E.g., 06/27/2015
E.g., 06/27/2015

State Language Data - MO

Missouri

Language & Education
2013
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 230,550
Speak only English 19.7%
Speak English "very well" 40.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 40.2%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2013 52.9%
% change: 1990-2000 133.9%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

 
Naturalized citizens 105,117
Speak only English 27.8%
Speak English "very well" 41.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30.7%
Noncitizens 125,433
Speak only English 12.9%
Speak English "very well" 38.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 48.2%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 5,439,388
Speak only English 97.3%
Speak English ""very well"" 2.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.5%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -37.7%
% change: 1990-2000 8.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 147,656
Speak only English 23.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 41.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 5,078,366
Speak only English 97.0%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 81,794
Speak only English 33.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 31.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,653,063
Speak only English 97.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,024,842
Speak only English 957,537
Speak language other than English 67,305
Speak English "very well"
53,506
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
13,799
Speak Spanish 36,457
Speak English "very well"
29,089
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
7,368
Ages 18-64 3,736,738
Speak only English 3,503,993
Speak language other than English 232,745
Speak English "very well"
142,288
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
90,457
Speak Spanish 97,016
Speak English "very well"
56,732
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
40,284
65 and Older 908,358
Speak only English 877,640
Speak language other than English 30,718
Speak English "very well"
15,880
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
14,838
Speak Spanish 9,096
Speak English "very well"
4,679
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
4,417
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 93.4%
Speak language other than English 6.6%
Speak English "very well" 5.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.3%
Speak Spanish 3.6%
Speak English "very well" 2.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.7%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 93.8%
Speak language other than English 6.2%
Speak English "very well" 3.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.4%
Speak Spanish 2.6%
Speak English "very well" 1.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.1%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 96.6%
Speak language other than English 3.4%
Speak English "very well" 1.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.6%
Speak Spanish 1.0%
Speak English "very well" 0.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.5%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 5,669,938
Speak only English 5,339,170
Speak language other than English 330,768
Spanish or Spanish Creole 142,569
Speak English "very well" 90,500
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 52,069
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 12,416
Speak English "very well" 10,877
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,539
French Creole 299
Speak English "very well" 156
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 143
Italian 3,860
Speak English "very well" 2,825
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,035
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 4,224
Speak English "very well" 3,330
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 894
German 21,779
Speak English "very well" 16,042
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,737
Yiddish N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other West Germanic Languages 7,922
Speak English "very well" 6,019
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,903
Scandinavian Languages 511
Speak English "very well" 511
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Greek 829
Speak English "very well" 438
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 391
Russian 10,278
Speak English "very well" 5,532
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,746
Polish 1,195
Speak English "very well" 1,088
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 107
Serbo-Croatian 12,612
Speak English "very well" 6,675
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,937
Other Slavic Languages 1,400
Speak English "very well" 1,199
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 201
Armenian 187
Speak English "very well" 187
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian 1,745
Speak English "very well" 1,193
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 552
Gujarati 2,109
Speak English "very well" 1,329
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 780
Hindi 5,086
Speak English "very well" 4,510
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 576
Urdu 3,361
Speak English "very well" 2,655
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 706
Other Indic Languages 6,812
Speak English "very well" 4,729
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,083
Other Indo-European Languages 3,096
Speak English "very well" 1,495
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,601
Chinese 18,919
Speak English "very well" 9,156
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,763
Japanese 1,704
Speak English "very well" 770
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 934
Korean 8,036
Speak English "very well" 3,291
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,745
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 308
Speak English "very well" 91
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 217
Hmong 462
Speak English "very well" 78
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 384
Thai 776
Speak English "very well" 342
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 434
Laotian 1,016
Speak English "very well" 746
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 270
Vietnamese 12,950
Speak English "very well" 6,158
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,792
