E.g., 09/29/2016
E.g., 09/29/2016

State Language Data - MD

Maryland

Language & Education
2014
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 884,130
Speak only English 24.1%
Speak English "very well" 39.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 36.4%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2014 67.1%
% change: 1990-2000 87.9%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 434,011
Speak only English 27.2%
Speak English "very well" 46.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 26.1%
Noncitizens 450,119
Speak only English 21.1%
Speak English "very well" 32.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 46.3%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,724,994
Speak only English 93.9%
Speak English ""very well"" 5.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -28.2%
% change: 1990-2000 20.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 511,881
Speak only English 22.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 39.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 37.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,433,162
Speak only English 94.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 307,273
Speak only English 27.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 38.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 33.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,116,970
Speak only English 95.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 983,892
Speak only English 818,713
Speak language other than English 165,179
Speak English "very well"
134,776
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
30,403
Speak Spanish 87,060
Speak English "very well"
70,823
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
16,237
Ages 18-64 3,803,061
Speak only English 3,106,671
Speak language other than English 696,390
Speak English "very well"
417,861
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
278,529
Speak Spanish 285,911
Speak English "very well"
140,418
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
145,493
65 and Older 822,171
Speak only English 722,718
Speak language other than English 99,453
Speak English "very well"
48,119
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
51,334
Speak Spanish 22,639
Speak English "very well"
9,525
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
13,114
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 83.2%
Speak language other than English 16.8%
Speak English "very well" 13.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.1%
Speak Spanish 8.8%
Speak English "very well" 7.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.7%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 81.7%
Speak language other than English 18.3%
Speak English "very well" 11.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 7.3%
Speak Spanish 7.5%
Speak English "very well" 3.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.8%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 87.9%
Speak language other than English 12.1%
Speak English "very well" 5.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 6.2%
Speak Spanish 2.8%
Speak English "very well" 1.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.6%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 5,609,124
Speak only English 4,648,102
Speak language other than English 961,022
Spanish or Spanish Creole 395,610
Speak English "very well" 220,766
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 174,844
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 49,488
Speak English "very well" 36,051
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13,437
French Creole 15,667
Speak English "very well" 10,255
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,412
Italian 10,054
Speak English "very well" 8,519
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,535
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 9,667
Speak English "very well" 6,634
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,033
German 17,789
Speak English "very well" 15,227
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,562
Yiddish 1,083
Speak English "very well" 1,016
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 67
Other West Germanic Languages 3,398
Speak English "very well" 2,822
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 576
Scandinavian Languages 1,185
Speak English "very well" 1,140
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 45
Greek 8,839
Speak English "very well" 7,222
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,617
Russian 22,463
Speak English "very well" 13,808
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,655
Polish 5,489
Speak English "very well" 3,906
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,583
Serbo-Croatian 2,319
Speak English "very well" 1,989
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 330
Other Slavic Languages 5,536
Speak English "very well" 4,092
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,444
Armenian 2,486
Speak English "very well" 1,502
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 984
Persian 13,722
Speak English "very well" 8,416
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,306
Gujarati 14,342
Speak English "very well" 11,053
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,289
Hindi 20,208
Speak English "very well" 14,889
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,319
Urdu 22,641
Speak English "very well" 14,654
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,987
Other Indic Languages 25,204
Speak English "very well" 16,043
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,161
Other Indo-European Languages 12,302
Speak English "very well" 9,434
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,868
Chinese 68,417
Speak English "very well" 36,310
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 32,107
Japanese 7,248
Speak English "very well" 4,490
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,758
Korean 38,516
Speak English "very well" 15,957
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 22,559
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 1,656
Speak English "very well" 933
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 723
Hmong 394
Speak English "very well" 154
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 240
Thai 2,831
Speak English "very well" 1,992
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 839
Laotian 415
Speak English "very well" 186
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 229
Vietnamese 23,676
Speak English "very well" 10,241
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13,435
