E.g., 08/19/2017
E.g., 08/19/2017

State Language Data - AR

Arkansas

Language & Education
2015
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 141,866
Speak only English 18.8%
Speak English "very well" 27.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 53.5%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 93.1%
% change: 1990-2000 421.8%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 47,192
Speak only English 26.6%
Speak English "very well" 33.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 40.1%
Noncitizens 94,674
Speak only English 14.9%
Speak English "very well" 24.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 60.2%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,647,634
Speak only English 96.7%
Speak English ""very well"" 2.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.6%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -12.8%
% change: 1990-2000 39.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 72,196
Speak only English 18.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 26.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 54.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,420,009
Speak only English 97.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 25,099
Speak only English 38.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 31.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,154,750
Speak only English 97.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 517,240
Speak only English 467,374
Speak language other than English 49,866
Speak English "very well"
38,078
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
11,788
Speak Spanish 40,806
Speak English "very well"
31,143
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
9,663
Ages 18-64 1,794,146
Speak only English 1,654,281
Speak language other than English 139,865
Speak English "very well"
66,698
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
73,167
Speak Spanish 98,555
Speak English "very well"
43,349
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
55,206
65 and Older 478,114
Speak only English 465,516
Speak language other than English 12,598
Speak English "very well"
5,610
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
6,988
Speak Spanish 5,757
Speak English "very well"
2,194
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
3,563
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 90.4%
Speak language other than English 9.6%
Speak English "very well" 7.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.3%
Speak Spanish 7.9%
Speak English "very well" 6.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.9%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 92.2%
Speak language other than English 7.8%
Speak English "very well" 3.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.1%
Speak Spanish 5.5%
Speak English "very well" 2.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.1%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 97.4%
Speak language other than English 2.6%
Speak English "very well" 1.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.5%
Speak Spanish 1.2%
Speak English "very well" 0.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.7%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 2,789,500
Speak only English 2,587,171
Speak language other than English 202,329
Spanish or Spanish Creole 145,118
Speak English "very well" 76,686
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 68,432
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 2,999
Speak English "very well" 2,797
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 202
French Creole 225
Speak English "very well" 225
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Italian 1,258
Speak English "very well" 886
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 372
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 318
Speak English "very well" 248
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 70
German 4,064
Speak English "very well" 3,096
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 968
Yiddish 19
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 19
Other West Germanic Languages 440
Speak English "very well" 424
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 16
Scandinavian Languages 217
Speak English "very well" 217
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Greek 139
Speak English "very well" 139
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Russian 861
Speak English "very well" 861
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Polish 1,255
Speak English "very well" 1,128
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 127
Serbo-Croatian 523
Speak English "very well" 415
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 108
Other Slavic Languages 194
Speak English "very well" 146
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 48
Armenian N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian 231
Speak English "very well" 100
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 131
Gujarati 1,230
Speak English "very well" 868
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 362
Hindi 2,038
Speak English "very well" 1,604
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 434
Urdu 1,770
Speak English "very well" 1,491
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 279
Other Indic Languages 2,705
Speak English "very well" 1,397
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,308
Other Indo-European Languages 1,161
Speak English "very well" 411
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 750
Chinese 6,438
Speak English "very well" 2,882
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,556
Japanese 1,621
Speak English "very well" 554
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,067
Korean 1,502
Speak English "very well" 1,002
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 500
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 267
Speak English "very well" 180
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 87
Hmong 2,574
Speak English "very well" 1,344
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,230
Thai 989
Speak English "very well" 127
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 862
Laotian 2,362
Speak English "very well" 444
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,918
