E.g., 08/28/2015
E.g., 08/28/2015

State Income Data - TX

Texas

Income & Poverty
2013
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS.

4,312,253
Below 100% of the poverty level 22.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 28.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 49.6%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2013 39.7%
% change: 1990-2000 46.0%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 22.6%
With related children under age 18
28.6%
With related children under age 5
22.3%
Married-couple families 17.6%
With related children under age 18
21.7%
With related children under age 5
15.0%
Families with female householder, no husband present 41.9%
With related children under age 18
51.7%
With related children under age 5
54.1%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 1,479,324
Below 100% of the poverty level
11.8%
100-199% of the poverty level
21.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
66.7%
Noncitizens 2,832,929
Below 100% of the poverty level
27.8%
100-199% of the poverty level
31.6%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
40.6%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa 161,608
Below 100% of the poverty level
17.6%
Born in Asia 842,564
Below 100% of the poverty level
12.6%
Born in Europe 183,881
Below 100% of the poverty level
8.1%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,064,730
Below 100% of the poverty level
26.4%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 50,085
Below 100% of the poverty level
5.7%
Born in Oceania 9,385
Below 100% of the poverty level
11.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 21,521,976
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.6%
100-199% of the poverty level 19.6%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 63.8%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 48.5%
% change: 1990-2000 -3.7%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 11.0%
With related children under age 18
17.2%
With related children under age 5
17.8%
Married-couple families 4.8%
With related children under age 18
6.7%
With related children under age 5
6.6%
Families with female householder, no husband present 30.9%
With related children under age 18
39.5%
With related children under age 5
45.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 2,879,785
Below 100% of the poverty level 23.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 30.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 45.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 17,437,883
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 19.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 67.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 1,486,943
Below 100% of the poverty level 31.7%
100-199% of the poverty level 29.8%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 38.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 15,056,820
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.6%
100-199% of the poverty level 20.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 63.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 23,935,698
Below 100% of the poverty level 4,011,520
Speaks only English
15,577,940
Below 100% of the poverty level 2,032,009
Speaks Spanish
7,069,662
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,808,405
Speaks other Indo-European languages
488,105
Below 100% of the poverty level 59,572
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
648,082
Below 100% of the poverty level 78,789
Speaks other languages
151,909
Below 100% of the poverty level 32,745
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.8%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.0%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 25.6%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.2%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.2%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 21.6%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 1,911,487
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 3.1%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 8.8%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 26.8%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 18.3%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 15.5%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 12.3%
Earned $75,000 or more 15.2%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 739,148
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.2%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
5.2%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
18.0%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
15.7%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
18.5%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
17.1%
Earned $75,000 or more
23.3%
Noncitizens (%) 1,172,339
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
3.6%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
11.1%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
32.3%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
20.0%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
13.6%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
9.2%
Earned $75,000 or more
10.1%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $31,852
Female $25,871
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$45,295
Female
$35,807
Noncitizens  
Male
$28,082
Female
$20,879
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 6,942,798
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 2.1%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 4.4%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 14.7%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 15.5%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 20.2%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 21.6%
Earned $75,000 or more 21.6%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $50,477
Female $37,451
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $41,748
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $55,121
Noncitizens $35,462
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $54,442
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 57.1%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 75.1%
Noncitizens 44.3%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 63.0%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 4,320,537
With health insurance 52.3%
With private health insurance
39.7%
With public coverage
15.8%
No health insurance coverage 47.7%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 1,478,971
With health insurance 74.2%
With private health insurance
58.2%
With public coverage
23.1%
No health insurance coverage 25.8%
Noncitizens (%) 2,841,566
With health insurance 40.9%
With private health insurance
30.1%
With public coverage
12.0%
No health insurance coverage 59.1%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 21,656,025
With health insurance 83.0%
With private health insurance
61.5%
With public coverage
30.9%
No health insurance coverage 17.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Bureau of the Census’ American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2013 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, South Dakota, Vermont, and West Virginia are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS), and Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming data are from pooled 2009-2013 ACS. Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2013 ACS.
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.