E.g., 08/23/2016
E.g., 08/23/2016

State Income Data - MA

Massachusetts

Income & Poverty
2014
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

1,033,530
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 17.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 66.0%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2014 55.1%
% change: 1990-2000 42.6%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 12.7%
With related children under age 18
17.4%
With related children under age 5
12.5%
Married-couple families 7.4%
With related children under age 18
9.0%
With related children under age 5
6.3%
Families with female householder, no husband present 30.6%
With related children under age 18
39.5%
With related children under age 5
39.2%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 545,066
Below 100% of the poverty level
11.3%
100-199% of the poverty level
15.6%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
73.1%
Noncitizens 488,464
Below 100% of the poverty level
21.9%
100-199% of the poverty level
20.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
58.1%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa 100,258
Below 100% of the poverty level
18.8%
Born in Asia 311,663
Below 100% of the poverty level
16.1%
Born in Europe 224,764
Below 100% of the poverty level
9.2%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 364,608
Below 100% of the poverty level
21.1%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 28,369
Below 100% of the poverty level
6.0%
Born in Oceania 3,868
Below 100% of the poverty level
6.6%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 5,476,142
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.7%
100-199% of the poverty level 12.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 76.9%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 26.2%
% change: 1990-2000 9.3%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 7.2%
With related children under age 18
11.9%
With related children under age 5
10.4%
Married-couple families 2.4%
With related children under age 18
2.5%
With related children under age 5
1.6%
Families with female householder, no husband present 24.3%
With related children under age 18
34.4%
With related children under age 5
37.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 754,192
Below 100% of the poverty level 14.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 17.6%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 68.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 5,397,068
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.6%
100-199% of the poverty level 11.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 79.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 551,812
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 18.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 68.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 5,244,571
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 11.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 80.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 6,149,948
Below 100% of the poverty level 696,087
Speaks only English
4,758,891
Below 100% of the poverty level 422,511
Speaks Spanish
529,741
Below 100% of the poverty level 155,430
Speaks other Indo-European languages
522,631
Below 100% of the poverty level 57,434
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
246,522
Below 100% of the poverty level 39,600
Speaks other languages
92,163
Below 100% of the poverty level 21,112
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.3%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.9%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 29.3%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.0%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.1%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 22.9%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 439,079
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.5%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 2.8%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 13.5%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 16.2%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 19.2%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 20.6%
Earned $75,000 or more 26.3%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 249,245
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.1%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
2.0%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
10.5%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
15.1%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
19.9%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
22.6%
Earned $75,000 or more
28.8%
Noncitizens (%) 189,834
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.0%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
3.9%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
17.4%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
17.6%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
18.2%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
17.8%
Earned $75,000 or more
23.1%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $50,964
Female $41,004
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$56,008
Female
$42,811
Noncitizens  
Male
$42,384
Female
$36,579
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 1,878,426
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.1%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 1.7%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 6.9%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 11.4%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 18.1%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 26.0%
Earned $75,000 or more 34.9%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $63,946
Female $51,521
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $59,305
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $63,240
Noncitizens $51,938
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $71,368
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2014 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 46.2%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 58.9%
Noncitizens 26.2%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 64.8%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 1,053,692
With health insurance 92.6%
With private health insurance
60.1%
With public coverage
41.0%
No health insurance coverage 7.4%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 550,181
With health insurance 96.6%
With private health insurance
67.0%
With public coverage
41.7%
No health insurance coverage 3.4%
Noncitizens (%) 503,511
With health insurance 88.3%
With private health insurance
52.6%
With public coverage
40.2%
No health insurance coverage 11.7%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 5,614,656
With health insurance 97.5%
With private health insurance
76.0%
With public coverage
34.5%
No health insurance coverage 2.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2014 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2010-2014 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.