E.g., 04/26/2017
E.g., 04/26/2017

State Language Data - MO

Missouri

Language & Education
2015
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 240,563
Speak only English 21.7%
Speak English "very well" 38.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 39.9%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 58.5%
% change: 1990-2000 133.9%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 107,316
Speak only English 30.7%
Speak English "very well" 41.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 27.9%
Noncitizens 133,247
Speak only English 14.4%
Speak English "very well" 35.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 49.7%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 5,468,739
Speak only English 97.2%
Speak English ""very well"" 2.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.5%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -41.4%
% change: 1990-2000 8.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 147,656
Speak only English 23.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 41.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 5,078,366
Speak only English 97.0%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 81,794
Speak only English 33.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 31.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,653,063
Speak only English 97.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,018,196
Speak only English 948,700
Speak language other than English 69,496
Speak English "very well"
54,500
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
14,996
Speak Spanish 36,342
Speak English "very well"
29,694
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
6,648
Ages 18-64 3,740,158
Speak only English 3,495,581
Speak language other than English 244,577
Speak English "very well"
151,023
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
93,554
Speak Spanish 103,955
Speak English "very well"
58,325
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
45,630
65 and Older 950,948
Speak only English 923,198
Speak language other than English 27,750
Speak English "very well"
15,364
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
12,386
Speak Spanish 8,725
Speak English "very well"
4,513
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
4,212
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 93.2%
Speak language other than English 6.8%
Speak English "very well" 5.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.5%
Speak Spanish 3.6%
Speak English "very well" 2.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.7%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 93.5%
Speak language other than English 6.5%
Speak English "very well" 4.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.5%
Speak Spanish 2.8%
Speak English "very well" 1.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.2%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 97.1%
Speak language other than English 2.9%
Speak English "very well" 1.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.3%
Speak Spanish 0.9%
Speak English "very well" 0.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.4%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 5,709,302
Speak only English 5,367,479
Speak language other than English 341,823
Spanish or Spanish Creole 149,022
Speak English "very well" 92,532
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 56,490
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 10,932
Speak English "very well" 8,296
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,636
French Creole 940
Speak English "very well" 676
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 264
Italian 2,468
Speak English "very well" 2,061
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 407
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 1,871
Speak English "very well" 1,429
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 442
German 21,423
Speak English "very well" 16,874
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,549
Yiddish 134
Speak English "very well" 134
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other West Germanic Languages 11,259
Speak English "very well" 9,133
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,126
Scandinavian Languages 415
Speak English "very well" 333
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 82
Greek 1,223
Speak English "very well" 1,034
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 189
Russian 5,614
Speak English "very well" 3,863
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,751
Polish 1,367
Speak English "very well" 1,226
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 141
Serbo-Croatian 9,368
Speak English "very well" 5,963
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,405
Other Slavic Languages 1,254
Speak English "very well" 921
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 333
Armenian 154
Speak English "very well" 154
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian 1,134
Speak English "very well" 680
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 454
Gujarati 5,336
Speak English "very well" 3,029
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,307
Hindi 4,095
Speak English "very well" 3,372
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 723
Urdu 2,784
Speak English "very well" 2,035
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 749
Other Indic Languages 6,613
Speak English "very well" 5,389
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,224
Other Indo-European Languages 3,752
Speak English "very well" 2,367
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,385
Chinese 20,485
Speak English "very well" 10,459
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10,026
Japanese 3,808
Speak English "very well" 2,198
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,610
Korean 5,291
Speak English "very well" 3,237
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,054
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 360
Speak English "very well" 295
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 65
Hmong 1,600
Speak English "very well" 574
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,026
Thai 1,904
Speak English "very well" 991
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 913
Laotian 508
Speak English "very well" 278
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 230
Vietnamese 12,145
Speak English "very well" 4,699
