E.g., 12/09/2016
E.g., 12/09/2016

State Language Data - MI

Michigan

Language & Education
2014
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 629,903
Speak only English 20.8%
Speak English "very well" 38.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 40.7%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2014 28.9%
% change: 1990-2000 97.9%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 327,085
Speak only English 25.6%
Speak English "very well" 42.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 31.8%
Noncitizens 302,818
Speak only English 15.7%
Speak English "very well" 34%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 50.3%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 8,711,070
Speak only English 95.8%
Speak English ""very well"" 3.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.7%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -40.7%
% change: 1990-2000 16.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 514,695
Speak only English 24.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 36.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 38.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 8,754,087
Speak only English 95.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 350,452
Speak only English 36.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 28.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 8,235,567
Speak only English 95.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,654,732
Speak only English 1,485,964
Speak language other than English 168,768
Speak English "very well"
136,101
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
32,667
Speak Spanish 67,485
Speak English "very well"
54,586
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
12,899
Ages 18-64 6,155,174
Speak only English 5,565,805
Speak language other than English 589,369
Speak English "very well"
357,736
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
231,633
Speak Spanish 184,601
Speak English "very well"
112,406
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
72,195
65 and Older 1,531,067
Speak only English 1,426,781
Speak language other than English 104,286
Speak English "very well"
55,441
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
48,845
Speak Spanish 19,450
Speak English "very well"
11,193
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
8,257
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 89.8%
Speak language other than English 10.2%
Speak English "very well" 8.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.0%
Speak Spanish 4.1%
Speak English "very well" 3.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.8%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 90.4%
Speak language other than English 9.6%
Speak English "very well" 5.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.8%
Speak Spanish 3.0%
Speak English "very well" 1.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.2%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 93.2%
Speak language other than English 6.8%
Speak English "very well" 3.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.2%
Speak Spanish 1.3%
Speak English "very well" 0.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.5%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 9,340,973
Speak only English 8,478,550
Speak language other than English 862,423
Spanish or Spanish Creole 271,536
Speak English "very well" 178,185
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 93,351
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 20,621
Speak English "very well" 15,796
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,825
French Creole 1,381
Speak English "very well" 1,260
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 121
Italian 15,133
Speak English "very well" 10,121
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,012
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 4,469
Speak English "very well" 3,176
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,293
German 32,429
Speak English "very well" 27,139
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,290
Yiddish 450
Speak English "very well" 438
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 12
Other West Germanic Languages 9,362
Speak English "very well" 7,267
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,095
Scandinavian Languages 1,670
Speak English "very well" 1,513
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 157
Greek 10,123
Speak English "very well" 6,161
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,962
Russian 9,719
Speak English "very well" 5,909
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,810
Polish 21,153
Speak English "very well" 14,161
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,992
Serbo-Croatian 11,862
Speak English "very well" 6,899
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,963
Other Slavic Languages 10,397
Speak English "very well" 6,813
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,584
Armenian 2,470
Speak English "very well" 1,732
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 738
Persian 3,451
Speak English "very well" 2,324
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,127
Gujarati 8,926
Speak English "very well" 5,128
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,798
Hindi 17,537
Speak English "very well" 14,612
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,925
Urdu 14,067
Speak English "very well" 9,047
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,020
Other Indic Languages 32,371
Speak English "very well" 16,959
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 15,412
Other Indo-European Languages 28,244
Speak English "very well" 17,257
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10,987
Chinese 45,675
Speak English "very well" 21,247
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 24,428
Japanese 9,197
Speak English "very well" 4,909
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,288
Korean 19,047
Speak English "very well" 9,452
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,595
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 1,624
Speak English "very well" 282
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,342
Hmong 4,233
Speak English "very well" 2,986
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,247
Thai 2,523
Speak English "very well" 1,568
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 955
Laotian 2,799
Speak English "very well" 2,252
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 547
Vietnamese 13,025
Speak English "very well" 5,281
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,744
