3,345
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,723
Navajo 314
Speak English "very well" 314
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 1,475
Speak English "very well" 1,453
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 22
Hungarian 988
Speak English "very well" 749
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 239
Arabic 21,578
Speak English "very well" 13,925
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,653
Hebrew 2,411
Speak English "very well" 2,227
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 184
African Languages 19,151
Speak English "very well" 14,354
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,797
Other and Unspecified Languages 946
Speak English "very well" 903
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 43
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 88.5%
Field 308 11.5%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 54.9%
Field 310 45.1%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 79.1%
Field 315 20.9%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 55.9%
Field 316 44.1%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 87.2%
Field 319 12.8%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 80.8%
Field 322 19.2%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 86.8%
Field 325 13.2%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 76.3%
Field 328 23.7%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 97.0%
Field 331 3.0%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 83.7%
Field 334 16.3%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 71.5%
Field 337 28.5%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 70.0%
Field 340 30.0%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 61.1%
Field 343 38.9%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 63.4%
Field 346 36.6%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 59.6%
Field 349 40.4%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 73.5%
Field 352 26.5%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 68.5%
Field 355 31.5%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 70.6%
Field 358 29.4%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 79.9%
Field 361 20.1%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 63.6%
Field 364 36.4%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 44.5%
Field 367 55.5%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 70.1%
Field 370 29.9%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 52.1%
Field 373 47.9%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 56.0%
Field 376 44.0%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 55.8%
Field 379 44.2%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 42.6%
Field 382 57.4%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 78.0%
Field 385 22.0%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 50.4%
Field 388 49.6%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 47.6%
Field 391 52.4%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 38.7%
Field 394 61.3%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 70.0%
Field 397 30.0%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 79.3%
Field 400 20.7%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 66.0%
Field 403 34.0%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 100.0%
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 98.5%
Field 409 1.5%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 75.8%
Field 412 24.2%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 64.5%
Field 415 35.5%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 92.4%
Field 418 7.6%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 75.0%
Field 421 25.0%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 95.5%
Field 424 4.5%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 665,824
Less than high school diploma 32.6%
High school diploma or GED 20.4%
Some college or associate's degree 17.5%
Bachelor's degree 16.2%
Graduate or professional degree 13.4%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 23.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher 9.9%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2015 91.5%
% change: 1990-2000 456.5%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2015 165.1%
% change: 1990-2000 152.1%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 263,126
Less than high school diploma 15.1%
High school diploma or GED 18.9%
Some college or associate's degree 25%
Bachelor's degree 22%
Graduate or professional degree 19%
Noncitizens (%) 402,698
Less than high school diploma 44%
High school diploma or GED 21.3%
Some college or associate's degree 12.6%
Bachelor's degree 12.5%
Graduate or professional degree 9.6%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 6,096,820
Less than high school diploma 11.4%
High school diploma or GED 27.1%
Some college or associate's degree 32.1%
Bachelor's degree 19.2%
Graduate or professional degree 10.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -33.7%
% change: 1990-2000 -16.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 62.9%
% change: 1990-2000 54.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 296,126
Less than high school diploma 38.2%
High school diploma or GED 18.3%
Some college or associate's degree 18.3%
Bachelor's degree 13.8%
Graduate or professional degree 11.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 9.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,990,153
Less than high school diploma 20.9%
High school diploma or GED 29.2%
Some college or associate's degree 27.8%
Bachelor's degree 15.1%
Graduate or professional degree 6.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 90,990
Less than high school diploma 22.4%
High school diploma or GED 21.0%
Some college or associate's degree 24.2%
Bachelor's degree 16.8%
Graduate or professional degree 15.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 1.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,155,306
Less than high school diploma 30.1%
High school diploma or GED 29.2%
Some college or associate's degree 23.6%
Bachelor's degree 12.0%
Graduate or professional degree 5.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.