E.g., 02/22/2017
E.g., 02/22/2017

State Language Data - AZ

Arizona

Language & Education
2015
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 908,538
Speak only English 15.4%
Speak English "very well" 36.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 48.3%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 21.2%
% change: 1990-2000 172.0%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 379,581
Speak only English 21.2%
Speak English "very well" 43.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 34.9%
Noncitizens 528,957
Speak only English 11.2%
Speak English "very well" 30.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 57.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 5,489,667
Speak only English 82.4%
Speak English ""very well"" 15.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2.4%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -25.3%
% change: 1990-2000 26.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 643,640
Speak only English 15.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 28.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 56.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,109,084
Speak only English 83.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 12.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 271,380
Speak only English 20.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 30.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 49.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,090,890
Speak only English 84.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 11.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,191,668
Speak only English 850,659
Speak language other than English 341,009
Speak English "very well"
287,039
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
53,970
Speak Spanish 289,614
Speak English "very well"
245,435
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
44,179
Ages 18-64 4,086,533
Speak only English 2,882,622
Speak language other than English 1,203,911
Speak English "very well"
777,968
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
425,943
Speak Spanish 909,564
Speak English "very well"
571,250
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
338,314
65 and Older 1,120,004
Speak only English 932,100
Speak language other than English 187,904
Speak English "very well"
96,187
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
91,717
Speak Spanish 117,848
Speak English "very well"
60,636
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
57,212
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 71.4%
Speak language other than English 28.6%
Speak English "very well" 24.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.5%
Speak Spanish 24.3%
Speak English "very well" 20.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.7%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 70.5%
Speak language other than English 29.5%
Speak English "very well" 19.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 10.4%
Speak Spanish 22.3%
Speak English "very well" 14.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 8.3%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 83.2%
Speak language other than English 16.8%
Speak English "very well" 8.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 8.2%
Speak Spanish 10.5%
Speak English "very well" 5.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 5.1%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 6,398,205
Speak only English 4,665,381
Speak language other than English 1,732,824
Spanish or Spanish Creole 1,317,026
Speak English "very well" 877,321
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 439,705
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 18,818
Speak English "very well" 13,746
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,072
French Creole 771
Speak English "very well" 501
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 270
Italian 5,776
Speak English "very well" 4,305
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,471
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 2,158
Speak English "very well" 1,699
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 459
German 19,654
Speak English "very well" 17,366
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,288
Yiddish 610
Speak English "very well" 367
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 243
Other West Germanic Languages 1,958
Speak English "very well" 1,762
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 196
Scandinavian Languages 2,600
Speak English "very well" 2,433
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 167
Greek 2,193
Speak English "very well" 1,668
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 525
Russian 8,551
Speak English "very well" 6,364
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,187
Polish 6,571
Speak English "very well" 4,379
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,192
Serbo-Croatian 5,812
Speak English "very well" 3,613
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,199
Other Slavic Languages 4,297
Speak English "very well" 3,306
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 991
Armenian 1,203
Speak English "very well" 1,115
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 88
Persian 7,821
Speak English "very well" 4,428
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,393
Gujarati 4,079
Speak English "very well" 2,818
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,261
Hindi 11,227
Speak English "very well" 9,951
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,276
Urdu 3,598
Speak English "very well" 2,949
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 649
Other Indic Languages 11,219
Speak English "very well" 8,101
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,118
Other Indo-European Languages 7,784
Speak English "very well" 4,612
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,172
Chinese 32,695
Speak English "very well" 16,230
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 16,465
Japanese 7,643
Speak English "very well" 5,045
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,598
Korean 12,678
Speak English "very well" 6,198
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,480
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 1,988
Speak English "very well" 994
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 994
Hmong 248
Speak English "very well" 184
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 64
Thai 3,072
Speak English "very well" 1,959
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,113
Laotian 1,014
Speak English "very well" 591
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 423
