E.g., 06/02/2016
E.g., 06/02/2016

State Language Data - AR

Arkansas

Language & Education
2014
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 138,995
Speak only English 21.7%
Speak English "very well" 26.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 52.0%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2014 83.7%
% change: 1990-2000 421.8%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 42,221
Speak only English 31.3%
Speak English "very well" 32.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 36.1%
Noncitizens 96,774
Speak only English 17.6%
Speak English "very well" 23.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 58.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,636,978
Speak only English 96.9%
Speak English ""very well"" 2.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.7%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -1.6%
% change: 1990-2000 39.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 72,196
Speak only English 18.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 26.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 54.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,420,009
Speak only English 97.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 25,099
Speak only English 38.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 31.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,154,750
Speak only English 97.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 515,744
Speak only English 466,604
Speak language other than English 49,140
Speak English "very well"
37,984
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
11,156
Speak Spanish 40,121
Speak English "very well"
30,443
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
9,678
Ages 18-64 1,795,217
Speak only English 1,664,029
Speak language other than English 131,188
Speak English "very well"
57,481
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
73,707
Speak Spanish 95,808
Speak English "very well"
36,825
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
58,983
65 and Older 465,012
Speak only English 454,220
Speak language other than English 10,792
Speak English "very well"
5,314
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
5,478
Speak Spanish 5,094
Speak English "very well"
1,954
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
3,140
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 90.5%
Speak language other than English 9.5%
Speak English "very well" 7.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.2%
Speak Spanish 7.8%
Speak English "very well" 5.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.9%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 92.7%
Speak language other than English 7.3%
Speak English "very well" 3.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.1%
Speak Spanish 5.3%
Speak English "very well" 2.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.3%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 97.7%
Speak language other than English 2.3%
Speak English "very well" 1.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.2%
Speak Spanish 1.1%
Speak English "very well" 0.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.7%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 2,775,973
Speak only English 2,584,853
Speak language other than English 191,120
Spanish or Spanish Creole 141,023
Speak English "very well" 69,222
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 71,801
French (Including Patois and Cajun) 3,388
Speak English "very well" 2,973
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 415
French Creole 114
Speak English "very well" 114
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Italian 322
Speak English "very well" 309
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 421
Speak English "very well" 224
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 197
German 4,142
Speak English "very well" 3,390
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 752
Yiddish 76
Speak English "very well" 76
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other West Germanic Languages 781
Speak English "very well" 587
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 194
Scandinavian Languages N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Greek 128
Speak English "very well" 128
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Russian 972
Speak English "very well" 754
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 218
Polish 297
Speak English "very well" 110
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 187
Serbo-Croatian 314
Speak English "very well" 220
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 94
Other Slavic Languages 568
Speak English "very well" 393
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 175
Armenian N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian 530
Speak English "very well" 265
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 265
Gujarati 1,436
Speak English "very well" 1,073
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 363
Hindi 1,374
Speak English "very well" 1,146
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 228
Urdu 1,489
Speak English "very well" 1,152
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 337
Other Indic Languages 770
Speak English "very well" 716
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 54
Other Indo-European Languages 149
Speak English "very well" 149
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Chinese 5,371
Speak English "very well" 3,128
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,243
Japanese 1,037
Speak English "very well" 688
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 349
Korean 1,818
Speak English "very well" 1,410
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 408
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Hmong 1,387
Speak English "very well" 743
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 644
Thai 338
Speak English "very well" 103
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 235
Laotian 2,574
Speak English "very well" 542
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,032
Vietnamese 5,248
Speak English "very well" 1,820
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,428
Other Asian Languages 3,203
Speak English "very well" 2,230
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 973
Tagalog 2,535
Speak English "very well" 1,128
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,407
Other Pacific Island Languages 5,671
Speak English "very well" 3,434
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,237
Navajo N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Native North American Languages 695
Speak English "very well" 377
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 318
Hungarian N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Arabic 2,096
Speak English "very well" 1,502
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 594
Hebrew N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
African Languages 433
Speak English "very well" 345
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 88
Other and Unspecified Languages 420
Speak English "very well" 328
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 92
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 93.1%
Field 308 6.9%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 49.1%
Field 310 50.9%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 87.8%
Field 315 12.2%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 100.0%
Field 316 N
Field 319 100%
Field 319 96.0%
Field 319 4.0%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 53.2%
Field 322 46.8%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 81.8%
Field 325 18.2%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 100.0%
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 75.2%
Field 331 24.8%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 N
Field 334 N
Field 337 100%
Field 337 100.0%
Field 337 N
Field 340 100%
Field 340 77.6%
Field 340 22.4%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 37.0%
Field 343 63.0%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 70.1%
Field 346 29.9%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 69.2%
Field 349 30.8%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 N
Field 352 N
Field 355 100%
Field 355 50.0%
Field 355 50.0%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 74.7%
Field 358 25.3%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 83.4%
Field 361 16.6%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 77.4%
Field 364 22.6%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 93.0%
Field 367 7.0%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 100.0%
Field 370 N
Field 373 100%
Field 373 58.2%
Field 373 41.8%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 66.3%
Field 376 33.7%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 77.6%
Field 379 22.4%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 N
Field 382 N
Field 385 100%
Field 385 53.6%
Field 385 46.4%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 30.5%
Field 388 69.5%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 21.1%
Field 391 78.9%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 34.7%
Field 394 65.3%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 69.6%
Field 397 30.4%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 44.5%
Field 400 55.5%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 60.6%
Field 403 39.4%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 N
Field 406 N
Field 409 100%
Field 409 54.2%
Field 409 45.8%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 N
Field 412 N
Field 415 100%
Field 415 71.7%
Field 415 28.3%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 N
Field 418 N
Field 421 100%
Field 421 79.7%
Field 421 20.3%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 78.1%
Field 424 21.9%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 115,716
Less than high school diploma 42.5%
High school diploma or GED 25.0%
Some college or associate's degree 13.0%
Bachelor's degree 9.7%
Graduate or professional degree 9.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 17.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.4%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2014 107.9%
% change: 1990-2000 287.1%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2014 125.4%
% change: 1990-2000 151.0%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 38,308
Less than high school diploma 26.4%
High school diploma or GED 27.1%
Some college or associate's degree 18.8%
Bachelor's degree 13.1%
Graduate or professional degree 14.5%
Noncitizens (%) 77,408
Less than high school diploma 50.4%
High school diploma or GED 24%
Some college or associate's degree 10.1%
Bachelor's degree 8%
Graduate or professional degree 7.5%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,852,698
Less than high school diploma 12.9%
High school diploma or GED 35.5%
Some college or associate's degree 30.1%
Bachelor's degree 14.1%
Graduate or professional degree 7.4%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -40.3%
% change: 1990-2000 -18.8%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 41.5%
% change: 1990-2000 42.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 51,326
Less than high school diploma 46.0%
High school diploma or GED 18.4%
Some college or associate's degree 16.0%
Bachelor's degree 10.2%
Graduate or professional degree 9.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 5.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,681,371
Less than high school diploma 23.9%
High school diploma or GED 34.5%
Some college or associate's degree 24.9%
Bachelor's degree 11.2%
Graduate or professional degree 5.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 19,725
Less than high school diploma 31.0%
High school diploma or GED 27.9%
Some college or associate's degree 20.9%
Bachelor's degree 9.8%
Graduate or professional degree 10.4%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 1.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 2.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,471,113
Less than high school diploma 33.6%
High school diploma or GED 32.9%
Some college or associate's degree 20.2%
Bachelor's degree 8.9%
Graduate or professional degree 4.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2014 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.