E.g., 03/01/2015
E.g., 03/01/2015

State Language Data - AZ

Arizona

Language & Education
2013
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 891,911
Speak only English 16.2%
Speak English "very well" 34.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 49.8%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2013 22.8%
% change: 1990-2000 172.0%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

 
Naturalized citizens 341,723
Speak only English 23.3%
Speak English "very well" 41.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 34.9%
Noncitizens 550,188
Speak only English 11.7%
Speak English "very well" 29.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 59.1%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 5,304,632
Speak only English 82.8%
Speak English ""very well"" 14.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2.3%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -32.5%
% change: 1990-2000 26.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 643,640
Speak only English 15.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 28.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 56.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,109,084
Speak only English 83.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 12.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 271,380
Speak only English 20.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 30.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 49.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,090,890
Speak only English 84.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 11.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,185,881
Speak only English 838,070
Speak language other than English 347,811
Speak English "very well"
296,461
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
51,350
Speak Spanish 293,151
Speak English "very well"
251,177
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
41,974
Ages 18-64 3,991,938
Speak only English 2,841,768
Speak language other than English 1,150,170
Speak English "very well"
711,746
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
438,424
Speak Spanish 868,932
Speak English "very well"
507,710
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
361,222
65 and Older 1,018,724
Speak only English 855,839
Speak language other than English 162,885
Speak English "very well"
87,989
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
74,896
Speak Spanish 104,754
Speak English "very well"
56,874
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
47,880
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 70.7%
Speak language other than English 29.3%
Speak English "very well" 25.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.3%
Speak Spanish 24.7%
Speak English "very well" 21.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.5%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 71.2%
Speak language other than English 28.8%
Speak English "very well" 17.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 11.0%
Speak Spanish 21.8%
Speak English "very well" 12.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 9.0%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 84.0%
Speak language other than English 16.0%
Speak English "very well" 8.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 7.4%
Speak Spanish 10.3%
Speak English "very well" 5.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.7%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 6,196,543
Speak only English 4,535,677
Speak language other than English 1,660,866
Spanish or Spanish Creole 1,266,837
Speak English "very well" 815,761
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 451,076
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 15,270
Speak English "very well" 13,212
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,058
French Creole 887
Speak English "very well" 887
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Italian 6,535
Speak English "very well" 5,081
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,454
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 3,992
Speak English "very well" 3,075
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 917
German 23,336
Speak English "very well" 20,765
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,571
Yiddish 579
Speak English "very well" 579
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other West Germanic Languages 3,725
Speak English "very well" 3,161
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 564
Scandinavian Languages 2,955
Speak English "very well" 2,907
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 48
Greek 2,217
Speak English "very well" 1,814
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 403
Russian 6,471
Speak English "very well" 4,417
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,054
Polish 6,658
Speak English "very well" 5,495
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,163
Serbo-Croatian 6,375
Speak English "very well" 4,366
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,009
Other Slavic Languages 4,709
Speak English "very well" 3,881
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 828
Armenian 1,027
Speak English "very well" 747
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 280
Persian 4,140
Speak English "very well" 3,488
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 652
Gujarati 3,695
Speak English "very well" 3,092
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 603
Hindi 9,780
Speak English "very well" 8,875
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 905
Urdu 1,338
Speak English "very well" 1,155
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 183
Other Indic Languages 7,906
Speak English "very well" 5,666
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,240
Other Indo-European Languages 6,696
Speak English "very well" 4,840
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,856
Chinese 25,222
Speak English "very well" 12,590
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 12,632
Japanese 9,539
Speak English "very well" 5,415
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,124
Korean 8,954
Speak English "very well" 4,635
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,319
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 2,605
Speak English "very well" 1,382
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,223
Hmong 123
Speak English "very well" 64
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 59
Thai 3,189
Speak English "very well" 1,388
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,801
Laotian 1,713
Speak English "very well" 1,167
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 546
Vietnamese 23,018
Speak English "very well" 8,768