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,446
Other Asian Languages 13,582
Speak English "very well" 10,224
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,358
Tagalog 6,126
Speak English "very well" 4,657
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,469
Other Pacific Island Languages 3,243
Speak English "very well" 2,026
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,217
Navajo N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 997
Speak English "very well" 933
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 64
Hungarian 255
Speak English "very well" 61
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 194
Arabic 12,975
Speak English "very well" 7,767
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,208
Hebrew 1,577
Speak English "very well" 1,186
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 391
African Languages 15,486
Speak English "very well" 9,535
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,951
Other and Unspecified Languages 323
Speak English "very well" 266
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 57
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 94.0%
Field 308 6.0%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 62.1%
Field 310 37.9%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 75.9%
Field 315 24.1%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 71.9%
Field 316 28.1%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 83.5%
Field 319 16.5%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 76.4%
Field 322 23.6%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 78.8%
Field 325 21.2%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 100.0%
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 81.1%
Field 331 18.9%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 80.2%
Field 334 19.8%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 84.5%
Field 337 15.5%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 68.8%
Field 340 31.2%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 89.7%
Field 343 10.3%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 63.7%
Field 346 36.3%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 73.4%
Field 349 26.6%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 100.0%
Field 352 N
Field 355 100%
Field 355 60.0%
Field 355 40.0%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 56.8%
Field 358 43.2%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 82.3%
Field 361 17.7%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 73.1%
Field 364 26.9%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 81.5%
Field 367 18.5%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 63.1%
Field 370 36.9%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 51.1%
Field 373 48.9%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 57.7%
Field 376 42.3%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 61.2%
Field 379 38.8%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 81.9%
Field 382 18.1%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 35.9%
Field 385 64.1%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 52.0%
Field 388 48.0%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 54.7%
Field 391 45.3%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 38.7%
Field 394 61.3%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 75.3%
Field 397 24.7%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 76.0%
Field 400 24.0%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 62.5%
Field 403 37.5%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 N
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 93.6%
Field 409 6.4%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 23.9%
Field 412 76.1%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 59.9%
Field 415 40.1%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 75.2%
Field 418 24.8%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 61.6%
Field 421 38.4%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 82.4%
Field 424 17.6%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 194,210
Less than high school diploma 24.0%
High school diploma or GED 19.9%
Some college or associate's degree 18.1%
Bachelor's degree 18.4%
Graduate or professional degree 19.5%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 10.3%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.5%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2015 53.2%
% change: 1990-2000 59.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2015 80.2%
% change: 1990-2000 93.8%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 91,224
Less than high school diploma 15.9%
High school diploma or GED 19.7%
Some college or associate's degree 22.6%
Bachelor's degree 21%
Graduate or professional degree 20.8%
Noncitizens (%) 102,986
Less than high school diploma 31.2%
High school diploma or GED 20.1%
Some college or associate's degree 14.1%
Bachelor's degree 16.1%
Graduate or professional degree 18.4%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,903,002
Less than high school diploma 10.4%
High school diploma or GED 31.5%
Some college or associate's degree 30.7%
Bachelor's degree 17.2%
Graduate or professional degree 10.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -37.0%
% change: 1990-2000 -23.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 42.2%
% change: 1990-2000 34.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 115,662
Less than high school diploma 26.3%
High school diploma or GED 20.1%
Some college or associate's degree 18.2%
Bachelor's degree 16.4%
Graduate or professional degree 19.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 4.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,521,800
Less than high school diploma 18.3%
High school diploma or GED 33.1%
Some college or associate's degree 27.3%
Bachelor's degree 13.9%
Graduate or professional degree 7.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 67,541
Less than high school diploma 28.3%
High school diploma or GED 21.1%
Some college or associate's degree 19.3%
Bachelor's degree 14.6%
Graduate or professional degree 16.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 2.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,217,654
Less than high school diploma 26.2%
High school diploma or GED 33.6%
Some college or associate's degree 22.9%
Bachelor's degree 11.5%
Graduate or professional degree 5.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.