E.g., 12/05/2016
E.g., 12/05/2016

State Income Data - VA

Virginia

Income & Poverty
2014
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

995,110
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 17.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 70.0%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2014 96.3%
% change: 1990-2000 118.3%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 10.6%
With related children under age 18
14.3%
With related children under age 5
11.2%
Married-couple families 6.7%
With related children under age 18
8.5%
With related children under age 5
5.1%
Families with female householder, no husband present 27.8%
With related children under age 18
37.7%
With related children under age 5
37.1%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 492,220
Below 100% of the poverty level
7.7%
100-199% of the poverty level
12.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
80.0%
Noncitizens 502,890
Below 100% of the poverty level
16.9%
100-199% of the poverty level
22.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
60.2%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa 103,738
Below 100% of the poverty level
19.0%
Born in Asia 417,545
Below 100% of the poverty level
9.9%
Born in Europe 98,203
Below 100% of the poverty level
7.9%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 358,067
Below 100% of the poverty level
14.8%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 14,267
Below 100% of the poverty level
6.0%
Born in Oceania 3,290
Below 100% of the poverty level
4.8%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 7,085,190
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.7%
100-199% of the poverty level 14.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 73.4%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 40.0%
% change: 1990-2000 1.4%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 8.0%
With related children under age 18
13.1%
With related children under age 5
13.6%
Married-couple families 3.0%
With related children under age 18
4.0%
With related children under age 5
3.2%
Families with female householder, no husband present 26.3%
With related children under age 18
36.4%
With related children under age 5
44.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 561,835
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 72.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 6,297,373
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 15.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 75.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 300,651
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 74.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 5,669,895
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 15.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 73.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 7,580,002
Below 100% of the poverty level 868,974
Speaks only English
6,382,398
Below 100% of the poverty level 712,024
Speaks Spanish
516,339
Below 100% of the poverty level 80,053
Speaks other Indo-European languages
283,669
Below 100% of the poverty level 29,703
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
273,811
Below 100% of the poverty level 21,656
Speaks other languages
123,785
Below 100% of the poverty level 25,538
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.5%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.2%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.5%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.5%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 7.9%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 20.6%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 462,158
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.2%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 4.4%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 14.9%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 16.5%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 17.6%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 18.4%
Earned $75,000 or more 27.0%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 248,481
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
0.9%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
2.7%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
10.2%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
12.9%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
17.7%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
21.1%
Earned $75,000 or more
34.5%
Noncitizens (%) 213,677
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.6%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
6.4%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
20.5%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
20.7%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
17.4%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
15.2%
Earned $75,000 or more
18.2%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $47,988
Female $40,413
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$61,104
Female
$47,495
Noncitizens  
Male
$37,224
Female
$29,791
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 2,532,941
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.5%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.0%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 11.2%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 14.4%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 19.6%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 21.2%
Earned $75,000 or more 29.1%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $54,607
Female $43,048
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $68,202
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $79,838
Noncitizens $54,656
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $64,312
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2014 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 55.3%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 71.0%
Noncitizens 33.3%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 66.8%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 997,105
With health insurance 74.0%
With private health insurance
65.5%
With public coverage
14.8%
No health insurance coverage 26.0%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 491,417
With health insurance 88.7%
With private health insurance
78.2%
With public coverage
20.9%
No health insurance coverage 11.3%
Noncitizens (%) 505,688
With health insurance 59.8%
With private health insurance
53.1%
With public coverage
8.8%
No health insurance coverage 40.2%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 7,117,779
With health insurance 91.2%
With private health insurance
76.0%
With public coverage
27.7%
No health insurance coverage 8.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2014 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.