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 14,250
Other Asian Languages 16,127
Speak English "very well" 11,640
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,487
Tagalog 21,162
Speak English "very well" 15,398
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,764
Other Pacific Island Languages 7,868
Speak English "very well" 5,601
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,267
Navajo 79,610
Speak English "very well" 60,562
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 19,048
Other Native North American Languages 28,810
Speak English "very well" 25,378
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,432
Hungarian 1,867
Speak English "very well" 1,211
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 656
Arabic 22,352
Speak English "very well" 14,021
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,331
Hebrew 3,062
Speak English "very well" 2,285
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 777
African Languages 13,248
Speak English "very well" 7,305
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,943
Other and Unspecified Languages 7,269
Speak English "very well" 4,122
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,147
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 73.2%
Field 308 26.8%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 64.4%
Field 310 35.6%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 86.5%
Field 315 13.5%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 100.0%
Field 316 N
Field 319 100%
Field 319 77.8%
Field 319 22.2%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 77.0%
Field 322 23.0%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 89.0%
Field 325 11.0%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 100.0%
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 84.9%
Field 331 15.1%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 98.4%
Field 334 1.6%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 81.8%
Field 337 18.2%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 68.3%
Field 340 31.7%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 82.5%
Field 343 17.5%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 68.5%
Field 346 31.5%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 82.4%
Field 349 17.6%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 72.7%
Field 352 27.3%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 84.3%
Field 355 15.7%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 83.7%
Field 358 16.3%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 90.7%
Field 361 9.3%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 86.3%
Field 364 13.7%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 71.7%
Field 367 28.3%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 72.3%
Field 370 27.7%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 49.9%
Field 373 50.1%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 56.8%
Field 376 43.2%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 51.8%
Field 379 48.2%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 53.1%
Field 382 46.9%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 52.0%
Field 385 48.0%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 43.5%
Field 388 56.5%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 68.1%
Field 391 31.9%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 38.1%
Field 394 61.9%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 72.2%
Field 397 27.8%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 72.8%
Field 400 27.2%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 71.2%
Field 403 28.8%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 76.1%
Field 406 23.9%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 88.1%
Field 409 11.9%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 64.9%
Field 412 35.1%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 62.7%
Field 415 37.3%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 74.6%
Field 418 25.4%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 55.1%
Field 421 44.9%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 56.7%
Field 424 43.3%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 772,588
Less than high school diploma 38.0%
High school diploma or GED 23.2%
Some college or associate's degree 19.4%
Bachelor's degree 11.3%
Graduate or professional degree 8.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 47.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher 12.6%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2013 27.1%
% change: 1990-2000 125.9%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2013 100.0%
% change: 1990-2000 157.7%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 316,641
Less than high school diploma 25.2%
High school diploma or GED 21.8%
Some college or associate's degree 26.4%
Bachelor's degree 15.4%
Graduate or professional degree 11.1%
Noncitizens (%) 455,947
Less than high school diploma 46.8%
High school diploma or GED 24.1%
Some college or associate's degree 14.6%
Bachelor's degree 8.4%
Graduate or professional degree 6%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,572,149
Less than high school diploma 8.9%
High school diploma or GED 25.2%
Some college or associate's degree 36.8%
Bachelor's degree 18.3%
Graduate or professional degree 10.7%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -18.4%
% change: 1990-2000 0.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 49.4%
% change: 1990-2000 60.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 476,607
Less than high school diploma 48.4%
High school diploma or GED 18.7%
Some college or associate's degree 17.2%
Bachelor's degree 8.9%
Graduate or professional degree 6.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 37.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 9.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,783,320
Less than high school diploma 14.0%
High school diploma or GED 25.3%
Some college or associate's degree 35.7%
Bachelor's degree 16.3%
Graduate or professional degree 8.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 206,614
Less than high school diploma 49.5%
High school diploma or GED 18.4%
Some college or associate's degree 18.1%
Bachelor's degree 7.6%
Graduate or professional degree 6.5%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 20.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,089,870
Less than high school diploma 18.6%
High school diploma or GED 27.1%
Some college or associate's degree 33.5%
Bachelor's degree 13.9%
Graduate or professional degree 6.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2013 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.​
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS.