E.g., 09/28/2016
E.g., 09/28/2016

State Language Data - MO

Missouri

Language & Education
2014
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 222,973
Speak only English 21.4%
Speak English "very well" 40.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 38.6%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2014 42.0%
% change: 1990-2000 133.9%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 102,170
Speak only English 30.1%
Speak English "very well" 42.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 27.1%
Noncitizens 120,803
Speak only English 14%
Speak English "very well" 37.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 48.3%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 5,468,392
Speak only English 97.4%
Speak English ""very well"" 2.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.4%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -42.7%
% change: 1990-2000 8.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 147,656
Speak only English 23.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 41.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 5,078,366
Speak only English 97.0%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 81,794
Speak only English 33.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 31.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,653,063
Speak only English 97.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,020,278
Speak only English 958,826
Speak language other than English 61,452
Speak English "very well"
46,467
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
14,985
Speak Spanish 30,750
Speak English "very well"
24,134
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
6,616
Ages 18-64 3,739,197
Speak only English 3,508,302
Speak language other than English 230,895
Speak English "very well"
146,992
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
83,903
Speak Spanish 92,705
Speak English "very well"
56,585
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
36,120
65 and Older 931,890
Speak only English 905,149
Speak language other than English 26,741
Speak English "very well"
15,240
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
11,501
Speak Spanish 7,530
Speak English "very well"
4,588
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
2,942
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 94.0%
Speak language other than English 6.0%
Speak English "very well" 4.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.5%
Speak Spanish 3.0%
Speak English "very well" 2.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.6%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 93.8%
Speak language other than English 6.2%
Speak English "very well" 3.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.2%
Speak Spanish 2.5%
Speak English "very well" 1.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.0%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 97.1%
Speak language other than English 2.9%
Speak English "very well" 1.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.2%
Speak Spanish 0.8%
Speak English "very well" 0.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.3%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 5,691,365
Speak only English 5,372,277
Speak language other than English 319,088
Spanish or Spanish Creole 130,985
Speak English "very well" 85,307
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 45,678
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 11,997
Speak English "very well" 9,992
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,005
French Creole 478
Speak English "very well" 365
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 113
Italian 3,234
Speak English "very well" 2,678
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 556
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 3,222
Speak English "very well" 2,312
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 910
German 17,554
Speak English "very well" 13,005
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,549
Yiddish 60
Speak English "very well" 60
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other West Germanic Languages 10,988
Speak English "very well" 7,672
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,316
Scandinavian Languages 1,035
Speak English "very well" 956
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 79
Greek 875
Speak English "very well" 707
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 168
Russian 5,949
Speak English "very well" 3,754
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,195
Polish 1,085
Speak English "very well" 586
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 499
Serbo-Croatian 10,423
Speak English "very well" 5,842
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,581
Other Slavic Languages 1,196
Speak English "very well" 764
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 432
Armenian 247
Speak English "very well" 247
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian 1,629
Speak English "very well" 854
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 775
Gujarati 2,947
Speak English "very well" 2,025
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 922
Hindi 6,551
Speak English "very well" 4,976
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,575
Urdu 8,740
Speak English "very well" 6,266
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,474
Other Indic Languages 4,587
Speak English "very well" 2,928
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,659
Other Indo-European Languages 4,766
Speak English "very well" 3,255
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,511
Chinese 18,548
Speak English "very well" 8,535
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10,013
Japanese 2,797
Speak English "very well" 1,724
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,073
Korean 7,363
Speak English "very well" 2,989
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,374
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 691
Speak English "very well" 309
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 382
Hmong 1,305
Speak English "very well" 934
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 371
Thai 889
Speak English "very well" 491
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 398
Laotian 193
Speak English "very well" 193
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Vietnamese 12,760
Speak English "very well" 6,491
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,269
Other Asian Languages 8,566
Speak English "very well" 6,484
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,082
Tagalog 8,353
Speak English "very well" 6,698
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,655
Other Pacific Island Languages 1,583
Speak English "very well" 1,217
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 366
Navajo N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 1,160
Speak English "very well" 1,160
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Hungarian 1,379
Speak English "very well" 945
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 434
Arabic 8,268
Speak English "very well" 4,767
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,501
Hebrew 979
Speak English "very well" 904
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 75
African Languages 15,415
Speak English "very well" 10,016
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,399
Other and Unspecified Languages 291
Speak English "very well" 291
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 94.4%
Field 308 5.6%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 65.1%
Field 310 34.9%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 83.3%
Field 315 16.7%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 76.4%
Field 316 23.6%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 82.8%
Field 319 17.2%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 71.8%
Field 322 28.2%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 74.1%
Field 325 25.9%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 100.0%
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 69.8%
Field 331 30.2%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 92.4%
Field 334 7.6%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 80.8%
Field 337 19.2%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 63.1%
Field 340 36.9%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 54.0%
Field 343 46.0%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 56.0%
Field 346 44.0%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 63.9%
Field 349 36.1%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 100.0%
Field 352 N
Field 355 100%
Field 355 52.4%
Field 355 47.6%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 68.7%
Field 358 31.3%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 76.0%
Field 361 24.0%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 71.7%
Field 364 28.3%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 63.8%
Field 367 36.2%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 68.3%
Field 370 31.7%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 46.0%
Field 373 54.0%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 61.6%
Field 376 38.4%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 40.6%
Field 379 59.4%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 44.7%
Field 382 55.3%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 71.6%
Field 385 28.4%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 55.2%
Field 388 44.8%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 100.0%
Field 391 N
Field 394 100%
Field 394 50.9%
Field 394 49.1%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 75.7%
Field 397 24.3%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 80.2%
Field 400 19.8%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 76.9%
Field 403 23.1%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 N
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 100.0%
Field 409 N
Field 412 100%
Field 412 68.5%
Field 412 31.5%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 57.7%
Field 415 42.3%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 92.3%
Field 418 7.7%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 65.0%
Field 421 35.0%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 100.0%
Field 424 N
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 181,095
Less than high school diploma 21.2%
High school diploma or GED 20.5%
Some college or associate's degree 19.2%
Bachelor's degree 19.1%
Graduate or professional degree 20.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 8.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.3%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2014 26.3%
% change: 1990-2000 59.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2014 72.9%
% change: 1990-2000 93.8%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 88,155
Less than high school diploma 13.9%
High school diploma or GED 22.1%
Some college or associate's degree 21.4%
Bachelor's degree 22.8%
Graduate or professional degree 19.8%
Noncitizens (%) 92,940
Less than high school diploma 28.3%
High school diploma or GED 19%
Some college or associate's degree 17%
Bachelor's degree 15.6%
Graduate or professional degree 20.1%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,895,672
Less than high school diploma 10.7%
High school diploma or GED 31.9%
Some college or associate's degree 30.5%
Bachelor's degree 17.0%
Graduate or professional degree 10.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -35.7%
% change: 1990-2000 -23.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 39.9%
% change: 1990-2000 34.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 115,662
Less than high school diploma 26.3%
High school diploma or GED 20.1%
Some college or associate's degree 18.2%
Bachelor's degree 16.4%
Graduate or professional degree 19.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 4.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,521,800
Less than high school diploma 18.3%
High school diploma or GED 33.1%
Some college or associate's degree 27.3%
Bachelor's degree 13.9%
Graduate or professional degree 7.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 67,541
Less than high school diploma 28.3%
High school diploma or GED 21.1%
Some college or associate's degree 19.3%
Bachelor's degree 14.6%
Graduate or professional degree 16.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 2.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,217,654
Less than high school diploma 26.2%
High school diploma or GED 33.6%
Some college or associate's degree 22.9%
Bachelor's degree 11.5%
Graduate or professional degree 5.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2014 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.