E.g., 02/08/2016
E.g., 02/08/2016

State Language Data - GA

Georgia

Language & Education
2014
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 988,476
Speak only English 19.1%
Speak English "very well" 35.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 45.0%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2013 52.7%
% change: 1990-2000 381.8%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 409,479
Speak only English 29.2%
Speak English "very well" 42.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 28.1%
Noncitizens 578,997
Speak only English 12%
Speak English "very well" 31.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 56.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 8,454,428
Speak only English 94.3%
Speak English ""very well"" 4.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.9%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -7.9%
% change: 1990-2000 72.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 567,081
Speak only English 18.6%
"Speak English ""very well"" 30.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 51.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 7,027,395
Speak only English 95.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 170,192
Speak only English 28.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 35.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 5,803,738
Speak only English 97.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,836,982
Speak only English 1,554,065
Speak language other than English 282,917
Speak English "very well"
228,987
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
53,930
Speak Spanish 204,158
Speak English "very well"
166,801
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
37,357
Ages 18-64 6,357,052
Speak only English 5,428,544
Speak language other than English 928,508
Speak English "very well"
502,135
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
426,373
Speak Spanish 525,919
Speak English "very well"
241,565
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
284,354
65 and Older 1,248,870
Speak only English 1,176,531
Speak language other than English 72,339
Speak English "very well"
31,472
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
40,867
Speak Spanish 24,803
Speak English "very well"
11,133
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
13,670
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 84.6%
Speak language other than English 15.4%
Speak English "very well" 12.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.9%
Speak Spanish 11.1%
Speak English "very well" 9.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.0%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 85.4%
Speak language other than English 14.6%
Speak English "very well" 7.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 6.7%
Speak Spanish 8.3%
Speak English "very well" 3.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.5%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 94.2%
Speak language other than English 5.8%
Speak English "very well" 2.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.3%
Speak Spanish 2.0%
Speak English "very well" 0.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.1%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 9,442,904
Speak only English 8,159,140
Speak language other than English 1,283,764
Spanish or Spanish Creole 754,880
Speak English "very well" 419,499
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 335,381
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 39,482
Speak English "very well" 32,077
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,405
French Creole 15,914
Speak English "very well" 12,341
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,573
Italian 4,147
Speak English "very well" 3,485
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 662
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 11,756
Speak English "very well" 8,859
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,897
German 18,252
Speak English "very well" 16,216
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,036
Yiddish 272
Speak English "very well" 165
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 107
Other West Germanic Languages 3,539
Speak English "very well" 3,394
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 145
Scandinavian Languages 2,770
Speak English "very well" 2,530
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 240
Greek 2,738
Speak English "very well" 2,163
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 575
Russian 12,926
Speak English "very well" 8,828
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,098
Polish 2,124
Speak English "very well" 1,748
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 376
Serbo-Croatian 7,162
Speak English "very well" 4,749
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,413
Other Slavic Languages 4,565
Speak English "very well" 3,258
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,307
Armenian 186
Speak English "very well" 186
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian 8,979
Speak English "very well" 4,495
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,484
Gujarati 23,591
Speak English "very well" 13,535
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10,056
Hindi 27,738
Speak English "very well" 20,755
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,983
Urdu 9,891
Speak English "very well" 7,797
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,094
Other Indic Languages 22,294
Speak English "very well" 12,779
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,515
Other Indo-European Languages 14,232
Speak English "very well" 10,081
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,151
Chinese 45,468
Speak English "very well" 23,367
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 22,101
Japanese 8,561
Speak English "very well" 5,606
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,955
Korean 49,690
Speak English "very well" 23,025
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 26,665
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 5,581
Speak English "very well" 3,496
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,085
Hmong 2,819
Speak English "very well" 1,622
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,197
Thai 4,407
Speak English "very well" 3,101
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,306
Laotian 3,151
Speak English "very well" 1,667
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,484
Vietnamese 46,079
Speak English "very well" 17,052
