E.g., 09/26/2017
E.g., 09/26/2017

State Language Data - ME

Maine

Language & Education
2015
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 44,415
Speak only English 40.6%
Speak English "very well" 29.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 29.9%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 80.3%
% change: 1990-2000 -10.0%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 25,330
Speak only English 45.8%
Speak English "very well" 32.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 21.4%
Noncitizens 20,694
Speak only English 36%
Speak English "very well" 30.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 33.7%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,221,061
Speak only English 95.9%
Speak English ""very well"" 3.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.6%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -57.9%
% change: 1990-2000 -19.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 36,196
Speak only English 46.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 32.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 20.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,167,968
Speak only English 93.6%
"Speak English ""very well"" 5.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 36,677
Speak only English 48.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 29.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 22.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,105,885
Speak only English 91.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 6.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 192,007
Speak only English 182,011
Speak language other than English 9,996
Speak English "very well"
8,133
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,863
Speak Spanish 1,956
Speak English "very well"
1,797
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
159
Ages 18-64 822,901
Speak only English 777,725
Speak language other than English 45,176
Speak English "very well"
32,504
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
12,672
Speak Spanish 7,817
Speak English "very well"
6,379
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,438
65 and Older 250,568
Speak only English 228,740
Speak language other than English 21,828
Speak English "very well"
16,032
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
5,796
Speak Spanish 932
Speak English "very well"
788
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
144
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 94.8%
Speak language other than English 5.2%
Speak English "very well" 4.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.0%
Speak Spanish 1.0%
Speak English "very well" 0.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.1%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 94.5%
Speak language other than English 5.5%
Speak English "very well" 3.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.5%
Speak Spanish 0.9%
Speak English "very well" 0.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.2%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 91.3%
Speak language other than English 8.7%
Speak English "very well" 6.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.3%
Speak Spanish 0.4%
Speak English "very well" 0.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.1%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 1,265,476
Speak only English 1,188,476
Speak language other than English 77,000
Spanish or Spanish Creole 10,705
Speak English "very well" 8,964
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,741
French (Including Patois and Cajun) N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
French Creole N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Italian N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
German N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Yiddish N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other West Germanic Languages N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Scandinavian Languages N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Greek N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Russian N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Polish N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Serbo-Croatian N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Slavic Languages N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Armenian N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Gujarati N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Hindi N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Urdu N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Indic Languages N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Indo-European Languages N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Chinese N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Japanese N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Korean N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Hmong N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Thai N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Laotian N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Vietnamese N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Asian Languages N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Tagalog N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Pacific Island Languages N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Navajo N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Hungarian N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Arabic N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Hebrew N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
African Languages N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other and Unspecified Languages N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 93.9%
Field 308 6.1%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 83.7%
Field 310 16.3%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 N
Field 315 N
Field 316 100%
Field 316 N
Field 316 N
Field 319 100%
Field 319 N
Field 319 N
Field 322 100%
Field 322 N
Field 322 N
Field 325 100%
Field 325 N
Field 325 N
Field 328 100%
Field 328 N
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 N
Field 331 N
Field 334 100%
Field 334 N
Field 334 N
Field 337 100%
Field 337 N
Field 337 N
Field 340 100%
Field 340 N
Field 340 N
Field 343 100%
Field 343 N
Field 343 N
Field 346 100%
Field 346 N
Field 346 N
Field 349 100%
Field 349 N
Field 349 N
Field 352 100%
Field 352 N
Field 352 N
Field 355 100%
Field 355 N
Field 355 N
Field 358 100%
Field 358 N
Field 358 N
Field 361 100%
Field 361 N
Field 361 N
Field 364 100%
Field 364 N
Field 364 N
Field 367 100%
Field 367 N
Field 367 N
Field 370 100%
Field 370 N
Field 370 N
Field 373 100%
Field 373 N
Field 373 N
Field 376 100%
Field 376 N
Field 376 N
Field 379 100%
Field 379 N
Field 379 N
Field 382 100%
Field 382 N
Field 382 N
Field 385 100%
Field 385 N
Field 385 N
Field 388 100%
Field 388 N
Field 388 N
Field 391 100%
Field 391 N
Field 391 N
Field 394 100%
Field 394 N
Field 394 N
Field 397 100%
Field 397 N
Field 397 N
Field 400 100%
Field 400 N
Field 400 N
Field 403 100%
Field 403 N
Field 403 N
Field 406 100%
Field 406 N
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 N
Field 409 N
Field 412 100%
Field 412 N
Field 412 N
Field 415 100%
Field 415 N
Field 415 N
Field 418 100%
Field 418 N
Field 418 N
Field 421 100%
Field 421 N
Field 421 N
Field 424 100%
Field 424 N
Field 424 N
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 37,124
Less than high school diploma 15.2%
High school diploma or GED 23.2%
Some college or associate's degree 27.5%
Bachelor's degree 18.2%
Graduate or professional degree 16.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 7.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.4%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2015 -33.1%
% change: 1990-2000 -33.2%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2015 58.9%
% change: 1990-2000 45.7%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 21,951
Less than high school diploma 16.9%
High school diploma or GED 24.9%
Some college or associate's degree 23.8%
Bachelor's degree 18.9%
Graduate or professional degree 15.6%
Noncitizens (%) 16,127
Less than high school diploma 20.3%
High school diploma or GED 22.1%
Some college or associate's degree 23.2%
Bachelor's degree 20.4%
Graduate or professional degree 14%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 924,116
Less than high school diploma 8.0%
High school diploma or GED 33.1%
Some college or associate's degree 29.0%
Bachelor's degree 19.6%
Graduate or professional degree 10.4%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -37.6%
% change: 1990-2000 -24.0%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 42.3%
% change: 1990-2000 37.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 31,340
Less than high school diploma 26.9%
High school diploma or GED 24.6%
Some college or associate's degree 23.1%
Bachelor's degree 13.4%
Graduate or professional degree 12.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 6.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 838,777
Less than high school diploma 14.1%
High school diploma or GED 36.7%
Some college or associate's degree 26.0%
Bachelor's degree 15.2%
Graduate or professional degree 8.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 33,265
Less than high school diploma 37.9%
High school diploma or GED 27.2%
Some college or associate's degree 18.5%
Bachelor's degree 9.2%
Graduate or professional degree 7.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 7.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 761,521
Less than high school diploma 20.5%
High school diploma or GED 37.7%
Some college or associate's degree 23.2%
Bachelor's degree 12.3%
Graduate or professional degree 6.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.