E.g., 08/04/2015
E.g., 08/04/2015

State Language Data - CA

California

Language & Education
2013
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 10,267,395
Speak only English 10.1%
Speak English "very well" 33.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 56.6%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2013 14.5%
% change: 1990-2000 42.0%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

 
Naturalized citizens 4,998,394
Speak only English 13.1%
Speak English "very well" 40.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 46.3%
Noncitizens 5,269,001
Speak only English 7.2%
Speak English "very well" 26.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 66.4%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 25,564,561
Speak only English 74.7%
Speak English ""very well"" 21.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3.7%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -20.6%
% change: 1990-2000 44.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 8,762,060
Speak only English 10.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 31.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 57.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 22,654,569
Speak only English 79.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 15.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 6,337,062
Speak only English 12.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 31.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 56.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 21,014,236
Speak only English 85.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 10.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 6,673,619
Speak only English 3,696,661
Speak language other than English 2,976,958
Speak English "very well"
2,385,438
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
591,520
Speak Spanish 2,336,226
Speak English "very well"
1,873,728
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
462,498
Ages 18-64 24,364,229
Speak only English 13,295,011
Speak language other than English 11,069,218
Speak English "very well"
6,006,799
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
5,062,419
Speak Spanish 7,220,703
Speak English "very well"
3,740,634
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
3,480,069
65 and Older 4,794,108
Speak only English 3,139,327
Speak language other than English 1,654,781
Speak English "very well"
545,111
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,109,670
Speak Spanish 765,525
Speak English "very well"
251,487
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
514,038
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 55.4%
Speak language other than English 44.6%
Speak English "very well" 35.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 8.9%
Speak Spanish 35.0%
Speak English "very well" 28.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 6.9%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 54.6%
Speak language other than English 45.4%
Speak English "very well" 24.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 20.8%
Speak Spanish 29.6%
Speak English "very well" 15.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 14.3%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 65.5%
Speak language other than English 34.5%
Speak English "very well" 11.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 23.1%
Speak Spanish 16.0%
Speak English "very well" 5.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 10.7%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 35,831,956
Speak only English 20,130,999
Speak language other than English 15,700,957
Spanish or Spanish Creole 10,322,454
Speak English "very well" 5,865,849
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,456,605
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 122,848
Speak English "very well" 105,817
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 17,031
French Creole 8,916
Speak English "very well" 6,958
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,958
Italian 57,258
Speak English "very well" 46,468
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10,790
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 81,621
Speak English "very well" 53,452
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 28,169
German 103,079
Speak English "very well" 91,682
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 11,397
Yiddish 2,797
Speak English "very well" 2,193
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 604
Other West Germanic Languages 25,885
Speak English "very well" 22,731
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,154
Scandinavian Languages 27,101
Speak English "very well" 23,755
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,346
Greek 25,084
Speak English "very well" 20,006
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,078
Russian 154,457
Speak English "very well" 83,497
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 70,960
Polish 19,771
Speak English "very well" 13,747
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,024
Serbo-Croatian 19,690
Speak English "very well" 13,646
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,044
Other Slavic Languages 36,773
Speak English "very well" 20,086
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 16,687
Armenian 191,751
Speak English "very well" 97,864
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 93,887
Persian 201,796
Speak English "very well" 125,215
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 76,581
Gujarati 46,432
Speak English "very well" 32,539
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13,893
Hindi 156,581
Speak English "very well" 126,982
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 29,599
Urdu 49,165
Speak English "very well" 33,518
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 15,647
Other Indic Languages 204,003
Speak English "very well" 120,005
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 83,998
Other Indo-European Languages 45,401
Speak English "very well" 30,188
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 15,213
Chinese 1,083,447
Speak English "very well" 468,395
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 615,052
Japanese 140,564
Speak English "very well" 77,070
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 63,494
Korean 364,837
Speak English "very well" 157,734
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 207,103
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 83,501
Speak English "very well" 40,435
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 43,066
Hmong 78,082
Speak English "very well" 38,976
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 39,106
Thai 45,058
Speak English "very well" 20,919
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 24,139
Laotian 34,987
Speak English "very well" 17,313
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 17,674
