E.g., 07/27/2016
E.g., 07/27/2016

State Language Data - AZ

Arizona

Language & Education
2014
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 913,290
Speak only English 15.6%
Speak English "very well" 34.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 49.8%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2014 25.6%
% change: 1990-2000 172.0%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 357,685
Speak only English 21.6%
Speak English "very well" 42.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 36%
Noncitizens 555,605
Speak only English 11.7%
Speak English "very well" 29.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 58.6%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 5,385,531
Speak only English 82.8%
Speak English ""very well"" 14.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2.5%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -25.5%
% change: 1990-2000 26.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 643,640
Speak only English 15.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 28.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 56.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,109,084
Speak only English 83.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 12.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 271,380
Speak only English 20.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 30.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 49.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,090,890
Speak only English 84.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 11.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,189,408
Speak only English 852,351
Speak language other than English 337,057
Speak English "very well"
282,561
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
54,496
Speak Spanish 288,568
Speak English "very well"
242,842
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
45,726
Ages 18-64 4,038,656
Speak only English 2,854,980
Speak language other than English 1,183,676
Speak English "very well"
738,270
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
445,406
Speak Spanish 893,891
Speak English "very well"
534,434
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
359,457
65 and Older 1,070,757
Speak only English 893,777
Speak language other than English 176,980
Speak English "very well"
89,820
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
87,160
Speak Spanish 116,208
Speak English "very well"
57,784
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
58,424
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 71.7%
Speak language other than English 28.3%
Speak English "very well" 23.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.6%
Speak Spanish 24.3%
Speak English "very well" 20.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.8%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 70.7%
Speak language other than English 29.3%
Speak English "very well" 18.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 11.0%
Speak Spanish 22.1%
Speak English "very well" 13.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 8.9%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 83.5%
Speak language other than English 16.5%
Speak English "very well" 8.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 8.1%
Speak Spanish 10.9%
Speak English "very well" 5.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 5.5%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 6,298,821
Speak only English 4,601,108
Speak language other than English 1,697,713
Spanish or Spanish Creole 1,298,667
Speak English "very well" 835,060
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 463,607
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 17,230
Speak English "very well" 14,434
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,796
French Creole 1,164
Speak English "very well" 645
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 519
Italian 5,789
Speak English "very well" 4,927
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 862
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 5,209
Speak English "very well" 3,881
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,328
German 22,144
Speak English "very well" 19,128
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,016
Yiddish 398
Speak English "very well" 398
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other West Germanic Languages 1,862
Speak English "very well" 1,364
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 498
Scandinavian Languages 1,660
Speak English "very well" 1,449
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 211
Greek 2,430
Speak English "very well" 2,190
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 240
Russian 9,420
Speak English "very well" 6,292
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,128
Polish 5,070
Speak English "very well" 3,596
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,474
Serbo-Croatian 7,378
Speak English "very well" 4,783
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,595
Other Slavic Languages 3,557
Speak English "very well" 2,291
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,266
Armenian 1,643
Speak English "very well" 1,439
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 204
Persian 6,416
Speak English "very well" 3,553
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,863
Gujarati 3,319
Speak English "very well" 2,364
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 955
Hindi 10,930
Speak English "very well" 8,877
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,053
Urdu 1,583
Speak English "very well" 1,444
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 139
Other Indic Languages 11,204
Speak English "very well" 6,977
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,227
Other Indo-European Languages 7,302
Speak English "very well" 5,078
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,224
Chinese 27,881
Speak English "very well" 14,115
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13,766
Japanese 5,404
Speak English "very well" 3,249
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,155
Korean 9,188
Speak English "very well" 4,527
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,661
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 2,195
Speak English "very well" 733
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,462
Hmong N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Thai 3,752
Speak English "very well" 1,932
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,820
Laotian 1,898
Speak English "very well" 663
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,235
Vietnamese 26,351