Vietnamese 24,364
Speak English "very well" 9,913
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 14,451
Other Asian Languages 20,468
Speak English "very well" 15,053
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,415
Tagalog 22,503
Speak English "very well" 15,841
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,662
Other Pacific Island Languages 6,098
Speak English "very well" 5,073
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,025
Navajo 83,050
Speak English "very well" 61,375
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 21,675
Other Native North American Languages 26,204
Speak English "very well" 21,069
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,135
Hungarian 852
Speak English "very well" 666
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 186
Arabic 23,520
Speak English "very well" 14,469
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,051
Hebrew 1,860
Speak English "very well" 1,594
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 266
African Languages 14,686
Speak English "very well" 8,749
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,937
Other and Unspecified Languages 6,155
Speak English "very well" 3,387
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,768
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 72.9%
Field 308 27.1%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 66.6%
Field 310 33.4%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 73.0%
Field 315 27.0%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 65.0%
Field 316 35.0%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 74.5%
Field 319 25.5%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 78.7%
Field 322 21.3%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 88.4%
Field 325 11.6%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 60.2%
Field 328 39.8%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 90.0%
Field 331 10.0%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 93.6%
Field 334 6.4%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 76.1%
Field 337 23.9%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 74.4%
Field 340 25.6%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 66.6%
Field 343 33.4%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 62.2%
Field 346 37.8%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 76.9%
Field 349 23.1%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 92.7%
Field 352 7.3%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 56.6%
Field 355 43.4%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 69.1%
Field 358 30.9%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 88.6%
Field 361 11.4%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 82.0%
Field 364 18.0%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 72.2%
Field 367 27.8%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 59.2%
Field 370 40.8%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 49.6%
Field 373 50.4%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 66.0%
Field 376 34.0%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 48.9%
Field 379 51.1%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 50.0%
Field 382 50.0%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 74.2%
Field 385 25.8%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 63.8%
Field 388 36.2%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 58.3%
Field 391 41.7%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 40.7%
Field 394 59.3%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 73.5%
Field 397 26.5%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 70.4%
Field 400 29.6%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 83.2%
Field 403 16.8%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 73.9%
Field 406 26.1%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 80.4%
Field 409 19.6%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 78.2%
Field 412 21.8%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 61.5%
Field 415 38.5%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 85.7%
Field 418 14.3%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 59.6%
Field 421 40.4%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 55.0%
Field 424 45.0%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 795,159
Less than high school diploma 36.9%
High school diploma or GED 22.5%
Some college or associate's degree 19.4%
Bachelor's degree 12.0%
Graduate or professional degree 9.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 46.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 13.4%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2015 27.3%
% change: 1990-2000 125.9%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2015 124.3%
% change: 1990-2000 157.7%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 353,558
Less than high school diploma 23.9%
High school diploma or GED 21.9%
Some college or associate's degree 26.8%
Bachelor's degree 15.8%
Graduate or professional degree 11.5%
Noncitizens (%) 441,601
Less than high school diploma 47.4%
High school diploma or GED 23%
Some college or associate's degree 13.4%
Bachelor's degree 9%
Graduate or professional degree 7.2%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,741,795
Less than high school diploma 9.0%
High school diploma or GED 24.9%
Some college or associate's degree 37.0%
Bachelor's degree 18.5%
Graduate or professional degree 10.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -13.7%
% change: 1990-2000 0.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 56.8%
% change: 1990-2000 60.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 476,607
Less than high school diploma 48.4%
High school diploma or GED 18.7%
Some college or associate's degree 17.2%
Bachelor's degree 8.9%
Graduate or professional degree 6.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 37.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 9.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,783,320
Less than high school diploma 14.0%
High school diploma or GED 25.3%
Some college or associate's degree 35.7%
Bachelor's degree 16.3%
Graduate or professional degree 8.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 206,614
Less than high school diploma 49.5%
High school diploma or GED 18.4%
Some college or associate's degree 18.1%
Bachelor's degree 7.6%
Graduate or professional degree 6.5%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 20.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,089,870
Less than high school diploma 18.6%
High school diploma or GED 27.1%
Some college or associate's degree 33.5%
Bachelor's degree 13.9%
Graduate or professional degree 6.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.