Vietnamese 5,093
Speak English "very well" 2,309
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,784
Other Asian Languages 3,979
Speak English "very well" 3,103
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 876
Tagalog 1,526
Speak English "very well" 1,183
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 343
Other Pacific Island Languages 5,327
Speak English "very well" 1,777
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,550
Navajo N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 185
Speak English "very well" 185
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Hungarian 84
Speak English "very well" 84
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Arabic 2,089
Speak English "very well" 972
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,117
Hebrew 55
Speak English "very well" 55
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
African Languages 930
Speak English "very well" 690
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 240
Other and Unspecified Languages 543
Speak English "very well" 356
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 187
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 92.7%
Field 308 7.3%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 52.8%
Field 310 47.2%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 93.3%
Field 315 6.7%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 100.0%
Field 316 N
Field 319 100%
Field 319 70.4%
Field 319 29.6%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 78.0%
Field 322 22.0%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 76.2%
Field 325 23.8%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 N
Field 328 100.0%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 96.4%
Field 331 3.6%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 100.0%
Field 334 N
Field 337 100%
Field 337 100.0%
Field 337 N
Field 340 100%
Field 340 100.0%
Field 340 N
Field 343 100%
Field 343 89.9%
Field 343 10.1%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 79.3%
Field 346 20.7%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 75.3%
Field 349 24.7%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 N
Field 352 N
Field 355 100%
Field 355 43.3%
Field 355 56.7%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 70.6%
Field 358 29.4%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 78.7%
Field 361 21.3%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 84.2%
Field 364 15.8%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 51.6%
Field 367 48.4%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 35.4%
Field 370 64.6%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 44.8%
Field 373 55.2%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 34.2%
Field 376 65.8%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 66.7%
Field 379 33.3%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 67.4%
Field 382 32.6%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 52.2%
Field 385 47.8%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 12.8%
Field 388 87.2%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 18.8%
Field 391 81.2%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 45.3%
Field 394 54.7%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 78.0%
Field 397 22.0%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 77.5%
Field 400 22.5%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 33.4%
Field 403 66.6%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 N
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 100.0%
Field 409 N
Field 412 100%
Field 412 100.0%
Field 412 N
Field 415 100%
Field 415 46.5%
Field 415 53.5%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 100.0%
Field 418 N
Field 421 100%
Field 421 74.2%
Field 421 25.8%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 65.6%
Field 424 34.4%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 115,837
Less than high school diploma 39.8%
High school diploma or GED 23.3%
Some college or associate's degree 14.7%
Bachelor's degree 11.5%
Graduate or professional degree 10.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 15.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.9%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2015 95.3%
% change: 1990-2000 287.1%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2015 156.1%
% change: 1990-2000 151.0%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 41,307
Less than high school diploma 28.3%
High school diploma or GED 21.4%
Some college or associate's degree 19%
Bachelor's degree 16.5%
Graduate or professional degree 14.8%
Noncitizens (%) 74,530
Less than high school diploma 46.3%
High school diploma or GED 24.4%
Some college or associate's degree 12.3%
Bachelor's degree 8.7%
Graduate or professional degree 8.3%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,871,982
Less than high school diploma 13.0%
High school diploma or GED 34.8%
Some college or associate's degree 30.4%
Bachelor's degree 14.2%
Graduate or professional degree 7.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -39.2%
% change: 1990-2000 -18.8%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 44.9%
% change: 1990-2000 42.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 51,326
Less than high school diploma 46.0%
High school diploma or GED 18.4%
Some college or associate's degree 16.0%
Bachelor's degree 10.2%
Graduate or professional degree 9.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 5.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,681,371
Less than high school diploma 23.9%
High school diploma or GED 34.5%
Some college or associate's degree 24.9%
Bachelor's degree 11.2%
Graduate or professional degree 5.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 19,725
Less than high school diploma 31.0%
High school diploma or GED 27.9%
Some college or associate's degree 20.9%
Bachelor's degree 9.8%
Graduate or professional degree 10.4%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 1.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 2.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,471,113
Less than high school diploma 33.6%
High school diploma or GED 32.9%
Some college or associate's degree 20.2%
Bachelor's degree 8.9%
Graduate or professional degree 4.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.