Other Asian Languages 10,287
Speak English "very well" 7,633
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,654
Tagalog 7,405
Speak English "very well" 5,244
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,161
Other Pacific Island Languages 2,127
Speak English "very well" 1,733
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 394
Navajo 21
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 21
Other Native North American Languages 773
Speak English "very well" 773
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Hungarian 503
Speak English "very well" 459
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 44
Arabic 10,392
Speak English "very well" 5,221
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,171
Hebrew 1,460
Speak English "very well" 1,275
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 185
African Languages 10,456
Speak English "very well" 6,703
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,753
Other and Unspecified Languages 883
Speak English "very well" 711
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 172
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 94.2%
Field 308 5.8%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 63.5%
Field 310 36.5%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 87.6%
Field 315 12.4%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 52.2%
Field 316 47.8%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 73.2%
Field 319 26.8%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 78.8%
Field 322 21.2%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 73.7%
Field 325 26.3%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 N
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 76.0%
Field 331 24.0%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 100.0%
Field 334 N
Field 337 100%
Field 337 52.8%
Field 337 47.2%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 53.8%
Field 340 46.2%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 91.0%
Field 343 9.0%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 52.9%
Field 346 47.1%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 85.6%
Field 349 14.4%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 100.0%
Field 352 N
Field 355 100%
Field 355 68.4%
Field 355 31.6%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 63.0%
Field 358 37.0%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 88.7%
Field 361 11.3%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 79.0%
Field 364 21.0%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 69.4%
Field 367 30.6%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 48.3%
Field 370 51.7%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 48.4%
Field 373 51.6%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 45.2%
Field 376 54.8%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 41.0%
Field 379 59.0%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 29.5%
Field 382 70.5%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 16.9%
Field 385 83.1%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 44.1%
Field 388 55.9%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 73.4%
Field 391 26.6%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 47.6%
Field 394 52.4%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 74.2%
Field 397 25.8%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 70.8%
Field 400 29.2%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 81.5%
Field 403 18.5%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 N
Field 406 100.0%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 100.0%
Field 409 N
Field 412 100%
Field 412 91.3%
Field 412 8.7%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 50.2%
Field 415 49.8%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 87.3%
Field 418 12.7%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 64.1%
Field 421 35.9%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 80.5%
Field 424 19.5%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 184,907
Less than high school diploma 23.6%
High school diploma or GED 21.5%
Some college or associate's degree 18.4%
Bachelor's degree 17.6%
Graduate or professional degree 18.9%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 9.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.2%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2013 43.2%
% change: 1990-2000 59.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2013 65.0%
% change: 1990-2000 93.8%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 91,128
Less than high school diploma 16.3%
High school diploma or GED 21.7%
Some college or associate's degree 22.5%
Bachelor's degree 19%
Graduate or professional degree 20.5%
Noncitizens (%) 93,779
Less than high school diploma 30.7%
High school diploma or GED 21.3%
Some college or associate's degree 14.4%
Bachelor's degree 16.3%
Graduate or professional degree 17.3%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,862,376
Less than high school diploma 10.7%
High school diploma or GED 32.0%
Some college or associate's degree 30.8%
Bachelor's degree 16.9%
Graduate or professional degree 9.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -35.9%
% change: 1990-2000 -23.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 36.4%
% change: 1990-2000 34.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 115,662
Less than high school diploma 26.3%
High school diploma or GED 20.1%
Some college or associate's degree 18.2%
Bachelor's degree 16.4%
Graduate or professional degree 19.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 4.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,521,800
Less than high school diploma 18.3%
High school diploma or GED 33.1%
Some college or associate's degree 27.3%
Bachelor's degree 13.9%
Graduate or professional degree 7.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 67,541
Less than high school diploma 28.3%
High school diploma or GED 21.1%
Some college or associate's degree 19.3%
Bachelor's degree 14.6%
Graduate or professional degree 16.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 2.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,217,654
Less than high school diploma 26.2%
High school diploma or GED 33.6%
Some college or associate's degree 22.9%
Bachelor's degree 11.5%
Graduate or professional degree 5.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2013 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.​
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS.