E.g., 02/13/2016
E.g., 02/13/2016

State Language Data - NC

North Carolina

Language & Education
2014
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 755,705
Speak only English 17.5%
Speak English "very well" 34.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 47.7%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2014 62.0%
% change: 1990-2000 526.8%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 268,255
Speak only English 27.6%
Speak English "very well" 45.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 26.8%
Noncitizens 487,450
Speak only English 12%
Speak English "very well" 28.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 59.2%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 8,586,717
Speak only English 95.1%
Speak English ""very well"" 4.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.0%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 8.3%
% change: 1990-2000 44.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 420,957
Speak only English 17.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 29.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 52.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 7,092,208
Speak only English 96.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 114,822
Speak only English 33.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 6,042,849
Speak only English 97.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,689,026
Speak only English 1,441,972
Speak language other than English 247,054
Speak English "very well"
190,433
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
56,621
Speak Spanish 196,087
Speak English "very well"
147,638
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
48,449
Ages 18-64 6,192,247
Speak only English 5,449,956
Speak language other than English 742,291
Speak English "very well"
386,183
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
356,108
Speak Spanish 476,079
Speak English "very well"
211,425
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
264,654
65 and Older 1,461,149
Speak only English 1,403,223
Speak language other than English 57,926
Speak English "very well"
28,640
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
29,286
Speak Spanish 23,239
Speak English "very well"
10,480
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
12,759
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 85.4%
Speak language other than English 14.6%
Speak English "very well" 11.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.4%
Speak Spanish 11.6%
Speak English "very well" 8.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.9%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 88.0%
Speak language other than English 12.0%
Speak English "very well" 6.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 5.8%
Speak Spanish 7.7%
Speak English "very well" 3.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.3%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 96.0%
Speak language other than English 4.0%
Speak English "very well" 2.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.0%
Speak Spanish 1.6%
Speak English "very well" 0.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.9%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 9,342,422
Speak only English 8,295,151
Speak language other than English 1,047,271
Spanish or Spanish Creole 695,405
Speak English "very well" 369,543
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 325,862
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 29,646
Speak English "very well" 22,976
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,670
French Creole 3,613
Speak English "very well" 2,381
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,232
Italian 6,758
Speak English "very well" 5,264
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,494
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 7,978
Speak English "very well" 4,960
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,018
German 19,722
Speak English "very well" 17,699
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,023
Yiddish 248
Speak English "very well" 209
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 39
Other West Germanic Languages 2,945
Speak English "very well" 2,634
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 311
Scandinavian Languages 1,844
Speak English "very well" 1,615
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 229
Greek 6,918
Speak English "very well" 5,296
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,622
Russian 7,784
Speak English "very well" 5,095
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,689
Polish 2,548
Speak English "very well" 1,925
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 623
Serbo-Croatian 3,778
Speak English "very well" 2,610
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,168
Other Slavic Languages 4,410
Speak English "very well" 3,098
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,312
Armenian 294
Speak English "very well" 112
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 182
Persian 3,281
Speak English "very well" 2,357
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 924
Gujarati 10,271
Speak English "very well" 6,529
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,742
Hindi 20,404
Speak English "very well" 16,424
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,980
Urdu 7,655
Speak English "very well" 5,365
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,290
Other Indic Languages 12,329
Speak English "very well" 7,831
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,498
Other Indo-European Languages 4,460
Speak English "very well" 3,481
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 979
Chinese 33,985
Speak English "very well" 16,597
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 17,388
Japanese 5,627
Speak English "very well" 3,231
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,396
Korean 14,644
Speak English "very well" 8,163
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,481
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 3,839
Speak English "very well" 1,880
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,959
Hmong 8,800
Speak English "very well" 4,939
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,861
Thai 1,152
Speak English "very well" 804
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 348
Laotian 5,531
Speak English "very well" 3,255
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,276
Vietnamese 21,530
Speak English "very well" 9,471
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 12,059
Other Asian Languages 25,985
Speak English "very well" 16,918
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,067
Tagalog 15,679
Speak English "very well" 11,755
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,924
Other Pacific Island Languages 4,159
Speak English "very well" 2,950
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,209
Navajo 207
Speak English "very well" 207
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 977
Speak English "very well" 824
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 153
Hungarian 2,147
Speak English "very well" 1,721
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 426
Arabic 26,472
Speak English "very well" 18,657
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,815
Hebrew 879
Speak English "very well" 825
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 54
African Languages 22,664
Speak English "very well" 15,174
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,490
Other and Unspecified Languages 703
Speak English "very well" 481
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 222
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 88.8%
Field 308 11.2%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 53.1%
Field 310 46.9%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 77.5%
Field 315 22.5%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 65.9%
Field 316 34.1%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 77.9%
Field 319 22.1%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 62.2%
Field 322 37.8%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 89.7%
Field 325 10.3%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 84.3%
Field 328 15.7%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 89.4%
Field 331 10.6%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 87.6%
Field 334 12.4%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 76.6%
Field 337 23.4%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 65.5%
Field 340 34.5%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 75.5%
Field 343 24.5%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 69.1%
Field 346 30.9%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 70.2%
Field 349 29.8%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 38.1%
Field 352 61.9%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 71.8%
Field 355 28.2%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 63.6%
Field 358 36.4%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 80.5%
Field 361 19.5%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 70.1%
Field 364 29.9%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 63.5%
Field 367 36.5%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 78.0%
Field 370 22.0%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 48.8%
Field 373 51.2%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 57.4%
Field 376 42.6%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 55.7%
Field 379 44.3%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 49.0%
Field 382 51.0%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 56.1%
Field 385 43.9%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 69.8%
Field 388 30.2%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 58.9%
Field 391 41.1%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 44.0%
Field 394 56.0%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 65.1%
Field 397 34.9%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 75.0%
Field 400 25.0%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 70.9%
Field 403 29.1%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 100.0%
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 84.3%
Field 409 15.7%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 80.2%
Field 412 19.8%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 70.5%
Field 415 29.5%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 93.9%
Field 418 6.1%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 67.0%
Field 421 33.0%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 68.4%
Field 424 31.6%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 631,276
Less than high school diploma 34.8%
High school diploma or GED 21.6%
Some college or associate's degree 16.5%
Bachelor's degree 15.2%
Graduate or professional degree 11.9%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 24.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 8.9%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2014 94.2%
% change: 1990-2000 456.5%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2014 130.2%
% change: 1990-2000 152.1%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 234,938
Less than high school diploma 16.6%
High school diploma or GED 20.7%
Some college or associate's degree 24.1%
Bachelor's degree 22.1%
Graduate or professional degree 16.4%
Noncitizens (%) 396,338
Less than high school diploma 45.6%
High school diploma or GED 22.1%
Some college or associate's degree 12%
Bachelor's degree 11.1%
Graduate or professional degree 9.2%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 6,030,661
Less than high school diploma 11.3%
High school diploma or GED 27.1%
Some college or associate's degree 32.7%
Bachelor's degree 19.0%
Graduate or professional degree 9.9%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -34.7%
% change: 1990-2000 -16.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 58.2%
% change: 1990-2000 54.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 296,126
Less than high school diploma 38.2%
High school diploma or GED 18.3%
Some college or associate's degree 18.3%
Bachelor's degree 13.8%
Graduate or professional degree 11.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 9.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,990,153
Less than high school diploma 20.9%
High school diploma or GED 29.2%
Some college or associate's degree 27.8%
Bachelor's degree 15.1%
Graduate or professional degree 6.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 90,990
Less than high school diploma 22.4%
High school diploma or GED 21.0%
Some college or associate's degree 24.2%
Bachelor's degree 16.8%
Graduate or professional degree 15.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 1.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,155,306
Less than high school diploma 30.1%
High school diploma or GED 29.2%
Some college or associate's degree 23.6%
Bachelor's degree 12.0%
Graduate or professional degree 5.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2014 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.