Vietnamese 548,114
Speak English "very well" 234,194
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 313,920
Other Asian Languages 181,154
Speak English "very well" 129,563
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 51,591
Tagalog 761,765
Speak English "very well" 499,376
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 262,389
Other Pacific Island Languages 123,763
Speak English "very well" 82,449
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 41,314
Navajo 1,988
Speak English "very well" 1,988
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 5,854
Speak English "very well" 4,715
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,139
Hungarian 12,048
Speak English "very well" 8,446
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,602
Arabic 163,537
Speak English "very well" 100,000
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 63,537
Hebrew 43,225
Speak English "very well" 35,935
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,290
African Languages 79,831
Speak English "very well" 57,518
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 22,313
Other and Unspecified Languages 46,339
Speak English "very well" 26,124
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 20,215
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 56.2%
Field 308 43.8%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 56.8%
Field 310 43.2%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 86.1%
Field 315 13.9%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 78.0%
Field 316 22.0%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 81.2%
Field 319 18.8%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 65.5%
Field 322 34.5%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 88.9%
Field 325 11.1%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 78.4%
Field 328 21.6%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 87.8%
Field 331 12.2%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 87.7%
Field 334 12.3%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 79.8%
Field 337 20.2%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 54.1%
Field 340 45.9%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 69.5%
Field 343 30.5%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 69.3%
Field 346 30.7%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 54.6%
Field 349 45.4%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 51.0%
Field 352 49.0%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 62.1%
Field 355 37.9%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 70.1%
Field 358 29.9%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 81.1%
Field 361 18.9%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 68.2%
Field 364 31.8%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 58.8%
Field 367 41.2%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 66.5%
Field 370 33.5%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 43.2%
Field 373 56.8%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 54.8%
Field 376 45.2%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 43.2%
Field 379 56.8%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 48.4%
Field 382 51.6%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 49.9%
Field 385 50.1%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 46.4%
Field 388 53.6%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 49.5%
Field 391 50.5%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 42.7%
Field 394 57.3%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 71.5%
Field 397 28.5%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 65.6%
Field 400 34.4%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 66.6%
Field 403 33.4%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 100.0%
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 80.5%
Field 409 19.5%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 70.1%
Field 412 29.9%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 61.1%
Field 415 38.9%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 83.1%
Field 418 16.9%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 72.0%
Field 421 28.0%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 56.4%
Field 424 43.6%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 9,214,658
Less than high school diploma 35.7%
High school diploma or GED 19.3%
Some college or associate's degree 19.0%
Bachelor's degree 16.1%
Graduate or professional degree 9.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 71.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 30.6%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2013 6.6%
% change: 1990-2000 44.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2013 59.0%
% change: 1990-2000 76.6%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 4,752,063
Less than high school diploma 24.2%
High school diploma or GED 18.5%
Some college or associate's degree 24%
Bachelor's degree 21%
Graduate or professional degree 12.3%
Noncitizens (%) 4,462,595
Less than high school diploma 48%
High school diploma or GED 20.2%
Some college or associate's degree 13.7%
Bachelor's degree 10.9%
Graduate or professional degree 7.2%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 15,932,574
Less than high school diploma 8.3%
High school diploma or GED 21.6%
Some college or associate's degree 36.1%
Bachelor's degree 21.5%
Graduate or professional degree 12.5%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -28.9%
% change: 1990-2000 -19.6%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 29.6%
% change: 1990-2000 19.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 7,001,114
Less than high school diploma 44.1%
High school diploma or GED 15.9%
Some college or associate's degree 18.6%
Bachelor's degree 13.6%
Graduate or professional degree 7.9%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 62.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 26.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 14,310,486
Less than high school diploma 13.0%
High school diploma or GED 22.2%
Some college or associate's degree 35.6%
Bachelor's degree 18.9%
Graduate or professional degree 10.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,635,457
Less than high school diploma 46.1%
High school diploma or GED 16.1%
Some college or associate's degree 19.5%
Bachelor's degree 11.7%
Graduate or professional degree 6.7%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 48.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 19.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 14,044,712
Less than high school diploma 16.4%
High school diploma or GED 24.4%
Some college or associate's degree 34.2%
Bachelor's degree 16.4%
Graduate or professional degree 8.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2013 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.​
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS.