E.g., 04/28/2017
E.g., 04/28/2017

State Language Data - LA

Louisiana

Language & Education
2015
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 184,392
Speak only English 15.6%
Speak English "very well" 35.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 49.0%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 98.0%
% change: 1990-2000 40.0%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 76,135
Speak only English 21.1%
Speak English "very well" 44.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 34.2%
Noncitizens 108,257
Speak only English 11.8%
Speak English "very well" 28.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 59.4%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,181,487
Speak only English 95.2%
Speak English ""very well"" 4.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -55.9%
% change: 1990-2000 -27.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 114,770
Speak only English 19.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 40.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 39.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,038,597
Speak only English 92.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 5.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 85,320
Speak only English 21.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 39.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 38.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,774,495
Speak only English 91.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 6.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 811,340
Speak only English 755,640
Speak language other than English 55,700
Speak English "very well"
43,052
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
12,648
Speak Spanish 32,957
Speak English "very well"
23,736
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
9,221
Ages 18-64 2,900,931
Speak only English 2,665,647
Speak language other than English 235,284
Speak English "very well"
145,082
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
90,202
Speak Spanish 110,575
Speak English "very well"
59,199
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
51,376
65 and Older 653,608
Speak only English 588,386
Speak language other than English 65,222
Speak English "very well"
46,281
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
18,941
Speak Spanish 10,845
Speak English "very well"
6,035
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
4,810
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 93.1%
Speak language other than English 6.9%
Speak English "very well" 5.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.6%
Speak Spanish 4.1%
Speak English "very well" 2.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.1%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 91.9%
Speak language other than English 8.1%
Speak English "very well" 5.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.1%
Speak Spanish 3.8%
Speak English "very well" 2.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.8%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 90.0%
Speak language other than English 10.0%
Speak English "very well" 7.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.9%
Speak Spanish 1.7%
Speak English "very well" 0.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.7%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 4,365,879
Speak only English 4,009,673
Speak language other than English 356,206
Spanish or Spanish Creole 154,377
Speak English "very well" 88,970
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 65,407
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 98,270
Speak English "very well" 83,653
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 14,617
French Creole 5,672
Speak English "very well" 4,533
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,139
Italian 2,648
Speak English "very well" 2,223
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 425
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 1,815
Speak English "very well" 1,062
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 753
German 5,468
Speak English "very well" 4,560
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 908
Yiddish 49
Speak English "very well" 49
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other West Germanic Languages 393
Speak English "very well" 370
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 23
Scandinavian Languages 173
Speak English "very well" 173
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Greek 869
Speak English "very well" 802
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 67
Russian 821
Speak English "very well" 541
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 280
Polish 629
Speak English "very well" 354
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 275
Serbo-Croatian 819
Speak English "very well" 500
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 319
Other Slavic Languages 707
Speak English "very well" 547
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 160
Armenian 173
Speak English "very well" 129
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 44
Persian 1,229
Speak English "very well" 778
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 451
Gujarati 693
Speak English "very well" 582
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 111
Hindi 3,698
Speak English "very well" 3,110
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 588
Urdu 1,254
Speak English "very well" 932
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 322
Other Indic Languages 2,159
Speak English "very well" 949
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,210
Other Indo-European Languages 1,317
Speak English "very well" 1,118
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 199
Chinese 9,941
Speak English "very well" 3,654
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,287
Japanese 557
Speak English "very well" 418
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 139
Korean 2,589
Speak English "very well" 1,368
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,221
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 733
Speak English "very well" 133
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 600
Hmong 206
Speak English "very well" 206
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Thai 946
Speak English "very well" 558
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 388
Laotian 1,579