Speak English "very well" 11,933
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 14,418
Other Asian Languages 17,340
Speak English "very well" 11,196
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,144
Tagalog 23,203
Speak English "very well" 16,576
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,627
Other Pacific Island Languages 7,062
Speak English "very well" 4,895
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,167
Navajo 79,598
Speak English "very well" 61,715
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 17,883
Other Native North American Languages 27,193
Speak English "very well" 22,930
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,263
Hungarian 1,643
Speak English "very well" 1,154
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 489
Arabic 24,221
Speak English "very well" 14,765
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,456
Hebrew 1,811
Speak English "very well" 1,459
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 352
African Languages 12,133
Speak English "very well" 6,827
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,306
Other and Unspecified Languages 2,465
Speak English "very well" 1,812
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 653
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 73.0%
Field 308 27.0%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 64.3%
Field 310 35.7%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 83.8%
Field 315 16.2%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 55.4%
Field 316 44.6%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 85.1%
Field 319 14.9%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 74.5%
Field 322 25.5%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 86.4%
Field 325 13.6%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 100.0%
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 73.3%
Field 331 26.7%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 87.3%
Field 334 12.7%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 90.1%
Field 337 9.9%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 66.8%
Field 340 33.2%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 70.9%
Field 343 29.1%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 64.8%
Field 346 35.2%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 64.4%
Field 349 35.6%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 87.6%
Field 352 12.4%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 55.4%
Field 355 44.6%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 71.2%
Field 358 28.8%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 81.2%
Field 361 18.8%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 91.2%
Field 364 8.8%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 62.3%
Field 367 37.7%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 69.5%
Field 370 30.5%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 50.6%
Field 373 49.4%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 60.1%
Field 376 39.9%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 49.3%
Field 379 50.7%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 33.4%
Field 382 66.6%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 N
Field 385 N
Field 388 100%
Field 388 51.5%
Field 388 48.5%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 34.9%
Field 391 65.1%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 45.3%
Field 394 54.7%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 64.6%
Field 397 35.4%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 71.4%
Field 400 28.6%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 69.3%
Field 403 30.7%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 77.5%
Field 406 22.5%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 84.3%
Field 409 15.7%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 70.2%
Field 412 29.8%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 61.0%
Field 415 39.0%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 80.6%
Field 418 19.4%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 56.3%
Field 421 43.7%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 73.5%
Field 424 26.5%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 787,050
Less than high school diploma 37.9%
High school diploma or GED 22.7%
Some college or associate's degree 19.1%
Bachelor's degree 11.7%
Graduate or professional degree 8.5%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 48.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 13.1%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2014 29.3%
% change: 1990-2000 125.9%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2014 113.0%
% change: 1990-2000 157.7%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 333,217
Less than high school diploma 25%
High school diploma or GED 22.1%
Some college or associate's degree 26.6%
Bachelor's degree 15.3%
Graduate or professional degree 10.9%
Noncitizens (%) 453,833
Less than high school diploma 47.4%
High school diploma or GED 23%
Some college or associate's degree 13.6%
Bachelor's degree 9.1%
Graduate or professional degree 6.8%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,649,176
Less than high school diploma 8.8%
High school diploma or GED 24.7%
Some college or associate's degree 37.4%
Bachelor's degree 18.5%
Graduate or professional degree 10.7%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -18.0%
% change: 1990-2000 0.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 52.9%
% change: 1990-2000 60.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 476,607
Less than high school diploma 48.4%
High school diploma or GED 18.7%
Some college or associate's degree 17.2%
Bachelor's degree 8.9%
Graduate or professional degree 6.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 37.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 9.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,783,320
Less than high school diploma 14.0%
High school diploma or GED 25.3%
Some college or associate's degree 35.7%
Bachelor's degree 16.3%
Graduate or professional degree 8.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 206,614
Less than high school diploma 49.5%
High school diploma or GED 18.4%
Some college or associate's degree 18.1%
Bachelor's degree 7.6%
Graduate or professional degree 6.5%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 20.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,089,870
Less than high school diploma 18.6%
High school diploma or GED 27.1%
Some college or associate's degree 33.5%
Bachelor's degree 13.9%
Graduate or professional degree 6.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2014 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.