E.g., 03/28/2017
E.g., 03/28/2017

State Language Data - MI

Michigan

Language & Education
2015
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 646,716
Speak only English 21.2%
Speak English "very well" 38.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 40.2%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 30.7%
% change: 1990-2000 97.9%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 341,879
Speak only English 25.7%
Speak English "very well" 41.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 32.4%
Noncitizens 304,837
Speak only English 16.3%
Speak English "very well" 34.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 49.0%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 8,705,205
Speak only English 95.7%
Speak English ""very well"" 3.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.7%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -39.8%
% change: 1990-2000 16.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 514,695
Speak only English 24.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 36.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 38.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 8,754,087
Speak only English 95.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 350,452
Speak only English 36.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 28.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 8,235,567
Speak only English 95.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,637,169
Speak only English 1,462,785
Speak language other than English 174,384
Speak English "very well"
143,740
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
30,644
Speak Spanish 67,675
Speak English "very well"
54,395
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
13,280
Ages 18-64 6,144,111
Speak only English 5,540,859
Speak language other than English 603,252
Speak English "very well"
368,999
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
234,253
Speak Spanish 184,908
Speak English "very well"
110,206
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
74,702
65 and Older 1,570,641
Speak only English 1,462,307
Speak language other than English 108,334
Speak English "very well"
55,611
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
52,723
Speak Spanish 21,830
Speak English "very well"
13,442
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
8,388
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 89.3%
Speak language other than English 10.7%
Speak English "very well" 8.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.9%
Speak Spanish 4.1%
Speak English "very well" 3.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.8%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 90.2%
Speak language other than English 9.8%
Speak English "very well" 6.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.8%
Speak Spanish 3.0%
Speak English "very well" 1.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.2%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 93.1%
Speak language other than English 6.9%
Speak English "very well" 3.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.4%
Speak Spanish 1.4%
Speak English "very well" 0.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.5%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 9,351,921
Speak only English 8,465,951
Speak language other than English 885,970
Spanish or Spanish Creole 274,413
Speak English "very well" 178,043
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 96,370
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 19,343
Speak English "very well" 15,331
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,012
French Creole 2,143
Speak English "very well" 1,628
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 515
Italian 17,836
Speak English "very well" 12,969
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,867
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 4,993
Speak English "very well" 3,763
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,230
German 30,373
Speak English "very well" 25,399
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,974
Yiddish 892
Speak English "very well" 892
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other West Germanic Languages 10,359
Speak English "very well" 7,724
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,635
Scandinavian Languages 1,896
Speak English "very well" 1,871
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 25
Greek 7,086
Speak English "very well" 4,519
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,567
Russian 9,561
Speak English "very well" 5,345
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,216
Polish 18,966
Speak English "very well" 12,880
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,086
Serbo-Croatian 16,600
Speak English "very well" 10,549
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,051
Other Slavic Languages 10,925
Speak English "very well" 6,144
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,781
Armenian 3,429
Speak English "very well" 2,137
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,292
Persian 3,409
Speak English "very well" 2,103
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,306
Gujarati 8,898
Speak English "very well" 6,501
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,397
Hindi 18,597
Speak English "very well" 14,543
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,054
Urdu 13,291
Speak English "very well" 10,848
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,443
Other Indic Languages 38,036
Speak English "very well" 20,107
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 17,929
Other Indo-European Languages 36,396
Speak English "very well" 23,180
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13,216
Chinese 52,889
Speak English "very well" 25,763
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 27,126
Japanese 11,441
Speak English "very well" 5,492
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,949
Korean 16,096
Speak English "very well" 9,077
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,019
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 817
Speak English "very well" 618
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 199
Hmong 3,646
Speak English "very well" 1,718
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,928
Thai 1,018
Speak English "very well" 377
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 641
Laotian 4,418
Speak English "very well" 1,832
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,586
Vietnamese 15,600
Speak English "very well" 6,929
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,671
Other Asian Languages 31,563
Speak English "very well" 22,462
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,101
Tagalog 14,068
Speak English "very well" 10,138
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,930
Other Pacific Island Languages 2,226
Speak English "very well" 1,488
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 738
Navajo N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 2,425
Speak English "very well" 1,982
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 443
Hungarian 1,898
Speak English "very well" 1,456
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 442
Arabic 129,630
Speak English "very well" 79,720
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 49,910
Hebrew 1,602
Speak English "very well" 1,426
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 176
African Languages 14,391
Speak English "very well" 10,784
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,607
Other and Unspecified Languages 34,800
Speak English "very well" 20,612
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 14,188
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 90.5%
Field 308 9.5%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 64.9%
Field 310 35.1%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 79.3%
Field 315 20.7%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 76.0%
Field 316 24.0%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 72.7%
Field 319 27.3%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 75.4%
Field 322 24.6%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 83.6%
Field 325 16.4%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 100.0%
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 74.6%
Field 331 25.4%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 98.7%
Field 334 1.3%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 63.8%
Field 337 36.2%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 55.9%
Field 340 44.1%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 67.9%
Field 343 32.1%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 63.5%
Field 346 36.5%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 56.2%
Field 349 43.8%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 62.3%
Field 352 37.7%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 61.7%
Field 355 38.3%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 73.1%
Field 358 26.9%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 78.2%
Field 361 21.8%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 81.6%
Field 364 18.4%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 52.9%
Field 367 47.1%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 63.7%
Field 370 36.3%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 48.7%
Field 373 51.3%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 48.0%
Field 376 52.0%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 56.4%
Field 379 43.6%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 75.6%
Field 382 24.4%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 47.1%
Field 385 52.9%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 37.0%
Field 388 63.0%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 41.5%
Field 391 58.5%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 44.4%
Field 394 55.6%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 71.2%
Field 397 28.8%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 72.1%
Field 400 27.9%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 66.8%
Field 403 33.2%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 N
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 81.7%
Field 409 18.3%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 76.7%
Field 412 23.3%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 61.5%
Field 415 38.5%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 89.0%
Field 418 11.0%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 74.9%
Field 421 25.1%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 59.2%
Field 424 40.8%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 544,502
Less than high school diploma 21.4%
High school diploma or GED 19.7%
Some college or associate's degree 18.9%
Bachelor's degree 19.9%
Graduate or professional degree 20.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 17.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 11.6%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2015 -2.2%
% change: 1990-2000 9.6%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2015 58.9%
% change: 1990-2000 85.2%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 304,640
Less than high school diploma 17.9%
High school diploma or GED 20.7%
Some college or associate's degree 21.2%
Bachelor's degree 20.1%
Graduate or professional degree 20.1%
Noncitizens (%) 239,862
Less than high school diploma 26%
High school diploma or GED 18.5%
Some college or associate's degree 16%
Bachelor's degree 19.7%
Graduate or professional degree 19.8%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 6,183,845
Less than high school diploma 8.8%
High school diploma or GED 30.3%
Some college or associate's degree 34.2%
Bachelor's degree 16.8%
Graduate or professional degree 10.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -42.0%
% change: 1990-2000 -23.8%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 31.1%
% change: 1990-2000 34.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 412,309
Less than high school diploma 29.0%
High school diploma or GED 19.4%
Some college or associate's degree 18.5%
Bachelor's degree 16.5%
Graduate or professional degree 16.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 11.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 9.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 6,000,104
Less than high school diploma 15.7%
High school diploma or GED 32.1%
Some college or associate's degree 31.2%
Bachelor's degree 13.6%
Graduate or professional degree 7.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 306,901
Less than high school diploma 35.5%
High school diploma or GED 21.7%
Some college or associate's degree 18.8%
Bachelor's degree 12.1%
Graduate or professional degree 12.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 8.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 7.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 5,525,012
Less than high school diploma 22.4%
High school diploma or GED 33.1%
Some college or associate's degree 27.6%
Bachelor's degree 10.9%
Graduate or professional degree 6.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.