E.g., 02/24/2017
E.g., 02/24/2017

State Income Data - TN

Tennessee

Income & Poverty
2015
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

327,331
Below 100% of the poverty level 21.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 28.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 50.4%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 123.7%
% change: 1990-2000 257.9%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 20.6%
With related children under age 18
27.3%
With related children under age 5
22.3%
Married-couple families 17.6%
With related children under age 18
23.4%
With related children under age 5
17.1%
Families with female householder, no husband present 32.5%
With related children under age 18
41.4%
With related children under age 5
47.8%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 119,660
Below 100% of the poverty level
10.5%
100-199% of the poverty level
19.8%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
69.7%
Noncitizens 207,671
Below 100% of the poverty level
27.1%
100-199% of the poverty level
33.6%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
39.3%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia 97,936
Below 100% of the poverty level
16.5%
Born in Europe 31,340
Below 100% of the poverty level
10.2%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 146,584
Below 100% of the poverty level
28.9%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 6,113,050
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 20.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 63.1%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 40.6%
% change: 1990-2000 -2.8%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 11.8%
With related children under age 18
19.5%
With related children under age 5
22.7%
Married-couple families 5.2%
With related children under age 18
7.3%
With related children under age 5
5.8%
Families with female householder, no husband present 31.7%
With related children under age 18
42.8%
With related children under age 5
54.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 156,696
Below 100% of the poverty level 19.7%
100-199% of the poverty level 20.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 60.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 5,392,320
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 19.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 67.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 56,016
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 18.6%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 66.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 4,671,618
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 21.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 63.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 6,047,729
Below 100% of the poverty level 967,925
Speaks only English
5,626,665
Below 100% of the poverty level 866,558
Speaks Spanish
236,833
Below 100% of the poverty level 69,876
Speaks other Indo-European languages
72,821
Below 100% of the poverty level 12,167
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
67,648
Below 100% of the poverty level 6,756
Speaks other languages
43,762
Below 100% of the poverty level 12,568
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.0%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.4%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 29.5%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.7%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.0%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 28.7%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 148,364
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 2.5%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 6.1%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 27.4%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 20.6%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 17.1%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 11.9%
Earned $75,000 or more 14.4%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 61,539
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.4%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
4.2%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
18.5%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
18.3%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
18.8%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
16.1%
Earned $75,000 or more
21.7%
Noncitizens (%) 86,825
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.6%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
7.4%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
33.6%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
22.3%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
16.0%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
8.9%
Earned $75,000 or more
9.2%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $31,193
Female $29,232
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$42,102
Female
$32,442
Noncitizens  
Male
$27,246
Female
$24,835
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 2,001,871
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.9%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 4.3%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 16.5%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 18.7%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 22.2%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 19.4%
Earned $75,000 or more 17.0%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $45,065
Female $34,793
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $42,428
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $56,919
Noncitizens $36,995
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $47,538
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 48.0%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 70.3%
Noncitizens 30.6%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 66.8%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 329,062
With health insurance 63.4%
With private health insurance
51.3%
With public coverage
16.9%
No health insurance coverage 36.6%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 119,712
With health insurance 85.3%
With private health insurance
69.5%
With public coverage
25.3%
No health insurance coverage 14.7%
Noncitizens (%) 209,350
With health insurance 50.8%
With private health insurance
40.9%
With public coverage
12.0%
No health insurance coverage 49.2%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 6,167,238
With health insurance 91.1%
With private health insurance
66.6%
With public coverage
37.0%
No health insurance coverage 8.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.