E.g., 12/27/2014
E.g., 12/27/2014

State Language Data - AZ

Arizona

Language & Education
2012
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 871,048
Speak only English 15.8%
Speak English "very well" 34.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 49.9%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2012 20.1%
% change: 1990-2000 172.0%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

 
Naturalized citizens 343,349
Speak only English 21.9%
Speak English "very well" 43%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 35.1%
Noncitizens 527,699
Speak only English 11.8%
Speak English "very well" 28.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 59.5%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 5,244,435
Speak only English 82.4%
Speak English ""very well"" 15.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2.5%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -26.9%
% change: 1990-2000 26.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 643,640
Speak only English 15.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 28.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 56.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,109,084
Speak only English 83.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 12.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 271,380
Speak only English 20.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 30.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 49.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,090,890
Speak only English 84.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 11.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,181,813
Speak only English 833,275
Speak language other than English 348,538
Speak English "very well"
292,274
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
56,264
Speak Spanish 298,449
Speak English "very well"
251,102
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
47,347
Ages 18-64 3,962,584
Speak only English 2,815,895
Speak language other than English 1,146,689
Speak English "very well"
715,984
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
430,705
Speak Spanish 868,682
Speak English "very well"
512,887
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
355,795
65 and Older 971,086
Speak only English 809,780
Speak language other than English 161,306
Speak English "very well"
83,745
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
77,561
Speak Spanish 102,488
Speak English "very well"
51,471
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
51,017
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 70.5%
Speak language other than English 29.5%
Speak English "very well" 24.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.8%
Speak Spanish 25.3%
Speak English "very well" 21.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.0%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 71.1%
Speak language other than English 28.9%
Speak English "very well" 18.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 10.9%
Speak Spanish 21.9%
Speak English "very well" 12.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 9.0%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 83.4%
Speak language other than English 16.6%
Speak English "very well" 8.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 8.0%
Speak Spanish 10.6%
Speak English "very well" 5.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 5.3%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 6,115,483
Speak only English 4,458,950
Speak language other than English 1,656,533
Spanish or Spanish Creole 1,269,619
Speak English "very well" 815,460
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 454,159
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 16,740
Speak English "very well" 13,772
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,968
French Creole 659
Speak English "very well" 600
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 59
Italian 6,986
Speak English "very well" 5,252
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,734
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 4,965
Speak English "very well" 4,520
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 445
German 22,230
Speak English "very well" 19,682
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,548
Yiddish 255
Speak English "very well" 151
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 104
Other West Germanic Languages 2,673
Speak English "very well" 2,317
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 356
Scandinavian Languages 3,727
Speak English "very well" 3,187
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 540
Greek 3,929
Speak English "very well" 2,837
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,092
Russian 7,742
Speak English "very well" 5,387
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,355
Polish 6,307
Speak English "very well" 4,933
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,374
Serbo-Croatian 9,949
Speak English "very well" 6,038
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,911
Other Slavic Languages 4,367
Speak English "very well" 3,287
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,080
Armenian 378
Speak English "very well" 277
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 101
Persian 6,932
Speak English "very well" 4,380
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,552
Gujarati 4,990
Speak English "very well" 3,244
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,746
Hindi 9,352
Speak English "very well" 7,935
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,417
Urdu 2,652
Speak English "very well" 2,504
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 148
Other Indic Languages 9,164
Speak English "very well" 5,780
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,384
Other Indo-European Languages 6,307
Speak English "very well" 4,260
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,047
Chinese 27,870
Speak English "very well" 15,301
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 12,569
Japanese 6,564
Speak English "very well" 4,452
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,112
Korean 10,295
Speak English "very well" 6,040
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,255
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 2,438
Speak English "very well" 1,444
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 994
Hmong 568
Speak English "very well" 498
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 70
Thai 2,850
Speak English "very well" 1,244
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,606
Laotian 1,305
Speak English "very well" 542
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 763
Vietnamese 20,371
Speak English "very well" 8,797
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 11,574
Other Asian Languages 13,859
Speak English "very well" 10,964
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,895
Tagalog 23,198
Speak English "very well" 16,548
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,650
Other Pacific Island Languages 8,284
Speak English "very well" 6,293
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,991
Navajo 81,716
Speak English "very well" 61,618
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 20,098
Other Native North American Languages 24,625
Speak English "very well" 21,634
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,991
Hungarian 2,187
Speak English "very well" 1,811
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 376
Arabic 14,884
Speak English "very well" 9,452
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,432
Hebrew 2,515
Speak English "very well" 2,110
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 405
African Languages 9,231
Speak English "very well" 5,127
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,104
Other and Unspecified Languages 3,850
Speak English "very well" 2,325
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,525
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 72.9%
Field 308 27.1%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 64.2%
Field 310 35.8%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 82.3%
Field 315 17.7%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 91.0%
Field 316 9.0%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 75.2%
Field 319 24.8%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 91.0%
Field 322 9.0%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 88.5%
Field 325 11.5%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 59.2%
Field 328 40.8%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 86.7%
Field 331 13.3%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 85.5%
Field 334 14.5%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 72.2%
Field 337 27.8%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 69.6%
Field 340 30.4%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 78.2%
Field 343 21.8%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 60.7%
Field 346 39.3%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 75.3%
Field 349 24.7%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 73.3%
Field 352 26.7%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 63.2%
Field 355 36.8%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 65.0%
Field 358 35.0%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 84.8%
Field 361 15.2%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 94.4%
Field 364 5.6%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 63.1%
Field 367 36.9%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 67.5%
Field 370 32.5%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 54.9%
Field 373 45.1%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 67.8%
Field 376 32.2%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 58.7%
Field 379 41.3%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 59.2%
Field 382 40.8%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 87.7%
Field 385 12.3%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 43.6%
Field 388 56.4%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 41.5%
Field 391 58.5%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 43.2%
Field 394 56.8%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 79.1%
Field 397 20.9%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 71.3%
Field 400 28.7%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 76.0%
Field 403 24.0%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 75.4%
Field 406 24.6%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 87.9%
Field 409 12.1%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 82.8%
Field 412 17.2%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 63.5%
Field 415 36.5%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 83.9%
Field 418 16.1%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 55.5%
Field 421 44.5%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 60.4%
Field 424 39.6%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 750,133
Less than high school diploma 37.9%
High school diploma or GED 22.6%
Some college or associate's degree 18.5%
Bachelor's degree 12.6%
Graduate or professional degree 8.4%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 46.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 13.4%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2012 23.3%
% change: 1990-2000 125.9%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2012 109.6%
% change: 1990-2000 157.7%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and data for North Dakota and Wyoming are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 317,133
Less than high school diploma 23.9%
High school diploma or GED 21.2%
Some college or associate's degree 25.4%
Bachelor's degree 17.6%
Graduate or professional degree 11.8%
Noncitizens (%) 433,000
Less than high school diploma 48.2%
High school diploma or GED 23.6%
Some college or associate's degree 13.5%
Bachelor's degree 8.9%
Graduate or professional degree 5.9%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,530,331
Less than high school diploma 9.3%
High school diploma or GED 24.6%
Some college or associate's degree 37.4%
Bachelor's degree 18.2%
Graduate or professional degree 10.5%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -16.3%
% change: 1990-2000 0.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 45.8%
% change: 1990-2000 60.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 476,607
Less than high school diploma 48.4%
High school diploma or GED 18.7%
Some college or associate's degree 17.2%
Bachelor's degree 8.9%
Graduate or professional degree 6.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 37.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 9.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,783,320
Less than high school diploma 14.0%
High school diploma or GED 25.3%
Some college or associate's degree 35.7%
Bachelor's degree 16.3%
Graduate or professional degree 8.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 206,614
Less than high school diploma 49.5%
High school diploma or GED 18.4%
Some college or associate's degree 18.1%
Bachelor's degree 7.6%
Graduate or professional degree 6.5%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 20.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,089,870
Less than high school diploma 18.6%
High school diploma or GED 27.1%
Some college or associate's degree 33.5%
Bachelor's degree 13.9%
Graduate or professional degree 6.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2012 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.​
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status” : Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2009-2011 American Community Survey (ACS), and North Dakota and Wyoming data are from pooled 2007-2011 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2012 ACS.