E.g., 02/17/2017
E.g., 02/17/2017

State Income Data - MA

Massachusetts

Income & Poverty
2015
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

1,068,812
Below 100% of the poverty level 14.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 18.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 67.0%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2015 42.7%
% change: 1990-2000 42.6%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2014 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 11.6%
With related children under age 18
15.6%
With related children under age 5
13.0%
Married-couple families 7.0%
With related children under age 18
8.2%
With related children under age 5
8.3%
Families with female householder, no husband present 27.3%
With related children under age 18
35.4%
With related children under age 5
33.5%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 562,767
Below 100% of the poverty level
9.7%
100-199% of the poverty level
16.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
74.1%
Noncitizens 506,045
Below 100% of the poverty level
19.9%
100-199% of the poverty level
21.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
59.1%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia 320,445
Below 100% of the poverty level
15.7%
Born in Europe 227,067
Below 100% of the poverty level
7.7%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 387,259
Below 100% of the poverty level
17.7%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 5,489,912
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 12.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 77.1%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 28.9%
% change: 1990-2000 9.3%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 7.0%
With related children under age 18
11.7%
With related children under age 5
11.2%
Married-couple families 2.3%
With related children under age 18
2.2%
With related children under age 5
1.5%
Families with female householder, no husband present 23.3%
With related children under age 18
33.3%
With related children under age 5
42.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 754,192
Below 100% of the poverty level 14.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 17.6%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 68.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 5,397,068
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.6%
100-199% of the poverty level 11.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 79.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 551,812
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 18.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 68.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 5,244,571
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 11.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 80.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 6,197,429
Below 100% of the poverty level 692,753
Speaks only English
4,774,287
Below 100% of the poverty level 429,874
Speaks Spanish
531,910
Below 100% of the poverty level 140,549
Speaks other Indo-European languages
558,533
Below 100% of the poverty level 65,572
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
255,840
Below 100% of the poverty level 41,950
Speaks other languages
76,859
Below 100% of the poverty level 14,808
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.2%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.0%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 26.4%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.7%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.4%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 19.3%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 467,543
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.6%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 2.8%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 12.0%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 16.6%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 18.8%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 19.3%
Earned $75,000 or more 28.9%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 261,913
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.1%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
2.3%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
8.9%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
14.4%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
20.5%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
21.2%
Earned $75,000 or more
31.6%
Noncitizens (%) 205,630
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.3%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
3.5%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
15.9%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
19.3%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
16.7%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
17.0%
Earned $75,000 or more
25.4%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $51,008
Female $42,126
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$57,247
Female
$45,799
Noncitizens  
Male
$43,198
Female
$38,495
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 1,880,013
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.0%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 1.6%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 6.6%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 11.2%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 17.8%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 26.7%
Earned $75,000 or more 35.1%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $65,055
Female $52,300
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $60,913
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $66,213
Noncitizens $52,509
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $72,575
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from Census Bureau pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for remaining states are from the 2015 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 47.4%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 60.0%
Noncitizens 27.2%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 64.9%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 1,089,847
With health insurance 93.8%
With private health insurance
61.4%
With public coverage
41.1%
No health insurance coverage 6.2%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 568,895
With health insurance 97.0%
With private health insurance
67.6%
With public coverage
42.1%
No health insurance coverage 3.0%
Noncitizens (%) 520,952
With health insurance 90.3%
With private health insurance
54.7%
With public coverage
40.1%
No health insurance coverage 9.7%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 5,628,243
With health insurance 97.8%
With private health insurance
75.8%
With public coverage
35.7%
No health insurance coverage 2.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2015 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2011-2015 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2015 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.