E.g., 06/26/2017
E.g., 06/26/2017

State Income Data - TX

Texas

Income & Poverty
2015
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

4,610,606
Below 100% of the poverty level 20.0%
100-199% of the poverty level 27.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 52.7%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 34.0%
% change: 1990-2000 46.0%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 20.6%
With related children under age 18
25.9%
With related children under age 5
17.6%
Married-couple families 15.2%
With related children under age 18
18.0%
With related children under age 5
11.6%
Families with female householder, no husband present 42.1%
With related children under age 18
52.7%
With related children under age 5
42.7%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 1,660,690
Below 100% of the poverty level
11.0%
100-199% of the poverty level
20.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
68.8%
Noncitizens 2,949,916
Below 100% of the poverty level
25.1%
100-199% of the poverty level
31.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
43.6%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia 978,131
Below 100% of the poverty level
12.3%
Born in Europe 186,521
Below 100% of the poverty level
8.5%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,163,404
Below 100% of the poverty level
23.4%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 22,235,597
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.0%
100-199% of the poverty level 18.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 66.1%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 38.6%
% change: 1990-2000 -3.7%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 9.7%
With related children under age 18
15.1%
With related children under age 5
15.0%
Married-couple families 4.3%
With related children under age 18
5.7%
With related children under age 5
4.4%
Families with female householder, no husband present 27.2%
With related children under age 18
35.8%
With related children under age 5
41.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 2,879,785
Below 100% of the poverty level 23.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 30.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 45.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 17,437,883
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 19.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 67.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 1,486,943
Below 100% of the poverty level 31.7%
100-199% of the poverty level 29.8%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 38.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 15,056,820
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.6%
100-199% of the poverty level 20.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 63.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 24,902,181
Below 100% of the poverty level 3,772,329
Speaks only English
16,035,553
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,880,631
Speaks Spanish
7,382,168
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,698,690
Speaks other Indo-European languages
557,731
Below 100% of the poverty level 65,866
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
712,395
Below 100% of the poverty level 77,687
Speaks other languages
214,334
Below 100% of the poverty level 49,455
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.1%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.7%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 23.0%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.8%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.9%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 23.1%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 2,084,306
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 2.5%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 7.9%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 24.9%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 18.0%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 16.3%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 13.6%
Earned $75,000 or more 16.8%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 818,017
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.6%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
3.7%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
15.9%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
16.3%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
18.9%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
18.4%
Earned $75,000 or more
25.1%
Noncitizens (%) 1,266,289
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
3.1%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
10.6%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
30.7%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
19.1%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
14.6%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
10.5%
Earned $75,000 or more
11.5%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $35,353
Female $26,793
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$47,890
Female
$36,545
Noncitizens  
Male
$30,196
Female
$21,197
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 7,380,493
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 2.1%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 4.0%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 14.2%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 15.3%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 19.7%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 21.5%
Earned $75,000 or more 23.2%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $50,922
Female $39,372
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $45,326
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $59,172
Noncitizens $38,116
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $58,733
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 56.2%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 73.8%
Noncitizens 43.0%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 62.3%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 4,621,134
With health insurance 62.2%
With private health insurance
48.0%
With public coverage
17.7%
No health insurance coverage 37.8%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 1,659,358
With health insurance 84.0%
With private health insurance
66.8%
With public coverage
24.6%
No health insurance coverage 16.0%
Noncitizens (%) 2,961,776
With health insurance 50.0%
With private health insurance
37.5%
With public coverage
13.9%
No health insurance coverage 50.0%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 22,369,301
With health insurance 87.2%
With private health insurance
65.2%
With public coverage
31.3%
No health insurance coverage 12.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.