E.g., 07/26/2017
E.g., 07/26/2017

State Language Data - GA

Georgia

Language & Education
2015
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,014,937
Speak only English 19.7%
Speak English "very well" 34.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 45.4%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 58.3%
% change: 1990-2000 381.8%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 428,106
Speak only English 29%
Speak English "very well" 41.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 29.1%
Noncitizens 586,831
Speak only English 12.9%
Speak English "very well" 29.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 57.3%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 8,550,563
Speak only English 93.9%
Speak English ""very well"" 5.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 14.0%
% change: 1990-2000 72.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 567,081
Speak only English 18.6%
"Speak English ""very well"" 30.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 51.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 7,027,395
Speak only English 95.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 170,192
Speak only English 28.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 35.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 5,803,738
Speak only English 97.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,853,054
Speak only English 1,560,215
Speak language other than English 292,839
Speak English "very well"
232,932
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
59,907
Speak Spanish 204,816
Speak English "very well"
161,872
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
42,944
Ages 18-64 6,409,687
Speak only English 5,445,535
Speak language other than English 964,152
Speak English "very well"
513,076
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
451,076
Speak Spanish 533,659
Speak English "very well"
246,221
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
287,438
65 and Older 1,302,759
Speak only English 1,222,043
Speak language other than English 80,716
Speak English "very well"
36,005
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
44,711
Speak Spanish 30,735
Speak English "very well"
13,348
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
17,387
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 84.2%
Speak language other than English 15.8%
Speak English "very well" 12.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.2%
Speak Spanish 11.1%
Speak English "very well" 8.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.3%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 85.0%
Speak language other than English 15.0%
Speak English "very well" 8.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 7.0%
Speak Spanish 8.3%
Speak English "very well" 3.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.5%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 93.8%
Speak language other than English 6.2%
Speak English "very well" 2.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.4%
Speak Spanish 2.4%
Speak English "very well" 1.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.3%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 9,565,500
Speak only English 8,227,793
Speak language other than English 1,337,707
Spanish or Spanish Creole 769,210
Speak English "very well" 421,441
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 347,769
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 46,974
Speak English "very well" 34,055
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 12,919
French Creole 16,526
Speak English "very well" 11,339
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,187
Italian 5,508
Speak English "very well" 4,651
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 857
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 17,897
Speak English "very well" 12,588
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,309
German 23,216
Speak English "very well" 21,400
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,816
Yiddish 213
Speak English "very well" 213
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other West Germanic Languages 4,197
Speak English "very well" 3,672
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 525
Scandinavian Languages 2,366
Speak English "very well" 2,321
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 45
Greek 2,920
Speak English "very well" 2,773
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 147
Russian 15,100
Speak English "very well" 6,828
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,272
Polish 3,131
Speak English "very well" 1,842
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,289
Serbo-Croatian 6,763
Speak English "very well" 4,962
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,801
Other Slavic Languages 5,963
Speak English "very well" 3,543
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,420
Armenian 453
Speak English "very well" 280
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 173
Persian 5,582
Speak English "very well" 3,753
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,829
Gujarati 23,254
Speak English "very well" 14,406
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,848
Hindi 29,923
Speak English "very well" 23,633
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,290
Urdu 14,817
Speak English "very well" 11,038
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,779
Other Indic Languages 26,401
Speak English "very well" 16,627
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,774
Other Indo-European Languages 9,214
Speak English "very well" 6,407
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,807
Chinese 44,460
Speak English "very well" 20,094
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 24,366
Japanese 7,757
Speak English "very well" 4,748
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,009
Korean 47,215
Speak English "very well" 21,855
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 25,360
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 4,552
Speak English "very well" 2,242
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,310
Hmong 3,548
Speak English "very well" 2,450
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,098
Thai 4,052
Speak English "very well" 1,887
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,165
Laotian 6,744
Speak English "very well" 3,402
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,342
Vietnamese 44,021
Speak English "very well" 15,247