Other Asian Languages 29,971
Speak English "very well" 23,966
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,005
Tagalog 14,812
Speak English "very well" 11,963
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,849
Other Pacific Island Languages 2,271
Speak English "very well" 908
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,363
Navajo N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 2,636
Speak English "very well" 2,260
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 376
Hungarian 2,014
Speak English "very well" 1,624
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 390
Arabic 134,157
Speak English "very well" 74,936
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 59,221
Hebrew 2,168
Speak English "very well" 1,885
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 283
African Languages 15,529
Speak English "very well" 10,952
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,577
Other and Unspecified Languages 33,371
Speak English "very well" 20,910
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 12,461
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 90.8%
Field 308 9.2%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 65.6%
Field 310 34.4%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 76.6%
Field 315 23.4%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 91.2%
Field 316 8.8%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 66.9%
Field 319 33.1%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 71.1%
Field 322 28.9%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 83.7%
Field 325 16.3%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 97.3%
Field 328 2.7%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 77.6%
Field 331 22.4%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 90.6%
Field 334 9.4%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 60.9%
Field 337 39.1%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 60.8%
Field 340 39.2%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 66.9%
Field 343 33.1%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 58.2%
Field 346 41.8%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 65.5%
Field 349 34.5%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 70.1%
Field 352 29.9%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 67.3%
Field 355 32.7%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 57.5%
Field 358 42.5%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 83.3%
Field 361 16.7%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 64.3%
Field 364 35.7%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 52.4%
Field 367 47.6%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 61.1%
Field 370 38.9%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 46.5%
Field 373 53.5%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 53.4%
Field 376 46.6%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 49.6%
Field 379 50.4%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 17.4%
Field 382 82.6%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 70.5%
Field 385 29.5%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 62.1%
Field 388 37.9%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 80.5%
Field 391 19.5%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 40.5%
Field 394 59.5%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 80.0%
Field 397 20.0%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 80.8%
Field 400 19.2%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 40.0%
Field 403 60.0%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 N
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 85.7%
Field 409 14.3%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 80.6%
Field 412 19.4%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 55.9%
Field 415 44.1%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 86.9%
Field 418 13.1%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 70.5%
Field 421 29.5%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 62.7%
Field 424 37.3%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 525,544
Less than high school diploma 22.5%
High school diploma or GED 20.3%
Some college or associate's degree 17.9%
Bachelor's degree 19.2%
Graduate or professional degree 20.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 17.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 11.3%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2014 -0.9%
% change: 1990-2000 9.6%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2014 51.3%
% change: 1990-2000 85.2%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 292,086
Less than high school diploma 17.7%
High school diploma or GED 21%
Some college or associate's degree 20.9%
Bachelor's degree 19.8%
Graduate or professional degree 20.7%
Noncitizens (%) 233,458
Less than high school diploma 28.6%
High school diploma or GED 19.3%
Some college or associate's degree 14.1%
Bachelor's degree 18.5%
Graduate or professional degree 19.5%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 6,154,981
Less than high school diploma 9.1%
High school diploma or GED 30.5%
Some college or associate's degree 34.1%
Bachelor's degree 16.3%
Graduate or professional degree 10.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -40.6%
% change: 1990-2000 -23.8%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 28.5%
% change: 1990-2000 34.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 412,309
Less than high school diploma 29.0%
High school diploma or GED 19.4%
Some college or associate's degree 18.5%
Bachelor's degree 16.5%
Graduate or professional degree 16.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 11.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 9.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 6,000,104
Less than high school diploma 15.7%
High school diploma or GED 32.1%
Some college or associate's degree 31.2%
Bachelor's degree 13.6%
Graduate or professional degree 7.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 306,901
Less than high school diploma 35.5%
High school diploma or GED 21.7%
Some college or associate's degree 18.8%
Bachelor's degree 12.1%
Graduate or professional degree 12.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 8.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 7.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 5,525,012
Less than high school diploma 22.4%
High school diploma or GED 33.1%
Some college or associate's degree 27.6%
Bachelor's degree 10.9%
Graduate or professional degree 6.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2014 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.