E.g., 07/29/2016
E.g., 07/29/2016

State Language Data - LA

Louisiana

Language & Education
2014
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 192,381
Speak only English 16.9%
Speak English "very well" 32.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 50.7%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2014 113.7%
% change: 1990-2000 40.0%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 77,743
Speak only English 23.6%
Speak English "very well" 42.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 33.8%
Noncitizens 114,638
Speak only English 12.3%
Speak English "very well" 25.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 62.1%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,151,841
Speak only English 95.0%
Speak English ""very well"" 4.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -52.6%
% change: 1990-2000 -27.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 114,770
Speak only English 19.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 40.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 39.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,038,597
Speak only English 92.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 5.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 85,320
Speak only English 21.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 39.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 38.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,774,495
Speak only English 91.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 6.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 809,330
Speak only English 758,864
Speak language other than English 50,466
Speak English "very well"
39,572
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
10,894
Speak Spanish 30,540
Speak English "very well"
23,335
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
7,205
Ages 18-64 2,903,722
Speak only English 2,656,668
Speak language other than English 247,054
Speak English "very well"
146,880
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
100,174
Speak Spanish 118,201
Speak English "very well"
56,126
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
62,075
65 and Older 631,170
Speak only English 562,729
Speak language other than English 68,441
Speak English "very well"
48,262
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
20,179
Speak Spanish 10,296
Speak English "very well"
5,269
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
5,027
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 93.8%
Speak language other than English 6.2%
Speak English "very well" 4.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.3%
Speak Spanish 3.8%
Speak English "very well" 2.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.9%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 91.5%
Speak language other than English 8.5%
Speak English "very well" 5.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.4%
Speak Spanish 4.1%
Speak English "very well" 1.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.1%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 89.2%
Speak language other than English 10.8%
Speak English "very well" 7.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.2%
Speak Spanish 1.6%
Speak English "very well" 0.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.8%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 4,344,222
Speak only English 3,978,261
Speak language other than English 365,961
Spanish or Spanish Creole 159,037
Speak English "very well" 84,730
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 74,307
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 102,248
Speak English "very well" 86,739
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 15,509
French Creole 8,192
Speak English "very well" 6,972
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,220
Italian 1,100
Speak English "very well" 892
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 208
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 3,771
Speak English "very well" 1,600
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,171
German 4,651
Speak English "very well" 4,182
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 469
Yiddish N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other West Germanic Languages 945
Speak English "very well" 798
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 147
Scandinavian Languages 193
Speak English "very well" 193
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Greek 1,195
Speak English "very well" 861
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 334
Russian 935
Speak English "very well" 704
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 231
Polish 785
Speak English "very well" 746
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 39
Serbo-Croatian 891
Speak English "very well" 851
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 40
Other Slavic Languages 1,113
Speak English "very well" 868
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 245
Armenian 38
Speak English "very well" 38
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian 838
Speak English "very well" 511
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 327
Gujarati 2,326
Speak English "very well" 2,172
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 154
Hindi 2,039
Speak English "very well" 1,519
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 520
Urdu 1,812
Speak English "very well" 1,366
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 446
Other Indic Languages 3,431
Speak English "very well" 2,334
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,097
Other Indo-European Languages 537
Speak English "very well" 256
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 281
Chinese 6,817
Speak English "very well" 2,884
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,933
Japanese 1,582
Speak English "very well" 1,225
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 357
Korean 2,936
Speak English "very well" 1,797
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,139
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 412
Speak English "very well" 86
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 326
Hmong N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Thai 1,046
Speak English "very well" 313
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 733
Laotian 1,292
Speak English "very well" 429
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 863
Vietnamese 31,804