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 29,027
Other Asian Languages 32,510
Speak English "very well" 24,354
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,156
Tagalog 13,070
Speak English "very well" 9,606
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,464
Other Pacific Island Languages 5,196
Speak English "very well" 4,086
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,110
Navajo 83
Speak English "very well" 83
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 1,038
Speak English "very well" 772
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 266
Hungarian 793
Speak English "very well" 306
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 487
Arabic 13,366
Speak English "very well" 8,954
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,412
Hebrew 2,545
Speak English "very well" 2,420
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 125
African Languages 61,142
Speak English "very well" 43,773
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 17,369
Other and Unspecified Languages 827
Speak English "very well" 364
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 463
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 86.4%
Field 308 13.6%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 55.6%
Field 310 44.4%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 81.2%
Field 315 18.8%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 77.5%
Field 316 22.5%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 84.0%
Field 319 16.0%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 75.4%
Field 322 24.6%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 88.8%
Field 325 11.2%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 60.7%
Field 328 39.3%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 95.9%
Field 331 4.1%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 91.3%
Field 334 8.7%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 79.0%
Field 337 21.0%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 68.3%
Field 340 31.7%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 82.3%
Field 343 17.7%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 66.3%
Field 346 33.7%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 71.4%
Field 349 28.6%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 100.0%
Field 352 N
Field 355 100%
Field 355 50.1%
Field 355 49.9%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 57.4%
Field 358 42.6%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 74.8%
Field 361 25.2%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 78.8%
Field 364 21.2%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 57.3%
Field 367 42.7%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 70.8%
Field 370 29.2%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 51.4%
Field 373 48.6%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 65.5%
Field 376 34.5%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 46.3%
Field 379 53.7%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 62.6%
Field 382 37.4%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 57.5%
Field 385 42.5%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 70.4%
Field 388 29.6%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 52.9%
Field 391 47.1%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 37.0%
Field 394 63.0%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 74.9%
Field 397 25.1%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 73.5%
Field 400 26.5%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 78.6%
Field 403 21.4%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 100.0%
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 74.4%
Field 409 25.6%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 38.6%
Field 412 61.4%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 67.0%
Field 415 33.0%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 95.1%
Field 418 4.9%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 71.6%
Field 421 28.4%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 44.0%
Field 424 56.0%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 843,379
Less than high school diploma 28.3%
High school diploma or GED 23.2%
Some college or associate's degree 18.9%
Bachelor's degree 17.3%
Graduate or professional degree 12.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 25.3%
Bachelor's degree or higher 13.1%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2013 73.5%
% change: 1990-2000 346.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2013 111.6%
% change: 1990-2000 189.6%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 368,522
Less than high school diploma 13.6%
High school diploma or GED 21.5%
Some college or associate's degree 24.8%
Bachelor's degree 23.1%
Graduate or professional degree 17%
Noncitizens (%) 474,857
Less than high school diploma 39.7%
High school diploma or GED 24.6%
Some college or associate's degree 14.3%
Bachelor's degree 12.9%
Graduate or professional degree 8.6%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 5,733,029
Less than high school diploma 12.3%
High school diploma or GED 29.2%
Some college or associate's degree 29.5%
Bachelor's degree 18.4%
Graduate or professional degree 10.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -27.4%
% change: 1990-2000 -14.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 44.9%
% change: 1990-2000 56.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 410,449
Less than high school diploma 33.5%
High school diploma or GED 19.4%
Some college or associate's degree 18.4%
Bachelor's degree 17.1%
Graduate or professional degree 11.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 12.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 9.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,779,828
Less than high school diploma 20.3%
High school diploma or GED 29.4%
Some college or associate's degree 26.3%
Bachelor's degree 16.0%
Graduate or professional degree 8.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 130,933
Less than high school diploma 23.5%
High school diploma or GED 22.5%
Some college or associate's degree 22.8%
Bachelor's degree 17.8%
Graduate or professional degree 13.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 2.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,882,814
Less than high school diploma 29.2%
High school diploma or GED 30.1%
Some college or associate's degree 21.8%
Bachelor's degree 12.7%
Graduate or professional degree 6.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2014 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.