E.g., 02/22/2017
E.g., 02/22/2017

State Income Data - VA

Virginia

Income & Poverty
2015
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

1,004,074
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.8%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 71.7%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 85.2%
% change: 1990-2000 118.3%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 8.9%
With related children under age 18
11.7%
With related children under age 5
10.6%
Married-couple families 6.0%
With related children under age 18
7.3%
With related children under age 5
5.9%
Families with female householder, no husband present 22.8%
With related children under age 18
30.3%
With related children under age 5
33.4%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 513,980
Below 100% of the poverty level
6.1%
100-199% of the poverty level
12.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
81.8%
Noncitizens 490,094
Below 100% of the poverty level
17.0%
100-199% of the poverty level
21.8%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
61.2%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia 421,528
Below 100% of the poverty level
10.0%
Born in Europe 100,972
Below 100% of the poverty level
7.5%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 360,104
Below 100% of the poverty level
14.5%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 7,127,254
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 14.6%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 74.3%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 33.6%
% change: 1990-2000 1.4%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 7.6%
With related children under age 18
12.6%
With related children under age 5
10.8%
Married-couple families 2.9%
With related children under age 18
3.7%
With related children under age 5
3.3%
Families with female householder, no husband present 24.6%
With related children under age 18
33.8%
With related children under age 5
33.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 561,835
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 72.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 6,297,373
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 15.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 75.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 300,651
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 74.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 5,669,895
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 15.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 73.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 7,628,058
Below 100% of the poverty level 827,439
Speaks only English
6,404,464
Below 100% of the poverty level 683,087
Speaks Spanish
540,314
Below 100% of the poverty level 75,253
Speaks other Indo-European languages
267,931
Below 100% of the poverty level 26,359
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
295,322
Below 100% of the poverty level 26,914
Speaks other languages
120,027
Below 100% of the poverty level 15,826
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.8%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.7%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.9%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.8%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.1%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.2%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 480,739
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.5%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.1%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 16.1%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 16.0%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 17.2%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 17.7%
Earned $75,000 or more 28.5%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 270,653
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.2%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
2.1%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
11.4%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
13.6%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
16.0%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
19.9%
Earned $75,000 or more
35.8%
Noncitizens (%) 210,086
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.0%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
4.5%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
22.1%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
19.0%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
18.7%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
14.8%
Earned $75,000 or more
18.9%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $50,435
Female $40,218
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$61,470
Female
$47,043
Noncitizens  
Male
$39,532
Female
$31,121
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 2,558,714
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.4%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.1%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 11.4%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 14.4%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 18.9%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 21.4%
Earned $75,000 or more 29.4%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $55,631
Female $43,148
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $73,420
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $85,169
Noncitizens $58,618
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $65,485
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 56.4%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 70.1%
Noncitizens 35.3%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 66.2%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 1,007,410
With health insurance 78.4%
With private health insurance
69.8%
With public coverage
15.7%
No health insurance coverage 21.6%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 511,339
With health insurance 91.8%
With private health insurance
81.4%
With public coverage
21.9%
No health insurance coverage 8.2%
Noncitizens (%) 496,071
With health insurance 64.5%
With private health insurance
57.9%
With public coverage
9.3%
No health insurance coverage 35.5%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 7,155,107
With health insurance 92.6%
With private health insurance
76.9%
With public coverage
28.8%
No health insurance coverage 7.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.