Speak English "very well" 13,884
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 17,920
Other Asian Languages 3,752
Speak English "very well" 2,944
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 808
Tagalog 3,445
Speak English "very well" 2,295
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,150
Other Pacific Island Languages 577
Speak English "very well" 553
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 24
Navajo 175
Speak English "very well" 28
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 147
Other Native North American Languages 917
Speak English "very well" 785
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 132
Hungarian 177
Speak English "very well" 111
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 66
Arabic 10,812
Speak English "very well" 5,708
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,104
Hebrew 269
Speak English "very well" 132
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 137
African Languages 3,434
Speak English "very well" 2,771
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 663
Other and Unspecified Languages 437
Speak English "very well" 437
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 91.6%
Field 308 8.4%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 53.3%
Field 310 46.7%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 84.8%
Field 315 15.2%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 85.1%
Field 316 14.9%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 81.1%
Field 319 18.9%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 42.4%
Field 322 57.6%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 89.9%
Field 325 10.1%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 N
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 84.4%
Field 331 15.6%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 100.0%
Field 334 N
Field 337 100%
Field 337 72.1%
Field 337 27.9%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 75.3%
Field 340 24.7%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 95.0%
Field 343 5.0%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 95.5%
Field 346 4.5%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 78.0%
Field 349 22.0%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 100.0%
Field 352 N
Field 355 100%
Field 355 61.0%
Field 355 39.0%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 93.4%
Field 358 6.6%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 74.5%
Field 361 25.5%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 75.4%
Field 364 24.6%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 68.0%
Field 367 32.0%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 47.7%
Field 370 52.3%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 42.3%
Field 373 57.7%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 77.4%
Field 376 22.6%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 61.2%
Field 379 38.8%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 20.9%
Field 382 79.1%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 N
Field 385 N
Field 388 100%
Field 388 29.9%
Field 388 70.1%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 33.2%
Field 391 66.8%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 43.7%
Field 394 56.3%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 78.5%
Field 397 21.5%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 66.6%
Field 400 33.4%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 95.8%
Field 403 4.2%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 16.0%
Field 406 84.0%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 85.6%
Field 409 14.4%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 62.7%
Field 412 37.3%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 52.8%
Field 415 47.2%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 49.1%
Field 418 50.9%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 80.7%
Field 421 19.3%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 100.0%
Field 424 N
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 161,209
Less than high school diploma 27.0%
High school diploma or GED 28.5%
Some college or associate's degree 18.2%
Bachelor's degree 14.2%
Graduate or professional degree 12.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 8.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.0%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2014 53.9%
% change: 1990-2000 41.8%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2014 48.4%
% change: 1990-2000 59.0%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 71,573
Less than high school diploma 19.2%
High school diploma or GED 26.4%
Some college or associate's degree 20.8%
Bachelor's degree 19%
Graduate or professional degree 14.6%
Noncitizens (%) 89,636
Less than high school diploma 33.2%
High school diploma or GED 30.1%
Some college or associate's degree 16.2%
Bachelor's degree 10.3%
Graduate or professional degree 10.1%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,899,479
Less than high school diploma 15.8%
High school diploma or GED 34.1%
Some college or associate's degree 27.4%
Bachelor's degree 15.2%
Graduate or professional degree 7.5%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -31.9%
% change: 1990-2000 -13.6%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 33.2%
% change: 1990-2000 26.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 96,383
Less than high school diploma 29.4%
High school diploma or GED 20.6%
Some college or associate's degree 20.5%
Bachelor's degree 15.6%
Graduate or professional degree 14.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 4.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,675,906
Less than high school diploma 25.2%
High school diploma or GED 32.8%
Some college or associate's degree 23.6%
Bachelor's degree 12.3%
Graduate or professional degree 6.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 68,409
Less than high school diploma 29.2%
High school diploma or GED 23.1%
Some college or associate's degree 21.5%
Bachelor's degree 12.9%
Graduate or professional degree 13.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 2.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,451,321
Less than high school diploma 31.8%
High school diploma or GED 31.9%
Some college or associate's degree 20.4%
Bachelor's degree 10.5%
Graduate or professional degree 5.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2014 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.