Speak English "very well" 914
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 665
Vietnamese 36,383
Speak English "very well" 17,607
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 18,776
Other Asian Languages 2,669
Speak English "very well" 1,440
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,229
Tagalog 3,070
Speak English "very well" 2,504
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 566
Other Pacific Island Languages 1,546
Speak English "very well" 1,406
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 140
Navajo N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 459
Speak English "very well" 440
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 19
Hungarian 80
Speak English "very well" 80
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Arabic 8,414
Speak English "very well" 4,737
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,677
Hebrew 438
Speak English "very well" 374
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 64
African Languages 2,859
Speak English "very well" 2,137
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 722
Other and Unspecified Languages 504
Speak English "very well" 504
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 91.8%
Field 308 8.2%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 57.6%
Field 310 42.4%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 85.1%
Field 315 14.9%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 79.9%
Field 316 20.1%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 84.0%
Field 319 16.0%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 58.5%
Field 322 41.5%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 83.4%
Field 325 16.6%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 100.0%
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 94.1%
Field 331 5.9%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 100.0%
Field 334 N
Field 337 100%
Field 337 92.3%
Field 337 7.7%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 65.9%
Field 340 34.1%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 56.3%
Field 343 43.7%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 61.1%
Field 346 38.9%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 77.4%
Field 349 22.6%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 74.6%
Field 352 25.4%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 63.3%
Field 355 36.7%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 84.0%
Field 358 16.0%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 84.1%
Field 361 15.9%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 74.3%
Field 364 25.7%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 44.0%
Field 367 56.0%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 84.9%
Field 370 15.1%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 36.8%
Field 373 63.2%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 75.0%
Field 376 25.0%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 52.8%
Field 379 47.2%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 18.1%
Field 382 81.9%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 100.0%
Field 385 N
Field 388 100%
Field 388 59.0%
Field 388 41.0%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 57.9%
Field 391 42.1%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 48.4%
Field 394 51.6%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 54.0%
Field 397 46.0%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 81.6%
Field 400 18.4%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 90.9%
Field 403 9.1%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 N
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 95.9%
Field 409 4.1%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 100.0%
Field 412 N
Field 415 100%
Field 415 56.3%
Field 415 43.7%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 85.4%
Field 418 14.6%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 74.7%
Field 421 25.3%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 100.0%
Field 424 N
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 157,381
Less than high school diploma 27.9%
High school diploma or GED 28.9%
Some college or associate's degree 18.7%
Bachelor's degree 13.0%
Graduate or professional degree 11.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 9.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.4%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2015 55.0%
% change: 1990-2000 41.8%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2015 35.8%
% change: 1990-2000 59.0%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 70,221
Less than high school diploma 21.6%
High school diploma or GED 25%
Some college or associate's degree 23.7%
Bachelor's degree 15.7%
Graduate or professional degree 14.1%
Noncitizens (%) 87,160
Less than high school diploma 32.9%
High school diploma or GED 32%
Some college or associate's degree 14.6%
Bachelor's degree 10.9%
Graduate or professional degree 9.6%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,937,874
Less than high school diploma 14.7%
High school diploma or GED 34.4%
Some college or associate's degree 27.7%
Bachelor's degree 15.3%
Graduate or professional degree 7.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -35.7%
% change: 1990-2000 -13.6%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 37.3%
% change: 1990-2000 26.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 96,383
Less than high school diploma 29.4%
High school diploma or GED 20.6%
Some college or associate's degree 20.5%
Bachelor's degree 15.6%
Graduate or professional degree 14.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 4.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,675,906
Less than high school diploma 25.2%
High school diploma or GED 32.8%
Some college or associate's degree 23.6%
Bachelor's degree 12.3%
Graduate or professional degree 6.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 68,409
Less than high school diploma 29.2%
High school diploma or GED 23.1%
Some college or associate's degree 21.5%
Bachelor's degree 12.9%
Graduate or professional degree 13.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 2.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,451,321
Less than high school diploma 31.8%
High school diploma or GED 31.9%
Some college or associate's degree 20.4%
Bachelor's degree 10.5%
Graduate or professional degree 5.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.