E.g., 03/22/2017
E.g., 03/22/2017

State Income Data - MI

Michigan

Income & Poverty
2015
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

642,258
Below 100% of the poverty level 18.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 19.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 62.3%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 65.8%
% change: 1990-2000 56.2%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 16.3%
With related children under age 18
22.3%
With related children under age 5
18.9%
Married-couple families 12.8%
With related children under age 18
17.2%
With related children under age 5
13.3%
Families with female householder, no husband present 38.7%
With related children under age 18
52.0%
With related children under age 5
53.5%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 340,115
Below 100% of the poverty level
13.7%
100-199% of the poverty level
18.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
68.1%
Noncitizens 302,143
Below 100% of the poverty level
23.6%
100-199% of the poverty level
20.8%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
55.6%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia 325,357
Below 100% of the poverty level
21.0%
Born in Europe 133,180
Below 100% of the poverty level
10.7%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 119,341
Below 100% of the poverty level
22.1%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 9,056,138
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.6%
100-199% of the poverty level 17.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 66.5%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 50.4%
% change: 1990-2000 -16.5%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 10.7%
With related children under age 18
18.7%
With related children under age 5
19.3%
Married-couple families 4.2%
With related children under age 18
6.4%
With related children under age 5
5.2%
Families with female householder, no husband present 32.3%
With related children under age 18
43.7%
With related children under age 5
47.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 513,833
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 70.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 9,207,859
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.2%
100-199% of the poverty level 14.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 74.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 341,389
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 69.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 8,721,379
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 15.6%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 71.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 9,139,713
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,389,892
Speaks only English
8,273,751
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,205,009
Speaks Spanish
266,812
Below 100% of the poverty level 64,301
Speaks other Indo-European languages
268,532
Below 100% of the poverty level 43,078
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
148,328
Below 100% of the poverty level 23,230
Speaks other languages
182,290
Below 100% of the poverty level 54,274
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.2%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 14.6%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 24.1%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.0%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.7%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 29.8%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 236,488
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.4%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 4.0%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 17.2%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 14.4%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 15.8%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 17.4%
Earned $75,000 or more 29.8%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 127,815
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
0.9%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
3.0%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
13.7%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
13.6%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
18.1%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
17.8%
Earned $75,000 or more
32.9%
Noncitizens (%) 108,673
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.1%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
5.3%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
21.3%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
15.2%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
13.1%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
16.9%
Earned $75,000 or more
26.2%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $50,775
Female $39,947
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$53,137
Female
$41,808
Noncitizens  
Male
$45,838
Female
$32,186
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 2,766,330
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.9%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.8%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 13.2%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 16.7%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 20.6%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 23.0%
Earned $75,000 or more 20.9%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $50,457
Female $37,419
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $52,234
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $54,524
Noncitizens $49,414
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $50,985
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 61.2%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 74.8%
Noncitizens 41.2%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 71.1%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 649,854
With health insurance 86.4%
With private health insurance
65.4%
With public coverage
32.3%
No health insurance coverage 13.6%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 341,030
With health insurance 93.4%
With private health insurance
70.2%
With public coverage
40.9%
No health insurance coverage 6.6%
Noncitizens (%) 308,824
With health insurance 78.5%
With private health insurance
60.0%
With public coverage
22.9%
No health insurance coverage 21.5%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 9,160,946
With health insurance 94.5%
With private health insurance
71.4%
With public coverage
38.5%
No health insurance coverage 5.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.