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 28,774
Other Asian Languages 39,493
Speak English "very well" 27,820
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 11,673
Tagalog 10,218
Speak English "very well" 7,040
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,178
Other Pacific Island Languages 5,699
Speak English "very well" 3,906
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,793
Navajo N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 544
Speak English "very well" 465
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 79
Hungarian 1,120
Speak English "very well" 1,023
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 97
Arabic 18,899
Speak English "very well" 12,219
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,680
Hebrew 2,084
Speak English "very well" 1,939
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 145
African Languages 67,210
Speak English "very well" 47,595
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 19,615
Other and Unspecified Languages 463
Speak English "very well" 309
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 154
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 86.0%
Field 308 14.0%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 54.8%
Field 310 45.2%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 72.5%
Field 315 27.5%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 68.6%
Field 316 31.4%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 84.4%
Field 319 15.6%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 70.3%
Field 322 29.7%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 92.2%
Field 325 7.8%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 100.0%
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 87.5%
Field 331 12.5%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 98.1%
Field 334 1.9%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 95.0%
Field 337 5.0%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 45.2%
Field 340 54.8%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 58.8%
Field 343 41.2%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 73.4%
Field 346 26.6%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 59.4%
Field 349 40.6%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 61.8%
Field 352 38.2%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 67.2%
Field 355 32.8%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 62.0%
Field 358 38.0%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 79.0%
Field 361 21.0%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 74.5%
Field 364 25.5%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 63.0%
Field 367 37.0%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 69.5%
Field 370 30.5%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 45.2%
Field 373 54.8%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 61.2%
Field 376 38.8%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 46.3%
Field 379 53.7%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 49.3%
Field 382 50.7%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 69.1%
Field 385 30.9%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 46.6%
Field 388 53.4%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 50.4%
Field 391 49.6%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 34.6%
Field 394 65.4%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 70.4%
Field 397 29.6%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 68.9%
Field 400 31.1%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 68.5%
Field 403 31.5%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 N
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 85.5%
Field 409 14.5%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 91.3%
Field 412 8.7%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 64.7%
Field 415 35.3%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 93.0%
Field 418 7.0%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 70.8%
Field 421 29.2%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 66.7%
Field 424 33.3%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 870,866
Less than high school diploma 27.3%
High school diploma or GED 23.1%
Some college or associate's degree 18.0%
Bachelor's degree 18.0%
Graduate or professional degree 13.7%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 25.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 13.8%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2015 72.6%
% change: 1990-2000 346.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2015 133.5%
% change: 1990-2000 189.6%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 386,921
Less than high school diploma 13.2%
High school diploma or GED 20.8%
Some college or associate's degree 25%
Bachelor's degree 23.4%
Graduate or professional degree 17.7%
Noncitizens (%) 483,945
Less than high school diploma 38.5%
High school diploma or GED 25%
Some college or associate's degree 12.4%
Bachelor's degree 13.6%
Graduate or professional degree 10.5%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 5,812,901
Less than high school diploma 11.8%
High school diploma or GED 28.9%
Some college or associate's degree 29.6%
Bachelor's degree 18.7%
Graduate or professional degree 11.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -29.1%
% change: 1990-2000 -14.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 50.5%
% change: 1990-2000 56.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 410,449
Less than high school diploma 33.5%
High school diploma or GED 19.4%
Some college or associate's degree 18.4%
Bachelor's degree 17.1%
Graduate or professional degree 11.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 12.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 9.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,779,828
Less than high school diploma 20.3%
High school diploma or GED 29.4%
Some college or associate's degree 26.3%
Bachelor's degree 16.0%
Graduate or professional degree 8.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 130,933
Less than high school diploma 23.5%
High school diploma or GED 22.5%
Some college or associate's degree 22.8%
Bachelor's degree 17.8%
Graduate or professional degree 13.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 2.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,882,814
Less than high school diploma 29.2%
High school diploma or GED 30.1%
Some college or associate's degree 21.8%
Bachelor's degree 12.7%
Graduate or professional degree 6.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.