E.g., 07/31/2016
E.g., 07/31/2016

State Income Data - TX

Texas

Income & Poverty
2014
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

4,455,431
Below 100% of the poverty level 22.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 27.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 50.1%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2014 45.7%
% change: 1990-2000 46.0%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 22.9%
With related children under age 18
29.0%
With related children under age 5
24.5%
Married-couple families 17.3%
With related children under age 18
21.4%
With related children under age 5
17.1%
Families with female householder, no husband present 44.1%
With related children under age 18
53.7%
With related children under age 5
53.0%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 1,566,883
Below 100% of the poverty level
12.3%
100-199% of the poverty level
20.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
67.2%
Noncitizens 2,888,548
Below 100% of the poverty level
28.0%
100-199% of the poverty level
31.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
40.8%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa 186,418
Below 100% of the poverty level
24.3%
Born in Asia 906,068
Below 100% of the poverty level
13.0%
Born in Europe 197,122
Below 100% of the poverty level
7.9%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,110,664
Below 100% of the poverty level
26.3%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 42,512
Below 100% of the poverty level
6.8%
Born in Oceania 12,647
Below 100% of the poverty level
7.1%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 21,884,816
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 19.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 64.5%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 46.4%
% change: 1990-2000 -3.7%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 10.5%
With related children under age 18
16.3%
With related children under age 5
16.9%
Married-couple families 4.5%
With related children under age 18
6.1%
With related children under age 5
5.6%
Families with female householder, no husband present 29.8%
With related children under age 18
38.2%
With related children under age 5
44.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 2,879,785
Below 100% of the poverty level 23.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 30.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 45.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 17,437,883
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 19.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 67.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 1,486,943
Below 100% of the poverty level 31.7%
100-199% of the poverty level 29.8%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 38.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 15,056,820
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.6%
100-199% of the poverty level 20.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 63.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 24,414,846
Below 100% of the poverty level 4,011,816
Speaks only English
15,695,576
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,971,229
Speaks Spanish
7,324,259
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,848,506
Speaks other Indo-European languages
514,620
Below 100% of the poverty level 65,118
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
685,458
Below 100% of the poverty level 79,991
Speaks other languages
194,933
Below 100% of the poverty level 46,972
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.4%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.6%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 25.2%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.7%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.7%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 24.1%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 1,981,414
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 3.0%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 8.3%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 25.7%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 17.7%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 15.9%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 13.5%
Earned $75,000 or more 15.9%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 772,036
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.7%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
4.6%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
16.6%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
15.7%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
17.6%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
18.8%
Earned $75,000 or more
24.9%
Noncitizens (%) 1,209,378
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
3.8%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
10.7%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
31.5%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
19.0%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
14.9%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
10.0%
Earned $75,000 or more
10.1%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $33,866
Female $26,186
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$48,607
Female
$36,934
Noncitizens  
Male
$29,287
Female
$20,560
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 7,140,763
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 2.2%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 4.4%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 14.3%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 15.5%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 20.0%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 21.3%
Earned $75,000 or more 22.4%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $50,694
Female $38,287
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $42,189
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $57,163
Noncitizens $34,767
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $56,432
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2014 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 55.6%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 73.7%
Noncitizens 42.3%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 62.6%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 4,466,321
With health insurance 58.2%
With private health insurance
44.6%
With public coverage
17.0%
No health insurance coverage 41.8%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 1,566,783
With health insurance 80.1%
With private health insurance
63.2%
With public coverage
24.2%
No health insurance coverage 19.9%
Noncitizens (%) 2,899,538
With health insurance 46.3%
With private health insurance
34.5%
With public coverage
13.2%
No health insurance coverage 53.7%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 22,019,517
With health insurance 85.6%
With private health insurance
63.9%
With public coverage
31.0%
No health insurance coverage 14.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2014 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.