Other Asian Languages 27,522
Speak English "very well" 21,258
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,264
Tagalog 33,527
Speak English "very well" 24,993
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,534
Other Pacific Island Languages 4,093
Speak English "very well" 2,628
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,465
Navajo N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 595
Speak English "very well" 595
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Hungarian 1,145
Speak English "very well" 1,038
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 107
Arabic 13,089
Speak English "very well" 9,984
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,105
Hebrew 5,510
Speak English "very well" 5,246
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 264
African Languages 71,563
Speak English "very well" 54,545
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 17,018
Other and Unspecified Languages 1,333
Speak English "very well" 768
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 565
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 82.9%
Field 308 17.1%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 55.8%
Field 310 44.2%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 72.8%
Field 315 27.2%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 65.5%
Field 316 34.5%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 84.7%
Field 319 15.3%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 68.6%
Field 322 31.4%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 85.6%
Field 325 14.4%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 93.8%
Field 328 6.2%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 83.0%
Field 331 17.0%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 96.2%
Field 334 3.8%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 81.7%
Field 337 18.3%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 61.5%
Field 340 38.5%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 71.2%
Field 343 28.8%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 85.8%
Field 346 14.2%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 73.9%
Field 349 26.1%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 60.4%
Field 352 39.6%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 61.3%
Field 355 38.7%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 77.1%
Field 358 22.9%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 73.7%
Field 361 26.3%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 64.7%
Field 364 35.3%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 63.7%
Field 367 36.3%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 76.7%
Field 370 23.3%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 53.1%
Field 373 46.9%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 61.9%
Field 376 38.1%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 41.4%
Field 379 58.6%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 56.3%
Field 382 43.7%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 39.1%
Field 385 60.9%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 70.4%
Field 388 29.6%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 44.8%
Field 391 55.2%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 43.3%
Field 394 56.7%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 77.2%
Field 397 22.8%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 74.5%
Field 400 25.5%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 64.2%
Field 403 35.8%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 N
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 100.0%
Field 409 N
Field 412 100%
Field 412 90.7%
Field 412 9.3%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 76.3%
Field 415 23.7%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 95.2%
Field 418 4.8%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 76.2%
Field 421 23.8%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 57.6%
Field 424 42.4%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 771,100
Less than high school diploma 20.6%
High school diploma or GED 19.4%
Some college or associate's degree 18.7%
Bachelor's degree 20.3%
Graduate or professional degree 21.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 37.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 20.5%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2014 75.6%
% change: 1990-2000 68.7%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2014 91.8%
% change: 1990-2000 82.5%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 400,045
Less than high school diploma 11%
High school diploma or GED 17.9%
Some college or associate's degree 21.7%
Bachelor's degree 24.2%
Graduate or professional degree 25.1%
Noncitizens (%) 371,055
Less than high school diploma 30.9%
High school diploma or GED 20.9%
Some college or associate's degree 15.4%
Bachelor's degree 16%
Graduate or professional degree 16.8%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,291,713
Less than high school diploma 8.0%
High school diploma or GED 27.2%
Some college or associate's degree 27.3%
Bachelor's degree 20.8%
Graduate or professional degree 16.7%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -44.3%
% change: 1990-2000 -23.4%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 32.8%
% change: 1990-2000 25.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 413,130
Less than high school diploma 21.9%
High school diploma or GED 17.7%
Some college or associate's degree 20.2%
Bachelor's degree 19.4%
Graduate or professional degree 20.9%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 16.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 15.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,082,441
Less than high school diploma 15.4%
High school diploma or GED 27.9%
Some college or associate's degree 26.6%
Bachelor's degree 17.7%
Graduate or professional degree 12.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 247,691
Less than high school diploma 21.7%
High school diploma or GED 19.4%
Some college or associate's degree 22.2%
Bachelor's degree 17.8%
Graduate or professional degree 19.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 8.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher 11.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,876,478
Less than high school diploma 21.5%
High school diploma or GED 28.7%
Some college or associate's degree 24.1%
Bachelor's degree 15.5%
Graduate or professional degree 10.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2014 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.